Clio the Romantic Muse: Historicizing the Faculties in Germany

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"It is not sufficiently appreciated, I believe, how profoundly Clio, the muse of history, permeated every aspect of thought during the Romantic era: philosophy, theology, law, natural science, medicine, and all other fields of intellectual endeavor.... Thoughtful students of the period well understand that 'Romanticism' is not merely a literary or aesthetic movement but, rather, a general climate of opinion."--from the IntroductionIn a book certain to be of interest to readers in many disciplines, the distinguished scholar Theodore Ziolkowski shows how a strong impulse toward historical concerns was formalized in the four German academic faculties: philosophy, theology, law, and medicine/biology. In Clio the Romantic Muse, he focuses on representative figures in whose early work the sense of history was first manifested: G. W. F. Hegel, Barthold Georg Niebuhr, Friedrich Karl von Savigny, Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling, and Friedrich Schleiermacher. Through biographical treatments of these and other leading German scholars, Ziolkowski traces how the disciplines became historicized in the period 1790-1810. He goes on to suggest how powerfully the Romantic thinkers influenced their disciples in the twentieth century.

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Contents

HISTORY From Decoration to Discipline
1
Three Revolutions
5
The Four Faculties
11
Discordant Harmonies among the Faculties
14
History as a Discipline
19
The University of Berlin
21
Niebuhrs Lectures on Roman History
26
PHILOSOPHY
33
Forerunners of the Historical School
105
Founder of the Historical School
109
Years of Preparation
115
The Codification Controversy
122
The Historical School
126
MEDICINE
133
Naturphilosoph as Physician
141
Between Science and Medicine
146

Hegel and History
37
Hegel History and Philosophy
43
Hegels Difficulty
47
The Organization of the Phenomenology
53
Hegels Phenomenological Braid
58
THEOLOGY
65
Herder and PreRomantic Theology
71
The Great Synthesizer
74
History in On Religion
79
Brief Outline
88
LAW
99
Physician as Naturphilosoph
154
Carus and Medical Studies around 1810
161
CONCLUSION
170
Common Themes
172
Extracurricular Activities
175
Lessons?
182
Notes
185
Bibliography
201
Index
211
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About the author (2004)

Theodore Ziolkowski is Class of 1900 Professor Emeritus of German and Comparative Literature at Princeton University. Among his many books are The Mirror of Justice and The Sin of Knowledge.

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