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remanded to prison as incorrigible. The sum of $10,000 was appropriated from the State treasury for the establishment of the school, and a like sum was contributed by individuals. It has been located in Meriden. 1614 acres of land were purchased at an expense of $ 15,696. The buildings were so far completed that the institution was opened March 1, 1854. The Superintendent is Philemon Hoadley. Up to May 24, 1853, 28 pupils had been received. The building is designed to accommodate 300 pupils.

Births, Marriages, and Deaths. — An act providing for the registration of births, marriages, and deaths was passed by the General Assembly in 1818. This act was repealed in 1852, by a new law upon the subject, but no returns were required until January, 1854. The following table gives a summary of the registration for the year 1853.




Hartford, New Haven, New London, Fairfield, Windham, Litchfield, Middlesex, Tolland,


69,967 875 920 241,819 483 61 34 601 524 518 40 1,082 65,588 1,131 1,051 34 2,216 714 27 S 86 835


695 2 1,463 51,821 359 305 34 698 340 28 52 2 422 251 242 40 533 59,775 620 541 291,190 337 36

4 382 452 423 51 926 31,031 313

274 16 633 175 23 32 3 233 193 194 8 395 45,253 367 357 54 778 196 22 15

234 246 278 54 578 27,216 269 264 281 561 230 15 1 4 250 163 151 17 331 20,091 211

189 7 407 141 19 6 8 174 138 137 13 288 (370,792 4,175 3,901 226 8,3022,616|236 1142 142 13,136 2,707 2,638 2515,596

Retreat for the Insané, Hartford. — John S. Butler, M. D., Physician and Superintendent. The whole number of patients, April 1, 1852, was 181, of whom 88 were males and 93 females ; 140, 66 males and 74 females, were admitted in the course of the year; making 321 in all, 154 of whom were males, and 167 females. 151 were discharged during the year, leaving in the Retreat, April 1, 1853, 170; 80 of whom were males, and 90 females. Of the 151 patients discharged, 64 were recovered, 40 improved, 26 not improved, and 21 died. The whole number admitted, from the opening of the institution, in 1824, to April 1, 1853, is 2,458. 2,288 have been discharged; of whom 1,267 have recovered, 778 have improved, and 243 have died. Of the 66 males admitted during the past year, 21 were farmers ; and of the 74 females, 54 were engaged in domestic occupations. The expenditures of the institution for the year were $ 36,349.29.

The terms of admission are, for patients belonging to the State, with the usual accommodations, $3 per week; for those belonging to other States, $3.50 per week. Extra accommodations, $4 or $5 per week. For patients belonging to the State, with accommodations in the centre building, and a separate attendant, $10 per week; for those belonging to other States, $ 12 per week. No patient is admitted for a shorter term than three months, and payment for that term only must be made in advance. For admission, apply to the Superintendent.

American Asylum for the Deaf and Dumb, Hartford. -Lewis Weld, A.M., Principal. The number of pupils for the year ending May 1, 1853, was 200; of whom 116 were males, and 81 females. Of these, 14 were supported by friends, 37 by the State of Maine, 15 by New Hampshire, 22 by Vermont, 74 by Massachusetts, 6 by Rhode Island, 29 by Connecticut, and 3 by the asylum. The cost for each pupil, for board, washing, fuel, tuition, and the incidental expenses of the school-room, is $ 100 per annum. In sickness, the necessary extra charges are made. Payment must be made six months in advance, and a satisfactory bond for punctual payment will be required. Applicants for admission must be between 8 and 25 years of age, of good natural intellect, capable of forming and joining letters with a pen legibly and correctly, of good morals, and free from any contagious disease. Applications for the benefit of the legislative appropriations in Maine, New Hampshire, and Massa

chusetts should be made to the Secretaries of those States respectively, stating the name and age of the proposed beneficiary, and the circumstances of his parent or guardian. In the State of Rhode Island they should be made to the commissioners of the funds for the education of the deaf and dumb, and in Vermont and Connecticut, to the Governor. In all cases, a certificate from two or more of the selectmen, magistrates, or other respectable in habitants of the township or place to which the applicant belongs, should accompany the application. The time of admission is the close of the summer vacation, on the third Wednesday of September.

State Prison, Wethers field. — Leonard R. Welles, Warden ; R. Fox, Physician ; Charles C. Burr, Chaplain. The whole number of convicts, April 1, 1853, was 181. During the year ending March 31, 1854, 75 were received, and 65 discharged ; leaving in confinement, 191. 41 were discharged by expiration of sentence, 9 were pardoned, and 15 have died. Of those remaining in prison, 182 are males (145 white, and 37 colored), and 9 are females. Of the 191 prisoners, 14 were committed for murder, 10 for manslaughter, 11 for arson, 12 for attempt to kill, 55 for burglary, 20 for thest, 9 for horse-stealing, 3 for adultery, 6 for rape, 11 for attempt at rape, 4 for passing counterfeit money, 3 for forgery. 23 were under 20 years of age, and 7 were over 60; 90 were between 20 and 30. 25 are under a life sentence. 95 are natives of the State, 36 are foreigners, and the nativity of 4 is unknown. The males are employed in making cabinet-work, cutlery, and shoes; and the females in washing, cooking, making and mending clothing, and binding boots. By an act of 1852, the labor of 20 convicts was let out for five years at 45 cents each per day, to be employed in the manufacture of school apparatus, and to be paid for in the same apparatus. There is a library belongir to the prison of about 1,000 volumes, which are circulated among the prisoners every week. Instruction in the rudiments of learning is also given them. There is a Sunday school con. nected with the !prison. The receipts for the year were $ 18,268.39; the expenditures, $ 14,085.85.


Government for the Year 1855.

Salary, Myron H. Clark, of OntarioCo., Governor (term ends Dec. 31, 1856), $4,000 Henry J. Raymond, of New York, Lieutenant-Governor, $6 a day. Elias W. Leavenworth, of Syracuse, Secretary of State,

2,500 James M. Cook, of Ballston, Comptroller,

2,500 Elbridge G. Spaulding, of Buffalo, Treasurer,

1,500 Ogden Hoffinan, of New York, Attorney-General,

2,000 Leonard Lathrop, of New York, Deputy Attorney-General, 1,200 John T. Clark,

of Albany, State Engineer and Surveyor, 2,500 Isaac Vanderpoel, of Albany,


1,000 Benjamin J. Bond,

of Albany,

Inspector-General, $5 per day. Daniel Lee, of New York, Commissary-General,

700 Elijah Ward, of West Chester, Judge-Advocate-General, 150 Victor M. Rice, of Albany, Sup't of Public Instruction, 2,500 Joseph J. Chambers, of Albany, Dep. Superintendent,

1,500 Daniel B. St. John, of Albany, Sup't of Banking Department, 2,500 Edward Hand, of Albany, Deputy Superintendent, 1,500 Henry Fitzhugh, of Oswego, Canal Commissioner,

1,700 Frederic Follett, of Batavia,

1,700 Cornelius Gardinier, of Fulton,

1,700 Norwood Bowne,

Inspector of State Prisons, 1,600


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Darius Clark, of Canton, Inspector of State Prisons, $1,600 Thomas Kirkpatrick, of Albany,

1,600 Wm. J. Cornwell, of Utica,

$4 a day, and Geo. H. Boughton, of Lockport, Canal Appraisers, 5 cents a mile Andrew H. Calhoun, of Ithaca,

for travel, each. Alexander G.Johnson, of Albany, Dep. Sec. of State f Clerk of

Comm'rs of the Land-Office, 1,500 Philip Phelps, of Albany, Dep. Comptroller,

1,500 Lockwood L. Doty, of Albany, Dep. Treasurer,

1,300 Marius Schoonmaker, of Albany, Auditor of Canal Department, 1,500 Henry S. Johnson, of Ithaca, Dep. Sup't of Common Schools, 1,000 Alfred B. Street, of Albany,

State Librarian,

600 Elisha W. Skinner, of Albany,


600 Henry W. DePuy, of Albany, Private Secretary of Governor, 600

Legislature. The Senate consists of thirty-two members, who are elected for two years, one from each senatorial district. The Assembly consists of one hundred and twenty-eight members, elected annually. The pay of Senators and Representatives is $3 per day for not over 100 days, and $ 1 for every 10 miles' travel.


1. Court for the Trial of Impeachments. This court is composed of the President of the Senate (who is president of the court, and when absent the chief judge of the Court of Appeals presides), the Senators, or the major part of them, and the judges of the Court of Appeals, or the greater part of them. It is a court of record, and, when summoned, meets at Albany, and has for its clerk and officers the clerk and officers of the Senate. If the Governor is impeached, the Lieutenant-Governor cannot act as a member of the court. Two thirds of the members present must concur for conviction. The judgment of the court extends only to removals from or disqualifications for office, or both; the party being still liable to indictment.

2. The Court of Appeals. This court has full power to correct and reverse all proceedings and decisions of the Supreme Court, or of the old Supreme Court and Court of Chancery. It is composed of eight judges, of whom four are elected (one every second year) by the people at large, for eight years, and four selected each year from the justices of the Supreme Court having the shortest time

These selections are made alternately from the first, third, fifth, and seventh, and from the second, fourth, sixth, and eighth judicial districts. The judge (of the four chosen at large) whose term first expires presides as chief judge. Six judges constitute a quorum. Every cause must be decided within the year in which it is argued, and, unless reargued, before the close of the term after the argument. Four terms must be held each year, and every two years there must be one term in each judicial district. Each judge has a salary of $ 2,500 per annum. The court for 1854 is thus constituted :

to serve.

Chosen by the People at Large.

Term expires. Addison Gardiner, of Rochester, Chief Judge Dec. 31, 1855. Hiram Denio, of Utica,

1857. Alexander S. Johnson, of New York,

1859. Charles H. Ruggles, of Poughkeepsie,

1861. Selected from the Justices of the Supreme Court to serve until Dec. 31, 1855. Gilbert Dean, of Poughkeepsie. Schuyler Crippen, of Cooperstown. Augustus C. Hand, of Elizabethtown. Richard P.Marvin, of Jamestown.

Francis Kernan, of Utica, State Reporter. Salary, $2,000.
Benjamin F. Harwood, of Albany, Clerk. Salary, $ 2,000.
Russell F. Hicks, of Albany, Deputy Clerk. Salary, $1,200.

3. Supreme and Circuit Courts. The Supreme Court has general jurisdiction in law and equity, and power to review judgments of the County Courts, and of the old Courts of Common Pleas.

For the election of the justices, the State is divided into eight judicial districts, each of which elects four to serve eight years, with an annual salary of $ 2,500. In each district one justice goes out of office every two years. The justice in each district whose term first expires, and who is not a judge of the Court of Appeals, is a presiding justice of the court, and the clerks of the several counties serve as clerks. At least four general terms of the Supreme Court are held in each district every year. Every county has each year at least one special term, and two Circuit Courts. Any three or more of the justices (including one presiding justice) hold the general terms; and any one or more hold the special terms, at which are heard all equity cases, and Circuit Courts, which are held exclusively for the trial of issues of fact.

Justices of the Supreme and Circuit Courts. Justices. Residence. Term expires. Justices. Residence. Term expires. First District.

Fifth District. Henry P. Edwards, New York, Dec. 31, 1855 Wm. F. Allen, Oswego, Dec. 31, 1855. Wm. Mitchell, New York, 1857. Fred. W. Hubbard, Watertown,

1857. James J. Roosevelt, New York,

1859. Daniel Pratt,


1859. Robert H Morris, New York,

William J. Bacon, Utica,

1861. Thomas W. Clerke, New York,


Sixth District.
Second District.

Schuyler Crippen, Cooperstown, 1855. Gilbert Dean,* Poughkeepsie,“ 1855.

W. H. Shankland, Ithaca,

1857. John W. Brown, Poughkeepsie,

Hiram Gray, Elmira,

1859. Selah B. Strong, Setauket,

Charles Mason, Hamilton,

1861. William Rockwell, Brooklyn,


Seventh District.
Third District.
Amasa J. Parker, Albany,

Samuel L. Selden, Rochester,

1855. W. B. Wright,

1857. Monticello,


Thomas A. Johnson, Corning, Ira Harris,

1859. Albany,


Theron R. Strong, Palmyra,
Malbone Watson, Catskill,

Henry Welles, Pennyan,

1861. Fourth District.

Eighth District. Augustus C. Hand, Elizabethtown,“ 1855. Rich. P. Marvin, Jamestown,

1855. L. F. Bowen, 1857. Levi Bowen, Lockport,

1857. Cornelius L. Allen, Salem, 1859. James Mullett, Buffalo,

1859. A. B. James, Ogdensburg, 1861. Benjamin F Greene, Buffalo,

1861. * Appointed in place of Seward Barculo, deceased.


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4. County or Surrogates! Courts. When the real estate, or all the defendants, or all the parties interested, are in the county, the jurisdiction of the County Courts extends to actions of debt, assumpsit, and covenant, when the debt or damages claimed are not above $2,000; to actions for injury to the person or trespass upon property, where the damages are not above $ 500; and to replevin suits, where the property claimed is not above $1,000. They have equity jurisdiction for the foreclosure of mortgages; for the sale of the real estate of infants; for partition of lands; for admeasurement of dower; for the satisfaction of judgments where above $ 75 is due on an unsatisfied execution; and for the care and custody of lunatics and habitual drunkards. The Surrogates' Courts have the ordinary jurisdiction of courts of probate.

5. Criminal Courts. These are the Courts of Oyer and Terminer and the Court of Sessions. The Courts of Oyer and Terminer, in each county, except in the city and county of New York, are composed of a justice of the Supreme Court, who presides, the county judge, and the two justices of the peace chosen members of the Court of Sessions. The presiding justice and any two of the others form a quorum. In the city and county of New York, they are composed of a justice of the Supreme Court, who presides, and any two of the following officers: judges of the Court of Common Pleas of the city and county; the mayor, recorder, and aldermen of said city. These courts are all held at the same time and place at which the Circuit Courts are held. Courts of Sessions are composed of the county judge and the two justices of the peace designated as members of the Court of Sessions, and are held at the same time and place as the County Courts.

6. Courts of New York City and County.

Superior Court. Judges.

Salary. Terin expires. Judges. Salary. Term expires. John Slossen, $4,000 Dec. 31, 1855. Wm.W. Campbell,* $3,500 Dec. 31, 1855. Thomas J. Oakley, 1857. J. L. Mason,

1857. Murray Hoffinan, 1859. John Duer,

1859. Robert G. Campbell, Clerk.

A. Oakley Hall, District Attorney.

Common Pleas.
Lewis B. Woodruff, $3,000 Dec. 31, 1855. . Charles P. Daly, $ 3,000, Dec. 31, 1859.
Daniel P. Ingraham,

1857. Robert B. Conolly, Clerk.
Alex. W. Bradford, Surrogate. Salary, $3,000. Term expires Dec. 31, 1857.
John J. Doane, Register.

Marine Court.
Albert A. Thompson, Judge. Salary, $3,000. Florence McCarthy, Judge. Salary, $3,000.
Alfred A. Phillips,

City Judge. James M. Smith, Jr. Salary, $3,000.

Sidney H. Stewart. Salary, $3,500. Education. -- The amount of capital and annual revenue of the several funds appropriat. ed to the purposes of education, for the year ending September 30, 1853, was as follows:

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* Judges Campbell, Mason, and Duer attend only to cases transferred from the Supreme Court.

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