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7

H I S T O R Y

OF THE

RISE, PROGRESS, AND ESTABLISHMENT

OF THE

INDEPENDENCE

OF THE

i

United States of America i

INCLUDING

AN ACCOUNT OF THE LATE WAR,

AND OF THE

THIRTEEN COLONIES,

FROM THEIR. ORIGIN TO THAT PERIOD.

By WILLIAM GORDON, D. D.

Quid verum*** euro, it rogo et vmnis in hccsuitti

Hokat. i Ep. i Lib.

THE THIRD AMERICAN EDITION.

VOL. Ill,

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OF THE Several Letters In Vol. III.

Letter I. P. 17—39.

THE expedition from Boston against the British post at Penobscot, p. 17. General Sullivan's expedition against the Indians, p. 19. Indian and American expeditions against each. »ther, p. 22. The Spanish governor of Louisiana recognizes American independency, and marches against the British settlements on the Missisippi, p. 23. Congress conclude upon an ultimatum, and write to Dr. Franklin-, p. 24-. Mr. Gerard's private audience of congress, p. 26. Congress choose Mr. Jay for their minister at the court of Madrid, and Mr. John Adams for their minister to negociate a treaty of peace and a treaty of Commerce with Great-Britain, p. 27.—they address a long letter to their constituents on their finances, p. 28. Count d'Estaing sails from the West-Indies for the American continent, p. 30. —summons Savannah to surrender, p. 31. He and general Lincoln are repulsed in an attack upon the town, p. 33. Congress resolve to erect a monument to the memory of count Pulaski, p. 35. The British evacuate Rhode-Island, p. 36. The communications of the French minister to congress, p. 37.

Letter II. P. 39—77

Congress's answer to the communications of the minister of France, p. 39. The second conference of tlie minister of France, p. 41. The distress o'f Washington's army for want of bread, ,p. 42. Sir H.Clinton's expedition to South-Carolina, p. 44. The British open their batteries against Charleston, p. 47. Colonels Tarleton and Webster defeat the American horse» p. 47—49> General Lincoln surrenders Charleston, p. 50. Tarleton defeats col. Buford, p. 52. The distressed situation, 'of the American commander in chief,' p. 54. An unusual darkness in the New-England states, p. 56. A large body of the royal troops cross from Staten-Island to Elizabeth-town, p. 58. Mrs. Caldwell killed, ibid. The troops leave Elizabeth-town and march to Springfieid, p. 60—then stopped by general Greene, ibid.—burn Springfield, and return to Staten-Island, ibid. The efforts of the Philadelphia gentlemen and ladies to relieve Washington's army, p. 62. The preamble of the Pennsylvania act against slavery, p. 63. A French fleet, with troops, arrive at Newport, p. 64. The affairs of South-Carolina, p. 66. Lord Comwallis left in command at Charleston, p. 68. Colonel Sumpter being chosen bya party of'South-Carolina exiles to

Vol. ill. a lead

lead them, returns with them into the state, gad takes the field, against the victorious British, p. 70. Congress unanimously re* solve that general Gates should take the command of the south, ern department, p. 72. He joins the troops, marches and encamps en the road to Camden, r* 73. Justice Pendleton's letter to lord Cornwallis,' ibid. Congress resolve on destroying all -the old paper emission, and on adopting a new emission, p. 74. The Massachusetts convention agree upon a constitution for the commonwealth, p. 75. Their general court incorporate a society by the name of The American Academy of Aits and Sciences, p. 76.

-L E T T £ R III. P. 78—96. The affairs of Ireland, p. 78. Captain Fielding not being allowed to examine the Dutch ships under the convoy of count Eyland, employs force, p. 79. The armed neutrality, p. 80. Sir George Rodney engages and defeats the Spanish fleet under Don Langara, p. 82. Don Galvcz's expedition against Mobile, p. 83- Sir George Rodney engages count-de Guichen, p. 84. County petitions for the redress of grievances, p. 86. The house of commons vote in favor of redressing the same, p. 87. All hopes of obtaining redress from that house^re at an end, p. 88; Lord George Gordon, the protestant association, aru| the subsequent convulsions, ibid—his lordship conducted to the Tower, p. 92. An eventual treaty between the states of Holland and the United States of America, signed by the direction of Mr. Van Berckel, p. 94.

L E T T E R IV. P. 96—140.

The military operations in South-Carolina, p. 96. General Gates takes the direct route to Camden, p. 98.—joins the militia under general Caswell, ibid—conducts his army to Clermont, p, 99—marches on toward Camden, p. 101—is unexpectedly met by lord Cornwallis, at the "head of the British troops, and is defeated by him, ibid. Baron de Kalb mortally wounded, p. 105. Tarleton defeats Sumpter, p. 108. The relics of the American army retreat to Salisbury, ibid—arc ordered to Hillsborough, p. 109. Cornwallis's orders relative to the treatment of South-Carolina, ibid. A number of the citizens of Charleston, prisoners under the capitulation, sent to St. Augustine, p.J 110. General Marion's exertions against the British adherents, p. 112. The arrangement of the broken American troops, p. 114. Major Ferguson ordered to manoeuvre through the northern parts of South-Carolina, and then to join lord Cornwallis at Charlotte, p. 116—is pursued, defeated and slain,

p. 117.

jpttf:' liiV lordship's letter to general Smallwoou, p. 120. (Bates's troops march to Sajisbmy, p. 121. 'Sumpter defeats major Weyms—is afterward attacked byfarleton, whom he aU s© deffcats, p, 122. Gates moves' his head-quarters to Charlotte,' anJ there surrenders' the army into general.Greene's hands,.

Lieutenant-colonel' Washington takes the British post at Clermont by stratagem, p.. 124. The congress resolve respecting Gates, ibid. Acts of congress, p. 12*. General Washington's difficulties, jr>. 127—he meets count de Rochambeau and*admiral Ternay, at Hartford, p. 12$., The scheme for <!>:!rveriiig West-Point into-the hands of Sir H. .Clinton dis- . covered, ibid. Major Andre Jaken while on his way to NewYork, p, 130. Arnold, upon receiving information of it, hastens on hoard the Vulture, British sloop of war, p. 131. Andre adjudged to be considered as a spy, p. 132.—and dies as such, tfciivcrsally esteemed and regretted, p.. 133. Washington's thoughts on the' whole affair, p. 134. Sir H. Clinton sends troops tb'Virginia, :p. 135. A general exchange of prisoners settlci byiae British and American generals Philips and Lincoln, ibid. The resolve of congress relative to the three militia men who took Andre, p. JS5, Major Tallmage's expedition to LongIsland*, ibid. Congress determine o,n having a permanent army, jfc 137—take into serious consideration the absolute necessity of »large and immediate foreign aid of money,, ibi&t The donations of the daughters of liberty in Philadelphia and the neighborhood to the American soldiers, p. 138. The Massachusetts begin their government agreeable to the new constitution, and Juhn Hancock, esq. is declared to have been elected governor,. ^id. Admiral Ternay dies at Newport, p. 140.

L E T. T E XT. V- St 140—149, The French and Spanish fleets in the West-Indies form a junc--tion, but effect no capital operation, p. 141. Their combined fliets in Europe intercept the East and West-Indiaconvoy, p. 142. Mr. Laurens is taken in his passage to Holland, p. 143. Sir Jo-' seph Yorke, leaves the Hague, ibid.. Hurricanes in the West * Indies, p. 144. The new parliament maets, p. 14&. The kindness of the Spaniards to the British priseners* p. 149. The inquisition abolished in the duke of Modena's dominions, .Hid.

L.1T.1IJ VI. P. 150—1*3;. 'The Pennsylvania line revolts, p. 150. Sir H. Clinton sends dgents to treat with them, two of whom are hanged, p. 151.. Part of the Jersey brigade revolts, p. 153. Lieut, col. John. Laurens chosen by congress special minister to the court o'f Veiv "* - ■ ■ '"' sailles,

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