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Bashaw, Bey andsupreme Commander of the State of Tunis, renewed, concluded, ratified, and confirmed, by his Excellency Archibald Clevland, Esq., his Britannic Majesty's Ambassador to the Emperor of Fez and Morocco; and furnished with his Majesty's Full Powers for renewing the Treaties with all the other Barbary States.
I. IN the first place, it is agreed and concluded, that, from this day and for ever, the peace made by the honourable Augustus Keppel, commander in chief of his Britannic Majesty's ships and vessels in and about the Mediterranean, and Charles Gordon Esq; his said Serene Majesty's agent and consul-general to the state of Tunis, with the late most Excellent and Illustrious Lord Ali Pascha, Begler Bey and supreme commander of the said state, concluded apd signed in the palace of Bardo, near Tunis, on the 19th day of.Oclo-ber, 1751, be hereby renewed, ratified, and confirmed: and that the ships and other vessels, and the subjects and people of both sides, shall not henceforward do to each other any harm, offence, or injury, either in word or deed; but shall treat one another with all possible respect and friendship.
II. That his Britannic Majesty's consul, living in Tunis, shall for ever hereaster be allowed the liberty of choosing his own broker and druggerman, who shall be a real Turk; and to exchange them when and; as often as he shall think fit.
III. That if any ships or vessels, of Christian nations in enmity with the King of Great Britain, &c. shall at any time hereaster be met with, or found upon the coast of the kingdom of Tunis, either at anchor or otherwise, and not within the reach of cannon-shot of the shore, that it shall and may be lawsul for any of his Britannic Majesty's ships or vessels of war, or any English privateers, or letters of marque, to take and seize as prizes any such ships or vessels so met with or found as asoresaid; and shall also he suffered to bring
the, the said prizes into any port, road, or harbour of the kingdom of Tunis: and to dispofe of the whole or any part thereof, or otherwise to depart with such captures, without the least hinderance or molestation whatsoever.
IV. and last. And lastly, It is agreed, that if at any time hereafter his Britannic Majesty shall be at war with any Mahometan Prince or State, and any ships or vessels, belonging to subjects of such Prince or State, shall be met with by any of his Britannic Majesty's ships or vessels of*war, or by any ships or vessels of his Majesty's subjects, within sight of any part of the coast of the kingdom of Tunis, that they shall be suffered to pass free and unmolested.
Confirmed and sealed in the palace of Bardo, near Tunis, in the presence of Almighty God, the twenty-second day of June, in the year of our Lord Jesus Christ one thousand seven hundred and sixty-two, and in the year of the Hegira 1175, and the last day of the moon Zilcade,
JrcW Osvland (L. S.)
Articles of Peace and Commerce between tbi most Sereneend Mighty Prince George the Second, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, King, Defender of the Christian Faith, Duke of Brunswic and Lunenburg, Arch-treasurer and FJeclor of the Hcly Roman Empire, &c. &c. &c. and the most Excellent and Illustrious Lord Aii Pascha, Begler Bay and supreme Commander cf the State of Tunis, renewed, agreed on, and confirmed, by the Honourable Augustus Keppel, Commander in Chief of his Britannic Majesty's Ships and Vessels in and about the Mediterranean Seas, and Charles Gordon, Esq; his said Serene Majesty's Agent and Csnful General to the State of Tunis, furnished with his Majesty's Full Powers for that Purpose.
. L THAT all former grievances and losses, and other pretences, between both parties, shall be void and of no effect; and from henceforward there shall be a firm peace for ever, and free trade and commerce, between his Britannic Majesty's subjects and the people of the kingdom of Tunis, and dominions thereunto belonging: but this article shall not cancel or make void any just debt, either in commerce or otherwise, between the subjects on both fides, but the same may be demanded and recovered as before.
II. That the ships of either party shall have a free liberty to enter into any port or river belonging to the dominions of the other, where they shall pay duty only for what they sell* and, for the rest, may freely export it again without molestation; and shall enjoy all other accustomed privileges: and the late exaction that hath been at the Goletta and the Marine, shall be reduced to the ancient customs in thofe cafes,.
III. That there shall not be any seizure made of any of the ships of either party, either at sea or in port, but they shall pass without any interruption, they displaying their colours; and, to prevent any misunderstandings, the ships of Tunis shall be surnished with certificates, under the hand and seal of the Bridsh consul, of their belonging to Tunis, which they are to produce on meeting with any English ship; on board of whom they shall have liberty offending two men only, peaceably to satisfy themselves of their being English; who, as well as any passengers of other nations they may have on board, shall go free, both them and their goods.
IV. That if an English ship receive on board any goods or passengers belonging to the kingdom of Tunis, they shall be bound to defend them and their goods, so sar as lieth in their power, and not dehver diem unto their enemies. And, the better to prevent any unjust demands being made upon the crown of Great Britain, and to avoid disputes and differences that might arise, all goods and merchandize that shall from henceforward be shipped by the subjects of Tunis* either in this port, or in any other whatsoever, on board the ships or vessels belonging to Great Britain, shall be first entered in the office of Cancellaria, before the British consul residing at the respective port, expressing the quantity, quality, and value of the goods so shipped, which the said consul is to manifest in the clearance given to the said ship or vessel before she departs; to the end that if any cause of complaint should happen hereafter, there may be no greater claim made on the British nation,, than by this method- shall be proved to be just and equitable.
V. That if any of the ships of either party shall, by accident of foul weather, or otherwise, be cast away upon: any of the coasts belonging to the other, the personsshall be free, and the goods saved and delivered to the, proprietors thereof.
VI. That the English which do at present, or shall at any time hereafter, inhabit in the city or kingdom of Tunis, shall have free liberty, when they pleafe, tr> transport themselves, with their samilies and children* although born in the country.
VII. That the people belonging to the dominion* of either party shall not be abused with ill language,, or otherwise ill treated,, but: the parties so offending shall be punished severely according to their deserts.
VIII. That the consul,, or any other of the English; nation, residing in Tunisv shall not be obliged to maka; t;heir addresses, in any difference, unto any court of justice, but to the Bashaw himself, from whom only they shall receive judgment, in case the difference should happen between a subject of Great Britain and another
of of this government, or any other foreign nation; but if it should be between two of his Britannic Majesty's subjects, then it is to be decided by the British consul only.
IX. That neither the English consul, nor any other of his Majesty's subjects, shall be liable to pay the debts of any other of the nation, unless particularly bound thereto under his own hand.
X. That whereas the island of Minorca in the Mediterranean Sea, and the city of Gibraltar in Spain, do now belong to his Majesty the King of Great Britain? it is hereby agreed and sully concluded, that from this time forward, for ever, the said island of Minorca, shall be esteemed (as likewise Gibraltar) by the government of Tunis, to be, in every respect, part of his Britannic Majesty's dominions, and the inhabitants thereof shall be looked upon as his Majesty's naturalborn subjects, in the same manner as if they had been born in any other part of Great Britain; and they, with. their ships and vessels wearing British colours, shall be permitted freely to trade and traffic in any part of the kingdom of Tunis, and shall pass, without any molestation whatsoever, either on the leas or elsewhere, in the same manner, and with the same freedom and privileges, that have been stipulated, in this and all former treaties, in behalf of the British nation and subjects.
XI. That, the better and more firmly to maintain the good correspondence and friendship that have been so long and happily established between the crown of Great Britain and the government of Tunis, it is hereby agreed and concluded by the parties before-, mentioned, that none of the ships and vessels belonging. to Tunis, or the dominions thereof, shall be permitted to cruize or look for prizes, of any nature whatsoever, before, or in sight of the asoresaid city of Gibraltar, or any of the ports in the island of Minorca, to hinder or