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tiate and bring in cloth, kersey, spice, tin, lead, and all other merchandize; and no man shall do them any hinderance or molestation. In like manner, except only goods prohibited, they shall and may buy, and export, all sort of merchandize without the prohibition or molestation of any man; and the customers and other officers, the said nation having paid their custom according to this Imperial capitulation, and the ancient use, shall not demand of them any thing more. In the time of the happy memory of my uncle Sultan Murat Han, the King of England sent his ambassador Sir Sackville Crow, Baronet, with his present and letter, which was received in good part ; and the time of his embassy being expired, Sir Thomas Bendish arrived to reside at the Port, with his present and courteous letter, the which was in like manner well accepted; and the faid ambassador having tendered the Imperial capitulations formerly granted, that according to the ancient canon they might be renewed; it is hereby again commanded, that all the points and particular articles therein be observed and maintained.
LV. And because, contrary to the sense and tenor of them, the ships of the English merchants, before they arrive at the scale, several officers did go upon them, and violently force out of the ships the goods of the merchants, taking away the choice of them
without agreeing for the price, or making any account with the owners.
LVI. And farthermore, the said merchants having once paid the custom for their goods at the customhouse, and being desirous to transport the same goods into another fcale, the customers did hinder and detain them, until they received a second custom for them.
LVII. And whereas in the Imperial capitulations it is expressed, that in all the differences and suits with the English nation, our magistrates are not to hear nor G g 3
decide the cause, unless their ambassador or consul be there present ;-of late our judges, without the know. • ledge of their ambassador, have condemned, imprisoned, and taken presents from the English nation, which is a great wrong done to them.
LVIII. Also, whereas in the Imperial capitulations it is ordered, that the customers shall not take any custom for such gold and dollars as by the English nation shall be brought in or carried out of our Imperial dominions; and that the merchants are to give only three per cent. for the custom of their goods, and no more; the customers notwithstanding do pretend to take custom for their chequeens and dollars; and to take more custom than their due for their raw silks which they buy; and of the goods which they land at Scanderoon, to carry up to Aleppo, they demand fix per cent. ; which unjust exactions have been heretofore rectified and redressed with an express hattersheriffe. But being now again informed that the said English merchants are as before wronged, by reason that the customers do value and estimate the goods of the English merchants more than they are worth ; and though the customers are to have but three per cent. yet by an over valuation of the goods they take from them fix per cent. And the servants of the customhouse, under pretence of small duties and expences, wrongfully take great sums of money from them; and a greater number of waiters being put aboard the English Ships than heretofore have been used, the charges thereof are a great expence to the merchants and masters of ships that sustain it. To all which we being requested for a redress, do command, that when the customers do set great values upon their goods, the merchant offering to them according to the rate of three per cent. in specie, of the same goods, the cuftomers shall not refuse, but accept the fame. And being desired by the English ambassador that the above specified abuses and injuries Mould be rectified, we do command, that contrary to the Imperial capitulations,
the English merchants be, neither in the foregoing particulars, nor in any other manner, troubled, nor their privileges unjustly infringed.
The ambassador of the King of Great Britain, Sir Heneage Finch, Knight, Earl of Winchelsea, Viscount Maidston, Baron Fitzherbert of Eastwell, lord of the royal manor of Wye, and lieutenant of the county of Kent and city of Canterbury, whose end may it terminate with bliss, did arrive with his presents, and with all sincerity and affection was accompanied with letters amply expressing the good friendship and correspondence; and that above-said ambassador hath presented the capitulations that they might be renewed according to the canon. And, that some articles of great consideration, which were before in the capitulations, may be more punctually observed, the faid ambassador did desire that they might be again renewed, and more plainly expressed in the Imperial capitulations. His request was graciously accepted ; one of which points is this.
LIX. That the gallies, and other vessels of the Imperial feet, departing the dominions of the Grand Signior, and meeting on the sea with the ships of England, they shall in no wise give them molestation, nor detain them in their voyage, nor take from them any thing whatsoever ; but ought always to shew to one another good friendship, without doing the least damage. And it being thus declared in the Imperial capitulations, beyes and captains, who sail upon the seas, and those of Algier, Tunis, and Tripoli, meeting English ships which fail from one port to another, ought not to take from them any money or goods, upon pretence that their ships transport enemies goods, and thereupon search them, and with this colour inoleft and detain them from profecution of their voyage; so that only at the mouth of the castles, and in the ports where the searchers belonging to the customs usually come aboard, their goods shall be examined,
but on the sea they shall be liable to no farther search or inquisition.
LX. And contrary to the articles of the Imperial capitulations, the goods of the English nation ought to receive no molestation, having once paid the custom, nor shall the customers deny to give the teschere, or certificate, that the custom is paid for ; upon complaint hereof, we strictly command, that the aforesaid customers do not defer, immediately upon demand, to give the teschere or certificate.
LXI. And, the custom being once paid of any fort of merchandize not sold in that port, which is to be transported to another scale, entire credit shall be given to the teschere, and a second custom shall not be so much as farther pretended.
LXII. In Aleppo, Cairo, and other parts of the Imperial dominions, the English merchants and their servants may freely and frankly trade, and for all their goods and merchandize pay only three per cent, according to the former custom, and the Imperial capitulations, whether the goods be brought by sea or by land. And though the customers and farmers, upon the arrival of the goods at the scale, to give molestation and trouble to the English nation, pretend that the goods of the growth and manufacture of England ought only to pay three per cent. but goods brought from Venice and other places are obliged to pay more, and with this colour and pretence occasion suits and troubles to the English; wherefore in this point let the Imperial capitulations be observed as in former times, and our officers ought in no wise to permit the contrary hereunto.
LXIII. An Englishman becoming indebted, or having made himself pledge for another, who is either failed, or run away; the debt ought to be demanded of the debtor; and if the creditor have no hoget, that
such an one according to the law hath made himself pledge and security, the debt shall not be demanded of the other; which article is already declared in the capitulations.
LXIV. Whereas sometimes an Englishman living in a country, to free himself from a debt, draws a bil of exchange upon another Englishman who hath no effects of his in his hands; and the person to whom the money is payable, being a man of power and authority, brings his bill, and, contrary to the law, and the capitulations, demands and forces payment of the bill. In which case the merchant accepting the bill, shall be obliged to satisfy it; but not accepting of it, he shall be liable to no farther trouble,
LXV. And the interpreters of the ambassador of England being free, by the articles declared in the ancient capitulations, of all Angaria, or taxes; by virtue also of this present article, when any of the said interpreters die, their goods or estate shall not be subject to the custom, but shall be divided amongst the creditors and heirs.
LXVI. And, the King of England being a true friend to this our happy Port, to his ambassador who resides here, ten servants, of what nation foever, shall be allowed, free from harach or taxes, or molestation of any man,
LXVII. An Englishman turning Mahometan, and having goods or estate in his hands belonging to his English principals, those goods or estate shall be delivered into the hands of the ambassador or consul, that they may convey and make them good to the true
The late ambassador of the King of England, who resided in our High Port, being dead, Sir John Finch, Knight, a prudent man, and one of the council of foreign trade, is appointed to succeed him in the charge