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XVII. A Dream, and its Explanation..

DRAPER, 123

XVIII. The Health of the Brain..

..Adapted. 125

XIX. The Foot's Complaint..

. Anonymous. 127

XX. Rules for Mental Exercise.

...Adapted. 128

XXI. Advice to a hard Student.

Charles Mackay. 129

XXII. Neglect of Health..

SAMUEL JOHNSON. 130

The Joys of Health.

.Gay; Thomson. 131

THIRD MISCELLANEOUS DIVISION.

1. The Village School of Olden Time..

Goldsmith. 152

II. The Righteous never Forsaken

NEW YORK SPECTATOR. 133

III. The Family Meeting.

Charles Sprague. 135

IV. Tact and Talent.

.LONDON ATLAS. 136

V. Rain upon the Roof

..Anonymous. 133

VI. Good Advice...

..Anonymous. 139

VII. True Knowledge.

BISHOP MANT. 13)

PART IV.

.

SECOND DIVISION OF BOTANY.

1. The Study of Botany

Crabbe. Adapted. 140

II. Classification of Plants

.Milton. Adapted. 141

III. Natural Method of Classificalion.

Adapted. 143

The Floral Kingdom..

Thomson. 145

May Flowers..

.Barrington. 146

FIRST DIVISION OF THE VEGETABLE KINGDOM : EXOGENS.

IV. The Rose Family..

Cowley; Carey, and others. Adapted. 147

To the Rose.

Mrs. Hemans. 147

The Feast of Roses.

Moore. 149

The Moss Rose

From the German. 159

V. Our Common Fruits.... Thomson; Moore; Virgil; Wordsworth. Adapted. 151

To the Almond Blossom.

.. Edwin Arnold. 153

VI, Camellia, Mallow, and Citron Families

Goethe. Adapted. 154

To the Camellia..

W. Roscoe. 155

VII. Chorus of Flowers

.Leigh Hunt. 157

VIII. The Cactus Family

Adapted. 158

Cactus Blossom.

Mrs. Sigourney. 159

Night-Blooming Cereus

A nonymous. 15)

Unpretending Worth..

. Mrs. Southey. 159

IX. Leguminous and Umbelliferous Plants.. Shelley; Darwin; Prior. Adapted. 161

The Ivy Green

..Charles Dickens. 163

The Composite, or Sunflower Family .Moore; Campbell. Adapted. 164

The Marigold..

. Anonymous. 165

The Daisy

Wordsworth; John Mason Good. 166

The Thistle-flower.

.Twamley. 167

XI. Jessamine, Honeysuckle, and Heath Families... Scott; Landon. Adapted. 169

The Jasmine

.Cowper; Moore. 169

The Rhodora

.R. W. Emerson. 171

The Psychology of Flowers

HUNT's Poetry of Science, 171

XII, Labiate and Trumpet-flower Families

. Adapted. 172

XIII. Forest Trees...

WASHINGTON IRVING. 173

XIV. The Oak Family.

.Adapted. 174

Selections from Cowper; Scott; Southey; Morris; Longfellow; Shak-

speare; Campbell, and others.

XV. The Oak and the Nobleman.

WASHINGTON IRVING. 173

XVI. The Elm, Willow, and Birch Families..

...Adapted. 178

Selections from Homer; Ovid.; Cowper; N. S. Dodge; Byron; Scott.

Hiawatha's Canne

.Longfellou, 182

XVII. The Cone-bearing, or Pine Family. Virgil; Hood; Pierpont; Byron. Adapted. 182

XVIII. To a Pine-tree ....

. James Russell Lowell. 155

SECOND DIVISION OF THE VEGETABLE KINGDOM: ENDOGENS.

XIX, The Iris, Lily, and Palm Families Pwanley; Thomson; Montgomery.

Adapted. 186

XX. Sedges and Grasses..

Adapted. 190

The Voice of the Grass.

. Sarah Roberts. 192

The Harvest Moon

Henry Kirke White. 194

Corn-fields.

..Mary Howitt. 194

XXI. Of the Hidden Uses of Plants.

M. F. Tupper. 195

Lesson

THIRD DIVISION: CRYPTOGAMOUS PLANTS.

Page

XXII. Ferns, Liverworts, and Mosses (Acrogens).

W. Scott. Adapted. 196

XXIII. The Mosses (Acrogens)..

A kenside; Thomson. Adapted. 199

The Lovely Moss

Miss M. A. Browne. 199

The Moss in the Desert

MUNGO PARK. 200

XXIV, The Fern and the Moss.

Eliza Cook. 201

XXV. Lichens (Thallogens).. .Campbell; Darwin; Mary Howitt. Adapted. 202

XXVI. Fungi, or Fungous Plants (Thallogens)

...Adapted. 206

XXVII. Algæ, or Sea-weeds (Thallogens)

Charlotte Smith. Adapted. 209

The Driftiny Sea-weed

Longfellow, 210

The Sea-wort..

.M. F. Tupper. 211

The Sea-weed

C. G. Fenner. 211

XXVIII. Domestic Flower Culture ..

..CHAMBERS' Miscellany. 213

FOURTH MISCELLANEOUS DIVISION.

L Eva

.Lulwer Lytton. 215

II, Gil Blas and the Archbishop

.LE SAGE. 216

III. The Bells

... Edgar A. Poe. 219

IV. Speaking and Doing

..Culleid. 221

V. Resistance to British Oppression.

.PATRICK HENRY. 222

VI. The American Indians

..SPRAGUE, 222

PART V.

ICHTHYOLOGY, OR THE NATURAL HISTORY OF FISHES.

I. Nature of the Study..

...Spenser; Milton. Adapted. 223

U. The Physiology of Fishes (Agassiz's Arrangement)

..Adapted. 225

FIRST CLASS: SPINE-RAYED BONY FISHES.

III. The Perch Family

. Ausonius; Juvenal ; Horace. Adapted. 228

IV. Other Families of the Spine-rayed Fishes.. ENGLISH MAGAZINE ; Dr. HAM-

ILTON ; Sophocles; Oppian..

.Adapted. 232

V. The Spine-rayed Fishes-continued.. Oppian; CAPTAIN RICHARDS; Mont-

gomery; SWAINSON

. Adapted, 237

SECOND CLASS: SOFT-RAYED BONY FISHES.
VI. Soft-rayed Bony Fishes with Abdominal Ventral Fins: Carp, Pike, and Cat-

fish Families. . Moore; Wordsworth; Montgomery, and others. Adapted. 249

VII. To the Flying-fish..

.Moore. 247

VIL. Fishes with Abdominal Ventral Fins (continued): Salmon, and Trout, and

Herring, and Pilchard Families.

..Adapted. 248

IX. The Sub-brachial soft-rayed Bony Fishes.

..Adapted. 251

1. The Cod Family. A Charade on Cud.

. Adapted. 252

2. Family of the Flat-fish ..YARRELL; SWAINSON; Juvenal. Adapted, 252

3. The Salt-water Suckers

..Adapted. 254

X. The Apodal Soft-rayed Bony Fishes.

YARRELL. Adapted. 256

XI. Fishes with Tufted Gills

..Adapted. 253

Fishes with Soldered Jaws

..Adapted. 258

THIRD CLASS: CARTILAGINOUS FISHES.

XII. The Shark Family L. E. Maclean; CUVIER; SCORESBY. Adapted. 260

XIII. Sturgeon, Chimæra, Ray, and Lamprey Families..

.Adapted. 264

Concluding Remarks

267

XIV. The Aquaria, or Drawing-room Fish-ponds

. . Adapted. 263

FIFTH MISCELLANEOUS DIVISION.

L The Glory of the Imagination...

Wordsworth. 279

II. Shylock: a Scene of Contending Passions.

SHAKSPEARE. 273

III. Shylock and the Merchant : the Trial Scene .

Shakspeare. 274

IV. Character of Portia, as displayed in the Trial Scene MRS. JAMESON. 278

V. The Philosopher's Scales ..

.Jane Taylor: 280

PART VI.

CIVIL ARCHITECTURE.

I. Grecian and Roman Architecture.

.Adapted. 283

II. Athenian Architecture during the Age of Pericles.

BULWER. 285

III. Ruins of the Coliseum at Rome..

. .Adapted. 287

Ruins of the Colisium

IV. Gothic Architecture...

Adapted. 287

Lesson

Page

Castles and Abbeys of Feudal Times. Warton; WM. BEATTIE; W. Scott. 287

V. Of the Useful in Architecture..

. . A. J. DOWNING. 293

VI. Of Expression in Civil or Public Architecture.

LITERARY WORLD. 295

VII. Of Expression in Domestic Architecture..

A. J. DOWNING. 296

VIII, The Poetry of Cottage Architecture..

LOUDON'S MAGAZINE. 298

IX. The Shepherd's Cottage..

Charlotte Smith, 300

X. Of Truthfulness in Architecture.

A. J. DOWNING. 302

XI. Monuments of the Burial-ground.

..J. A. PICTON. 303

XII. The Architecture of Nature.

...Adapted. 305

God's First Temples ....

. Bryant. 306

The Parthenon of Athens..

Mrs. Hemans. 308

SIXTH MISCELLANEOUS DIVISION.

1. Indian Summer..

Mrs. Sigourney. 309

II. Forgiveness of Injuries

BLAIR. 310

III. Passing Away..

.Pierpont, 311

IV. The Dream of the Two Roads..

.JEAN PAUL RICHTER. 312

V. Thanatopsis; or, Reflections on Death.

... Bryant. 314

VI. The Village Blacksmith...

Longfellow. 315

PART VII.

SECOND DIVISION OF NATURAL PHILOSOPHY.

I. The Library : Introductory...

Adapted. 317

II. Hydrostatics, or Liquids in a State of Rest..

..Adapted, 319

III. Hydrostatics (continued)..

.Adapted. 323

IV. Floating Bodies ; Specific Gravity.

... Adapted. 327

Archime'des and the Crown..

ROBERT C. WINTHROP. 330

V. Hydraulics: the Excursion..

.Adapted. 331

Song of the Brook.

Tennyson. 331

The Bucket ...

Woodworth. 334

The Cataract of Lodore.

. . Southey. 337

VI. Pneumatics : Galileo and Torricelli

..Adapted. 340

Practical Value of the Barometer

..DR. ARNOTT. 343

VII. Atmospheric Machines..

Darwin; Adapted. 347

The Lost Kite.

Anonymous. 351

A Riddle.

. Anonymous. 352

VIII. The Steam-engine.

.Adapted. 353

The Steam-engine

. Saxe; LORD JEFFREY; DR. ARNOTT. 355

The Song of Steam

..G. W. Cutler. 356

SEVENTH MISCELLANEOUS DIVISION.

I. Blessings on Children...

W. G. Simms. 357

II. The Saracen Brothers...

New Monthly Magazine. 359

III. Our Country and our Home..

..James Montgomery. 363

IV. The Gipsy Fortune-teller

..Anonymous. 363

V. Success alone seen.....

.L. E. Maclean. 364

PART VIII.

FIRST DIVISION OF PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY.

1. General Description..

..Adapted. 365

II. Continents and Islands.

..Adapted. 367

III. Coral Islands and Reefs.

... Percival; Adapted. 369

IV. The Coral Insect..

. Mrs. Sigourney. 371

V. Mountains....

Howitt; GuyoT; ITUMBOLDT; Adapted. 372

Mountain Scenery.

Bryant. 372

The Alps..

Willis Gaylord Clark. 375

VI. Table-lands, Plains, and Valleys.

..Adapted. 376

VII. The Prairies....

Bryant. 379

VIII. Caves and Grottoes of the Old World.... GOLDSMITH ; W. Scott; Adapted. 380

IX. Caves in the United States

..Adapted. 383

X. The Mammoth Cave...

George D. Prentice. 384

XI. Avalanches and Glaciers.

..Adapted. 386

Hymn before Sunrise in the Valley of Chamouni. . Coleridge. 388

XII. The Cottage of the Hills..

Anonymous. 389

XIII. Volcanoes and Earthquakes.

.DR. HITCHCOCK; Adapted. 390

Destruction of Scilla in 1783.

Anonymous. 392

XIV. The Ocean: its Moral Grandeur

. Adapted. 393

The Ocean ..

Bryan W. Proctor. 334

PART IX.

FIRST DIVISION OF CHEMISTRY.

I. Introductory View

.Adapted. 415

II. First Principles : Ultimate Atoms. . KENNEDY ; Shakspeare; HUNT. Adapted. 416

III. The Man and the Atom

Charles Mackay. 418

IV. Chemical Agents: Heat—Ligit.

..Adapted. 419

To the Sunbeam...

Mrs. Hemans. 421

Dream of Darkness.

. Byron. 421

V. Chemical Agents (continued): Electricity

..Adapted. 422

VI. The Electric Telegraph.

..Adapted. 424

The Electric Telegraph

. Anonymous. 424

VII. Chemical Affinities

..Adapted. 425

VIII. Leading Characteristics of the four principal Elements: Oxygen, Hydrogen,

Carbon, Nitrogen

..Adapted. 426

IX. Chemical Knowledge and the Useful Arts. Sulphur and Chlorine. Adapted. 429

X. The principal Metals : Gold, Silver, Iron.. Burns; Homer; Cutler. Adapted. 430

"Gold! Gold! Gold !"

.Hood. 430

The Silver Bird's-nest.

H. F. Gould. 431

Acids, Alkalies, and Salts

..Adapted. 433

Easy Lesson in Chemistry..

. Anonymous. 434

XII. The Chemistry of a Candle.

DICKENS' Household Words. 435

XIII. The Poetic Realities of Nature.

HUNT's Poetry of Science. 442

XIV. The Extent of Chemical Action

ROBERT HUNT. 444

NINTH MISCELLANEOUS DIVISION.

I. Elegy written in a Country Church-yard (with 32 Illustrations). Thomas Gray. 445

II. The Razor-seller

.John Wolcott (Peter Pindar). 456

PART X.

FIRST DIVISION OF GEOLOGY.

I. Introductory: The Creation.

. Adapted. 457

II. Raphaei's Account of the Creation

Milton. 458

III, Character of the Geological History of the Earth. LYELL; Shakspeare.

Adapted. 459

IV. The Primary Period of the Earth's History ...... Hugh MILLER, Adapted. 462

The Scenery of the Primary Period.

Thomas Āird. 463

V. The Transition Period

. Adapted. 464

Geological History of the Nautilus.

Mrs. Howitt. 465

VI. The Secondary Period.. .DR. BUCKLAND; Hugh MILLER. Adapted. 466

VII. The Tertiary Period.

.Horace Smith, Adapted. 469

Song of the Dinotherium

. Anonymous, 471

VIII. The Modern Geological Period.

..Adapted. 472

IX. Retrospective View of Geology..

MANTELL. 473

X. A Visit to the Country of the Iguanodon

..MANTELL, 474

XI. The Vision of Moses

HUGH MILLER. 476

XII. Geological Agencies now in operation..

. Adapted. 479

Lesson

Pare

XIII. Coral Islands

. Montgomery. 491

XIV. Geological Monuments

Sir HUMPHREY DAVY. 482

XV. Mineralogy, the Alphabet of Geology. Simple Minerals.. .Adapted. 483

XVI. Compound Minerals.

..Adapted. 485

Geological Cooker:

· Anonymous. 466

XVII. Brief Extracts

.HERSCHEL; PARKINSON; MANTELL. 487

XVIII. Concluding Remarks

.From MANTELL's Wonders of Geology. 485

TENTH MISCELLANEOUS DIVISION.

1. The Raven..

Edgar A. Poe. 487

II. The Dignity of Work

THOMAS CARLYLE. 49%

III. The Duty of Labor

..... DEWEY. 492

IV. Work Away

Anonymous. 493

V. Never Despair.

. Anonymous. 495

VI. God is Every where

Anonymous, 495

Paternai Affection

Walter Scott. 496

PART XI.

ANCIENT HISTORY PRIOR TO THE CHRISTIAN ERA.

I. Early Grecian History

..Adapted. 497

II. Grecian Mythology...

Wordsworth. 498

III. The Persian Wars: Battle of Thermopylæ

:::..Adapted. 499

IV. Address of Leonidas to the Spartans.

Richard Glover. 501

V. The Spartans nobly kept their Oath

Geo. W. Doane. 501V

VI. The Glory of their Fall.

. Byron, 512

VII. Battle of Sal'amis, and Flight of Xerxes.

Adapted. 52

Description of the Battle of Sal'amis.

Æschylus. 502

The Flight of Xerxes..

Mrs. Jewsbury. 504

VIII, Battle of Plata'a; End of the Persian Wars.

BULWER. 505

IX. The Era of Grecian Eloquence and Literature..

..Adapted. 508

The Political Demagogue

Aristophanes. 509

X. The Olympian Games : Chariot-ace, and Death of Orestes, Sophocles. 510

XI. The latter Days of Grecian History

.Adapted. 511

XII. Early Roman History..

.. Adapted. 512

XIII. The Story of Horatius..

Macaulay. 513

XIV, Patrician and Plebeian Contests

. Adapted. 516

XV. The Story of Virginia..

. Macaulay. 517

XVI. The Carthaginian Wars.

. Adapted. 520

XVII. Regulus before the Senate.

Dale, 521

XVIII. The Downfall of Carthage..

.Adapted. 522

XIX. Address of Hannibal to his Army.

523

XX. Continuation of Roman History.

.Adapted. 524

Marius seated on the Ruins of Carthage.

Mrs. Child. 524

XXI. Roman Gladiatorial Combats ..

. Adapted. 525

The Dying Gladiator

Byron. 525

XXII. The Revolt of Spartacus .

. . Adapted. 526

Speech of Spartacus to the Gladiators

E. KELLOGG. 527

XXIII The Conspiracy of Catiline...

..Adapted. 528

Banishment of Catiline

. Croly. 528

XXIV. Wars of Cæsar and Pompey: Death of Cato.

. Adapted. 531

Cato's Soliloquy

Addison. 531

XXV. The Death of Cæsar.

· Adapted. 532

Drutus and Mark Antony on the Death of (@sar

Shakspeare. 533

XXVI. End of the Roman Republic

..Adapted. 537

Historic Associations

DR. JOHNSON. 538

EXPLANATION OF THE CHARACTERS USED IN CONNECTION WITH THE BOTANICAL DESCRIP-
TIONS.-- In the botanical descriptions, the botanical name of the plant is first given in
italics; then follow the common name, Linnæan class, Linnæin order, native color of blo-.
som (or of plant when it has no blossom), ordinary height or length of plant, and native
country. r. designates red, pk. pink, w. white, or. orange, pu. purple, y. yellow, cr. crean,
8. or sc. scarlet, g. or gr. green, br. brown, li. lilac, lem. lemon; ap. memps apetalous, ox
flowerless. The months are designated as follows, beginning with January: J., F., M., A.,
My., Jr., J1, Au., S., O., N., D.

a For the " Pronouncing Key" and " Alphabetical List of Authors," see end of
the volume.

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