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but on the sea they shall be liable to no farther search or inquisition.

LX. And contrary to the articles of the Imperial capitulations, the goods of the English nation ought to receive no molestation, having once paid the custom, nor shall the customers deny to give the teschere, or certificate, that the custom is paid for; upon complaint hereof, we strictly command, that the aforesaid customers do not defer, immediately upon demand, to give the teschere or certificate.

LXI. And, the custom being once paid of any sort of merchandize not sold in that port, which is to be transported to another scale, entire credit shall be given to the teschere, and a second custom shall not be so much as sarther pretended.

LX1I. In Aleppo, Cairo, and other parts of the Imperial dominions, the English merchants and their servants may freely and frankly trade, and for all their goods and merchandize pay only three per cent. according to the former custom, and the Imperial capitulations, whether the goods be brought by sea or by land. And though the customers and sarmers, upon the arrival of the goods at the scale, to give molestation and trouble to the English nation, pretend that the goods of the growth and manusacture of England ought only to pay three per cent. but goods brought from Venice and other places are obliged to pay more, and with this colour and pretence occasion suits and troubles to the English; wherefore in this point let the Imperial capitulations be observed as in former times, and our officers ought in no wise to permit the contrary hereunto.

LXIII. An Englishman becoming indebted, or having made himself pledge for another, who is either sailed, or run away; the debt ought to be demanded of the debtor; and if the creditor have no hoget, that

such such an one according to the law hath made himself pledge and security, the debt shall not be demanded of the other; which article is already declared in the capitulations.

LXIV. Whereas sometimes an Englishman living in a country, to free himself from a debt, draws a bill of exchange upon another Englishman who hath no effects of his in his hands; and the person to whom the money is payable, being a man of power and authority, brings his bill, and, contrary to the law, and the capitulations, demands and forces payment of the bill. In which case the merchant accepting the bill, shall be obliged to satisfy it; but not accepting of it, he shall be liable to no sarther trouble.

LXV. And the interpreters of the ambassador of England being free, by the articles declared in the ancient capitulations, of all Angaria, or taxes; by virtue also of this present article, when any of the said interpreters die, their goods or estate shall not be subject to the custom, but shall be divided amongst the creditors and heirs.

LXVI. And, the King of England being a true friend to this our happy Port, to his ambassador who resides here, ten servants, of what nation soever, shall be allowed, free from harach or taxes, or molestation of any man.

LXVII. An Englishman turning Mahometan, and having goods or estate in his hands belonging to his English principals, those goods or estate shall be delivered into the hands of the ambassador or consul, that they may convey and make them good to the true owners.

The late ambassador of the King of England, who resided in our High Port, being dead, Sir John Finch, Knight, a prudent man, and one of the council of foreign trade, is appointed to succeed him in the charge

of of the embassy: and, notice being given to our noble presence, that the said ambassador was arrived with the Royal letters and the usual presents, they were acceptable to us. And the asoresaid ambassador having made known to us, that in the capitulations already granted, there were several expressions so full of ambiguity, that they needed surther explication; and to this end having requested of us, in the behalf of the King his master, that the capitulations might be renewed, and that such explications and additional articles as were necessary might be added to them; the request of the said ambassador being made known to us, we have consented to it: and we do command, and be it commanded, that the additions desired be added to the former capitulations; of which one is,

I. THE nisani sheriff (that is) the Imperial command, upon which was put the hattersheriff (that is) the hand of the Emperor Sultan Ibrahim Han (whofe soul rest in glory) in the year 1053, which command declares, that anciently the English ships that came to Scanderoon did pay for every cloth of London, for the custom of Scanderoon, forty para's; and for a piece of kersey, six para's; and for every bundle of coneyskins, six para's; and for tin and lead, for every quintal of Damascus or Cantaro, fifty-seven para's and a half for custom: which goods asterwards arriving in Aleppo, did pay for the custom of Aleppo, for every cloth of London, eight para's; for a piece of kersey, eight para's and one-sixth; for every bundle of coneyskins, eight para's and one-sixth; for tin and lead, for every battman of Aleppo, one para for custom. And the said nation buying goods and transporting them, for what they bought in Aleppo and exported, did pay for raw cloth of linen or chilis, for cordovans, for hora sani hindi, for every bale of each, two dollars and a half; and for every bale of cotton-yarn, a dollar and a quarter; and for a bale of gauls, a quarter of a dollar; and for every bale of silk, ten ofmani (of which fourteen makes a dollar); for rhubarb, and such like drugs,

* three

three dollars for every hundred, according to the estimate of the chief in that art. The said goods carried to Scanderoon, and there loaden upon their ships, did pay for raw linen cloth, or chilis, for cordovans, each a dollar and a half the bale for the custom of Scanderoon; for hora sani hindi and cotton-yarn, three-quarters of a dollar the bale; for a bale of gauls, one quarter of a dollar; for rhubarb and like drugs, according to the esteem of druggists, three-quarters of a dollar the bale: and nothing more is to be, or ought to be paid, according to the tenor of this sublime command: and if the tefterdar shall give any command contrary to this, let it not be obeyed, but be esteemed invalid: but let every thing be observed conformable to this Imperial command and Imperial capitulations.

II. The English merchants, for all goods exported or imported, paid three per cent, only, and never ought to pay an asper more, it being so specified in the Imperial capitulations: but there having, in the scales of Constantinople and Galata, arose contests and differences with the customers concerning the Londra's, or cloth brought from London, and other forts of cloth of the English manusacture, they shall pay according to the accustomed and ancient canon, and as they have always hitherto paid; that is to say, of full aspers, or short money (of which aspers eighty make a piece-of-eight, and seventy a Lion dollar) aspers one hundred forty-and-four, for every piece of cloth of English sabric, whether fine or coarse, and of whatsoever price; and the customer shall not demand more, nor ought not to take more: but the cloth that comes from Holland and other countries, viz. Londrini, says, and scarlets, and other forts of cloth not English sabric, shall pay for the future that which hitherto has been the accustomed duty. And at the scale of Smyrna shall be paid according to the ancient custom and use of full aspers, or short money (of which aspers eighty make a piece-of-eight, and seventy a

Lion Lion dollar) afpers one hundred and twenty for every piece of English cloth, whether fine or coarse, whether Londra or not, provided that it be of the sabric of England: and the customer shall not demand, nor ought not to take, one asper more; and let no innovation be made upon the custom of the said cloths.

III. The capitulations being known, which commands, that the English having a controversy, the import of which is above four thousand aspers, that the cause shall be brought to the Porta, and tried no where else > if at any time the caddi or ministers of any place would detain any merchant, or hinder any Englishman that comes upon a ship, from prosecuting their voyage, by reason of any money imposed upon them, or pretended from them, if the consul of the place will be security to answer the pretensions made before the Porta, such persons shall be free and at liberty to prosecute their voyage; and they that pretend any thing of them, let them come to the divan for to be judged, and let the ambassador defend them from those that; come to demand; but if the consul will not be security, then let the judge of the place give sentence.

IV. In Constantinople, Scanderoon, Smyrna, and Cyprus, and all other ports and scales of my empire, whatsoever English ships shall arrive, they shall pay three hundred aspers for anchorage or pert charges, and there shall not nor ought not to be taken or paid one afper more.

V. An Englishman coming with effects, and turning Mussulman, the ambassador or consul knowing that such effects do belong to other English merchants, let all the money and other effects be taken out of the hand of such a Mussulman, and consigned to the ambassador; to the end that he may transmit them to whom they do belong, that by this means no goods of other men may remain in the hands of such a Mussulman; and let not this be hindered by the means of any caddi, or other judges or ministers.

VI. Any

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