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the customs shall grant a rowannahi duty free to cover such goods to any part of Bengal, Behar, or Orifla. Should the said goods enter the company's provinces, without passing through the district of Benares, the above duty of two and a half per cent. Ihall be levied at the first station in the company's provinces.

IX. All goods not specified in the foregoing articles, exported from the respective dominions of the contracting parties, shall be subject to a duty of five per cent. on the valuation inserted in the rowannah of the country from whence they were originally exported. If the goods shall have been exported from the company's dominions to the dominions of the Nawab Vizier, his Excellency will collect the duty aforesaid, at one of the stations mentioned in the third article; if from the territories of his Excellency to the dominions of the company, two and a half per cent. shall be levied at the first established station in the district of Benares, and two and a half per cent. at the first authorized station in the province of Behar; or, should the said goods enter the company's provinces without passing through the jurisdiction of Benares, the whole duty of five per cent. shall be collected at the first authorized station in the province of Behar.

X. Goods exported from the provinces of Bengal, Behar, or Oriffa, or from the district of Benares, to the dominions of the Nawab Vizier, after having paid she import duties to his Excellency, according to the rates, and in the mode prescribed in the foregoing articles, if sold in the dominions of the Nawab Vizier, shall be subject to the established local duties of the market or gunge in which they are disposed of. Provided, nevertheless, that if the said goods shall be sold for the purpose of being exported beyond the confines of his Excellency's dominions, and not for the consumption of the saine, no local gunge or market duty, or any other duty whatsoever, ihall be levied on account of such sale or purchase; but the import row


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annah of the seller shall be indorsed by the collector
or head officer in charge of such gunge, and delivered
over to the purchaser, who shall transport the goods
through the dominions of the Nawab Vizier, without
further molestation; if such purchaser, however, should
afterwards dispose of the said goods for consumption
in any market or gunge in his Excellency's territories,
they shall be subject to the established duties of the
same. In like manner, goods exported from the do-
minions of his Excellency to the dominions of the
company, after having paid the import duty in the
latter, according to the rates, and in the mode pre-
scribed in the foregoing articles; if fold in any gunge
or market, shall be subject to the local gunge or market
duties, under the preceding limitations.

duties to be thus levied, are not to exceed the ancient established rates, to which no addition Thall be made without the mutual consent of the contracting parties.

XI. If any renter, zemindar, collector of the revenues, jaghiredar, or holder of rent-free lands, shall levy any duties or exactions on goods passing through the dominions of the contracting parties, and on which the regular duties shall have been paid, and rowannahs taken out as prescribed in the foregoing articles, for the first offence, he shall be fined twenty rupees

for every rupee so exacted; for the second offence, forty rupees; and for the third offence, if a renter or collector of the revenues, he shall be fined one hundred rupees for every rupee so exacted, and be dismissed from his farm or employment ; if a zemindar, jaghiredar, or rent-free landholder, he shall forfeit his lands. Any officer of the customs exacting more than he is authorized, shall for the first offence, be fined ten times the amount so exacted, and be dismissed from his employment. The party injured shall be indemnified out of the fines for the sum so exacted, and it shall be left to the discretion of the contracting Powers to grant such further portion of the faid fines, as they may deem


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adequate to the trouble and loss of the party. so injured.

XII. In order to discourage every attempt to evade the payment of the import duties, merchants endeavouring to pass the station at which they are to pay the fame, without having previously taken out a rowannah, Mall be subject to double duties; and the contracting parties agree to issue orders in their respective territories, requiring all persons to pay the duties, and take out rowannahs for their goods, as directed in the foregoing articles, before they approach an authorized station.

This article not to extend to the local duties in the markets or gunges, which are to be collected in the mode and under the limitations prescribed in the tenth article upon the goods entering the same.

XIII. The contracting parties reserve to themselves the right of levying whatever duties they may think proper, on all goods produced and consumed within their respective dominions, and also on their own exports, and on all imports from other countries not under the dominion of the company or the Nawab Vi. zier, the article of Decan, &c. cotton, going to the company's dominionis, excepted, on which his Excellency is to levy the duties as specified in the seventh article.

XIV. If any dispute shall arise between the merchants of the respective states, it shall be decided by the laws of that state in which the defendant may refide; if the defendant be a resident in the company's dominions, the plaintiff shall be allowed the privilege of stating his case, through the vakeel or agent of the Vizier, to the right honourable the Governor General in council, who may refer it for decision to the provincial court of justice within the jurisdiction of which the cause of action may have arisen, or the defendant may reside; in like manner, if the defendant be a refident in the Vizier's dominions, the plaintiff Ihall be


entitled to represent his case, through the English minister, to his Excellency the Vizier, who may refer it for decision to such of his cfficers as he may think

proper. It is further agreed, that should the collectors of the customs, zemindars, or other subjects of either state, act in any respect, towards the merchants and traders, contrary to the true intent and meaning of this treaty, the party injured shall be entitled to seek redress in the mode above prescribed.

XV. This treaty not to extend to the province of Rchilchund or Kuttair, in which his Excellency reserves to himself the right of collecting the duties according to the ancient eitablished rates, or of encreasing or diminishing the same as he may deem expedient.

XVI, His Excellency the Vizier having obtained the consent of the Nawab of Furruckabad, to include his territories in this treaty; and agreed to make him a compensation for any losses he may sustain in his revenues, in consequence of having relinquished his claim to the collection of separate duties on the Decan, &c. cotton passing through his territories to the dominions of the company, and on the exports from the company's dominions; the territories of the said Nawab are included accordingly, and, as far as concerns the operation of this treaty, are to be considered in every respect upon the same footing as a province of the dominions of his Excellency the Vizier.

XVII. This treaty to be in force from the first of Septeinber next, corresponding with the twenty-ninth of Zehige, one thousand two hundred and two Higeree, or sooner, if it can be ratified and exchanged before that period. Ratified at Fort William, 25th July, 1788.

Cornwallis. (L. S.)

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1759. HE May,

bat , regard to Mazulipatam, and the exclusion of the French from the Decan.

E. Ind. Treat. p. 3; 1766. A treaty of perpetual honour, favour, alli12 Nov. ance, and attachment, between the Nabob

Ausuph Jau, Nizam ul Mulk, Nizam Ally
Cawn, and the East India company,

E. Ind. Treat. p. 29.

1768. A treaty of perpetual friendship and alli23 Feb. ance, between the East India company, in

conjunction with the Nabob of Arcot, on the one part, and the Nizam Ally Cawn, Soubah, on the other.

E. Ind. Treat. p. 38. [The following is printed from the treaty, which was

published by authority in 1784.] A Treaty of perpetual Friendship and Alliance, made

and concluded at Fort St. George, between the Honourable United Company of Merchants of England, trading to the East Indies, in Conjun&tion with the Nabeb Wolau Jau, Omdetul Mulck, Ummeer ul Hind, Serajah Duwla, Anneverdeen, Cawn Behauder, Monsoor Jung, Sippa Sardar, of the Carnatic Payen Gaut, on the one Part, and the Great Nabcb, bigh in Station, Ausuph Jau, Nizam ul Mulck, Meer Nizam, Ally Cawn Behauder, Phutta Jung, Sippa Sardar, Soubah of the Deçan, on the other Part; by the Honourable Charles


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