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XIV. POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES.
States.

1790. 1800. 1810. 1820. 1830. 1840. 1850.* Maine,

96,540 151,719 228,705 298,335 399,955 501,793 503,169 New Hampshire, 141,899 183,762 214,360 244,161 269,328 284,574 317,976 Vermont,

85,416 154,465 217,713 235,764 280,652 291,948 314,120 Massachusetts, 378,717 423,245 472,040 523,287 610,408 737,699 994,514 Rhode Island,

69,110 69,122 77,031 83,059 97,199 108,830 147,545 Connecticut,

238,141 251,002 262,042 275,202 297,665 309,978 370,792 New York,

340,120 586,756 959,9491,372,812 1,918,608 2,428,921 3,097,394 New Jersey,

184, 139 211,949 249,555 277,575 320,823 373,306 489,555 Pennsylvania, 434,373 602,365 810,091 1,049,458 1,348,233 1,724,033 2,311,786 Delaware, 59,098 64,273 72,674 72,749 76,748 78,085

91,532 Maryland,

319,728 341,548 380,546 407,350 447,040 470,019 583,034 Virginia,

748,308 880,200 974,642 1,065,379 1,211,405 1,239,797 1,421,661 Norih Carolina, 393,751 478,103 555,500 638,829 737,987 753,419 869,039 South Carolina, 249,073 345,591 415,715 502,741 581,185 594,398 668,507 Georgia,

82,548 162,101 252,433 340,987 516,823 691,392 906,185 Florida,

34,730 54,477 87,445 Alabama,

20,845 127,901 309,527 590,756 771,623 Mississippi,

8,850 40,352 75,448 136,621 375,651 606,526 Louisiana,

76,556 153,407 215,739 352,411 517,762 Texas,

212,592 Arkansas,

14,2731 30,388 97,574 209,897 Tennessee,

30,791 105,602 261,727 422,813 681,904 829,210 1,002,717 Kentucky, 73,077 220,955 406,511 564,317

687,917 779,828 982,405 Ohio,

45,365 230,760 581,4 937,903 1,519,467 1,980.329 Michigan,

4,762
8,898 31,639 212,267

397,654 Indiana,

4,875 24,520 147,178 343,031 685,866 988,416 Illinois,

12,282 55,211 157,455

476,183 851,470 Missouri,

20,845 66,586 140,445 383,702 682,044 Wisconsin,

30,945

305,391 Iowa,

43,112 192,214 Dist. of Columbia,

14,033 21,023 33,039 39,834 43,712 51,687 California,

92,597 Total

3,929,872 5,305,9527,239,814 9,638,131 12,866,920 17,063,353 23,191,876 XV. SLAVES IN THE UNITED STATES. States.

1790. 1800. 1810. 1820. 1830. 1840. 1850,* Maine,

0
0
0
0
0
0

0 New Hampshire,

158
8
0
0
0

0 Vermont, 17

0
0
0

0 Massachusetts,

0
0

0

0 Rhode Island,

952 381

103
48
17
5

0 Connecticut, 2,759 951 310

97
25
17

0 New York, 21,324 20,343 15,017 10,088

75
4

0 New Jersey,

11,423 12,422
10,851 7,657

674 Pennsylvania, 3,737 1,706 795 211 403

64

0 Delaware,

8,887
6,153 4,177

3,292 2,605 2,290 Maryland,

103,036 105,635 111,502 107,398 102,294 89,737 90,368 Virginia,

203,427 345,796 392,518 425,153 469,757 448,987 472,528 North Carolina, 100,572 | 133,296 168,824 295,017

235,601

245,817 288,548 South Carolina, 107,094 146,151 196,365 258,475 315,401

327,038

384,984 Florida,

15,501 25,717 39,310 Georgia,

29,264 59,404 105,218 149,656 217,531 280,944 381,682 Alabama,

41,879 117,549

253,532 342,844 Mississippi,

3,489 17,098 32,814 65,659 195,211 309,878 Louisiana,

34,660 69,064 109,588 168, 452 244,809 Texas,

58,161 Arkansas,

1,617 4,576 19,935 47,100 Tennessee,

3,417 13,584 44,535 80,107 141,603 183,059 239,459 Kentucky, 11,830 40,343 80,561

126,732 165,213 182,258 210,981 Ohio,

0
3

0 Michigan,

24

32

0

0 Indiana,

135 237

190
0

3 Illinois,

168
117
747
331

0 Missouri,

3,011

10,222 25,081 58,240 87,422 Wisconsin,

11

0 Iowa,

16

0 California,

0 Dist. of Columbia

3,244
5,395 6,377

6,119
4,694

3,687 Total,

697,897 893,041 1,191,364 |1,538,064 2,009,031 |2,487,355) 3,204,313 * No slaves are returned in the Territories of Minnesota, New Mexico, and Oregon; in Utah 26 are returned; for their population, see p. 188.

† Apprentices by the State aci to abolish slavery, of April 18, 1846.

2,254

† 236

4,509

XVI. SEVENTH CENSUS OF THE UNITED STATES. POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES ACCORDING TO THE SEVENTH-Census,

AND REPRESENTATIVES IN CONGRESS.*

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Fractions over.

tion.

lation.

No. of Repre.
+11 || Gain or loss

Afm, last Cens.
DA CRY Cocomer. Ewwesentatives.

III

Maine,
New Hampshire,
Vermont,
Massachusetts,
Rhode Island,
Connecticut,
New York,
New Jersey,
Pennsylvania,
Delaware,
Maryland,
Virginia,
North Carolina,
South Carolina,
Georgia,
Florida,
Alabama,
Mississippi,
Louisiana,
Texas,
Arkansas,
Tennessee,
Kentucky,
Missouri,
Ohio,
Michigan,
Indiana,
Illinois,
Wisconsin,
Iowa,
California,

Total,
Dist. of Columbia,
Minnesota,
New Mexico,
Oregon,
Utah,

Total,

581,813 1,356 583,169

583,169 6

2,631 317,456 520 317,976

317,976 3

37,707 313,402 718 314,120

314,120 3

33,851 935,450 9,061 994,514

994,514 uti 760,284 143,875 3,670 147,545

147.515 2 154,122 36:3,099 7,693 370,792

370,792 4 190,523 3,013,325 49,069 3,097,391

3,097.394 33 -1 14,435 465,513 23,820 489,333 222 489,466 5

22,351 2,258,463 53,323 2,311,786

2,311,780 25 +1 169,634 71,169 18,073 89,242

2,290 90,616 1 417,913 74,723 492,666 90,368 516,886 6 179,771 891,800 54,333 919,133 472,528 1,232.619 13 - 2 18,150 553,028 27,463 580,491 298,548 753,619 8

. 6,235 274,567 8,956 283,5231 384,984 514,513 6 1947,398 521,572 2,931 524.503 381,682 753,512 8

6,128 47,211 924 48,135 39,309 71,720 1 426,486

2,293

428,779 342,892 634,5141 7 173,976 295,718 930 296,648 309,878 482,5741 5 +1 15,495 255,491| 17,462 272,953 244,809 419,838

46,146 154,034 397 154,431 58,161 189,327

2,481 162,189 608 162,797 47,100

191,057 2+1 4,211 756,753 6,401 763,154 239,460 906,830 10 -1 166,023 761,417 10,007 771,424 210,981 898,012 10

$57,205 592,004 2,618 591,622 87,422 647,075 7 +2 186,537 1,955,108 25,319 1,930,427

1,980,427 21

18,544 395,097 2,557 397,654

397,654

4 + 1 23,962 977,628 10,788 988,416

988,416 11 + 1 +54,186 846,035 5,435 851,470

851,470 9 +2 10,663 304,758 633 305,391

305,391 3

25,122 191,879 335 192,214 192,214 2

5,368 91,632 965 92,597

92,597 : 2
19,423, 915423,384 19,847,301 3,200,634 21,767,673 234

38,027 9,973 48,000 3,687
6,033

39 6,077
61,530 17 61,547
13,088 206 13,294
11,330 24 11,354

26 19,553,928 433,613 19,987,573 3,204,347

or

RECAPITULATION.
Total Free Slaves Total Free Slaves Represen. Rep. Gain
Population in Population in

lativePop in in 1840. 1840. in 1850. 1850. in 1850. 1850 loss Free States,

9,654,865 1,102 13,431,798 222 13,436,931 143+) Slaveholding States, 7,290,719 2,481,532 6,412,503 3.200,412 8,330,742 901—1 Districts and Territories, 117,769 4,721 140,272 3,713 Total,

17,063,353 2,487,355 19,937,573 3,204,347 21,767,673 233 * The aggregate representative population (21,767,673), divided by 233, - the number of representatives established by law, - gives 93,423 as the ratio of apportionment among the several States. But this gives only 220 members, leaving 13 to be assigned to the States having the largest residuary fractions.

In the column of fractions, those marked thus, t, entitle the State to an additional Representative, who is included in the number given the State in the column of Representatives.

* By the act of July 30, 1852, an additional Representative is assigned to California, mak. ing the whole number of Representatives 234. The ratio of representation remains unchanged. The last published census tables differ slightly from the above, but as the apporLionment of representation was made by the above table, we continue it.

66

66

Ct.,

XVII. POPULATION OF SOME OF THE PRINCIPAL CITIES,

According to the several Censuses of the United States.
Cilies.

1790. 1000. 1810. 1820. 1830. 1840. 1845. * 1850. Portland, Me.,

3,677 7,169
8,581 12,601 15,218

20,815 Bangor,

850 1,221
2,867 8,627

14,432 Manchester, N. H.,

615
761 877 3,235

13.932 Boston, Mass., 18,038 24,027 32,250 43,298 61,392 93,383 | 114,366 136,881 Lowell,

6,474

20,796 28,841 33,383 Springfield, 2,767 3,914 6,784 10,985

11,766 Salem, 7,921 9,457 12,613 12,721 12,886 15,082

20,264 Worcester,

7,497

17,049 Providence, R. I., 7,614 10,071 11,767 16,832 23,171

41,513 New Haven, 5,772 7,147 10,180 14,890

20,345 Hartford, 3,955 4,726 7.074 12,793

13,555 New York, N. Y., 33,131 60,489 96,373 123,706 203,007 312,710 371,102 515,547 Brooklyn,

3,298 4,402 7,175 12,042 36,233 59,566 96,838 Albany,

3,498 5,349 9,356 12,630 24,238 33,721 41,139 50,763 Buffalo,

1,508 2,095 8,653 18,213 29,773 42,261 Rochester,

1,502 9,269 20,191 25,265 36,403 Williamsburg,“

1,620 5,680

30,780 Troy,

3,885 5,264 11,401 19,334 21,709 28,785 Syracuse,

6,502

22,271 Ulica,

2,972 8,323 12,782

17,565 Newark, N. J.,

6,507 10,953

17,290 34,140 38,894 Paterson,

7,596

11,334 Philadelphia, Pa., 42,520 70,287 96,664 108,116 167,188 258,037

408,762 Pillsburg, 1.565 4.763 7,248 12,542 21,115

46,601 Baltimore, Md., 13,503 26,614 46,555 62,738 80,625 | 102,313

169,054 Washington, D. C., 3,210 8,208 13,247 18,827 23,364

40,001 Richmond, 5,537 9,735 12,046 16,060 20,153

27,570 Charleston, S.C., 16,359 18,712 24,711 24,430 30,289 29,261

42,985 Savannah,

7,523 9,748 11,214

15,312 Mobile,

3,194 12,672

20,515 Nashville, Tenn.,

5,566 6,929

10,478 Louisville, 1,357 4,012 10,352 21,210

43,194 Cincinnati, Ohio,

750 2,540

9,644
24,831 46,338

115,436 Columbus,

2,435 6,048

17,882 Cleveland,

547 606 1,076

6,071

17,034 Detroit, Mich.,

1,422
9,102

21,019 Chicago, III.,

4,479

29,963 Milwaukee, Wis.,

1,700

20,061 St. Louis,

4,598 5,852 16,469 63,491 77,860 New Orleans, La., 17,24227,176 46,310 | 102,193

116,375 San Francisco, Cal.,

15,000

66

Va.,

Ga.,
Ala.,

Ky.,

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2,222

Mo.,

XVIII. MINT. It is lawful for any person or persons to bring to the Mint gold and silver bullion to be coined; and the bullion so brought is there assayed and coined, as speedily as may be after the receipt thereof, and, if of the standard of the United States, free of expense to the person or persons by whom it has been brought. But the Treasurer of the Mint is not obliged to receive, for the purpose of refining and coining, any deposit of less value than one hundred dollars, nor any bullion so base as to be unsuitable for minting. And there must be retained from every deposit of bullion below the standard such sum as shall be equivalent to the expense incurred in refining, toughening, and alloying the same; an accurate account of which expense, on every deposit, is kept, and of the sums retained on account of the same, which are accounted for by the Treasurer of the Mint with the Treasurer of the United States.

* By the State Census of this year.

Including the County,

Officers of the Mint at Philadelphia.
Salary.

Salary.
J. R. Snowden, Director, $ 3,500 James C. Booth, Melter and
Daniel Sturgeon, Treasurer, 2,000 Refiner,

$ 2,000 Franklin Peale, Chief Coiner, 2,000 Jas. B. Longacre, Engraver, 2,000 Jacob R. Eckfeldt, Assayer, 2,000 W. E. Dubois, Assist. Assayer, 1,500

Officers of the Branch at New Orleans, La. Charles Bienvenu, Superint., $ 2,500 A. J. Guivot, Coiner, $ 2,000 Howard Millspaugh, Assayer, 2,000 James Brewer, Treasurer, 4,000 M.F. Bonzano, Melter & Refiner, 2,000

Officers of the Branch at Dahlonega, Ga. J. M. Patton, Sup. and Treus., $2,000 John D. Field, Jr., Coiner, $ 1,500 Isaac L. Todd, Assayer, 1,500

Officers of the Branch at Charlotte, N. C. G.W. Caldwell, Sup.& Treas., $2,000 Emmor Graham, Coiner, $ 1,500 John H. Gibbon, Assayer, 1,500

Officers of the Branch at San Francisco. L. A. Birdsall, Superintendent, $4,500 J. M. Eckfeldt, Coiner, $3,000 J. R. Snyder, Treasurer, 4,500 J. Hewston, Melter & Refiner, 3,500 A. Harrasthy, Assayer,

3,000 Assay Office, New York.–S. F. Butterworth, Superintendent. 1. Statement of the Deposits for Coinage, at the Mint of the United States

and its Branches, in the Year 1852. GOLD.

SILVER. Coins of the United States, old

United States Bullion, parted standard,

$ 14,144
from gold,

$ 407,133 Foreign Coins,

243,440 Foreign Bullion, deposited, 408,712 United States Bullion, . . 55,607,907

Purchases,

12,087,625 Foreign Bullion,

359.842 Total of Gold,

$ 56,225,333
Total of Silver,

$ 12,903,470 Total of Gold and Silver,

$ 69,128,803 2. Statement of the Coinage of the Mint of the United States and its Branches

in the Year 1853.

.

Denominations. Pieces.

Value.

Denominations.

Pieces.

Value.

GOLD.

SILVER,
Fine Bars,
4,576 $ 15,835,998
Dollars,

46,110

46,110 Double Eagles, 1,332,326 26,646,520

Half-Dollars,

4,860,708 2,430,354 Eagles, 252,253 2,522,530

Quarter-Dollars,

16,586,220 4,146,555 Half-Eagles, 461,019 2,305,095

Dimes,

13,273,010 1,327,301 Quarter-Eagles, 1,407,846

3,519,615
Half-Dimes,

15,705,020 785,251 Dollars,

Three.cent Pieces, 4,384,149 4,384,149

11,400,000 342,000 Total Gold, 7,842,169 $ 55,213,907

Total;

61,871,068 9,077,571 COPPER. Cents,

6,641,131 66,411.31 Half-Cents,

129,694

648.47 Gold and Copper

Total Coinage, inCoins, 14,612,994 $ 55,280,966.78 'cluding Fine Bars, 76,484,062 $ 64,358,537.78

From Jan. 1, 1854, to Sept. 30, 1854, 750,813 double eagles. 177.574 eagles, 514,697 halfeagles, 129,998 three-dollar pieces, 667,759 quarter eagles, 1,002.303 gold dollars, in fine bars, $ 9,476,546.62, and in unparted bars, $ 4,086,479 were coined. The total gold coinage in value for the nine months was $ 35,990,205.12; silver coinage, $ 7,051,140 ; copper. $ 37,775.89. The whole number of pieces coined in the nine months was 35,647,873. Value, $ 43,079, 121.01. The entire deposit of domestic gold at the mint and branches to the close of 1853 was 8 224,392,334, of which $207,316,177 were from California.

3. Coinage of the Mint of the United States, from 1792, including the Coinage of the Branch Mints from the Commencement of their Operations in 1838.

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$ 11,373.00 10,324.40 9,510.34 9,797.00 9,106.68 29,279.40 13,628.37 34,422.83 25,203.03 12,844.94 13,483.48 5,260.00 9,652.21 13,090.00

8,001.53 15,660.00

2,495.95 10,755.00 4,180.00 3,578.30

1817

1818 1819 1820 1821 1822 1823 1824 1825 1826 1827 1828 1829 1830 1831 1832 1833 1834 1835 1836 1837 1838 1839 1840 1841 1842 1843 1844 1845 1846 1847 1848 1849 1850 1851 1852 1853

242,940.00

258,615.00 1,319,030.00 189,325.00 88,980.00 72,425.00 93,200.00 156,385.00

92,245.00 131,565.00 140,145.00 295,717.50 643,105.00 714,270.00 798,435.00

978,550.00 3,954,270.00 2,186,175.00 4,135,700.00 1,148,305.00 1,809,595.00 1,355,885.00 1,675,302.50 1,091,597.50 1,834,170.50 8,108,797.50

2,230.00 3,756,447.50 4,034,177.00 20,221,385.00

3,775,512.50 9,007,761.50 31,981,733.50 62,614,492.50 56,846, 187.50 55,213,907.00

$370,683.80

79,077.50 12,591.45 330,291.00 423,515.00 224,296.00 74,758.00 58,343.00 87,118.00 100,340.50 149,388.50 471,319.00 597,448.75 684,300.00 707,376.00 638,773.50 608,340.00 814,029.50 620,951.50 561,687.50 17,308.00 28,575.75 607,783.50 1,070,454.50 1,140,000.00 501,680.70 825,762.45 805, 806.50

895,550.00 1,752,477.00 1,564,583.00 2,002,090.00 2,869,200.00 1,575,600.00 1,994,578.00 2,495,400.00 3,175,600.00 2,579,000.00 2,759,000.00 3,415,002.00 3,443,003.00 3,606,100.00 2,096,010.00 2,333, 243.00 2,189, 296.00 1,726,703.00 1,132,750.00 2,332,750.00 3,834,750.00 2,235,550.00 1,873,200. 2,558,580.00 2,374,450.00 2,040,050.00 2,114,950.00 1,866,100.00

774,397.00 1,309,555.00 9,077,571.00

28,209.82 39,484.00 31,670.00 26,710.00 44,075.50

3,890.00 20,723.39 12,620.00 14,926.00 16,344.25 23,557.32 25,636.24 16,580.00 17,115.00 33,603.60 23,620.00 28,160.00 19,151.00 39,489.00 23,100.00 55,583.00 53,702.00 31,286.61 24,627.00 15,973.67 23,833.90 24,283.20 23,987.52 38,948.04 41,208.00 61,836.69 64,157.99 41,984.32 44,467.50 99.635.43 50,630.94 67,059 78

1,834,420 $ 453,541.80 1,219,370 192,129.40 1,095,165 125,524.29 1,368,241 545,698.00 1,365,681 645,906.68 3,337,972 571,335.40 1,571,390 510,956.37 3,615,869 516,075.83 2,780,830 370,698.53 2,046,839 371,827.94 2,260,361 333,239.48 1,815,409 801.084.00 2,731,345 1,044,595.96 2,935,888 982,055.00 2,861,834 884,752.53 3,056,418 1,155,868.50 1,649,570 1,108,740.95 2,761,646 1,115,219.50 1,755,331 1,102,275.50 1,833,859 642,535.80

69,867 20,483.00 2,888,135 56,785.57 5,163,967 647,267.50 5,537,084 1,345,064.50 5,074,723 1,425,325.00 6,492,509 1,864,786.20 3,139,249 1,018,977.45 3,813,788 915,503.89 2,166,485 967,975.00 4,786,894 1,858,297.00 5,178,760 1,735,894.00 5,774,434 2,110,679.25 9,097,845 3,024,342.32 6,196,853 1,741,381.24 7,674,501 2,306,875.50 8,357,191 3,155,620.00 11,792,284 3,923,473.60

9,128,387 3,401,055.00 10,307,790 3,765,710.00 11,637,643 7,388,423.00 15,996,342 5,668,667.00 13,719,333 7,764,900.00 13,010,721 3,299,898.00 15,780,311 4,206,540.00 11,811,594 3,576,467.61 10,558,240 3,426,632.50

8,811,968 2,240,321.17 11,743,153 4,190,754.40 4,640,582 11,967,830.70 9,051,834 7,687,767.52 1,80 96 5,668,595.54 10,133,515 6,633,965.00 15,392,344 22,657, 671.69 12,649,790 5,879,720.49 12,666,659 11,164,695.82 14,588,220 33,892,301.00 28,701,958 63,488.524.93 32,964.019 58,206,373.44 76,484,062 64,358,537.78

Total,

292,005,522.00 88,609,087.90

1,513,537.17 | 508,686,168 381,128,147.07

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