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6. IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF EACH STATE,
During the Year ending June 30, 1853.
Value of Exports.

Value of Imports.
States.
Domestic Foreign

In Amer. In

Foreign Total.

Total.
Produce. Produce.

Vessels. Vessels.
Maine,

$1,761,929 $ 278,858 $ 2,040,787 $1,254,039 $ 132,550 $ 1,386,589 New Hampshire,

1,126

1,126 24,752 7,856 32,608 Vermont, 82,376 11,741 94,117 184,512

184,512 Massachusetts, 16,895,304 3,059,972 19,955, 276 25,910,403 15,457,553 41,367,956 Rhode Island,

302,454 8,031 310,485 261,719 104,397 366,116 Connecticut,

497,769 11,665 509,434 474,297 71,496 545,793 New York,

66,030,355 12,175,935 78,206,290 132,009,768 46,261,231 178,270,999 New Jersey,

1,354
1,354

3,539 3,539
Pennsylvania, 6,255,229 272,767 6,527,996 10,454,563 8,379,847 18,834,410
Delaware,
Maryland,

7,763,224 138,235 7,906,459 5,235,659 1,094,419 6,330,078 District of Columbia, 75,456

75,456 70,086 1,403 71,494 Virginia,

3,302,561 4,230 3,306,791 255,363 143,641 399,004 North Carolina,

314,142

314,142 125,779 145,459 271,2381 South Carolina, 15,400,408

15,400,408 1,199,780 608,737 1,808,517 Georgia,

7,371,883
7,371,883 275,968

232,293 508 261 Florida,

1,698,206

1,698,206 18,132 47,302 65,434 Alabama, 16,786,913

16,786,913 297,453 512,109 809,562 Louisiana,

67,768,724 523,934 68,292,658 10,856,058 2,774,628| 13,630,686 Mississippi,

5,876

5,876 Tennessee,

256,846

256,846 Missouri,

859,654

859,654 Ohio,

158,418
158,418 750,598 97,162

847,760 Kentucky,

175,358

175,358 Michigan,

295,809 57,876 353,685 207,782 3,448 211,230 Illinois,

79,139
79,139 7,559|

7,559 Texas,

569,918 459,763 1,029,681 156,144 125,315 281,459 California, *

101,312

101,312 Oregon,

85,932 85,932 Indiana,

258,253

258,253 Minnesota,

612

612 Total,

213,417,697 17,003,007 230,420,704|191,688,325 76,290,322 267,978,647

ers.

132

1

1

7. VESSELS BUILT, AND THE TONNAGE THEREOF, IN THE UNITED STATES,

For the Year ending June 30, 1853.
Class of Vessels.

Total num

Total
States.f
Schoon- Sloops and

ber of Ves. Tonnage. Ships. Brigs.

canal-boats. Steamers. sels built. Tons. 95ths. Maine,

70 133

10

7
351

118,916 67 New Hampshire,

9
1

10

8,666 11 Vermont,

2

2

218 33 Massachusetts,

73

126
3

2
205

83,015 15 Rhode Island,

6
5

11

3,170 52 Connecticut,

4

37
21

5
67

9,022 20 New York, 21 6 85 103

74
289

83,224 05 New Jersey,

30
22

6
58

7,107 71 Pennsylvania,

4 28

102

56

191 31,539 07 Delaware,

1 11

19

2
33

4,435 61 Maryland, 15 9 97

1
122

16,901 38 District of Columbia,

42

42

2,743 64 Virginia,

3

11
14
11
40

6,599 20 North Carolina,

16
3

2
22

1,746 36 South Carolina,

24
13

1
38

1,993 87 Louisiana,

9
4

4
17

1,346 12 Tennessee,

1
1

45 17 Missouri,

10

22

3,583 60 Kentucky,

29
30

8,592 09 Illinois,

7
2

9

1,158 35 Wisconsin,

10
2

14

2,422 39 4

28
23
35

90 21,213 36 Michigan,

20

14
35

4,304 63 California,

2
2

150 57 Indiana,

9
9

3,455 81
Total,
265 95 681

394

271

1,710 425,572 49 * Returns informal. + There are no returns for the omitted States and Territories.

1

1

Ohio,

1

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8. COMPARATIVE VIEW OF THE TONNAGE OF THE UNITED STATES, From 1815 to 1853 inclusive, in Tons (95ths not counted).

Enrolled Reg. Tonn. Enrolled and Licensed Tonnage in Tonnage in Years. Registered

Cod & licensed in Whale Coasting

Mackerel Steam Tonnage.

Tonnage. Fishery. Trade. Fishery. Fishery. Navigation 1815 851,294 513,833

435,066 26,570 1816 800,759 571,458

479,979 37,879 1817 809,724 590,136 4,871 481,457 53,990 1818 606,088 619,095 16,134 503,140 58,551 1819 612,930

647,821 31,700 523,556 65,014 1820 619,017 661,118 35,391 539,080 60,842 1821 619,896 679,062 26,070 559,435 51,351 1822

629, 150 696,548 45,449 573,080 58,405 1823 639,920 696,644 39,918 566,408 67,621

24,879 1824 669,972 729,190 33,165 589,223 69,419

21,610 1825 700,787 722,323 35,379 587,273 70,626

23,061 1826 737,978 796,210 41,757 666,420 63,761

34,059 1827 747,170 873,437 45,653 732,937 74,048

40,198 1828 812,619 928,772 51,621 758,922 74,947

39,418 1829 650,142 610,654 57,284 508,858 101,796

54,037 1830 576,675 615,311 38,911 516,978 61,554

35,973

64,472 1831 620,451 617,394 82,315 539,723 60,977 46,210

34,446 1832 636,989 752,460 72,868 649,627 54,027 47,427 90,814 1833

750,126 856,123 101,158 744,198 62,720 48,725 101,850 1834 857,438 901,463 108,060 783,618 56.403 61,082 122,815 1835 885,821 939,118 97,610 792,301 72,374 64,443 122,815 1836 897,774 981,323 144,680 873,023 63.307 64,425 145,556 1837 810.417 1,036.233 127,241

956,980 80,551 46,810 154,765 1333 822,591 1,173,017 119,629 1,011.105 70.061 56,619 193,423 1839 834,214 1,262,231 131,815 1,153,551 72,258 35,983 204,938 1840 899,761 1,230,999 136,926 1,176,694 76,035 28,269 202,339 1841 845,803 1,184,910 157,405 1,107,067 66,551 11,321 175,088 1812 975,358 1,117,031 151,612 1,045,753 54,801 16,096 229.661 1843 1,009,305 | 1,149,297

152,374

1,076,155 61,224 11,775 236,863 1844 1,063,761 1,211,330 169,293 1,109,614 85,224 16,170 272,179 1845 1,095,172 | 1,321,829 190,695 1,190,898 69,825

21,413 326,019 1846 1,131,286 | 1,431,798 186,980 1,239,870 72,516 36,463 317,893 1817 1,241,312 | 1,597,732 193,858 1,452,623 70,177 31,451 404.842 1818 1,360,886 1,793.155 192,179 1,620,983 82,651 43.558 427,891 1849

1,433,941 1,895,073 180,186 1,730,410 42,970 73,853 462,394 1850 1,535,711 1,919,743 146,016 1,755,796 85,616 58,111 525.947 1851 1,726.307 | 2,016, 132 181,644 1,854,317 87,475 50,539 583,607 1852 1,899,448 2,233,992 193.797 2,008,021 102.659 72,546 643,241 1853 2,103,674 2,303,336 193.203 2,131,256 109,227 59,850 514,098

No separate returns of tonnage employed in the mackerel fishery were made by the collectors prior to the year 1830; and none given of steam navigation prior to 1823. 9. Entries and Clearances of American and Foreign Vessels, with their

Crews, during the Year ending June 30, 1853.
Whole number of American vessels entered during the year ending
June 30, 1853, from foreign countries,

9,955 Whole number of foreign vessels entered from do.,

11,722 Total of American and foreign vessels,

21,677 Whole number of American vessels cleared for foreign countries, 10,001 Whole number of foreign vessels cleared for do.,

11,680 Total of American and foreign vessels,

. 21,681 Crews of American vessels entered. Men, 143,091. Boys, 1,339. Total, 144,430.

Crews of foreign vessels entered. Men, 123,053. Boys, 1,536. Total, 124,589.

Crews of American vessels cleared. Men, 145,254.' Boys, 1,535. Total, 146,789.

Crews of foreign vessels cleared. Men, 120,754. Boys, 1,560. Total, 122,314.

10. NUMBER AND CLASS OF VESSELS BUILT, AND THE TONNAGE THEREOF, IN THE UNITED STATES, FROM 1815 to 1853, inclusive. Class of Vessels.

Total num

Total Years.

ber of Ves

Tonnage.
Ships. Brigs.
Schoon- Sloops and

Steamers. sels built.
ers. canal-boats.

Tons. 95th 1815 136 224 680

274

1,314 154,624 39 1816 76 122 781

424

1,403 131,668 04 1817 34 86 559 394

1,073 86,393 37 1818 53 85 428 332

82,421 20
1819
53 82

473
242

850 79,817 86
1820
21 60

301
152

534 47,784 01
1821
43 89 248

127

507 55,856 01 1822

61
131
260
168

623

75,346 93 1823

55
127 260 165

15

622

75,007 57
1824
56 156 377

166
26

781

90,939 00
1925
56 197 538

168
35

994

114,997 25
1826
71 187 482

227
45

1,012 126,438 35
1827
55 133 464

241
38

934

104,342 67 1828 73 108 474

196
33

884 98,375 58 1829 44 68

485
145
43

785

77,098 65
1830
25 56

403
116
37

637 58,094 24 1831 72 95 416

94
34

711 85,962 68 1832 132 143 568 122

100 1,065 144,539 16 1833 144 169 625

185
65

1,188 161,626 36 1834 98 94 497

180
68

937 118,330 37 1835* 25* 50* 302* 100* 30*

507* 46,238 52* 1836 93 65 444 164

124

890 113,627 49 1837 67 72

507
168
135

949 122,987 22 1838 66 79 501

153
90

898 113,135 44 1839 83 89

439
122
125

858 120,988 34 1840 97 109 378

224
61

872 118,309 23 1841 114 101 - 310

157
78

762

118,893 71 1842 116 91 273 404

137

1,021 129,083 64 1843* 58* 34* 138*

79*

482* 63,617 77* 1844 73 47 204 279

163

766 103,537 29 1845 124 87 322

342
163

1,038 146.018 02
1846
100 164

576
355
225

1,420 188,203 93 1847 151 168 689

392
198

1,598 243,732 67 1848 254 174 701

547
175

1,851 318,075 54 1849 198 148 623

370
208

1,547 256,577 47 1850 247 117 547

290
159

1,360 272,218 54 1851 211 65

522
326
233

1,357 298,203 60 1852 255 79 584

267
259

1,444 351,493 41 1853 269 95 681

394
271

1,710 425,572 49

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XII. POST-OFFICE DEPARTMENT.

1. Post-Office Statistics for the Year ending June 30, 1853.

.

Number of mail routes, July 1, 1853,
Length of mail routes, July 1, 1853, miles,
Amount of annual transportation in miles,
Cost of same for year ending June 30, 1853,
Average cost per mile, nearly,
Amount of transportation on railroads, in miles,

6,692

217,743 61,892,542 $4,495,968

$ 0.072 12,986,705

* For nine months.

$ 0.05

Cost of transportation on railroads,

$ 1,601,329 Average per mile,

$ 0.123 Steamboat transportation, in miles,

6,685,065 Cost of same,

$ 632,368 Average per mile, nearly

0.94 Transportation in coaches, miles,

21,330,326 Cost of same,

$1,206,958 Average per mile,

$0.056 Modes not specified, miles,

20,890,446 Cost of same,

$ 1,055,313 Average per mile, Length of routes, eight in number, connecting this with foreign

} 21,359 countries, covered by regular United States mail conveyance, Amount of annual transportation in miles,

890,512 Annual cost of same, nearly, t

$ 2,061,335 Number of contractors,

5,583 Route agents, local agents, and mail messengers, ·

974 Number of post-offices supplied,

22,320 Increase in length of mail routes, since July 1, 1852,

3,459 Increase of inland mail transportation since July 1, 1852, in miles, 2,906,814 Increased cost of transportation,

$ 555,997 Increase of railroad and steamboat service, 2,235,593 miles, or near 12.8 per

cent., at an increased cost of $ 452,362, or near 25.39 per cent. Do. of coach service, 631,396 miles, or near 3.5 per cent., at an increased

cost of $ 77,972, or near 6.9 per cent. Do. of service in modes not specified, 39,825 miles, or near 1.43 per cent., at

an increased cost of $ 25,663, or near 2.49 per cert. Gross revenue for the year,

$5,940,724.70 Total expenditures for the year,

$ 7,982,756.59 Excess of expenditures over gross revenue,

$ 2,042,031.89 (For details, see post, page 169.)

During the year, 1,898 new post-offices were established, and 479 were discontinued. 3,850 postmasters were appointed in consequence of resignations; 225 in consequence of deaths; 182 for changes of sites of the offices; 1,898 to new offices; 2,412 by removals; in all, 8,567.

* September 30, 1853, there were in operation 202 railroad routes; aggregate length 13,410; miles ; cost of mail transportation thereon, $ 1,645,432.33, or at the rate of $ 120.26 per mile of road : adding pay of mail passengers, route and local agents, the whole expense was $ 1,869,264.78, or $ 139.386 per mile of road.

At the same time the average cost of steamboat service was $34.45 per mile of route ; coach service, $ 22.88 per mile of road ; and modes not specified, $ 7.86 per mile.

† This service is paid partly by the Post-Office Department and partly by the Navy Department. See page 168.

2. Table of Mail Service for the Year ending June 30, 1853.*

1,265

Annual Transportation.
Length

Total
States.
of

Transpor- Total routes. Mode not In

In

By tation. Cost. specified. Coaches. Steamboat. Railroad.

Miles. Miles. Miles. Miles. Miles. Miles. Maine, 4,672 1,981 2,419

2721,648,604 57,141 New Hampshire, 1,821 634

856

30

301 694,560 29,989 Vermont,

2,448

752
1,152

544 1,053,641 60,958 Massachusetts,

3,182
973 8401

265 1,104 2,332,880 137,540 Rhode Island,

413
225
94

94 217,672 12,446 Connecticut, 1,834 661

586

587 1,092,853 67,742 New York,

14,999 6,226 5,527 1,218 2,018 7,975,196 480,671 New Jersey, · 2,746 893 1,511

342 1,256,192 80,270 Pennsylvania, 12,223 6,5281 4,921

774 4,280,756 241,363 Delaware, 512 203 309

t
187,200

9,730 Maryland, 2,626 1,330 679

617 1,399,216 190,928 Ohio, 13,509 8,004 3,815

247 1,443 4,445,016 399,350 Virginia, 13,455 9,142 2,333

715 3,402,390 222,553 North Carolina, 8,863 6,422 1,881

311

249 2,143,648 181,369 South Carolina, 6,113 4,025 510

990 588 1,575,850 134,519 Georgia,

9,4461 5,641 920 1,958 927 2,444,790 223,460 Florida, 3,938 1,586 722

1,630

512,930 67,308 Michigan, 6,303 3,335 1,344 1,033

591 1,943,678 139,081 Indiana, 9,643 7,631

1,466

189 357 2,093,491 108,116 Illinois,

12,287 7,243 4,225 450 369 3,244,592 194,952 Wisconsin, 6,331 4,130 2,121

83

1,146,639 56,793 Iowa, 4,292 2,795 1,497

970,996 42,579 Missouri, 12,867 7,941 3,470 11,456

2,675,461 158,229 Minnesota, 1,661 1,212 179

270

94,196 2,633 Kentucky, 9,776 5,635 1,807

$2,240

94 3,555, 132 217,202 Tennessee,

8,929 6.380 1,839 489 221 1,870,492 96,137 Alabama, 8,045 6,291 1,394

131 2,200,848 196,172 Mississippi, 6,631 5,175 916

484

59 1,431,694 135,896 Arkansas, 6,910 5,578 363

969

1,039,792 89,081 Louisiana, 4,243 2,971 391 11863

18 879,632 97,569 Texas, 10,069 7,812

1,170

1,334,374 144,161 California,

3,667
2,893
519
255

(585,806 143,214 Oregon, 2,036 1,775

261

108,274 45,522 New Mexico, 980

70
910

29,080 28.600 Utah,

277
100
177

24,968 2,695 Total, 217,743 134,193 52,780 18,355 12,41561,892,542 4,495,968 Route and local

agents and mail messengers,

233,057 Foreign mails, 8,659 160

8,599

268,512 555,064 Total, . 226,402 134,253 52,7801 26,954 12,415 62,161,0545,284,089

229

1,087

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* The entire service and pay are set down to the State under which the route is numbered, though extending into other States, instead of being divided among the States in which each portion of it lies.

† The Baltimore, Wilmington, and Philadelphia Railroad is under a Maryland number. 1 This embraces the steamboat service from St. Louis to New Orleans.

§ This embraces the steamboat service from Louisville to Cincinnati and from Louisville to New Orleans.

|| This includes the route from New Orleans to Mobile.

T This is for service from Panama to Aspinwall, performed by the Panama Railroad Company, at a stipulated price per trip, according to the weight of the mail, and which varies from year to year. The cost of this service for the year ending June 30, 1853, was $ 85,314.

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