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making must or wine in their own houses, none of our ministers, caddees, or janizaries, shall molest or hinder them, or demand any duties or money, or do them any violence or impediment.

XXXI. In the port of Constantinople, Aleppo, Alexandria, Scio, Smyrna, and in other parts of our dominions, the English merchants having paid the custom of their merchandize, according to the tenor of the Imperial capitulations, no man shall molest or trouble, or take from them any thing more; and whatsoever merchandize shall be loaden upon their ships, and brought in our dominions, and landed at any scale, they being desirous to lade it again, and to transport it to any other scale or port, the same goods arriving in the second place and scale, and being there unladen, neither the customer nor sarmers, nor any other our officers, shall pretend or take again any customs, or gabels of the said merchandize; that the said nation may always freely and securely trade, and follow their business.

XXXII. Neither of the English nation, nor of any trading under their banner, there shall not be demanded nor gathered one asper, nor any money in the name of Imposition hassapie, or compofitions for flesh for the janizaries.

XXXIII. There having been in times past a difference between the ambassador of the Queen of England and the French ambassador, both resident in our port, about the merchants of the Dutch nation; both which ambassadors sent their petitions to our Imperial stirrup, and made request, that the said Dutch merchants, coming into our dominions, should pass under their banner; which request of both ambassadors was granted under our Imperial seal; notwithstanding Sinan Bassa, the son of Cigala, captain of the sea, now deceased, as admiral, and practised in maritime cases, having advised the Imperial Majesty, that it was fit and convenient that the Dutch nation should be assigned ed to the protection of the ambassador of England, and that it should be ib written in their capitulations: which opinion being by all the viziers approved, by express order, and Imperial authority, it was commanded, that the Dutch merchants of the provinces of Holland, Zealand, Friezland, and Guelderland (that is, the merchants of thofe four provinces trading in our dominions) shall always come under the banner of the Queen of England, as all other English do; and that of all the goods and merchandize which they shall or do import or export to and from our doranions, in their vessels, they shall pay the duties of consulage, and all other duties, to the ambassador or consul of the Queen of England; and that never hereafter the French ambassador or consul shall insinuate nor intermeddle herein: and accordingly it was commanded, that for the time to come it should be ruled and observed according to this present capitulation.

After which, there being arrived another ambassador at this High Port, sent from the King of England, with letters and presents, which were most acceptable, th"e said ambafsador did make request, that certain other necessary articles should be added, and written in the Imperial capitulations; of which the first was:—As in times past, in the days of one of our foresathers of samous memory, Sultan Soliman Han, there was granted a certain capitulation and privilege, that the merchants of the Spanish nation, Portugal, Ancona, Sevilla, Florence, Catalonia, and all forts of Dutchmen, and other merchant-strangers, might safely and securely go and come through all the places of our dominions, and trade and traffic; granting unto them moreover, that in any part of our empire they might establish their consuls: but it being that every nation apart was not able to defray the charges and maintenance of a consul, it was then left to their will and choice to come under the banner of such ambassador or consul as should best like them, provided that it were an ambassador or consul of a King in peace and


amity with our High Port;—upon which grant, and other privileges given them, there were often granted divers Imperial commands and constitutions, being so desired by merchant-strangers, who of their own will elected to trade under the banner and protection of the ambassador and consul of the King of England. And whilst, in all scales and ports in these parts, they had refuge to the banner and protection of the English consuls, it secmeth that the French ambassador, by some means having anew gotten into their capitulations, that the said merchant-strangers should come under their banner, did endeavour to force them in all scales to their protection; for which cause the controversy was again renewed, and referred to our Divan, or great council; which, after a due examination, and a new election, permitted to the will and choice of the said merchants, they again did desire to be under the protection of the ambassador of the King of England, notwithstanding it being made known to the Imperial Port, that as yet the French ambassador did not desire to molest the said merchants, nor to force them under his protection, the first article written in the French capitulations, that the merchant-strangers should come under their protection, was by the Imperial command made void and annulled: And to the end that, according to the ancient custom of the said merchantstrangers, they should always come under the banner and protection of the ambassador or consuls of England, and that never hereafter they should be vexed or troubled by the French ambassador in this point, the said ambassadors of his Majesty of England having desired that this particular should be written, and enrolled in this new Imperial capitulation, this present article was accordingly inserted; and by the Imperial authority it is commanded, that for ever, in time to come, merchants of the said Princes, in the mentioned form, and according to this Imperial command in their hand, shall always be under the banner and

protection protection of the ambassador and consuls of England.

XXXIV. There shall never be permitted or granted any Imperial commands contrary to the tenor and articles of this Imperial command or capitulation, nor in prejudice of this our peace and amity; but in such occasion the cause shall first be certified to the ambassador of England residing at the Porte, to the end that he may answer, and object any scandalous action, or other pretence, which might infringe the peace and league.

XXXV. The English merchants, of all the merchandize which they shall bring or transport in their ships, having paid the custom, they shall also pay the right of consulage to the English ambassador or consul.

XXXVI. The English merchants, and all under their banner, shall and may sasely, throughout our dominion, trade, buy, sell (except only commodities prohibited) all forts of merchandize; likewise, either by land or sea, they may go and traffic, or by the way of the river Tanais in Moscovia, or by Russia, and from thence may bring their merchandize into our empire $ also to and from Persia they may go and trade, and through all that part newly by us conquered, and through those confines, without the impediment or molestation of any of our ministers; and they shall pay the custom, and other duties of that country, and nothing more.

XXXVII. The English merchants, and all under their banner, shall and may sasely and freely trade and negotiate in Aleppo, Cairo, Scio, Smyrna, and in all parts of our dominions; and, according to our ancient customs, of all their merchandize they shall pay three in the hundred for custom, and nothing more.


XXXVIII. The English ships which shall come to this our city of Constantinople, if by fortune of seas, or ill weather, they shall be forced to Coffa, or to such like port, as long as the English will not unlade and sell their own merchandize and goods, no man shall enforce them, nor give them any trouble or annoyance; but in all places of danger, the caddees, or other of our ministers, shall always protect and defend the said English ships, men, and goods, that no damage may come unto them; and with their money may buy victuals and other necessaries; and desiring also with their money to hire carts or vessels, which before were not hired by any other, to transport their goods from place to place, no man shall do them any hinderance or trouble whatsoever.

XXXIX. The English nation, of all the merchandize which in their ships shall be brought to Constantinople, or to any other part of our dominions, which they shall not desire of their own accord to land or sell, of such goods there shall not be demanded or taken any custom at arrival at any port; and having landed their merchandize, and paid their customs and other duties, they may quietly and safely depart, without the molestation of any man.

XL. In regard English ships coming into our dominions do use oftentimes to touch in some part of Africa, and there take in pilgrims and Mahometan passengers to transport them to Alexandria; and arriving at that port, it seemeth that the customers and other officers do pretend to take custom of all goods which are found in their ships, before the merchants are willing to land any; by occasion of which molestation they have forborn to transport any pilgrims: And in like manner, their ships which come to Constantinople, and carry divers merchandize, to transport part thereof to other places, the customers and sarmers would enforce to land, and pretend to take custom thereof: Wherefore we do command, that all the Eng

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