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cds. ft. 10. Multiply 3 87 by 8

cds. ft. 29 56

CWL.

qrs. 12 lb. ?

Practical Questions in

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. 1. What is the weight of 7 lihds. of sugar, each weighng 9 3

Ans. 69 cwt. 2. Whut is the weight of 6 chests of tea, each weighing 3 cwt. 2 qrs. S ld. ?

Ans. 21 cwt. I qr. 26 lb, 3. How much brandy in 9 casks, each containing 41 gals. 3 qts. I pi. ?

Ans. 376 gals. 3 qts. I pt. 4. In 35 pieces of cloth, each measuring

27 yards, how many yards ?

Ans. 971 yds. I qr. 5. In 9 fields, each containing 14 acres, 1 rood, and 25 poles, how

many

acres ? Ans. 129 a. 2 qrs. 25 rods. 6. In 6 parcels of wood, each containing 5 cords and 96 leet, how many cords?

Ans. 34} cords. 7. A gentleman is possessed of lf dozen of silver spoons, each weighing 2 02. 15 pwt. 11 grs. 2 dozen of tea-spoons, each weighing 10 pwt. 14 grs. and 2 silver tankards, each 21 oz. 15 pwt. Pray what is the weight of the whole ?

Ans. 8 lb. 10 oz. 2 pwt. 6 grs.

COMPOUND DIVISION, TEACHES to find how often one number is contained "11 another of different denominations.

DIVISION OF FEDERAL MONEY. O Any sum in Federal Money may be divided as whole number; for, if dollars and cents be written down as a simple number, the whole will be cents ; and if the sum consists of dollars only, annex two ciphers to the dollars, and the whole will be cents ; hence the following

General Rule.-Write down the given sum in cents, and divide is in whole numbers ; the quotient will be the answer 113 cents.

Note. If the cents in the given sum are pay lan 13, you must always place a cipher on their left, or in the 1991. Ar the certs ocfore you write them down.

EXAMPLES.

1. Divide 35 dollars 68 cents, boy 41. 41)3568(87 the quotient in cents ; and when then 328 is any considerable remainder, you may

annex a cipher to it, if you please, ani 238 divide it again, and you will have tłu 287 mills, &c.

Rem. 1 2. Divide 21 dollars, 5 cents, by 14. 14)2105(150 cents=1 dol. 50 cts. but to bring cento

into dollars, you need only point off'twn

figures to the right hand for cents, anil 70

the rest will be clollars, &c. 70

5 3. Divide 4 dols. 9 cts. or 109 cts. by 6. Ans. 68 cts. 1. Divide 9 dols. 24 cts. by 12.

Ans. 77 cts. 5. Divide 97 dols. 43 cts. by 85. Ans. $1 14 cts. (im. 6. Divide 2.18 dols. 54 cts. by 125.

Ans. 193 cts. 87.=$1 98 cts. 8m. 7. Divide 24 dots. 65 cts. by 248. Ans. 9 cts. In.. 3. Divide 10 dols. or 1000 cts. by 25. Ans. 40 cts. 9. Divide 125 dols. by 500.

Ans. 25 cis. 10. Divide 1 dollar into 33 equal parts.

Ans. 3 cts.PRACTICAL QUESTIONS. 1. Bought 25 lb. of coffee for 5 dollars; what is that's pound?

Ans. 20 cts. 1 2. If 131 yards of Irish linen cost 49 dols. 78 cts. who is that per yard ?

Ans. 38 cts. 3. If a cit. of sugar cost 8 dols. 96 cts. what is that per pound?

Ans. 8 cts, so wie 4. If 140 reams of paper cost 329 dols. what is thai per ream?

Ans. $2 35 cts. 5. If a reckoning of 25 dols. 41 cts. be paid equally among 14 persons, what do they pay apiece? Ans. $1 81; cts.

6. If a man's wages are 235 dolx. 80 cts. a year, what bat a calendar month?

Ans. $19 65 cts.

£ s.

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7. The salary of the President of the United States, is twenty-five thousand dollars a year; what is that a day?

Ans. $08 49 cts. 18.' To divide the denominations of Sterling Iloney

Weights, Measures, fc. Rule.-Begin with the highest denomination as in siniple divisiv.: ; *d if any thing remains, find how many of the next lower denomiwwtion this remainder is equal 10 ; which add to the next denomination : then divido again, carrying the remainder, if any, as before ; and so on till the whole is finished. Proof. The same as in simple Division.

EXAMPLES.
d.
gr.

£ s. . Divide 97 3 11 2 by 5

8)27 18 6 Quo't. £19 8 9 2

£3 993 £ d.

£ d. 3. Divide 31 11 6

Ans. 15 15 9 4. Divide 22 3 9

7 5. Divide 70 10 4

17 12 7 6. Divide 56 11 53 by 5

11 0 3. 7. Divide 61 14 8 by 6

10 5 9 B. Divide 24 15 6 by 7

3 10 9! 9. Divide 185 17 6 by 8

23

4 (1). Divide 182 16 8 by 9

20 6 01. Divide 16 1 U

1 12 1. Divide 1 19 8 by 11

0 3 13. Divide 6 6 6 by 12

0

10 0 * 14. Divide 1 2 6

0 2 0 15. Divide 948 11 6 by 12

79 011 12. When the divisor exceeds 12, and is the product of two

· or more numbers in the table multiplied together. RULE.--Divide by one of those numbers first, and the quotient by we other, and the last quotient will be the answer.

EXAMPLES. d.

£ s. ll. I. Divide 29 15 0 by 21

by 2 by 3 by 4

by 10

7

by 9

Ans. 1 8 1 2. Divide 27 16 0 by 32 *3. Divide 67 94 by 44

| 10 8

£ s.

0 17 41

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16

36

d.

£

d. 4. Divide 24 6 by

0 13 of 5. Divide 128 9. 0 by 42

3 1 6. Divide 269 12 4 liy 56

4

16 3; 7. Divide 248 10 8 by 04

3 17 8 8. Divide 65 140 by 72

0 18 3 9. Divide 5 10 3 by 81

0 1 4; 10. Divide 115 100 by 90

1 5 8 U. Divide 136 16 6 by 108

1 5 - 4 12. Divide '202 13 6 by 121

1 13 6 13. Divide 34 40 by 144

0

4 3. When the divisor is large, and not a composite numi her, you may divide by the whole divisor at once, after man ner of long division, as follows, viz.

EXAMPLES.
1. Divide 1281. 13s. 3d. by 47.

£ s. d. £ s. d.
47)128 13 3(2 14 9 quotient.

94

47

34 pounds remaining. Multiply by

20 and add in the 13s. produces 693 shillings, which divided by 47, give

[14s. in the quotient.
223
188

35 shillings remaining. Multiply by

12 and add in tho 3d. produces 423 pence, which, divided as abure

423 (gives 9d. in the q notient, £ d.

£ s. Į d. 2. Divide 113 13 4 by 31

Ans. 3 13 4 3. Divide 85 6 3 by 75

1 29 4. Divide 315 3 101 by 365

0 17: 31 5. Divide 132 0 8 by 68

1 18 10 6. Divide 740 16 8 by 100

78 2 7. Divide 888 18 10 by 95

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Examples of Wrights, Measures, fc. 11. Divide 14 cwt. 1qr.8 lb. of sugar equally among 8inen.

C. gr. lb. oz.
8)14 1 8 - 0
1 3 4 8 Quotient.

8

14 I 8 0 Proof. 2. Divide 6 T. 11 cwt. 3 qrs. 19 lb. by 4.

Ans. 1 T. 12 cwt. 3 qrs. 25 lb. 12 oz. 3. Divide 14 cwt. 1 91. 12 lb. by 5.

Ans. 2 cwt, 3 grs. 13 lb. 9 oz. 9 dr. + 64. Divide 16]b. 13 07. 10 dr. by 0. Ans:2 lb. 12 oz. 15 dr.

5. Divide 56 lb. 6 oz. 17 pwt. of silver into 9 equal parts.

eins. ; ib. 3 oz. 8 pwt. 13 grs. + 6. Divide 26 lb. ( 02. 5 civt. by 24.

Àus. 1 lb. 1 oz. | put. I gr. 7. Divide 9 hlids. 28 gals. 2 qts. by 12.

Ăns. O hhi. 49 gals. 2-qts. 1 pt. 8. Divide 169 bu. 1 pk. 6 qts. by 35.

Ans. 4 bu. 3 pks. 2 qts. 9. Divide 17 lea. I m. 4 fur. 21 po. by 21.

Ans. 2 m. 4 fur. I po. 10. Divide 43 yds. lqr. 1 na. by 11.

Ans. 3 yds. 3 qrs. 3 na. 11. Divide 97 E. E. 4 qrs. 1 na. by 5.

Ans. 19 yıls. 2 qrs. 3 ut 12. Divide 4; gallons of brandy equally among 141 vuldiers.

Ans. i gill apicce. 13. Bought a dozen of silver spoons, which together Weighed 3 lb. 2 07. 13 pwt. 12 grs. how much silver did each spoon contain ?

Ans. 3 oz. 4 pwt. 11 gr. 14. Bouglit 17 cwt. 3 qrs. 19 lb. of sugar, and sold out one third of it; how much remains unsold ?

Ans. 11 cwt. 3

qrs.

22 15, 15. From a piece of cloth containing 64 yards 2 na. a tatilor was ordered to make I soldiers'coats, wliich took onc third of the whole piece: how many yards did each coat 1 contain ?

Ans. 2 yds. I qr ? na.

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