Ethnicity, Nationalism and Conflict in the South Caucasus: Nagorno-Karabakh and the Legacy of Soviet Nationalities Policy

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Routledge, May 13, 2016 - Social Science - 264 pages
This book examines the underlying factors of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict in the South Caucasus from 1905 to 1994, and explores the ways in which issues of ethnicity and nationalism contributed to that conflict. The author examines the historiography and politics of the conflict, and the historical, territorial and ethnic dimensions which contributed to the dynamics of the war. The impact of Soviet policies and structures are also included, pinpointing how they contributed to the development of nationalism and the maintenance of national identities. The book firstly explores the historical development of the Armenian and Azerbaijani national identities and the overlapping claims to the territory of Nagorno-Karabakh. The author goes on to assess the historical link between ethnicity and territorial location as sources of ethnic identification and conflict. He examines how identity differences shaped the relationsa between Armenians and Azerbaijanis during the different phases of conflict and presents a detailed historical account of Soviet nationalities policy and ethno-territorial federalism - the basis of which ethnic relations were conducted between governing and minority nations in the south Caucasus. This invaluable book offers students and scholars of post-Soviet politics and society a unique insight into the causes and consequences of this long-standing conflict.
 

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Contents

1 Introduction Methodology and Structure
1
2 The Ethnic Past and Myths of Ethnogenesis in Transcaucasia
17
3 The Origins of the Conflict in the Later Russian Empire
37
4 The Impact of Soviet Structures and Policies
79
5 The Impact of the Soviet Nationalities Policy and the Emergence of Dissident Nationalism in Transcaucasia
105
6 Ethnic Mobilization and the Emergence of the Karabakh Movement 19859
129
7 From Escalation to Open Warfare 19914
185
Epilogue
207
Appendices
215
Bibliography
225
Index
239
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About the author (2016)

Ohannes Geukjian is an Assistant Professor at the American University of Beirut, Lebanon.

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