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3. Number of Post-Offices, Extent of Post-Routes, and Revenue and Ex

penditures of the Post-Office Department; with the Amount paid to Postmasters and for Transportation of the Mail, since 1790.

No. of Extent of Revenue Expenditures Amount paid for Year. Post Post-Routes of the

of the Compen. of Transport'n Offices. in Miles. Department. Department. Postmast'rs. of the Mail. 1790

75 1,875 $ 37,935 $32, 140 $ 8,198 $ 22,081 1795

453 13,207 160,620 117,893 30,272 75,359 1800

903 20,817 280,804 213,994 69,243 128,644 1805 1,558 31,076 421,373 377,367 111,552 239,635 1810 2,300 36,406 551,684

495,969

149,438 327,966 1815 3,000 43,748 1,043,065 748,121 241,901 487,779 1816

3,260 48,673 961,782 804,422 265,944 521,970 1817 3,459 52,089

1,002,973

916,515 303,916 589, 189 1818 3,618 59,473 1,130,235 1,035,832 346,429 664,611 1819 4,000 67,586 1,204,737 1,117,861 375,828 717,881 1820 4,500 72,492 1,111,927 1,160,926 352,295 782,425 1821

4,650 78,808 1,059,087 1,184,283 337,599 815,681 1822 4,709 82,763 1,117,490 1,167,572 355,299

788,618 1823 4,043 84,860 1,130,115 1,156,995 360,462 767,464 1824 5,182 84,860 1,197,758 1,188,019 383,804

768,939 1825 5,677 94,052 1,306,525 1,229,043 411,183 785,646 1826

6,150 94,052 1,447,703 1,366,712 447,727 885,100 1927 7,003 105,336 1,524,633 1,468,959 486,411 942,345 1828 7,530 105,336 1,659,915 1,689,945 548,049 1,086,313 1829

8,004 115,000 1,707,418 1,782,132 559,237 1,153,646 1830 8,450 115,176 1,850,583 1,932,708 595,234 1,274,009 1831 8,686 115,486 1,997,811 1,936,122

635,028 1,252,226 1832 9,205 104,466 2,258,570 2,266,171

715,481

1,482,507 1833 10,127 119,916 2,617,011 2,930,414 826,283 1,894,638 1834 10,693 119,916 2,823,749 2,910,605 897,317 1,925,544 1835 10,770 112,774 2,993,356 2,757,350 945,418 1,719,007 1836 11,091 118,264

3,408,323 3,841,766 812,803 1,638,052 1837 11,767 141,242 4,236,779 3,544,630

891,352

1,996,727 1838

12,519 134,818 4,238,733 4,430,662 933,948 3,131,308 1839 12,780 133,999 4,484,657 4,636,536 980,000 3,285,622 1840 13,468 155,739 4,543,522 4,718,236 1,028,925 3,296,876

13,778 155,026 4,407,726 4,499,528 1,018,645 3,159,375 1842 13,733 149,732 4,546,849 5,674,752

1,147,256 3,087,796 1843 13,814

142,295 4,296,225 4,374,754 1,426,394 2,947,319 1844

14,103 144,687 4,237,288 4,296,513 1,358,316 2,938,551 1845 14,183 143,940 4,289,841 4,320,732

1,409,875 2,905,504 1816 14,601 152,865 3,487,199 4,084,297 1,042,079 2,716,673 1847 15,146 153,818 3,955,893 3,979,570 1,060,228 2,476,455 1848 16,159 163,208 4,371,077 4,326,850

2,394,703 1849 16,749 163,703 4,905, 176 4,479,049 1,320,921 2,577,407 1850 18,417 178,672 5,552,971 5,212,953 1,549,376 2,965,786 1851 19,796 196,290 6,727,867 6,278,402 1,781,686 3,538,064 1852 20,901 214,284 6,925,971 7,108,459 1,296,765 4,225,311 1853

22,320 217,743 5,940,725 7,982,757 1,406,477 4,906,308

1841

* The returns for 1846, 1817, 1843, 1849, 1850, and 1851 are for the six years under the law of March 3, 1815. Those for 1852 and 1853 are for the two years under the new law

4. FOREIGN MAIL SERVICE: The conveyance of mail matter between this and foreign countries, and between the Atlantic and Pacific portions of the United States, is a large and important branch of the mail service. The following table exhibits this service. Foreign Mail Service of the United States in Operation October 1, 1853.*

Distance No. trips
Routes.

Contractors.

Remarks.

Annual

in miles.

nthly

1

1. New York, by South-| 3,760

Ocean Steam $ 200,000 Under contract with ampton, to Bremen Ha

Nav. Co., C.

Postmaster - Gen., ven,

H. Sands, Pt.

Act of Mar. 3, 1845. 2. Charleston, by Savan 669 2 M. C. Mor 50,000 Contracts withP.M. nah and Key West, to

decai.

G., Acts Mar.3,'47, Havana.

& July 10, 1848. 3. New York to Aspinwall, 2,000

Contract with SecNew Orleans to Aspin- 1,400

G. Law, M. wall,

0. Roberts,

retary of Navy, 2 and B. R.

290,000 Acts Mar. 3, 1847, New York, by Havana, 2,000

McIlvain.

and Mar. 3, 1851. to New Orleans, 4. Astoria, by Port Orford, 4,200 2 Pacific Maill' 348,250 Contract with SecSan Francisco, Mont.

Steam. Co.,

retary of Navy, erey, and San Diego, to

W.H. Aspin

Act March 3, 1847, Panama,

wall, Pres.

and March 3, 1851.) 5. New York to Liverpool, 3,100 26 a year E. K. Collins, 853,000 Cont. with Sec.of N.

J.&S.Brown.

Acts Mar. 3, 1847,

and July 21, 1852. 6. New York, by Cowes, 3,270 la month Ocean Steam 150,000 Contract with P. M. to Havre,

Nav.Co.,M.

G., Act of March 3, Livingston,

1847.

Agent. 17. Aspinwall to Panama, 60 2 Panama Rail 95,335 22 cents per pound.

road Co.

Act March, 3, 1851. 8. New Orleans, by Tam 900 3 E.H.Carmick 69,750 Contract with P. M. pico, to Vera Cruz,

G., Act of Aug. 30,

1852.7 The gross amount received from the mail service to Bremen, via Southampton, from June 1, 1847, to Oct. 4, 1848, was $ 20,082.51; for the year ndi Oct. 4, 1849, it was $61,114.20 ; from Oct. 5, 1849, to Sept. 30, 1850, it was $ 56,865.60; during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1851, it was $ 94,598.03; during the year ending June 30, 1852, it was $77,219.87; and during the year ending June 30, 1853, it was $ 100,297.79. The net revenue by this line for the last fiscal year was $69,951.45. The postages on the Charleston and Havana line, from Oct. 18, 1848, to Sept. 30, 1850, were $ 22,406.37;. for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1852, $11,958.99 ; and for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1853, $ 7,945.63. The postages by the New York, Chagres, and California line for the same year were $ 263,137.58; and by the New Orleans and Vera Cruz line, from April 14, 1853, to June 30, $ 630.84.

The gross amount received for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1852, for postages on mailable matter from the Collins line, New York and Liverpool, was $ 228,867.61; for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1853, it was $ 303,733.70. The net revenue by this line for the last year was $ 192,313.87.

* The service is substantially the same at the present time, October, 1854.

† The service in No. 8 is as yet semi-monthly, and one third of the pay is deducted : and Tampico is omitted, and for this one fifth of the pay is deducted.

The gross amount received during the year ending June 30, 1852, from the New York and Havre line was 80,804,08; for year ending June 30, 1853, it was $ 100,070.44. The net revenue by this line for the same year was $ 71,147.74.

The letter postage by the Cunard line for the year ending June 30, 1853, was $578,033.39; newspaper postage, $ 20,683.26. Revenue and Expenditure of the Post-Office under the old Law (prior to

1845), under the law of 1845, and under that of 1851.

Letter Postage.

Newspapers and

Pamphlets.

Total Annual

Receipts.

Total Annual Expenditures.

Average of nine

years under the old law,

$3,807,993 $ 528,979 $4,364,625 $4,499,595 Average of the

six years of the law of 1845,

3,900,000 791,045 4,833,197 4,684,547 Average of two

years under the
law of 1851, 4,350,009 700,289

6,382,352 7.545,608 By reference to the detailed statement of the receipts and expenditures of the Post-Office below, it will be seen that the item "letter postage” includes stamps sold, and also how the total annual receipts, &c. are made up.

Under the Act of 1845 the gross revenue from letter postage fell off in 1846, the first year of the reduction, $ 988,738.92, or 27 per cent; in the second year, 1847, it increased $ 363,959.49, or 133 per cent. over 1846.

In the year ending June 30, 1852, the first after the reduction by tire Act of 1851, the gross revenue from letter postage was reduced $ 1,185,993.73, or 224 per cent.; in 1853 the increase from the same source over the gross revenue from letter postage in the previous year was $ 251,747.68, or 670 per cent.

The cost of the transportation of the mails has increased rapidly each year. In 1849 it was $ 2,577,407.71 ; in 1850, $ 2,965,786.36; in 1851, $3,538,063.64; in 1852, $ 4,225,311.28; in 1853, $ 4,906,308.05 ; and the estimate for transportation for the year 1854 was $5,506,601.

The amount of postage stamps sold in 1853 was $ 1,629,262.12. The proportion of the different denominations of stamps issued for 1853 was, 1 cent, 4,736,311 ; 3 cent, 51,461,040 ; 12 cent, 146,655. Of the stamped envelopes, there were issued to postmasters for sale during the quarter ending September 30, 1853; 3 cent, note size, 464,350 ; ditto, letter size, 8,118,250; 6 cent, letter size, 150,000 ; ditto official size, 181,050.

The following is the detail of the receipts and expenditures of the Department for the contract year, ending June 30, 1853 :Receipts.

Expenditures. Letter postage, including foreign

Transportation of mails, $4,906,308.05 postage and stamps sold, $4,473,227.25 Compensation to postmasters, 1,406,477.05 Newspapers and periodicals, 611,333.42 Extra compensation to postmasFines, except on contractors, 82.50 ters,

414,525.10 Excess of emoluments of post

Ship, steamboat, and way letters, 23,105.83 38,386.01 Wrapping-paper,

41,453.94

maners,

Receipts.

Expenditures. Damages from contractors, $ 1,384.00 Office furniture,

$3,241.50 Dead letters, 45.00 Advertising,

79,346.00 Letter-carriers, 113,017.73|Mail-bags,

49,308.53 Miscellaneous receipts, 3,248.50 Blanks,

71,056.22 Annual appropriations to pay for

Mail locks, keys, and stamps, 14,733.80 mail service performed for the

New mail locks and keys,

18,935.54 government,

700,000.00 Mail depredations and special agents, 55,275.43

Clerks for offices of postmasters, 509,820.24 Gross revenue for the year, 5,940,724.70

Miscellaneous payments,

116,408.31 Total expenditures for the year, 7,982,956.59

Repayment of money in dead letters, 34.26 Excess of expenditures, $2,042,031.89 Postage stainps,

3,864.50 Stamps returned and overcharged, 153.95 Official letters to postmasters,

472.41 Payments to letter-carriers, 113,017.73 Post-office Laws, Lists, &c., 1,670.00 Stamped envelopes,

10,391.03 Miscellaneous British postages, 139,592.08 Bremen

3,565.09 Total expenditures,

$ 7,982,756.59 Revenue under the Postal Treaty with Great Britain. The amount of correspondence between the United States and Great Britain for the year ending June 30, 1853, was as follows :

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Gross amount letter postage by United States packets, $ 343,748.68 Deduct British inland 3-24ths,

42,968.58

$ 300,780.10 Add for United States inland 5-24ths of $ 578,033.39, amount by British packets,

$ 120,423.60 Newspaper postages, by Collins line,

6,118.90 British closed mails in transit through United States,By Cunard line,

37,811.39 By Collins line,

4,670.80 Total,

$ 469,804.79 The number of letters conveyed by the Cunard, Collins, Bremen, and Havre lines of steamers, from July 1, 1852, to June 30, 1853, was as follows:

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Lines.

Cunard, Collins, Havre, Bremen,

Total,

Whole

Postage collected in
Paid. Unpaid.

No. of number.

United

Great

newspapers.

States. Britain. 2,774,423 1,132,53 6 1,641,887 $ 355,253.14 $ 222,780.25 1,034,163 1,018,345 410,564 607,781 154,188.88 79,084.21 305,945 406,126 174,766 231,360

4,987 412,117 166,124 245,993

3,613 4,611,011 | 1,883,990 2,727,021

The number of letters to and from Continental Europe in transit through the United Kingdom for the same year was as follows:

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that purpose,

66

.

The commissions allowed postmasters are as follows, viz.:

1. On the postage collected at their respective offices, not exceeding $ 100 in any one quarter,

60 per cent. But if mails arrive regularly at any office between 9 P. M. and 5 A. M., then

70 per cent. 2. On any sum between $ 100 and $ 400 in any quarter, 50 per cent. 3. On any sum between $ 400 and $2,400 in any quarter, 40 4. On any sum over $2,400 in any quarter,

15 5. On the amount of letters and packets received for distribution at offices designated by the Postmaster-General for

10 6. Box rents not exceeding $ 2,000 per annum.

The postmasters at New Orleans and Washington have special allowances for extra labor. To postmasters whose pay does not exceed $500 in any quarter, one cent is paid for the delivery of each free letter or document, except for the delivery of such as are for himself.

On postages on letters and packages received at a distributing office for distribution, the postmaster may be allowed 12 per cent. Those postmasters who are required to keep a register of the arrival and departure of the mails, are allowed ten cents for each monthly return made to the Postmaster-General. Two mills are allowed for delivery of each newspaper not chargeable with poștage. Additional allowances may be made to the postmasters at distributing and separating offices, to defray actual and necessary expenses, when the commissions, allowances, and emoluments are insufficient.

The term letter postage includes all postages received, except those which arise from newspapers sent from the offices of publication to subscribers, and from pamphlets and magazines.

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