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accepted adoption afterwards American authority beginning blood body called carried cause character citizens colonies common compact Congress Constitution contest continued Convention countrymen course created danger doctrine effect equal existence fact fearful Federal feel fellow-citizens fight follow force freedom gain given giving hands held hold hope House idea independent institution jealousy Jefferson known labor land leave liberty live looking maintained majority March measures ment Mexico mind Missouri National party nearly never North Northern once opposition organization original party patriotic perpetual political population position possession present President principle provincial received representative Republic resisted saved Senate sent slaveholding slavery South Southern sovereign sovereignty spirit stand State-rights strong struggle territory theory thing thousand tion treason Union United Virginia vote wanted Washington whole young
Page 17 - The unity of government which constitutes you one people, is also now dear to you. It is justly so, for it is a main pillar in the edifice of your real independence, the support of your tranquillity at home, your peace abroad; of your safety; of your prosperity; of that very liberty which you so highly prize.
Page 24 - Constitution for the United States, and of amendments thereto, they constituted a General Government for special purposes, delegated to that Government certain definite powers, reserving each State to itself, the residuary mass of right to their own selfgovernment ; and that whensoever the General Government assumes undelegated powers, its acts are unauthoritative, void, and of no force...
Page 15 - The prevalence of that pacific and friendly disposition among the people of the United States, which will induce them to forget their local prejudices and policies ; to make those mutual concessions, which are requisite to the general prosperity ; and, in some instances, to sacrifice their individual advantages to the interest of the community.
Page 25 - That the government created by this compact was not made the exclusive or final judge of the extent of the powers delegated to itself; since that would have made its discretion, and not the Constitution, the measure of its powers; but that, as in all other cases of compact among parties having no common judge, each party has an equal right to judge for itself, as well of infractions, as of the mode and measure of redress.
Page 25 - That to this compact each State acceded as a State, and is an integral party, its co-States forming as to itself the other party : That the government created by this compact was not made the exclusive or final judge of the extent of the powers delegated to itself, since that would have made its discretion, and not the Constitution, the measure of...
Page 36 - In all our deliberations on this subject we kept steadily in our view that which appears to us the greatest interest of every true American, the consolidation of our Union, in which is involved our prosperity, felicity, safety, perhaps our national existence.
Page 62 - Did we pledge ourselves to the support of an airy nothing, a bubble that must be blown away by the first breath of disaffection ? Was this selfdestroying, visionary theory, the work of the profound statesmen, the exalted patriots, to whom the task of constitutional reform was intrusted ? Did the name of Washington sanction, did the states ratify, such an anomaly in the history of fundamental legislation?
Page 15 - There are four things which I humbly conceive are essential to the -well-being, I may even venture to say to the existence, of the United States as an independent power.
Page 24 - Resolved, that the several states composing the United States of America, are not united on the principle of unlimited submission to their General Government ; but that by compact under the style and title of a Constitution for the United States...
Page 61 - We have trusted to it as to the sheet-anchor of our safety, in the stormy times of conflict with a foreign or domestic foe. We have looked to it with sacred awe as the palladium of our liberties, and with all the solemnities of religion have pledged to each other our lives and fortunes here, and our hopes of happiness hereafter, in its defense and support.