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XIX. RELIGIOUS DENOMINATIONS IN THE UNITED

STATES,
According to the Census of 1850.
Ay'age

Average
No. of

Total Value of
Denominations.

Aggregate Ac
Accom:

Value of
Churches. commodations.

Church Property. odat'ns.

Property.

440

3,135

Baplist,
8,791 3,130,878

356 $ 10,931,382 $ 1,244 Christian,

812
296,050 365

845,810 1,041 Congregational,

1,674

795,177 475 7,973,962 4,763 Dutch Reformed,

324

181,986 561 4,096,730 12,644 Episcopal,

1,422
625,213

11,261,970 7,919 Free,

361
108,605 300

252,255

698 Friends,

714

282,823 396 1,709,867 2,395 *German Reformed, 327

156,932 479

965,880 2,953 Jewish,

31
16,575 534

371,600 11,987 *Lutheran,

1,203

531, 100 441 2,867,886 2,383 Mennonite,

110
29,900 272

94,245

856 Methodist,

12,467 4,209,333 337 14,636,671 1,174 Moravian,

331
112.185 333

443,347 1,339 Presbyterian,

4,584
2,040,316

445

14,369,889 Roman Catholic, 1,112 620,950 558 8,973,838 8,069 Swedenborgian,

15
5,070 338

108, 100 7,206 Tunker,

52
35,075
674

46,025 885 Union,

619
213,552 345

690.065 1,114 Unitarian,

243
137,367

565 3,268,122 13,449 Universalist,

494
205,462 415

1,767,015 3,576 Minor Sects,

325

115,347 354 741,980 2,283 Total,

36,011 13,849,896 384 $ 86,416,639 $2,400 XX. Table exhibiting the Seats of Government, the Times of the Election of State Officers, and the Meeting of the Legislatures, of the several States.

Seats of
Times of Holding

Times of the Meeting of
States.
Government.
Elections.

the Legislatures. Maine, Augusta,

2d Monday in September, 2d Wednesday in January. N. Hampshire, Concord, 20 Tuesday in March, Ist Wednesday in June. Vermont, Montpelier, 1st Tuesday in September, 2d Thursday in October. Massachusetts, Boston,

2d Monday in November, 1st Wednesday in January. Rhode Island,

* Providence,
Newport,
1st Wednesday in April,

1st Tuesday in May.

Last Monday in October. Connecticut, Hartfd & N. Hav., 1st Monday in April, Ist Wednesday in May. New York, Albany,

Tu, after 1st Mon. in Nov., 1st Tuesday in January. New Jersey, Trenton,

Tu. after 1st Mon. in Nov., 2d Tuesday in January. Pennsylvania, Harrisburg, 20 Tuesday in October, 1st Tuesday in January. Delaware, Dover,

2d Tuesday in November, 1st Tues. in Jan.,biennially. Maryland, Annapolis, 1st Wednesday in Nov., 1st Wednesday in Jan., bien. Virginia, Richmond, 4th Thursday in October, 2d Monday in Jan., bienn.. N. Carolina, Raleigh,

Ist Thursday in August, 3d Monday in Nov., bienn. S. Carolina, Columbia, 2d Monday in October, 4th Monday in November. Georgia, Milledgeville, Ist Monday in October, 1st Monday in Nov., bienn. Florida, Tallahassee, 1st Monday in October, Ist Monday in Nov., bienn. Alabama, Montgomery, Ist Monday in August, |2d Monday in Nov., bienn, Mississippi, Jackson,

Ist Mon, and Tu. in Nov. 1st Monday in Jan., bienn. Louisiana, Baton Rouge, 1st Monday in November, 3d Monday in Jan. Texas, Austin,

Ist Monday in August, December, bien. Arkansas,

Little Rock, Ist Monday in August, 1st Monday in Nov., bienn. Tennessee, Nashville,

Thursday in August, 1st Monday in Oct., bienn. Kentucky, Frankfort, 1st Monday in August, Ist Monday in December. Ohio,

Columbus, 20 Tuesday in October, Ist Monday in Jan., bienn Indiana, Indianapolis, 2d Tuesday in October, Thurs.af. Ist Mon.in Jan.,bi. Mlinois, Springfield, Tu. after 1st Mon. in Nov., 2d Monday in Jan., bienn. Missouri, Jefferson City, 1st Monday in August, Last Mon. in Dec., bienn. Michigan, Lansing,

Tu, after 1st Mon. in Nov. Ist Wed. in Jan., bienn. Iowa, Iowa City,

1st Monday in August, 1st Monday in Dec., bienn. Wisconsin, Madison,

Tu. after 1st Mon. in Nov., 1st Monday in January. California, Benicia,

Tu. after Ist Mon. in Sept. (1st Monday in January. * The German Reformed and Lutheran denominations use the same building in many places.

XXI. GOVERNORS OF THE SEVERAL STATES AND

TERRITORIES, With their Salaries, Terms of Office, and the Expiration of their respective

Terms'; the Number of Senators and Representatives in the State Legislatures, with their respective Terms.

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Governor,
Term years.

Term expires.

Senators.
Term years.
Representa

tives.

(Term years.

Maine, William G. Crosby,

$1,500 1 Jan. 1855 31 1 1511 N. Hampshire, Nathaniel B. Baker, 1,000 June 1855 12 1 286 1 Vermont, Stephen Royce,

750 Oct. 1855 30 1 230 1 Massachusetts, Henry J. Gardner, 3,500 1 Jan. 1856 40 1356 1 Rhode Island, William W. Hoppin, 400

1 May 1855 31 172 1 Connecticut, Henry Dutton,

1,100 1 May 1855 21 1 215 1 New York, Myron H. Clark,

4,000 2 Jan. 1857 32 2 128 1 New Jersey, Rodman M. Price, 1,800* 3 Jan. .1857 20 3 601 Pennsylvania, James Pollock,

3,000 3 Jan. 1858 33 3 100 1 Delaware, Peter F. Causey,

1,333 4 Jan. 1859 9 4 211 Maryland, Thomas W. Ligon, 3,6001 4 Jan. 1858 22 4| 74,2 Virginia, Joseph Johnson, 5,000 3 Jan. 1856 504 152'2 N. Carolina, Thomas Bragg,

2,000+ 2 Jan. 1857 50 2 120 2 S. Carolina, J. H. Adams,

3,500 2 Dec. 1856 45 4 124 2 Georgia, Herschel V. Johnson, 3,000 2 Nov. 1855 47 1 130 2 Florida, James E. Broome, 1,500 4 Oct. 1857 19 41 40 1 Alabama, John A. Winston,

2,500 2 Dec. 1855 33 100'2 Mississippi, John J. McRae,

3,000 2 Jan. 1856 32 4 922 Louisiana, Paul O. Hebert,

4,000 4 Jan. 1858 324 88 2 Texas, Edmund M. Pease, 2,000 2 Dec. 1855 21 41 66 2 Arkansas, Elias N. Conway, 1,800 4 Nov. 1856 25 4 75 2 Tennessee,

Andrew Johnson, 3,000 2 Oct. 1855 25 2 75 2 Kentucky, L. W. Powell,

2,500 4 Aug. 1855 38 4100 2 Ohio, William Medill, 1,800 2 Jan. 1856 35 2 100 2 Michigan, Kinsley S. Bingham, 1,000 2 Jan. 1857 32 2 66 2 Indiana, Joseph A. Wright, 1,500 3 Jan. 1856 504 100 1 Illinois, Joel A. Matteson, 1,500 4 Jan. 1857 25 4 75 2 Missouri, Sterling Price,

2,000+ 4 Nov. 1856 18 4 49 2 Iowa, James W. Grimes, 1,000 4 Dec. 1858 304 59 2 Wisconsin,

Wm. A. Barstow, 1,250 2 Dec. 1855 18 2 54 2 California, John Bigler,

10,000 2 Dec. 1855 16 2 36 1 Oregon Ter., George L. Curry, 3,000 4 Aug. 1857 92 181 Minnesota Ter. Willis P. Gorman, 2,50094 Mar. 1857 92 18 1 N. Mexico T., David Merriwether, 2,500$ 4 Mar. 1857 13 2 261 Utah Ter.,

Brigham Young, 2,5003 4 Sept. 1854 13 2 26 1 Washington T. Isaac J. Stevens, 3,0001 4 Mar. 1857 93 181 Kanzas Ter., Andrew H. Reeder, 2,500 4 July 1858 13 2 26 1 Nebraska Ter. Samuel D. Lacompte, 2,500 4 Oct. 1858 13 2 261

In all the States, except South Carolina, the Governor is voted for by the people ; and if no one has a majority of all the votes, in the States in which such a majority is required, the Legislature elects to the office of Governor one of the candidates voted for by the people.

* And fees.

† With the use of a furnished house. 1 Including $1,500 as Superintendent of Indian Affairs. $ Including $1,000 as Superintendent of Indian Affairs.

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Maine, 711,500

711,500 42,690 New Hampshire, None.

None.
Vermont,
None.

None.
Massachusetts,

1,804,075 5,049,555 6,853,630 100,000 Rhode Island,

None. 382,335 382,335 Connecticut,

33,000 58,212 91,212 1,980 New York,

23,356,923 931,645 24,288,568 | 1,320,000 New Jersey,

71,346

71,346 4,281 Pennsylvania, 40,566,279

40,566,279 2,020,130 Delaware, None.

None. Maryland,

11,353,177 3,779,732 15,132,909 660,000 Virginia,

22,389,477 3,906,874 26,296,351 | 1,325,000 North Carolina, 2,230,000

2,230,000 133,800 South Carolina, .

1,913,606 1,051,422 2,965,028 102,000 Georgia, 2,801,972

2,801,972 168,000 Florida, None.

None. Alabama, 6,168,887

6,168,887 310,000 Mississippi,

2,271,707 5,000,000 7,271,707 136,000 Louisiana,

2,069,000 8,620,128 10,689,128 125,000 Texas, 12,436,991

12,436,991 Arkansas, 1,558,620

1,558,620 90,131 Tennessee,

5,746,856 1,353,209 7,100,065 325,000 Kentucky, 5,726,308

5,726,308 343,000 Ohio, : 17,165,429

17,165,429 | 1,018,029 Michigan, 2,307,850

2,307,850 150,000 Indiana, 6,891,341

6,891,341 298,800 Illinois, . 16,724,177

16,724,177 Missouri, 802,000

802,000 60,000 Iowa, 81,795

81,795 8,000 Wisconsin, 100,000

100,000 8,000 California, 4,389,075

4,389,075 300,000 Total,

191,671,391 30,133,112 221,804,503 9,049,841 Total, near Jan.1, 1853, 184,303,865 31,863,921 216,167,786 8,391,334 Total, «

1852, 169,076,638 33,481,124 202,557,762 7,796,888 Total, 66

1851, 170,535,238 31,006,386 201,541,624 7,555,351 Total, ..

1850, 169,549,334 38,756,218 209,305,552 7,677,646 Total, “

1849, 170,749,453 40,502,979 211,252,432 7,884,035 Total,

1848, 169,776,030 35,932,008 205,708,038 8,521,671 Total,“ 1847, 165,129,900 51,781,654 216,911,554 9,072,939 Total, “ 1846, 179,635,022 | 44,388,805 224,023,827 | 9,930,052

These tables are believed to be very accurate, being compiled almost exclusively from official reports made by the Treasurers and Auditors to the Legislatures of the several States, near the 1st of January, 1854. The account of the State debts, in particular, is full, and may be depended upon; that of the several kinds of property owned by the States of course is more defective, – for the State archives seldom afford complete materials for accurate accounts of this sort, and the property is sometimes estimated at a nominal valuation, which is much above its market value. The editor

THE FINANCES OF THE STATES.

not now

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Amount
Other Other Property al Expenditure

Ordinary annu-
States.

of
Productive

exclusive of School Fund. Property. Productive.

Debts&Schools.

8 Maine, . 116,946

150,000 New Hampshire, None. None.

80,000 Vermont, None. None.

100,000 Massachusetts, . 1,244,284 9,014,661 2,077,746 500,000 Rhode Island, 56,017

50,000 Connecticut, 2,049,482 406,000

115,000 New York, 6,666,858 | 35,115,237

750,000 New Jersey,

393,673 264,991 764,670 90,000 Pennsylvania,

34,166,751 321,032 350,000 Delaware, 435,000 350,638

11,000 Maryland,

160,543 12,325,566 17,172,634 170,000 Virginia,

1,153,606 8,011,668 5,899,958 600,000 North Carolina,

600,000

75,000 South Carolina, .

5,504,668

115,000 Georgia,

23,086 5,000,000 250,000 131,000 Florida,

45,000 Alabama, 1,075,818 700,000

100,000 Mississippi,

2,000,000 130,000 Louisiana,

2,416,938 515,000 Texas,

100,000 Arkansas,

35,000 Tennessee, 1,500,000 3,654,456

165,000 Kentucky, 1,400,270 6,000,000

250,000 Ohio, 1,754,322 18,000,000

200,000 Michigan, 500,000 628,900

125,000 Indiana, 5,000,000

80,000 Illinois, 799,083 5,000,000

125,000 Missouri, 575,668 272,263

110,000 Iowa,

25,000 Wisconsin, 1,141,804

40,000 California, 463,360

500,000 Total, .

26,509,820 145,015,799 30,903,978 5,832,000 Total, near Jan.1,1853, 25,669,096 141,934,707 29,955,182 5,832,000 Total, 6

“ 1852, 25,170,730 134,982,644 30,598,069 5,812,000 Total,"

4 1851, 20,456,605 134,936,578 29,855,912 5,812,000 Total, 6 1850, 21,542,683 125,369,722 27,584,443 5,673,121 Total,"

1849, 21,420,275 118,508,448 28,236,755 5,258,652 Total," 66 1848, 20,338,246 111,638,746 31,498,469 5,062,310 Total, " 1847, 17,631,553 108,643,384 30,660,945 5,435,285 Total, “ “ 1846,1 16,608.719 110,396,552 23,232,715! 5,455,186 of the American Almanac respectfully invites his correspondents in the several States to communicate such errors as they may detect in these tables. The object here is to give only a summary of the facts, so as to afford the means of comparing the States with each other. Their financial condition is shown at much greater length under the head of “Individual States.” Official returns published in this work for 1843 (page 135) show that the total of the debts of the States in 1842 was $ 198,818,736.

XXIII. COLLEGES AND PROFESSIONAL

Name.

Place.

Presidents.

Founded.

66

1834

66

66

66

66

1852

66

66

1817

1832

1849

1 Bowdoin,
Brunswick, Me. Leonard Woods, Jr., D. D.

1794 2 Waterville, *

Waterville, Robert E. Pattison, D. D. 1820 3 Dartmouth, Hanover, N. H. Nathan Lord, D. D.

1769 4 University of Vermont, Burlington, Vt. Worthington Smith, D. D. 1791 5 Middlebury,

Middlebury,

Benjamin Labaree, D. D. 1800 6 Norwich University, Norwich,

Rev. Edward Bourns, LL. D. 7 Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. James Walker, D. D.

1636 8 Williams, Williamstown, Mark Hopkins, D. D.

1793 9 Amherst,

Amherst,

Rev. Wm. A. Stearns, D. D. 1821 10 Holy Cross, S

Worcester,
Rev. J. Farly,

1843 11 Brown University,*

Providence, R. I. Francis Wayland, D. D. 1764 12 Yale,

New Haven, Conn. T. D. Woolsey, D.D., LL. D. 1700 13 Trinity, t

Hartford,

Daniel R. Goodwin, D. D. 1824 14 Wesleyan University, Middletown, Augustus W. Smith, LL. D. 1831 15 Columbia, t

New York,
N. Y. Charles King, LL. D.

1754 16 Union, Schenectady, Eliphalet Nott, D. D.

1795 17 Hamilton,

Clinton,

Simeon North, D. D., LL. D. 1812 18 Madison University,* Hamilton,

Stephen W. Taylor, LL. D. 1820 19 Hobart Free College, Geneva,

Benjamin Hale, D. D. 20 University of City of N. Y. New York,

Isaac Ferris, D. D., Chanc'r, 1831 21 University of Rochester,* Rochester, A.C. Kendrick, D.D., Ch. Fac. 1850 22 St. John's,

Fordham,
Rev. John Larkin,

1841 23 College of New Jersey, Princeton, N. J.

1746 24 Rutgers,

New Brunswick,

66 Theo. Frelinghuysen, LL. D. 1770 25 Burlington,

Burlington,

George W.Doane, D.D., LL.D. 1846 26 University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Penn. John Ludlow, D. D.

1755 27 Dickinson,

Carlisle,
Charles Collins, D. D.

1783 28 Jefferson, Canonsburg, A. B. Brown, D. D.

1802 29 Washington,

Washington,
James Clark, D. D.

1806 30 Allegheny,1

Meadville,

John Barker, D. D. 31 Pennsylvania,

Gettysburg,
H. L. Baugher,

1832 32 Lafayette,

Easton,

D. V. McLean, D. D. 33 Marshall, Mercersburg, John W. Nevin, D.D.

1835 34 University at Lewisburg,* Lewisburg,

Howard Malcom, D.D. 35 Delaware, Newark, Del. Daniel Kirkwood, LL. D.

1833 36 St. John's, Annapolis, Md. Hector Humphreys, D. D.

1784 37 St. Mary's,

Baltimore,

Rev. O. L. Jenkins, A. M. 1805 33 Mount St. Mary's, 5 Emmetsburg, John McCaffrey, A. M. 1830 39 St. James's,t Washington Co.“ John B. Kerfoot, D. D.

1842 40 Washington,

Chestertown,

E.F.Chambers, Pres.of Trus. 1783 41 Georgetown, S Georgetown, D. C. Bernard Maguire,

1792 42 Columbian,* Washington, Joel S. Bacon, D. D.

1821 43 William and Mary, t Williamsburg, Va. Rev. John Johns,

1692 44 Hampden-Sidney, Prince Ed. Co. Lewis S. Green, D.D.

1783 45 Washington, Lexington, George Junkin, D. D.

1781 46 University of Virginia, Albeinarle Co. Gessner Harrison, Ch. of Fac. 1819 47 Randolph-Macon, Mecklenburg Co.“ W. A. Smith, D. D.

1830 48 Emory and Henry,

Washington Co." Rev. Ephraim E. Wiley, 1838 49 Rector,*

Taylor Co.,
Charles Wheeler, A. M.

1839 50 Bethany College,

Bei hany,

Alexander Campbell, A. M. 1841 51 Richmond,* Richmond, Rev. Robert Ryland,

1832 52 Virginia Military Institute, Lexington, Col. F.H. Smith, A.M., Sup't, 1839 53 University of N. Carolina, Chapel Hill, N. C. Hon. David L. Swain, LL. D. 1789 51 Davidson,

Mecklenburg Co.“ Samuel Williamson, D. D. 1838 55 Wake Forest, *

Forestville,
John B. White, A. M.

1833 56 Charleston,

Charleston, S. C. William P. Finley, A. M. 1785 57 South Carolina,

Columbia,
James H. Thornwell, D. D.

1804 53 Franklin, Athens, Ga. Alonzo Church, D. D.

1785 59 Oglethorpe,

Milledgeville, Samuel K. Talmage, D.D. 1838 60 Emory,

Oxford,
Geo. F. Pierce, D. D.

1837 61 Mercer University, * Penfield,

John L. Dagg, D. D.

1838 62 Wesleyan Female,

Macon,

Rev. E. H. Myers, A. M. 1839 63 University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Ala. Basil Manly, D. D.

1831 61 La Grange,

La Grange,
R. H. Rivers, D. D.,

1830 65 Spring Hill,

Spring Hill, Rev. F. Gaurrelet, S. J. 1830 66 Howard, *

Marion,
S. S. Sherman, A. M.

1841 67 Oakland,

Claiborne Co., Miss. Rev. Robert L. Stanton, 1830 69 University of Mississippi, Oxford,

A. B. Longstreet, LL. D. 1844 69 Mississippi College, * Clinton,

J. N. Urner,

1851 70 Centenary,1 Jackson, La.

1839 71 St. Charles, s Grand Coteau, Th. Soller, S. J.

1838 72 Baton Rouge,

Baton Rouge,
R. H. Ranny,

1838

66

66

66

66

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