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Schools is appointed by the Governor, subject to confirmation by the
Salary. William R. Staples, of Providence, Chief Justice,
$1,600 George A. Brayton, of Warwick, Associate Justice,
1,500 Alfred Bosworth, of Warren,
1,500 Sylvester G. Sherman, of North Kingston,
1,500 Edwin Metcalf, of Providence, Reporter,
500 The judges of the Supreme Court hold office until they are removed by a resolution passed by both houses of the Assembly, and voted for by a majority of the members elected to each house. By an act passed May, 1848, the Court of Common Pleas in each of the five counties is hereafter to be held by a single judge of the Supreme Court, sitting alone. The associate judges of the Supreme Court are to divide this duty among them. selves. There are no longer any associate justices elected for each county.
Clerks of the Supreme and Common Pleas Courts. Counties. Post-Office. Clerks of Supreme Court. Clerks of Common Pleas. Newport, Newport,
William Gilpin, William T. Tilley. Providence, Providence, Thomas S. Anthony, Amasa S. Westcott. Washington, Kingston, Powell Helme, John G. Clarke, Jr. Bristol, Bristol, Massadore T. Bennett, Massadore T. Bennett. Kent, E.Greenwich, Caleb M. Alvord, John C. Brown.
Chief Sources of Income.
$ 7,762.00 Balance on hand last year, $ 17,177.00 Senators, 3,103.00 Peddlers,
4,700.00 Representatives, 6,701.00 Banks, tax on capital,
46,933.00 Expenses or Courts,
on increase of capital, 25,615.00 Orders of Governor,
659.00 State Prison,
2,500.00 bonus for new charters, 6,487.00 Orders of General Assembly, 29,044.00 Insurance companies,
6,518.00 Public Schools, 35,414 00 From Courts,
5,525.00 Teachers' Institute, 300.00 Dividend on School Fund,
4,270.00 Deaf, blind, dumb, and idiots, 1,334.00 Interest of U. S. surplus revenue, 11,669.00 Invested for Schools, 5,987.00 State tax, .
18,461.00 Militia, 1,855.00 Pawtucket Turnpike,
1,692.00 Miscellaneous, 1,023.00 Miscellaneous,
3,613 00 Balance in Treas., April 30, 1853, 36,979.00
153,327.00 $ 153,327.00
The United States surplus revenue received by the State was disposed of thus: -
$ 70,402.60 Invested in bank stock,
117,638.67 Used by State for State Prison and Dorr war,
194,245.88 Not funded,
48.08 Total received from the United States,
$ 382,335.23 The State owes no debt except what it has used of the United States surplus revenue. There are about $40,000 of disputed revolutionary claims which are sometimes called the old State debt.
Banks in Rhode Island, September 13, 1853. — Number of banks in the State, 77 ; of which 31 were in Providence. Capital, $ 15,945,896.77. Circulation, $ 4,895,529,75. De. posits on interest, $ 362,729.14. Deposits not on interest, $ 2,184,282.58. Dividends unpaid, $54,604,82. Net profits on hand, $ 990,985.07. Total liabilities, $ 25,496,643.49. Debts due from directors, $771,377.98; from other stockholders, $ 825,000.38; from all others, $ 21,248,533.09. Specie, $ 359,699.84. Bills of other banks, $ 844,329.36. Deposits in other banks, $ 1,004,863.83. Real estate, $ 264,812.55. Other property, $ 178,026 46. Total resources, $ 25,496,643.49. Amount of bills in circulation under $5, $1,481,663.75. The average semiannual dividend of all the banks was 3.8 + per cent. The increase of capital since the last return was $ 1,333,995.77.
Savings Banks. - In the 12 institutions for savings, on the first Monday of October, 1853, there were :- Depositors, 16,945; amount of deposits, $ 3,299,957.18; amount of profits on hand, $ 126,933.97; of last dividends, $ 116,286.86.
Public Schools. -The State has a permanent School Fund, invested in bank stock, of $61,336.00. By an act passed in 1836, the interest of the State's part of the United States surplus revenue (commonly called the Deposit Fund) was set apart for public schools. $ 35,000 are annually paid from the State treasury for schools ; and by the act of January, 1854, $ 15,000 were added to the annual appropriation. By an act passed in June, 1848, the proceeds of the militia commutation tax in each town are to be applied hereafter to the support of public schools. The whole number of school districts in the State is 379, of which 5 are not organized; 319 of these districts own their school-houses ; in 40 districts they are owned by the town; and in 29 by proprietors. There has been expended for school. houses during the last nine years, $ 296,863.50; during the last year, $ 15,081. No. of scholars, in 1853, 25,905, 14,086 males and 11,819 females; average attendance, 18,698. No. of male teachers, 278; of female, 350. Amount received from the State, $ 35,000; amount raised by towns, $ 66,081 ; whole amount from all sources, $ 125,004.70. Expended for instruction, $115,081. Expended for school-houses, $ 21,901.62. In June, 1851, the school laws were revised and consolidated, and in many respects much improved. A State Normal School was established by the Legislature in May, 1854, on the recommendation of E. R. Potter, Commissioner of Public Schools. It is at Providence. Dana P. Colburn is principal. Teachers' institutes are annually held in different parts of the State, supported by the State. A copy of the new State map is supplied to each school in the State.
State Prison, Providence. William Willard, Warden; salary, $ 900. The number of prisoners, January 1, 1853, was 45; committed to December 31, 1853, 26; whole number during the year, 71. Discharged by expiration of sentence, 8; by the General Assembly, 14; leaving in prison, December 31, 1853, 49, all males. The convicts in the State Prison are principally employed at cabinet-work; those in the Providence county jail, in shoe-making. The income of the prison from January 1, 1853, to December 31, 1853, was $3,764.80; the expenses were $ 4,173.69 ; excess of expense, $ 408.89. The income from the jail for the same period was $2,779.93; expenses, $4,768.36; excess of expenses, $ 1,988.43. Number of persons in Providence jail at the suit of the State, December 31, 1853, 55; at the suit of the city, 20; debtors, 9; total, 84. During the year ending December 31, 1853, 260 were committed on sentence, 170 for default of bail, in all, 430. There were besides committed to the jail as a house of correction, during the same period, 360 persons, of whom 317 were intemperate. 321 were committed on sentence; 39 in default of bail. Whites, 313; colored
8: males, 290; females, 31 ; natives, 65; foreigners, 256. The total commitments to the jail for the year were 1,175.
Butler Hospital for the Insane, Providence, R. I. - Dr. Isaac Ray, Superintendent. On the 31st of December, 1852, there were in the Hospital 142 patients, - 64 males and 78 females. Admitted during the year, 92, -- 45 males and 47 semales; whole number during the year, 234. Discharged, 98, — 46 males, 52 females ; leaving in the Hospital, December 31, 1853, 136 patients, — 63 males, 73 females. Of those discharged, 44 had recovered ; 27 were improved; 5 were unimproved ; and 22 died. The disbursements during the year were $ 25,590.35; the receipts were $ 28,545.23. The minimum price of board for patients is $ 2.25 per week. The Hospital can accommodate about 145 patients.
The State now makes an appropriation of $1,000 per annum to enable the Governor to aid the poor
insane persons at the Butler Hospital, and it also pays a portion of the expenses of such poor insane as the towns may choose to send there.
Deaf, Dumb, fc. — The sum appropriated annually to the deaf, dumb, and blind, was in January, 1951, increased to $2,000, and idiots were included in its benefits. In June, 1851, the sum was further increased to $ 2,500. The State beneficiaries among the deaf and dumb, 4 in number, are sent to the American Asylum at Hartford ; those of the blind, 3 in number, are sent to the Perkins Institution at South Boston. Four persons (up to January 1, 1853) have received the benefits of the State appropriation for idiots and imbeciles, two of whom are at South Boston, one at Barre, Mass., and one under the care of Mr. J. B. Richards at Philadelphia.
Providence Reform School. E. M. Cushman, Superintendent. This School was established in 1850, and was opened to receive inmates, Nov. 1, 1850. From that date to Oct. 31, 1853, there were committed, 208, - 179 boys, 29 girls. There were in the School, Nov. 1st, 1852, 79, — 75 boys and 4 girls ; admitted during the year, 91, -73 boys and 18 girls. Whole number, 170, –
— 148 boys and 22 girls. Discharged during the year, 56 boys and 10 girls, and 3 boys escaped. Remaining in the school, Nov. 1, 1853, 101,- 89 boys and 12 girls. 31 were committed for theft ; 1 for assault; 11 for vagrancy; 40 for truancy; 2 for safekeeping. 78 were born in the United States, and of these 55 were from Rhode Island. 74 hours in each day, except Sundays, are devoted to labor; 5 to school exercises; 24 to meals and recreation; 1 to religious exercises ; and 8 hours to sleep. Their labor has been employed in making such articles as are needed in the institution, and in housework. An arrangement is made by the State by which all juvenile delinquents may be sent to this school.
Births, Marriages, and Deaths. The first annual report on this subject, under the provisions of the Act of January, 1852, is made for the year ending May 31st, 1853. Population of the State in 1850, 147,549. No. of Births for the registration year, 1,859, — 942 males, 899 females, and 18 unknown. Marriages, whole number, 831. Deaths, whole number, 1,126, – males, 570; females, 545; sex unknown, 11. The average age at death of the males was 26.91 years; of the females, 28.28 years; of each individual, 27.41 years. Of the births, 46 per cent. were of American parentage, nearly 37 per cent. of foreign, and 17 per cent. of unknown. Of the marriages, 65 per cent. were between Americans, 29 per cent. between foreigners, and 6 per cent. between those whose nativities were unknown. Of the deaths, 70 per cent. was of American nativity, 15 per cent. of foreign, and 15 per cent. of unknown. of the causes of death, nearly 21 per cent. died of consumption ; about 7 per cent. of scarletfever;
6 per cent. of dysentery; 4 per cent. of old age. As regards occupation, agriculturists reached the highest average age, viz., 63.08 years; merchants, 53.23; mechanics, 49.58 ; laborers, 42; and professional men the lowest, viz., 40.33.
of Plymouth; } Clerks of House of Reps.
VI. CONNECTICUT. Government for the Year ending on the 1st Wednesday in May, 1855.
Salary. HENRY Dutton, of New Haven, Governor,
$ 1,100 Alexander H. Holley, of Salisbury,
400 Oliver H. Perry, of Fairfield, Secretary of State, 1,000 Daniel W. Camp, of Middletown, Treasurer,
1,000 John Dunham, of Norwich, Comptroller,
1,000 Albert Sedgwick, of Litchfield, Comm'r of the School Fund, 1,250
[and expenses. John Boyd,
of Winchester, Pres. pro tem. of the Senate.
Supreme and Superior Court.
$1,300 William L. Storrs, of Hartford, Associate Justice,
1,250 Joel Hinman, of New Haven,,
1,250 William W. Ellsworth, of Hartford,
1,250 David C. Sanford, of New Milford,
,1,250 William N. Matson, of Hartford, Reporter,
550 A term of the Superior Court is held by one judge thee times a year in each of the counties of Hartford, New Haven, New London, and Fairfield, and semiannually in each other county of the State; and the Supreme Court, constituted of the five judges, meets annually in each county. The judges of this court hold their offices until seventy years of age. This court has jurisdiction in all cases where the damages, or matter in dispute, exceed $ 200.
Residence. Hartford, Saml. H. Woodrutf, Horace Cornwall, Wait N. Hawley,
Hartford. New Haven, Stephen W. Kellogg, Jonathan Stoddard, Alfred H. Terry, New Haven. New London, John D. Park, John T. Wait, John T. Wait, Norwich. Fairfield, William T. Minor, William F. Taylor, Amos S. Treat, Bridgeport. Windham, Daniel P. Tyler,
Frederic Hovey, Uriel Fuller, Brooklyn. Litchfield,
Hiram Goodwin, Gideon Hall, Henry B. Graves, Litchfield. Middlesex, Charles Whittlesey, Charles Whittelsey, A. B. Calef, Middletown. Tolland, Thomas Clark, John H. Brockway, IJoseph Bishop, Tolland.
A County Court is held by one judge three times each year, in the several counties. The judges of this court are appointed annually by the Leg. islature, and hold office for one year from the 4th of July of the year of their appointment. They have jurisdiction in all civil actions where the damages, or matter in dispute, exceed $50. In civil cases, an appeal lies in all cases from the County to the Superior Court, where the matter in dispute exceeds the sum of $ 200. The clerks of the County Courts are likewise clerks of the Superior and Supreme Courts of their respective counties.
FINANCES FOR 1853-54.
Public buildings and institutions, $ 11,238.26 Debenture and contingent expenses
275.98 of General Assembly, $32,509.21
$ 154,071.98 Salaries of Executive and Judiciary, 13,500.00 Contingent expenses of government, 44,579.17
Chief Sources of Income. Judicial expenses, 44,035.51 Balance of last year,
$ 54,675.94 Expense of supporting State paupers, 2,200.00 From taxes and other sources, 113,433.11 superintendence of com
avails of courts,
1,729.72 mon schools,
2,816.34 Salary of directors of State Prison, 300.00 dividends on bank stock, 37.646.00 Quartermaster-General's Department, 1,781.22
$210,301.11 Total receipts for year ending March 31, 1854, including balance of preceding year, 210,301.11 Total expenditures during same period,
154.071.98 Balance in Treasury, March 31, 1851,
The permanent fund of the State, April 1, 1854, consisting of bank stock not transferable, or subscriptions to the stock of certain banks which may be withdrawn on giving six months' notice, amounted to $ 406,000.00.
Common School Statistics for the Year ending March 31, 1852.- Number of towns, 148; of school societies, 217; of school districts, 1,612; of children between four and six. teen, 96,332; attending school in winter, 74,100; average attendance, 55,100. Winter schools were kept in 1,530 districts. Number of leachers in winter, male, 1,060, female, 730. Summer schools were kept in 1,410 districts, Number of teachers in summer, male, 670, female, 1,020. There were in the winter 403 private schools of all grades, with 8,100 scholars. Average monthly compensation of teachers in winter, exclusive of board, males, $ 19.50, females, $ 8.20; in summer, males, $ 22, females, $ 7.50. Of the teach. ers, 220 had at least 10 years' experience ; 430, 5 years'; 500, 3 years'; 570 less than one year's. 45 schools were broken up from the incompetency of the teachers. $73,000 wero expended in building and repairing school-houses during the year. But one town appropriated any portion of its annual tax to common schools. The amount of dividends from the school fund for the year was $ 143,693.69; which gives $ 1.35 to every enumerated child. The school fund in September, 1853, amounted to $2,046,785.19. The Legislature, at the session of 1849, appropriated $ 10,000 for the establishment of a State Normal School, "for the training of teachers in the art of instructing and governing the common schools of the State.” This institution is at New Britain, and is placed under the control of eight trustees, appointed by the General Assembly, one from each county, and a State appropriation of $4,000 is made annually for its support. The principal of the Normal School, Henry Bar. nard, of Hartford, is, ex officio, Superintendent of Common Schools, an office heretofore at: tached to that of Commissioner of the School Fund. The associate principal, John D. Phil. brick, has the immediate charge of the school. The number of pupils is limited to 220 in any one term, to be selected one from each school society. Tuition free. The number of pupils in the school since its opening, May 15, 1850, is 681, who have since been employed in the several school districts of the State. There have been 15 graduates from the school. During the past year there have been in attendance 243 pupils ; 84 males and 159 semales. The expenditure for the year was about $4,000. Schools or conventions for training teachers have been held in each county, generally by the Superintendent of Schools, assisted by the teachers of the Normal School.
State Reform School. — At the session of the Assembly in 1851, a State Reform School was established, “for the instruction, employment, and reformation of juvenile offenders”; its government to be vested in a board of eight trustees, appointed by the Senate, one from each county in the State. Boys under the age of 16 years, convicted of offences now punishable by imprisonment, may, at the discretion of the court, be sent to this school, “to be kept. dis. ciplined, instructed, employed, and governed, under the direction of the board of Trustees,' until they shall either be reformed and discharged, or bound out to service by the trustees, or