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XXV. RAILROADS IN THE UNITED STATES. The following list of Railroads in Massachusetts and the adjacent States, and in New York, is very complete and accurate, being compiled from official returns made

near January, 1854. 1. Railroads in Massachusetts.

Casualties.

miles.miles. miles.

$

p.ct. per cent.

miles. miles. Berkshire,t. 1841 21.20 600,000 600,000

42,000 42,000 42,000

84 25 12
Boston and Lowell, 1835 25.77 25.77 1.87 1,830,000 2,044,536 206,190 434,600 320,502 114,098 109,800 99,742

26 12
Boston and Maine, 1843 74.26 27.79 8.79 4,076,975 4,111,346 150,000 803,024 384,666 418,358 332,456 172,804

11
Boston and Providence, 1835 43.50 15.75 12.00 3,160,000 3,576,041 402,326 508,327 281,687 226,640 205,400 43,628 64 125.

14
Boston and Worcester, 1835 44.63 44.63 24.00 4,500,000 4,850,755 590,542 887,220 473,930 413,290 315,000 198,917 7

1266

113 Cape Cod Branch, 1848 27.80 27.80 1.04 421,950 633,907 180,000 68,943 42,531 26,412 20,000 42,983 63 111

14 Cheshire, 1849 53.64 2,083,825 3,075,195 867,124 315,299 185,596 129, 703 84,808 9,770 4

113

10 Connecticut River, 1846 50.00 2.35 1,591,110 1,802,245 256,364 258,221 156,123 102,098 91,833 44,211 4 463

10

1 Eastern, 1 1840 54.11 16.00 19.91 2,850,000 3,120,392 1,921,976 620,811 309,936 310,875200,550 115,860 6 105

15 2 3 Essex, 1848) 19.86 2.00 1.361 298,607 738,425 461,228 47,670 60,461 Loss.

15 Fall River, 1846 42.24 1,050,000 1,050,000 6,208 294,183 167,594 126,589 84,000 87,769 8 36

13 2
Fitchburg,
1845 50.93 50.93 16.85 3,540,000 3,716,870 191,500 626,660 412,026 214,634 212,400 159,837 6 71

12 8
Fitchburg and Worcester, 1850 13.99
232,769 319,159 72,019 36,206 22,465 13,741 7,428 26,457 6 12

103
Lowell and Lawrence, 1848 12.35
200,000 363,658 163,658 51,358 28,258 23,100 12,000 22,779 6 18

12
Nashua and Lowell, || 1838 14.58 14.20
600,000 651,215 24,000 162,946 101,792 61,153 48,000 29,428 8 1421

14
New Bedford and Taunton, 1840 20.13

.95 500,000 529,966
188,442 141,603 46,839 35,000 30,916 7

951

16
Norwich and Worcester, T 1839 66.00 1.80
2,122,200 2,596,488 709,338 321,046 169,825 113,038 84,418 67,224 4

1
Old Colony,
1845 37.25 11.50 7.75 1,964,070 2,293,535 294,088 374,880 252,063 122,816 274,863

22

121 7 Pittsfield & North Adams, 1846 18.65 .70

450,000 443,678 47,333 21,124 26,209 27,000

24 Providence & Worcester, 1847 43.41 5.41 1,481,800 1,791,999 300,000 291,418 170,526 120,892 90,225 14,077 6 9

12 16 26 Salem and Lowell, 1850 16.88 243,305 362,852 124,250 55,681 53,749 1,932

12 Taunton Branch,

1836 11.10
.60 250,000 307,136
159,739 138,248 21,491 20,000 42,516 8 1253

14
Vermont&Massachusetts, 1849 69.00 8.00 2,233,960 3,207,818 1,139,615 244,323 231,178 13,145

20 12
Western, **
1842 155.40 53.14 5,150,000 9,953,259 5,319,520 1,525,224 778,488 746,736 360,500 188,890 ? 671

15

10
Worcester and Nashua,tt 1848 45.69 .76 1,140,900 1,342,594194,445 182,398 100,590 81,808 76,039 17,220 5 161

10
Total,

1032.37 298.18 105,47 43,671,471 53,443,069
* The cars began to run on sections of the various roads as they were finished, and dividends were declared, in some cases, before the road was completed.
† Leased to the Housatonic Road at seven per cent. net on the capital of $ 600,000.
1 This includes Eastern Railroad in New Hampshire. Length 16 miles. Capital paid in $ 492,500; cost $493,082.
|| 5.33 miles in New Hampshire.

T Includes branch from Norwich to Allyn's Point, seven miles.
** This includes the Albany and W. Stockbridge Railroad, from Albany to the State line. Length 38.25 miles ; cost $ 1,930,895, and leased by the Western Railroad.
t76.62 miles in New Hampshire.

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The following roads are also completed :
Name.
Length When

Cost.

Expenses in Receipts in Miles. completed.

1853.

1853. Amherst and Belcheriown, 19.50 1853 $283,744 Run by N. L. W. and P. Danvers and Georgetown,

1854 Dorchester and Milton,

3.25 1847

117,798 Run by 0. C. Fairhaven Branch,

15.07 1854 Grand Junction, 6.49 1851 1,385,712

$36,054 Harvard Branch(to Cambridge) 3.10 1849 25,701 Run byFitch. Lexington and W. Cambridge, 6.63 1846 232,386 Medway Branch,

3.60 1852

36,073 Run by B.and N.Y.Central. Newbury port (to Georgetown). 14.59

1851 281,721 $ 25,981 $ 23,679 Peterboro' and Shirley,

23.00

263,576 Run byFitch. Saugus Branch,

8.40 1853 170,402 $ 17,246 15,139 South Reading Branch,

8.15 1850 236,227 21,652 22,441 South Shore,

11.50 1849 436,164 Run by 0. C. 24,973 Stockbridge and Pittsfield,

21.93 1849 448,700 Run by Hous. 31,409 Stony Brook (N. Chelmsford to

1848

13.16 Groton)

SRunby Nash. 266,184

and Lowell, Stoughton Branch,

4.04 1845 93,433 $31,147 24,154 West Stockbridge,

2.75 1837 39,600 Total,

165.16 The Woburn Branch, 2 miles long, belongs to the Lowell road; the Medford Branch, 2 miles, the Methuen Branch, 3 miles, and the Great Falls Branch (in New Hampshire), 3 miles, to the Maine; the West Roxbury and Dedham Branch, 5.35 miles, and the Pawtucket Branch, 4.2 miles, to the Providence; the Brookline Branch, 1.6 miles, the Newton Lower Falls Branch, 2.5 miles, the Saxonville Branch, 4 miles, the Millbury Branch, 3.2 miles, and the Milford Branch, 12 miles, to the Worcester; the Marblehead Branch, 3 miles, the Gloucester Branch, 13.5 miles, and the Salisbury Branch, 3.4 miles, to the Eastern ; the Fresh Pond and Watertown Branch, 10 miles, and the Lancaster and Sterling Branch, 9 miles of which are completed, to the Fitchburg. The Worcester Branch road is half a mile in length, the Bridgewater Branch, 6.5 miles, the Chicopee Branch, 3 miles, and the Granite (in Quincy) road, 3 miles. Including such of these as have not been before given, the total length of what may be called the Massachusetts roads, is 1,291.65 miles. Besides these, there are roads in process of construction, leading from the main lines in Massachu. setts into other States. During the session of 1846, the Massachusetts Legislature chartered eighteen roads and branches, with an aggregate capital of $5,795,000; during the session of 1847, sixteen, with an aggregate capital of $4,822,000; during the session of 1818, nineteen, with an aggregate capital of $ 7,105,000, and the capital stock of the railroads already in operation was increased, $3,945,000 ; during the session of 1849, four

with an aggregate capital of $2,470,000, and the capital stock of the railroads in operation was increased $ 1,150,000; during the session of 1850, three roads or branches, with an aggregate capital of $ 740,000, and the capital stock of the roads in operation was increased $925,000; during the session of 1851, eleven roads or branches, with a capital stock of $3,320,000, and the capital stock of the roads in operation was increased $ 1,515,000; during the session of 1852, eleven roads or branches, with a capital stock of 82,145,000, and the capital stock of the roads in operation, or chartered, was increased $2,240,000; during the session of 1853, six roads or branches, with a capital stock of $1,535,000, and the capital stock of the roads in operation or chartered was increased $ 650,000; and during the session of 1854, fourteen roads or branches, with a capital stock of $3,410,000, and the capital stock of one road in operation was increased $ 60,000.

By the returns on the Massachusetts roads, it appears that there were during the year 74 casualties by which persons were killed, or injured so that they died therefrom, and 38 casualties which did not prove fatal. Of the 74 persons killed, 24 were employees of the road. 26 were persons walking or sleeping on the track, or attempting to cross it wbile the trains were approaching. Three persons were killed in attempting to get on the cars, after they were in motion. Four passengers fell from the cars while in motion, and one death was suicide. of the 33 not fatal casualties, 2 befell employees of the roads; 3, persons jumping on or off the cars while in motion. 18

passengers were killed or fatally injured, and 22 were injured, during the year; but all, with one exception, on the Boston and Maine, and Provi. dence and Worcester roads. More than 12,000,000 passengers were carried over the roads during that period.

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2. Other Completed Railroads in New England, October, 1854.
State.
Name of Road.

Length. Cost.

Receipts

Expenses

in 1853. in 1853. Miles.

$

$ Maine, . Androscoggin,

20.00
Androscoggin and Kennebec,

55.00 1,991,429
Bangor and Piscataquis (10 Oldtown) 11.75 337,194
Buckfield Branch (Ail. & St.Law. R.) 13.00
Calais and Baring:

6.00 226,429
Franklin (Machias Port 10 Whitney.
ville),

9.00
Grand Trunk Railway (Port. Dist.), | 149.00 4,649,392 200,233
Kennebec and Portland,

60.00 2,514,067 133,338
Bath Branch (from Brunswick), . 9.00

Portland, Saco, and Portsmouth, 52.00 1,355,500 208,668
N. Hampshire, Eastern R. in New Hampshire, 16.80 493,082

Concord (Nashua to Concord), 34.50 1,409,000 300,805 163,968
Ashuelot (S. Vernon, Ms. to Keene), 23.50
Northern(Concord to W.Riv.Junct.), 69.00 2,768,400 370,530 232,230
Bristol Branch (Franklin to Bristol), 13.00
Manchester and Lawrence,

27.00 815,000
Portsmouth and Concord,

47.00 Sullivan (B. Falls to Windsor, Vt.), 25.50 Wilton (Nashville to Wilton),

15.00 Vermont, Rutland (B. Falls to Burlington), 120.00 5,577.000 495,397 240,000

Vt. Valley (Brattleboro to B. Falls), 24.00 1,000,000
Vt. Central (Windsor to Burlington), 118.00 12,000,000
Vi.& Canada(Burl'ton to Rouse's Pt.) 48.00
Rutland & Washington (Rutland to
Salem),

46.50
Troy and Rutland (Salem to Eagle
Bridge),

17.50
Albany Northern (Eagle Bridge to
Albany),

30.00
Western Vt." (Ruiland to N. Ben-
nington),

51.00 1,100,000
Troy and 'Boston' (North Benning.

32.00 Rutland and Whitehali (Castleton,

Vt., to N. York State line, there

meeting Saratoga & Wash. road), 7.00 Rhode Island, Providence and Stonington,

50.00 1,500,000 283,919 127,031 Connecticut, N. Haven, Hartford, and Springfield, 62.00 3,470,000 639,528 304,180

New Haven and New York (to in

tersection with Harlem R.), 62.50 5,131,948 961,278 579,209 New Haven and New London,

50.00 1,375,912 96,138 56,643 New London, Willimantic, & Palmer, 66.00

1,524,329 125,716 68,071
Middletown (Middletown to Berlin), 11.00
Housatonic(Bridgeport to Pittsfield), 110.00 2,500,000 324,990 201,059
Danbury and Norwalk,

23.50

370,000 48,830 28,157 Hartford, Providence, and Fishkiil, 120 00 4,000,000 Total, .

11,705.05

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3. Principal Lines of Railroad not completed, or in Process of Construction,

in New England, October, 1854. Name. York and Cumberland, From Great Falls, N. H., to Portland. Length, about 50 miles.

Open from Portland to Saco River, 18 miles. Boston, Concord, and Montreal, From Concord, N. H., via Haverhill, to a point of inter.

section with some one of the Montreal roads. Length, about

109 miles. Open to Wells River, 93 miles. Concord and Claremont, or Merrimack and Connecticut River, From Concord, N. H., to

Claremont, where it intersects the Sullivan road. Length, 50

miles. Open to Bradford, 25 miles. Contoocook Valley, Open from Contoocookville, on the Concord and Claremont road,

to Hillsboro' Bridge, 14 miles. New Hampshire Central, From Manchester to its junction with the Concord and Clare

mont road in Bradford. Open to Henniker, 26 miles. Cocheco,

From Dover, N. H., to Haverhill. Open tó Alton Bay, 28 miles

* Worked by Concord road.

† Worked by Nashua and Lowell road.

Great Falls and Conway, From Great Falls to Conway. Open to Milton, 12.5 miles.
White Mountains, From Wells River to White Mountains, open to Littleton, N. H.,

20 miles. Troy and Greenfield, From Greenfield. Mass., tọ Troy, N. Y. Connecticut and Passumpsic River, From Hartford, Vt., up the west bank of the Connecticut,

to the Grand Trunk Railway. Length about 114 miles. Open

to St. Johnsbury, Vt., 61 miles. Canal,

From New Haven to Springfield. Open to Tariffville, 45 miles.

Branch from Farmington to Collinsville, 7.50 miles. Naugatuck,

Open from Bridgeport, Conn., to Winsted, 62 miles. 4. New York Railroads in Operation throughout their entire Length, Sep

tember 30, 1853.

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Miles.

$
Buffalo, Corning, &N.Y., 90.00 982,292 1,216,934 1,975,421 65,293 88,512
Buffalo and N. Y. City, 91.00 905,710 2,597,877 3,343,483 194.893
Buffalo & Niagara Falls,

22.00 564,117 71,674 492,130 116,987 51,195 40,462 Buffalo and State Line, 69.00 1,100,000 1,033, 130 2,220,592 372,948 233,405 134,805 Canandaigua & Elmira, 63.00 426,117 307.141 1,147,248 146,855 167,826 Canand.& Niagara Falls, 96.75 1,196,619 2,003,760 2,634,314 53,589 157,419 Cayuga & Susquehanna, 35.00 687,000 486,722 1,076,321 100,732

82,026 Hudson River,

144.00 3,727,827 8,314,439 11,780,954 1,293,617 1,481,048 Long Islanıl,

84.00 1,875,148 624,615 2,478,011 329,373 218,960 New York and Erie, 464.00 10,091,000 22,858,895 31,224,834 4,481,986 3,554,290 252,660 New York and Harlem, 130.66 5,127,550,2,121,646 7,249,196 909,366 642,377 262,236 New York Central,

534.2522,213,983 11,564,034 22,044,529 3,570,187 2,105,757 1,619,299 Northern (Ogdensburg), 118.00 1,611,527 3,959,199 5,081,373 443,212 477,485 Oswego and Syracuse, 35.00 350,000 208,760 633,598 92,563 61,779 Rensselaer & Saratoga,

25.00 610,000 112,000 806,713 207,971 140,025 42,700 Saratoga &Schenectady, 22.00 300,000 120,000 472 1901 30,150 8,540 15,000 Saratoga & Washington, 41.00 899,800 999,067 1,891,993 164,967

160,850 Sackett'sHar. & Ellisb’g,

18.00 167.486 306,810 386,894 3,523 12,764 Troy and Bennington, 5.25 73,800 170,677 240,252

15,415 Troy and Boston,

27.25 437,830 694,757 1,080,405 153,202 118,838 Troy and Greenbush, 6.00

294,796 84,412

78,537 Troy Union,

2.00 3,000 500,000 450,424 Watertown and Rome, 96.00 1.346,075 748,518 1,957,992 334,901 203,327 127,609 Total,

12,224.41154,696,881161,451,895 100,963,663 13,174,147 10,044,990|2,494,771 The Albany and Schenectady, the Utica and Schenectady, the Troy and Schenectady, the Utica and Syracuse, the Syracuse and Rochester, the Buffalo and Rochester, the Mohawk Valley, the Syracuse and Utica Direct, and the Buffalo and Lockport Railroads, are included in the New York Central.

The following New York roads were in process of construction September 30, 1853, and their condition is thus stated on that date. There were, besides, 455 miles of road'in process of construction at that time.

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445

5. Other Railroads in the United States.

Miles

Gross ExpenState. Name.

in Cost.

Receipts
Length.

1852- 3. 1852 -3. N. J. Burlington and Mt. Holly Branch,

6 Camden and Amboy,

65 Trenton Branch (Trenton to Bordentown),

64

4,300,000 1,744,207 1,145,473 New Brunswick Branch,

29
Camden and Woodbury,
Belvidere and Delaware (open to Milford), 34
Central (Elizabeth Port to Easton, Pa.), 64 3,200,000 365,833 187,000
Morris and Essex (Newark to Dover),

35 1,000,000 149,941 71,689 Union (Jersey City to Erie R. at Sufferns), 33

New Jersey (Jersey City to N. Brunswick), 31 3,245,700 603,942 346,259 Penn. Philadelphia and Trenton,

30 500,000
Philadelphia, Germantown, and Norristown,
Germantown Branch,
Philadelphia City,
Philadelphia, Wilmington, and Baltimore, 99 6,800,000 $68,037 532,000

Philadelphia and Reading (to Pollsville), 93 17,140,000 2,480,626 1,251,987
Philadelphia and Columbia,
Columbia Branch (Columbia to Harrisburg), 28
Harrisburg and Lancaster,

36 1,700,000 200,249 93,000 Pennsylvania (Harrisburg to Pittsburg, in

cluding Portage road from Hollidaysburg to Johnstown),

252

15,600,000 1,943,827 1,326,801 Valley (Norristown to Columbia),

204
West Chester (to Phil.& Columbia Railroad), 10
Cumberland Vall.(Harrisb'g to Chambers'g), 56 1,265,143 118,617 ' 76,890
Franklin (Chambersburg to Hagerstown),

22
York and Wrightsville,

13
Strasburg (Cumb. Vall.'R. 10 Strasburg), 7
L. Schuylkill (P. Clint. to Tamaq.), open

20
Danville and Pottsville,
Williamsport and Elmira (N. Y.), open 25
Blossburg and Corning (N. Y.),

41
Lackawanna &Western (Scranton toất. Bend 50
Sunbury and Erie (open to Shamokin), 20
Erie and Northeastern (Erie to State Line), 19 750,000 62,000 33,000
Ohio and Pa. (Pittsburg to Crestline),

187

5,600,000 Mt. Carbon,

77 180,099 Schuylkill Valley and Branches,

25 437,600 Schuylkill (Schuylkill to Valley R.),

13 Mill Creek (Port Carbon to coal-mine),

9 237,384
Minehill (Schuylkill Haven to Tremont), 12 800,000
Mauch Chunk and Branches (to mines), 25

100,000
Room Run (Mauch Chunk to coal-mine), 51
Beaver Meadow (Parryville to mine),

26 150,000
Beaver Meadow Branch,

12 Hazleton and Lehigh,

10 Nesquehoning (to Lehigh River), .

5 Lehigh and Susquehanna,

20 1,250,000 Carbondale and Honesdale,

21 Lyken’s Valley (Broad Mt. to Millersburg), 16 Pine Grove,

44 Del. Newcastle and Frenchtown,

17 Newcastle and Wilmington,

5 Md.

Baltimore and Ohio (to Wheeling, Va.), 380 19,542,307 2,026,212 3,645,609
Frederick Branch, from Monocacy,

3
Washington Branch,

31 1,650,000 | 369,230 181,371 Baltimore & Susquehanna (to Columbia, Pa.) 57 3,370,282 413,673 152,536 Westminster Branch,

10 Hanover Branch,

12 Annapolis and Elk Ridge,

21 400,000 Winchester and Potomac,

32 Richmond, Fredericksburg, & Potomac,** 76 1,792,245 254,367 141,120 Richmond and Petersburg,

224 Petersburg (to Weldon, N. C.),

1.164.000 227,593 155,000 Richmond & Danville Richmond to Clover), 95 1,500,000 Central (Richmond to Staunton),

138 2,000,000 176,485 100,000 Chesterfield (Richmond to coal-mines), 12

Orange & Alexandria (Alex. to Gordonsville). 98 1,900,000 : * Acquia Creek to Richmond. From Washington to Acquia Creek by steamers.

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230,980

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Va.

611

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