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True faith, true policy, united ran,
250 She taught the weak to bend, the proud to pray, To Power unseen, and mightier far than they : She, from the rending earth, and bursting skies, Saw Gods descend, and fiends infernal rise : Here fix'd the dreadful, there the blest abodes; 255 Fear made her Devils, and weak Hope her Gods; Gods partial, changeful, passionate, unjust, Whose attributes were Rage, Revenge, or Luft; Such as the souls of cowards might conceive, And, form'd like tyrants, tyrants would believe. 260 Zeal then, not charity, became the guide; And hell was built on spite, and heaven on pride. Then sacred seem'd th' ethereal vault no more; Altars grew Marble then, and reek’d with gore: Then first the Flamen tasted living food;
265 Next his grim idol smear'd with human blood;
With heaven's own thunders shook the world below,
So drives felf-love, through juft, and through unjust, To one man's power, ambition, lucre, luft:
270 The same Self-love, in all, becomes the cause Of what restrains him, Government and Laws. For, what one likes, if others like as well, What serves one will, when many wills rebel? How shall he keep, what, sleeping or awake,
275 A weaker may surprize, a stronger take? His fafety must his liberty restrain : All join to guard what each desires to gain. Forc'd into virtue thus, by Self-defence, Ev'n Kings learn'd justice and benevolence : 280 Self-love forsook the path it first pursued, And found the private in the public good.
'Twas then the studious head or generous mind, Follower of God, or friend of human kind, Poet or Patriot, rose but to restore
285 The Faith and Moral, Nature gave before; Relum'd her ancient light, not kindled new ; If not God's Image, yet his shadow drew : Taught Power's due use to People and to Kings, Taught nor to flack, nor strain its tender strings, 299 The less, or greater, fet so justly true, That touching one must strike the other too; Till jarring interests of themselves create Th' according music of a well-mix'd State. Such is the world's great harmony, that springs 295 From Order, Union, full Consent of things : VOL. II.
Where small and great, where weak and mighty, made
300 Draw to one point, and to one centre bring Beaft, Man, or Angel, Servant, Lord, or King,
For Forms of Government let fools contest;
310 Man, like the generous vine, supported lives : The strength he gains is from th' embrace he gives. On their own Axis as the Planets run, Yet make at once their circle round the Sun; So two consistent motions act the Soul;
375 And one regards Itself, and one the Whole.
Thus God and Nature link'd the general frame, And bade Self-love and Sociál be the same.
of the Nature and State of Man with respect to
I. FAŁSE Notions of Happiness, Philosophical and
Popular, anfwered from ver. 19 to 77. II. It is the End of all Men, and attainable by all, ver. 30. God intends Happiness to be equal; and to be fo, it must be focial, since all particular Happiness depends on general, and since he governs by general, not particular Laws, ver. 37. As it is necessary for Order, and the peace and welfare of Society, that external goods should be unequal, Happiness is not made to consist in these, ver. 51. But, notwithstanding that inequality, the balance of Happiness among mankind is kept even by Providence, by the two Passions of Hope and Fear, ver. 70. III. What the Happiness of Individuals is, as far as is consistent with the conftitution of this world, and that the Good Man has here the advantage, ver. 77. The error of imputing to Virtue what are only the calamities of Nature, or of Fortune, ver. 94. IV. The folly of expecting that God should alter his general Laws in favour of particulars, ver. 121. V. That we are not judges who are good; but that, whoever they are, they must be happiest, ver. 133, &c. VI. That external goods are not the proper rewards, but often inconsistent
with, or destructive of Virtue, ver. 167. That even these can make no Man happy without Virtue: Instanced in Riches, ver. 185. Honours, ver. 193. Nobility, ver. 205. Greatness, ver. 217. Fame, ver. 237. Superior Talents, ver. 257, &c. With pictures of human infelicity in Men, possessed of them all, ver. 269, &c. VII. That Virtue only constitutes a Happiness, whose object is universal, and whose prospect eternal, ver, 307. That the perfection of Virtue and Happiness consists in a conformity to the ORDER of PROVIDENCE here, and a Resignation to it here and hereafter, ver. 326, &c.