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THE court of directors of the honourable united East India company, having taken into their serious consideration the great advantages which may be attained by improving the blessings of peace, now happily re-established on the coast of Choromandel and the Carnatic, and considering the present hour best suited for setding and arranging, by a just and equitable treaty, a plan for the future defence and protection of the Carnatic, and the northern circars, on a solid and lasting foundation, have communicated these their sentiments to his highness the Nabob of the Carnatic; who, being fully impressed with the propriety and wisdom of such an arrangement, has for himself, his heirs and successors, adjusted and concluded a solid and permanent treaty with the president and council of Fort St. George, upon the principles and conditions hereinafter mentioned; in consequence whereof it is stipulated and agreed, that due provision shall be made for the military peace establishment; and also that, for discharging the expence of war, in the event of a war breaking out in the Carnatic, or on the coast of Choromandel, certain contributions, or proportions of the revenues of the contracting parties, shall be united into one common stock, to be applied for their mutual security and defence; and, as it is necessary that the application of the said contributions, both of peace and war, shall be repofed in the united company or their representatives, together with the direction of the war, the command of the army, magazines of stores and provisions (the granaries and present magazines of his highness the Nabob excepted) with full power to occupy or dismantle such forts as by them shall be deemed necessary for the general security, the said contracting parties do hereby solemnly engage and agree, for themselves and their successors, to and with each other in manner following; that is to say,
I. The friends and enemies of his highness the Nabob of the Carnatic, and of the English united
East East India company, shall be considered as the friends and enemies of both.
II. His highness the Nabob of the Carnatic will contribute towards the military peace establishment, and shall pay into the treasury of the said united company, the annual sum of nine lacks of pagodas, to commence in the Fuzelly 1197, corresponding to the 12th July 1787, as his fixed proportion, divided into kists, payable at the following periods; that is to say,
30th November - - 300,000 31st March - 600,000
Star Pag* - 900,000
III. That the honourable East India company will in like manner contribute, and with the aid of Tanjore shall pay and make good, such surther sums as may be necessary to discharge the expence of the military peace establishment, beyond the said annual contribution of his highness already mentioned.
IV. That for the satissaction of his highness the Nabob of the Carnatic, his heirs and successors, the president in council of Fort St. George shall furnish his highness annually with an accurate account, shewing the number of troops maintained, and the names and situations of the garrisons supported by the annual contributions, and particularly the troops and garrisons maintained by the nine lacks of pagodas annually contributed by his highness to the general defence.
V. In case of sailure in the punctual payment of the nine lacks of pagodas already mentioned, to the amount of one lack of pagodas in any kist, for the period of one month aster the same shall become due, his highness the Nabob agrees, that certain districts, specified in the schedule, N° 1, hereunto annexed, shall be made answerable for such sailure; and that the company shall have power to appoint superintendants or receivers to collect and receive, from the Nabob's
amuldars, all the rents, revenues, duties, customs, and peshcash of the said district; and these supei intendants or receivers shall exercise all necessary authority for collecting such rents, revenues, &e. giving regular receipts for all monies which may be received by the said superintendants; who shall have full power to inspect and examine all Cutcherry receipts and accounts of the lands and districts aforesaid, as well as to ascertain the state of all other revenues which shall be collected annually from customs, or from the zemindars or poligars tributaries to his highness within the said districts; and when the full amount for which such districts stood answerable, shall have been paid to the company, the superintendant or receiver shall be immediately recalled.
VI. At the appointment of the superintendant or receiver, the Nabob will furnish the company with the obligations the amuldars of each district shall have given to the circar; and if they do not pay the money punctually to the superintendant or receiver, agreeable thereto, the Nabob, at the request of the governor in council, will immediately dismiss the said amuldar, and appoint by saned such others in their stead, as the president in council of Fort St. George shall recommend, after taking from them the usual obligations, which shall be delivered to the company by his highness.
VII. That the exercise of power over the said districts and sarms, by virtue of the conditions mentioned in the 5th and 6th articles, in cafe of sailure in the payment of any of the said kists, shall not extend or be construed to extend to deprive his highness the Nabob of the Carnatic, or his successors, of the civil government thereof, the credit of his samily, or the dignity of his illustrious House, but that the same shall be preserved to him and them inviolate, saving and excepting the powers in the foregoing article expressed and mentioned.
VIII. That in the event of any war breaking out in
the the Carnatic, or on the coast of Choromandel, the said united company shall charge themselves with the direction, order, and conduct thereof; and, during the continuance of such war, shall apply four-fifths of their whole revenues, in the Carnatic and the northern circars, annually, to the military expences of the war. To remove every doubt, on the part of his highness, of any secretion or diversion of the said revenues from the purpofe aforesaid, his highness the Nabob of the Carnatic, in behalf of himself, his heirs and successors, shall have full power and authority, during such war, to appoint one or more inspectors or accomptants, to inspect and examine the Cutcherry receipts of all the districts of the company, in the Carnatic and the northern circars, as well as the state of all the other revenues, collected from the customs, from the zemindars and poligars tributary to the company.
IX. That in the like event, his highness the Nabob of the Carnatic, after deducting from the whole amount of his revenues 2,13,421 pagodas annually, for jaghires to the samily of his highness, and 21,366 pagodas annually for charities, shall and will pay into the treasury of the said united company, four-fifths of his revenue to the general expence of such war, to be applied in such manner as the said united company or their representatives shall find necessary, for their common safety and interest, as also for the interest of their allies in the Carnatic, and on the coast of Choromandel; and it is morever agreed, that his highness's proportion of the debt of the war will henceforth be setded at twenty-five fifty-one parts.
X. For the more effectual security of the payment of four-fifths of the revenues of his highness annually, to the military expences of the war, and to remove every doubt, on the part of the company, of any secretion or diversion of the said revenues from the purpofe aforesaid, the president and council of Fort St.'George, in behalf of the company, shall have fuil power and
authority, authority, during such war, to appoint one or more inspectors or accomptants, to inspect and examine the Cutcherry receipts of all the countries and districts of the Nabob, as well as the state of all the other revenues, collected from the customs, and from the zemindars and poligars tributaries to his highness; and in cafe the said four-fifths of the revenues, or any part thereof, are diverted from the discharge of the current expences of the war, or the debts or expences incurred thereby, the said united company shall have sull power to appoint superintendants and receivers over the said countries and districts of the Nabob, in the manner specified in the 3d article of this treaty, respecting the districts mentioned in schedule N° 1, with the same authority, and under the like restrictions and conditions expressed in case of sailure.
XI. That the said annual four-fifths, payable from the revenues of his highness the Nabob of the Carna- tic, shall, after the termination of the war, continue to be applied to the discharge of all debts and expences that may be incurred or arise during the course of the war, until his proportion of twenty-five fifty-one parts is paid off and discharged. (
XII. It is expressly understood and declared, that so soon as the expences incurred by the war are paid off and discharged, the superintendants and receivers shall be immediately recalled; and it is surther expressly declared, that the 11th article shall not have any retrospect to the expences of any war antecedent to the date of this treaty.
XIII. That after the termination of such war, and during the application of the said grofs revenues to the debts and expences thereof, the 2d, 3d, 4th, 5th, and 6th articles of this treaty shall be and remain dormant, and be of no effect; but-shall re-commence, and regain their sull force and validity, from and immediately after all the debts and expences of such war have been fully and proportionably paid off and discharged.