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+P. D. Alessandro, Boston. 11 Bartholomew Valls, New Orleans. †B. D. Potter, Providence. +F. A. Stokes, Galveston, Tex. tIra Clisbe,
New Haven. T. P. Hamilton, San Francisco. tJ. C. Vertu, New York.
Venezuela. C. Gaillard, Philadelphia.
*Victor de la Cora, Washington. G. Persico,
Silas G. Whitney, Boston. TA. C. Rhodes, Baltimore.
New York. IN. E. Fowles,
Dist. Columbia. Joseph Avezzana,
Jose C. Keef, Philadelphia. fG. A. Trenholm, Charleston.
J. F. Strohm,
Geo. B. Dieter, New Orleans.
Wurtemberg. *Juan Darby,
New. York. *Ferd. L. Brauns, Baltimore. C. Soule, Jr., Boston & Salem. Frederick Klett, Philadelphia. fG. F. Darby,
New York. Leopold Bierwirth, New York. B. W. Frazier,
Philadelphia. Carl. Fred. Adae, Cincinnati. P. Murguiondo, Baltimore. F. Honold,
New Orleans. tG. L. Lowden, Charleston. E. C. Angelrodt, St. Louis. +C. G. Mansony,
Mobile. J. Smidt, Kentucky at Louisville.
VIII. TITLES AND ABSTRACTS OF THE PUBLIC LAWS,
PASSED AT THE FIRST SESSION OF THE 331 CONGRESS.
(The references by Chapters are to Little & Brown's authorized edition of the Laws of the
United States. The omitted Chapters are private acts.] Appropriations for the Years ending June 30, 1854, and June 30, 1855.* For Civil and Diplomatic Expenses. For the year ending June 30, 1854. June 30, 1855. Legislative.-- Congress, pay of members,
$ 843,372.80 $ 451,662.80 Officers and Clerks of both Houses,
57,930.00 91,470.00 Contingent expenses of Senate, including print
ing and publishing proceedings and debates, 202,000.00 330,600.00
148,527.00 323,796.00 Library of Congress. — Purchase of books and publication of papers, .
32,000.00 23,210.75 Incidental expenses,
6,500.00 E.recutive. - President and Vice-President of the United States, 30,000.00 26,500.00 Department of State,
67,445.07 83,550.00 Treasury Department,
374,725.63 598,678.00 Department of the Interior,
300,477.66 382,534.33 War Department,
100,990.00 112,765.00 Navy Department,
85,030.00 94,850,00 Post Office Department,
234.350 00 172,350.98 Amount carried forward,
$ 2,485,348.16 $2,698,467.86
* The following amounts are nearly accurate.
For the year ending June 30, 1854. June 30, 1855. Amount brought forward,
$2,485,348.16 $2,698, 167.86 Surveyors General and their Clerks,
105,720.00 128,615.00 Mint and Branches,
279,600.00 583,450.00 Judiciary,
859,000 00 861,528.88 Territorial Governments,
145,955.00 239,020.00 Lighthouse Establishment,
878,392.72 993,495.43 Surveys of Public Lands,
554,992.25 909,240.00 Intercourse with Foreign Nations,
630,691.68 488,800.00 Custom Houses,
924,240.00 3,347,301.59 Coast Survey,
417,500.00 386,000.00 Independent Treasury, &c.
59,900.00 58,100.00 Public Buildings and Grounds, including Executive Buildings, 1,163,559.83 1,368,290.96 Public Lands,
206,520.00 266,000.00 Marine Hospitals,
840,166.04 821.000.87 Total for Civil and Diplomatic Expenses,
$ 9,551,585.68 $ 13,809,610.59 For deficiencies in appropriations for the years ending June 30, 1853, and June 30, 1854,
2,353,909.56 1,901,284.06 Navy Pensions,
25,000.00 Invalid and other Pensions,
910.000.00 850,700.00 Military Academy,
149,696.00 161,281.00 Army Appropriation,
9,767,413.44 10,409,459.63 Navy Appropriation,
8,209,260.77 9,306,806.19 Lighthouses, Lightboats, Buoys, &c.
325,660.00 1,542,078,00 Indian Department and Treaty Stipulations with Indian Tribes, 1,723,822.73 2,023.832.72 Post-Office Department,
9,928,500.00 10,379,000.00 Mails by Ocean Steamers, Fortifications and other Works of Defence,
1,005,500.00 Relief of sundry Individuals,
112,183.41 Public Buildings and Roads in Minnesota,
70,000.00 Military Roads in Oregon,
40,000.00 20,000.00 Bringing Electoral Votes to Washington,
20.000.00 Equestrian Statue of Washington,
50,000.00 Territorial Government of Washington,
10,000.00 Six first class Steam Frigates,
3,000,000.00 Treaty of 1853 with Mexico,
10,000,000.00 Roads and Wells in New Mexico,
82,000.00 Military Roads in Utah,
25,000.00 Indian Hostilities in Utah and Oregon,
95,940.65 Improvement of Cape Fear River, N. C.,
$ 45,333,281.59 $ 64,651,492.84 No. 1. Ch. I. An Act concerning the District Courts of the United States in California. A District Judge is to be appointed for the Southern District. The sessions of the District Court at San Jose, Stockton, and Sacramento are abolished. January 18, 1854.
No. 2. Ch. II. An Act to continue in force the Act entitled “ An Act to ascertain and settle the private land claims in the State of California,” and for other purposes. The act is continued for one year from March 3, 1854, for the Commissioners to determine the claims presented to them under the act. The Commissioners may appoint not exceeding three persons to take testimony to be read before the Board, their pay not to exceed $10 per day each, to be established by the Commissioners. January 18, 1854.
No. 3. Ch. VII. An Act to provide a place for the holding of the Courts of the United States in the Southern District of New York, and other purposes. The Secretary of the Interior may hire, from year to year, or for a term of years, rooms in New York city, for the United States Courts, and for the judges, attorney, clerks, and marshal. All processes, for that District may be dated, tested, and made returnable at the United States Court Room in that city, and shall be returned to the room where the Court is actually held. February 2, 1854.
No. 4. Ch. VIII. An Act granting the Franking Privilege to the Superintendent of the Coast Survey, and the Assistant in charge of the Office of said Coast Survey. February 2, 1834.
No. 5. Ch. IX. An Act to constitute Quincy, in the State of Illinois, a Port of Delivery. The appointment of a Surveyor of Customs is provided for. The port of delivery is annexed to the New Orleans Collection District. February 2, 1854.
No. 6. Ch. X. An Act giving further time for satisfying claims for Bounty Lands, and for other purposes. The act of July 27, 1842 (Acts 1842, Ch. 69), and the two acts of January 27, 1835 (Acts 1835, Ch. 6 and 7), are revived, and continued in force for five years from June 26, 1853. February 8, 1854.
No. 7. Ch. XI. An Act to regulate the disbursement of the Contingent Fund of the Senate, and for other purposes. The Secretary of the Senate is made a disbursing officer, and gives bond to the United States in $20,000, with one or more sureties, within thirty days after he enters on the duties of his office, and before he makes any requisition on the treasury. All moneys appropriated for the pay of members and officers of the Senate, and for the contingent expenses, shall be paid on his requisition upon the Treasury, and he shall deposit the same with the depositary designated by the Secretary of the Treasury for other disbursing officers; and all payments to Senators, on account of pay and mileage, and to their officers, and for contingent expenses, shall be maile by drafts drawn by the Secretary on such depositary. February 10, 1854.
No. 8. Ch. XII. An Act to indemnify the State of Indiana for the failure of title to a township of land granted to said State on her admission into the Union in 1816. The Governor of the State may select out of the public lands in said State, subject to private entry, 19,040 acres of land, in legal subdivisions, and, upon his certificate, patents shall issue to the State ; the proceeds thereof, when sold, to renuain for ever a fund for the use of the Indiana University. February 23, 1854.
No. 9 Ch. XIII. An Act to extend the limits of the Port of New Orleans. The port of New Orleans is extended so as to embrace the right bank of the Mississippi River, as far up said bank as it now does the left bank. February 23, 1854.
No. 10. Ch. XIV. An Act supplemental to an Act entitled, “ An Act to ascertain and settle the private land claims in the State of California,” approved March 3, 1851. An extension of time of six months from the passage of this act is given to twelve persons named in this act, or either of them, or their representatives, to present their clairns before the Commissioners under the act of 30 March, 1851, if limited to certain estates, and acquired prior to the said 31 of March. February 23, 1851.
No. 11. Ch. XVII. An Act for the extension of the Pre-emption Privilege in the State of California. The provisions of the act of 4th September, 1541 (Acts 1841, Ch. 16), as made applicable to California hy act of 31 March, 1853 (Acts 1853, Ch. 145), are further modified, so that the third proviso in Section 6 of Act of 31 March, 1953, shall extend to settlements made prior to, and within two years after, the passage of this Act. March 1, 1854.
No. 12. Ch. XXIV. An Act for the relief of the United States troops who were sufferers by the recent disasters to the Steamship San Francisco. To each of the officers, non-commissioned officers, and privates, and to any officer or scaman of the navy, on board, under orders, there shall be paid a sum equal to his pay and allowance for eight months. If, before receiving the payment, any dic from the consequences of said disaster, the widow, if 'one, and if not, the minor children, if any, shall receive a sum equal to the pay and allowances for six months. The widows and minor children of those who perished by, or from discase in consequence of this disaster, shall have pensions. March 27, 1854.
No. 13. Ch. XXV. An Act for the relief of settlers on lands reserved for railroad Purposes. Every settler on public lands which have been or may be withdrawn from market in consequence of proposed railroads, and who had settled thereon prior to such withdrawal, shall be entitled to pre-emption at the ordinary minimum to the lands settled on and cultivated by them, if they shall prove their rights according to such rules as the Secretary of the Interior may prescribe, and pay for the same before the day fixed by the President's proclamation for the restoration of said lands to market. March 27, 1854.
No. 14. Ch. XXVI. An Act to amend an Act entitled “ An Act to divide the State of Arkansas into two Judicial Districts, approved March 3, 1851. The Counties of Sevier and Sebastian are made part of the Western Judicial District. Convicts in the Western District of offences, punishable by imprisonment, shall be punished by imprisonment with hard labor, and the sentence be executed upon them in the State penitentiary in the Eastern District.
The 25th Section of the Act of 30th June, 1834 (Acts 1834, Ch. 161), shall not extend the laws for the District of Columbia to the Indian Country. Nothing in the 20th section of the said act shall extend to any Indian, committing said offences in the Indian country, or to any Indian committing any offence in the Indian country who has been punished by the local law of the tribe, or in any case where, by treaty stipulations, the exclusive jurisdiction over such offences may now, or hereafter, be secured to said Indian tribes.
If any white person shall set fire, or attempt to set fire, to any building in said Indian country, to whomsoever belonging; and if any Indian shall set fire to any building, in said. Indian country, belonging to or in lawful possession of a white person, in whole or in part, and whether the same be consumed or not, he shall be deemed guilty of felony, and shall be punished by confinement to hard labor, for not more than twenty-one nor less than two years. If
person shall assault an Indian, or other person, or if any Indian shall assault a white person, within said Indian country, with any deadly weapon, with intent to kill or maim the person so assaulted, he shall be deemed guilty of felony, and shall be punished with confinement to hard labor, for not more than five years, nor less than one year.
In all criminal cases, upon indictment, for offences committed in said Indian country, prior to the creation of said Western District, now pending in the United States Circuit Court for the Eastern District, process for witnesses residing or to be found in the Western District, may issue to the marshal of the Eastern District, and be executed by him in any part of the Western District. The fees of all witnesses so summoned shall be paid by the United States. March 27, 1854.
No. 15. Ch. XXX. An Act to extend the Warehousing System by establishing Private Bonded Warehouses, and for other purposes. Any goods, wares, or merchandise, subject to duty, and duly entered and bonded for warehousing, except perishable articles and explosive substances, may be deposited, at the option of the owner, importer, consignee, or agent, at his expense and risk, in any public warehouse owned or leased by the United States, or in the private warehouse of the importer, if used exclusively to store warehoused goods of his own importation or to his own consignment, or in a private warehouse used solely as a general warehouse for the storage of warehoused goods; the place of storage to be designated on the warehouse entry, when entering the goods, &c. at the Custom House ; the private warehouse to be first approved by the Secretary of the Treasury, and to be placed in charge of an officer of the customs, who, with the owner, will have the joint custody of the merchandise stored therein. All labor on such merchandise must be done by the owner or proprietor of the warehouse, and at his expense, under the supervision of such officer. Cellars and vaults of stores for the storage of wines and distilled spirits only, and yards for the storage of coal, woods, and lumber, may, at the discretion of the Secretary of the Treasury, be made bonded warehouses for the storage of such articles, under the same regulations, &c. as other merchandise; the cellars and vaults to be exclusively so used, and to have no entrance except one from the street, on which the Custom House officer and the owner shall place and keep different locks. Before such private stores or cellars are used as such warehouses, the owner, occupant, or lessee thereof shall give bond, to be approved by the Secretary of the Treasury, to hold the United States and its officers harmless from all risk, loss, or expense, arising from the deposit of such merchandise therein. All imports deposited in any such public or private warehouse, shall be at the sole risk of such owner or importer.
Unclaimed merchandise, which Collectors must by law take possession of, may be stored in such public or private bonded warehouse ; and all expenses on such merchandise, not to exceed in any case the regular rates for such objects at the port in question, must be paid before delivery, on due entry by the claimant or owner; or, if sold, as unclaimed, for the duties, such expenses are to be paid out of the proceeds of such sale. Any Collector, under regulations from the Secretary of the Treasury, may sell, upon due notice, at public auction, any unclaimed goods so deposited, when, in his opinion, from depreciation from any cause, they may be likely to prove insufficient, when sold, to pay duties and charges, if kept for the full period allowed by law for unclaimed goods.
All merchandise hereafter entered for warehousing under bond, and all now remaining
in warehouses under bond, may continue in warehouse, without payment of duties, for three years from the original importation, and may be withdrawn for consumption on entry and payment of the duties and charges, or upon entry for exportation, on paying the charges without the duties, at any time within such period. If the duties have been paid upon any goods entered for consumption, they shall not be refunded on exportation of such goods without the United States. There shall be no abatement of duties, or allowance made for any damage or loss, sustained by any goods, while so deposited in any public or private bonded warehouse.
Any merchandise, so entered for warehousing, may be withdrawn under bond, without the payment of the duties, from any such warehouse, in any Collection District, and carried to and re-warehoused at any such warehouse in any other Collection District. They may be carried thither by land, or water, or both, over such routes as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe, or over any foreign territory through which a right of way has been, or shall be, granted by treaty. To guard against frauds upon the revenue, on foreign goods transported overland through foreign territory, between ports on the Atlantic and the Pacific, the Secretary of the Treasury may appoint special sworn agents, as inspectors of the customs; at a compensation, in the aggregate, not to exceed $5,000 annually, to superintend the landing and shipping of such goods. The Secretary of the Treasury shall prescribe the form of the bond to be given for such transportation, and the time for the delivery; and for a failure to transport and deliver such bonded goods within the time limited, an additional duty of 100 per cent., to be secured by bond, shall be levied and collected ; or the merchandise, and the vessel, or vehicle, in which they are carried, may be seized and forfeited.
Upon satisfactory proof of the actual injury or destruction, in whole or in part, of any merchandise, by any casualty, while in the custody of any officer of the Customs, or in transportation under bond, to the Secretary of the Treasury, he may abate or refund the amount of impost duties paid or accruing thereon, and may cancel any warehouse bond, or enter satisfaction thereon, in whole or in part.
All leases of stores for storing warehoused or unclaimed goods, now held by the United States, shall be cancelled at the earliest possible time; nor shall any such store be leased after July 1, 1855, in any port where there may be any private warehouses. Buildings may be hired for the use of the public appraisers ; and collectors, with the approval of the Secretary, may hire stores for Custom House purposes, at any of the smaller revenue ports of the United States. No officer of the Customs shall contract for the use of any building to be thereafter erected as a public store; and no lease of any building, for such use, shall be taken for more than three years, and, in no case, shall any rent be paid in advance.
The Secretary of the Treasury may establish such rules and regulations, not inconsistent with law, for the due execution of this act, as he may deem expedient and necessary. March 28, 1854.
No. 16. Ch. XXXII. An Act to authorize the construction of six first-class SteamFrigates, and for other purposes. Such vessels are to be provided with screw propellors, ·and, with the machinery, may be built by contract, or in the Navy Yards, as the Secretary of the Navy thinks best for the public interest. For this purpose, and to alter, make ready, and launch the frigates Santee, at Kittery, and Sabine, at New York, $3,000,000 are appropriated. April 6, 1854.
No. 17. Ch. XXXIII. An Act for the benefit of citizens and occupants of the Town of Council Bluffs, in Iowd April 6, 1854.
No. 18. Ch. XXXV. An Act to establish additional Land Districts in the Territory of Minnesota. Four additional land districts are created ; the Root River, Winona, Redwing, and Minneapolis Districts; and a receiver and register may be appointed for each district ; and the location of the offices may be established and changed by the President, as the public good requires. April 12, 1854.
No. 19. Ch. XLVI. An Act establishing a Land Office in the lower Peninsula of Michigan. A new land district is created, called the Cheboygan Land District, and the appointment of a register and receiver is authorized. April 20, 1854.
No. 20. Ch. XLVII. An Act to authorize the School Commissioners of fractional