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Ev'n mean Self-love becomes, by force divine,
The scale to measure others wants by thine.
See! and confess, one comfort still must rise ;
'Tis this, Though Man's a fool, yet GOD IS WISE.

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ARGUMENT OF

EP I S T L E III.

Of the Nature and State of Man with respect to

Society. I. THE whole Universe one system of Society, ver. 7,

&c. Nothing made wholly for itself, nor yet wholly for another, ver. 27. The happiness of Animals mutual, ver. 49. II. Reason or Instinct operate alike to the good of each Individual, ver. 79. Reason or Instinct operate also to Society in all animals, ver. 109. III. How far Society carried by instinct, ver. 115, How much farther by Reason, ver. 128. IV. Of that which is called the State of Nature, ver. 144. Reason instructed by Instinct in the Invention of Arts, ver. 166. and in the Forms of Society, ver. 176. V. Origin of Political Societies, ver. 196. Origin of Monarchy, ver. 207. Patriarchal Government, ver,

VI. Origin of true Religion and Government, from the same principle, of Love, 231, &c. Origin of Superstition and Tyranny, from the same principle of Fear, ver. 237, &c. The Influence of Self-love operating to the social and public Good, ver. 266. Restoration of true Religion and Government on their first principle, ver. 285. Mixt Government, ver. 288. Various Forms of each, and the true end of all, ver. 300, &c.

212.

EPISTLE E P I S T L E III.

10

H Н

ERE then we reft; “ the Universal Cause

" Acts to one end, but acts by various laws." In all the madness of fuperfluous health, The train of pride, the impudence of wealth, Let this great truth be present night and day; 5 But most be present, if we preach or pray.

Look round our World; behold the chain of Love Combining all below, and all above. See plastic Nature working to this end, 'The single atoms each to other tend, Attract, attracted to, the next in place Form'd and impellid its neighbour to embrace. See matter next, with various life endued, Press to one centre ftill, the General Good. See dying vegetables life fustain,

75 See life diffolving vegetate again : All forms that perith other forms fupply, (By turns we catch the vital breath, and die) Like bubbles on the sea of Matter borne They rise, they break, and to that sea return. Nothing is foreign; Pats relate to whole ; One all-extending, all-preserving Soul Connects each being, greatest with the least ; Made Beast in aid of Man, and Man of Beast;

All VARIATION. Ver. 1. In several Edic. in 4to.

Learn, Duiness, learn ! " The Universal Cause,” &c.

5

35

All serv'd, all serving : nothing stands alone; 25 The chain holds on, and where it ends, unknown.

Has God, thou fool! work'd solely for thy good, Thy joy, thy pastime, thy attire, thy food! Who.for thy table feeds the wanton fawn, For him as kindly spread the flowery lawn: 30 Is it for thee the lark ascends, and fings? Joy tunes his voice, joy elevates his wings. Is it for thee the linnet pours his throat? Loves of his own and raptures fwell the note. The bounding steed you pompoully beftride, Shares with his lord the pleasure and the pride. Is thine alone the seed that strews the plain? The birds of heaven shall vindicate their grain. Thine the full harvest of the golden year? Part pays, and justly, the deserving steer ;

4.9 The hog, that plows not, nor obeys thy call, Lives on the labours of this lord of all!

Know, Nature's children all divide her case ;, The fur that warms a monarch, warm'd a bear. While Man exclaims, " See all things for my use!” 45 “ Sec man for mine!" replies a pamper'd goofe : And just as short of reason He must fall, Who thinks all made for one, not one for all,

Grant VARIATION, After ver. 46. in the former Editions,

What care to tend, to lodge, to cram, to treat him! All this he knew; but not that 'twas to eat him. As far as Goose could judge, he reason'd right; But as to Man, mistook the matter quite,

Grant that the powerful still the weak controul; Be Man the Wit and Tyrant of the whole:

50 Nature that Tyrant checks; he only knows, And helps, another creature's wants and woes. Say, will the falcon, stooping from above, Smit with her varying plumage, spare the dove ? Admires the jay the infe&t's gilded wings ?

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Or hears the hawk when Philomela sings ?
Man cares for all: to birds he gives his woods,
To beasts his pastures, and to fith his floods;
For some his interest prompts him to provide,
For more his pleasure, yet for more his pride : 60
All feed on one vain Patron, and enjoy
Th'extensive blessing of his luxury,
That
very

life his learned hunger craves,
He saves from famine, from the savage saves ;
Nay, feasts the animal he dooms his feast,
And, till he ends the being, makes it bleft:
Which sees no more the stroke, or feels the pain,
Than favour'd Man by touch ethereal lain. '
The creature had his feast of life before;
Thou too must perilh, when thy feast is o'er !
To each unthinking being, Heaven a friend,
Gives not the useless knowledge of its end :
To Man imparts it; but with such a view
As, while he dreads it, makes him hope it too :
The hour conceal'd, and so remote the fear,
Death ftill draws nearer, never seeming near.
Great standing miracle! that Heaven affign'd
Its only thinking thing this turn of mind.

II. Whether

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