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Ponce de Leon discovers Florida. 1516.

Diego Miruelo visits Florida. 1526.

Pamphilo de Narvaez goes to Florida. 1538.

De Soto asks leave to conquer Florida. 1539. May, De Soto reaches Tampa bay.

November, De Soto reaches Appalachee bay. 1540.

De Soto in Georgia. October, De Soto reaches Mavilla on the Alabama. 1541. May,

De Soto reaches Mississippi.

De Soto crosses it and goes to Washita. 1542.

De Soto descends Washita to Mississippi.
May 21, De Soto dies.

His followers try to reach Mexico by land and fail. 1543. July,

De Soto's followers reach Mexico by water. 1544.

De Biedma presents his account of De Soto's expedition to King of Spain. 1616.

Le Caron explores Upper Canada. 1630.

Charles 1st grants Carolana to Sir Robert Heath. 1634.

First mission founded near Lake Huron. 1641.

French at Falls of St. Mary, Lake Superior. 1660.

First missionary station on Lake Superior. 1664.

Colonel Wood's alledged travels previous to this year. 1665.

Allouez founds first permanent station on Lake Superior. 1668.

Mission at St. Mary's Falls founded. 1670.

Perrot explores Lake Michigan.
La Salle first goes to Canada.

Alledged travels of Captain Bolt. 1671.

French take formal possession of the northwest.

Marquette founds St. Ignatius on Strait of Mackinac. 1673. May 13, Marquette and his companions leave Mackinac to seek the Mississippi.

June 10, Marquette and his companions cross from Fox river to Wisconsin.
June 17,

Marquette and his companions reach Mississippi.
June 21,

Marquette and his companions meet Illinois Indians.
July, Marquette and his companions reach Arkansas.
July 17, Marquette and his companions leave on return to Canada.

September, Marquette and his companions reach Green Bay. 1675. May 18,

Marquette dies.

La Salle goes to France to see the King. 1676.

La Salle rebuilds Fort Frontenac. 1677.

La Salle visits France a second time. 1678. July 14, La Salle and Tonti sail for Canada.

Sept. 15, La Salle and Tonti arrive at Quebec.
Nov. 18, La Salle and Tonti cross Lake Ontario.

Persons from New England said to have explored the southwest. 1679. January,

La Salle loses his stores.
August 7, The Griffin sails up Lake Erie.
August 27, The Griffin at Mackinac.



1679. Sept. 18, The Griffin sent back to Niagara.

Nov. 1, La Salle at St. Joseph's river, Lake Michigan.

Dec. 3, La Salle crosses to Kankakee. 1680. Jan. 4th, La Salle in Peoria Lake.

Fort Crevec@ur built.
Feb. 28, Hennepin sent to explore Mississippi.
March, La Salle returns to Canada.
April&May, Hennepin on the Mississippi.

[Illinois. September, Tonti after commencing Fort St. Louis (Rock fort,) forced to leave the Oci. & Nov. La Salle returns to the Illinois.

November, Hennepin returns to Canada. 1681. June, La Salle and Tonti meet at Mackinac.

August, La Salle a third time goes to the Illinois.

Nov. 3, La Salle at St. Joseph's again.
1682. Jan. 5 or 6, La Salle goes from Chicago westward.

Feb. 6, La Salle on banks of the Mississippi.
Feb. 13, La Salle descends Mississippi.
March 6, La Salle discovers mouths of Mississippi.

September, La Salle returns to St. Joseph's of Michigan.
1683. Dec. 13, La Salle reaches France.
1684. July 24, La Salle sails from France for mouth of Mississippi.
Sept. 20,

La Salle reaches St. Domingo.
Nov. 25, La Salle sails from St. Domingo for mouth of Mississippi.
Dec. 28, La Salle discovers the main land.

Iroquois place themselves under England. 1685. January,

La Salle in Gulf of Mexico.
February 4, La Salle sends party on shore to go eastward for mouth of Mississippi.
Feb. 13, La Salle reaches Matagorda Bay.
March 15, La Salle left in Texas.
July, La Salle building in Texas : unfortunate.
August, La Salle building in Texas : unfortunate.

Dec. La Salle goes to look for Mississippi. 1686. March, La Salle returns to Matagorda Bay.

April, La Salle goes again to seek the Mississippi.
April, Tonti goes down Mississippi to meet La Salle.

August, La Salle returns unsuccessful.
1687. Jan. 12, La Salle leaves for Mississippi the third time.

March 15, La Salle sends men to look for stores.
March 17, La Salle follows and is killed by those men.
May, His murderers quarrel ; seven go on toward Mississippi.
July 24, The seven reach the Arkansas.

Sept. 14, The seven reach Fort St. Louis on Illinois river. 1688.

La Hontan's travels to the “ Long river.” 1693.

Before this time Gravier, the founder of Kaskaskia, was among the
Kaskaskia founded, date unknown.

(Illinois. Cahokia founded, date unknown.

Peoria founded, date unknown. 1698. Oct. 17, D'Iberville leaves France for Mississippi.

Dr. Coxe sends two vessels to the Mississippi. 1699. Jan. 31, D'Iberville in Bay of Mobile. March 2, D'Iberville enters Mississippi.

D'Iberville returns to France.
September, Bienville sounds Mississippi and meets English.
1700. January,

D'Iberville returns from France.
D'Iberville goes up the Mississippi.

D'Iberville sends Le Sueur for copper. 1701.

De la Motte Cadillac founds Detroit.
D'Iberville founds colony on Mobile river.

Iroquois again place themselves under England. 1707.

First grants of land at Detroit. 1708.

D'Artaguette in Louisiana.




Governor Spotswood of Virginia explores the Allegbanies. 1712

Louisiana granted to Crozat. 1714

Fort Rosalie commenced. 1717.

Crozat resigns Louisiana. September, Louisiana trade granted to Company of West. 1718.

Colonists sent to Louisiana and New Orleans laid out. 1719.

Company of the West made Company of the Indies. 1720. January,

Law made minister of finance,
April, Stock of Company of the Indies worth 2050 per cent.
May, ,

Company of Indies bankrupt. 1722.

Charlevoix visits West. 1726.

Iroquois a third time place themselves under England. 1729. Nov. 28, French among the Natchez murdered. 1730. Jan. & Feb., Natchez conquered and destroyed.

Alleged travels of Salling in the West. 1731.

Previous to this Governor Keith wishes West secured to England. 1732,

Company of Indies resign Louisiana to King. July 14, Daniel Boone born. 1735.

Vincennes settled according to some, (see pp. 40 and 41.) 1736. May,

Expedition of French against Chickasaws.
May 20, D'Artaguette conquered.
May 27, Bienville fails in assault on Chickasawg.

May 31, Bienville retreats. 1739.

French collect to attack Chickasaws. 1740. March, Peace between French and Chickasaws. 1742

John Howard goes down Ohio. 1744.

Treaty of English and Iroquois at Lancaster.

Vaudreuil fears English influence in West. 1746.

Ilinois makes large exports. 1748.

Chickasaws attack French post on Arkansas.
Conrad Weiser sent to Ohio.

Ohio Company formed. 1749,

Grant of land to Loyal Company.
Celeron sent to bury medals along Ohio.
English fort built on Great Miami.

English traders seized on Maumee. 1750.

Five French villages in Illinois.
Forty vessels at New Orleans.

Dr. Walker explores Kentucky. 1751.

Christopher Gist explores Ohio and Great Miami.
November, Gist surveys lands south of Ohio, east of Kanawha.

General Andrew Lewis surveys for Greenbriar Company. 1752.

French build forts on French creek.

French attack English post on Great Miami.
Jane, Treaty of Logstown.

Families settle west of Alleghanies.
1753. May, Pennsylvania Assembly informed of French movements.
June, Commissioner sent to warn French.

Trent sent with arms for friendly Indians.
August, Colonies authorized to resist French by force.
September, Treaty of Winchester,

Treaty with Iroquois ordered by England.
October, Treaty of Carlisle.

Ohio Company open line of “ Braddock's road."
Nov. 15, Washington leaves Will's creek for Ohio.
Nov. 22, Washington reaches Monongehela.
Dec. 4, Washington reaches Venango.
Dec. 11,

Washington reaches French Commander,



1754 Jan. 6,

April 17,
May 28,
July 1,
July 3,

Washington returns to Will's creek.
Troops called out by Virginia.
French fort at Venango finished.
Virginia troops moving westward.
Fort at the Fork of the Ohio taken by French.
Washington crosses Alleghanies.
Washington attacks and kills Jumonville,
New York sends £5000 to Virginia.
Washington at Fort Necessity.
Washington capitulates.
Washington retires to Mount Vernon,
French hold the whole West.

1755. January, France proposes a compromise.

Feb. 20, Braddock lands in Virginia.
April, France and England send fleets to America.
April 20, Braddock marches westward.
May 20, Expedition against Nova Scotia leaves Boston.
July 8, Braddock reaches Monongehela.
July 9, Braddock defeated.

July 13, Braddock died.
1756. January, Lewis commands an expedition against the Ohio Indians, and fails.

April, Indians fill the Valley of Virginia.
May, War declared between France and England.
September, Armstrong attacks Indians at Kittaning.

First treaty of Easton. 1757.

Massacre of Fort William Henry.
June 29, Pitt returns to office.

Louisburg and Fort Frontenac taken.
July 15, Post leaves for the Ohio river to conciliate the Indians.
August 24, Post confers with Indians at Fort Pitt.
Sept. 21, Grant defeated.
October, Washington opening a road over the mountains.
Nov. 5, Washington at Loyalhanna.
Nov. 25, Washington at Fort Du Quesne, which the French left on the 24th.

Second treaty of Easton.

Post's second mission to Ohio Indians. 1759.

Ticonderoga, Crown Point, Niagara, and Quebec yield to English, 1760. Sept. 8, The French yield Canada.

Cherokee War,
General Monkton treats with the Indians at Fort Pitt for land.

Settlers go over the mountains.
Sept. 13, Rogers goes to Detroit.
Nov. 19,

Rogers reaches Detroit.
December, Rogers returns across Ohio to Fort Pitt.

Alexander Henry visits northwest.

Christian Post goes to settle on the Muskingum. 1762.

Bouquet warns settlers off of Indian lands.

Post and Heckewelder go to Muskingum.
Nov. 3. Preliminaries to peace of Paris settled, Louisiana transferred to Spain.
1763. Feb, 10, Treaty of Paris concluded.
May 9,

Detroit attacked by Pontiac.
June 4, Mackinac taken by Indians.
June, Presqu'ile (Erie) taken by Indians.
June to Aug. Fort Pitt besieged and relieved by Bouquet.
October, Proclamation to protect Indian lands.
Nov. 3, M. Laclede arrives in St. Genevieve.

December, M. Laclede selects site of St. Louis.
1764. June to Aug. Bradstreet makes peace with northern Indians.

November, Bouquet makes peace with Ohio Indians.

April 21, French officers ordered to give up Louisiana to Spain. 1765. April, Sir William Johnson makes treaty at German Flats. May, June, George Croghan goes westward.

Captain Stirling for England takes possession of Illinois,

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