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peace and commerce be28 July. tween Great Britain and Morocco, conclud.
ed at Fez.
1783 The additional articles of friendship and 24 May. commerce between Great Britain and Mo
[The following is printed from the treaty which was
published by authority in 1763.] Treaty of Peace and Commerce between the King of
Great Britain and the Emperor of Morocco, in
1763 GEORGE the Third, by the grace of God, King of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, Defender of the Christian faith, Duke of Brunswic and Lunenbourg, Arch-treasurer and Prince Elector of the Holy Roman empire, &c. to all to whom these presents shall come, greeting. Whereas a treaty of peace and commerce was concluded and signed at the court of Fez, on the 28th day of July 1760, between our late Royal grandfather of glorious and happy memory, and the High, Glorious, Powerful, and most Noble Monarch, Sidi Mahomet Ben Abdalla, Emperor and King of the kingdoms of Fez and Morocco, Trafilet, Sus, and all the Algarbe, and its territories in Africa, &c. by our trusty and well-beloved Mark Milbanke, Esquire, on the
part of our faid late Royal grandfather, and by the said Emperor of Fez and Morocco, in the words and form following:
Articles of peace and commerce, made between the High and Glorious, Powerful, and most Noble Monarch, Sidi Mahomet Ben Abdalla, Emperor and King of the kingdoms of Fez and Morocco, Trafilet, Sus, and all the Algarbe, and its territories in Africa, &c. and the most High and Famous Monarch, George the
Second, by the grace of God, King of
Great Britain, France, and Ireland, Defender of the Christian faith, Duke of Brunswic and Lunenburg, Arch-treasurer and Prince Elector of the Holy Roman Empire, &c. concluded, agreed, and adjusted by the said Emperor of Fez and Morocco, and by the Noble Mark Mil. banke, Esquire, on the part of his Britannic Majesty.
1. It is agreed and concluded, that, from this time forward, there shall be between his Majesty of Great Britain, and the Emperor of Fez and Morocco, their heirs and successors, a general, true, and perfect peace for ever, as well by land as by sea and fresh-waters; and also between their lands, kingdoms, dominions, and territories belonging to or under the jurisdiction of either of them; and that their respective subjects, people, or inhabitants, of whatever condition, degree, or quality they be, shall reciprocally shew to each other all friendship; and that, on the demise of either of their Majesties, the successor shall send an ambassador to the other, to notify his accession to the throne.
II. It is also agreed, that all English ships of war, and merchant ships, that shall come to any part of the Emperor's dominions to trade, or for any other purpose, and shall have on board a cargo, which shall not be faleable in the said place where they come, may depart with the same to any other part whatsoever of the Emperor's dominions, and shall not pay the duties for it more than once; and that no duty shall be paid for implements of war, such as fire-arms, swords, or any other thing whatsoever which may belong to the military; neither for all sorts of materials used for building ships; and that, if any English ship shall come to any of the Emperor's ports with merchandize destined for another part of the world, they are not to pay any duty for such merchandize, so that they may depart with the same without any molestation. If any
English ship shall be thrown upon the Emperor's coasts, by bad weather or otherwise, the same shall be protected, and depart again in safety, without any illtreatment or interruption. And the Emperor's ships, which shall be thrown on the coast of Great Britain, or dominions thereunto belonging, shall be treated in the fame manner.
III. It is also agreed, that all thips belonging to the subjects of the said King of Great Britain, and of the Emperor of Fez and Morocco, and his subjects, may securely navigate and pass the seas, without being searched, or receiving hinderance or trouble the one from the other; and that all persons and passengers, of whatever nation they may be, belonging to either of the parties, shall be entirely free, without being detained, molested, robbed, or receiving any damage from the others. And moreover, it is agreed, that the English ships, which shall be freighted in any port of the Emperor of Fez and Morocco, for other ports of the same kingdom, shall not be obliged to pay the usual port charges; and that no captain or other person belonging to any ship or vessel of the Emperor of Fez and Morocco, or his subjects, shall take any person or persons whatsoever, out of any ship or vessel of the King of Great Britain, or his subjects, in order to be examined, or under any other pretence whatsoever; neither shall they offer violence to any person or persons, of whatever nation or quality they be, on board a ship belonging to his Majesty's subjects.
IV. It is besides agreed, for the better observance of the preceding articles, according to their true intent, that the ships of war or cruizers belonging to the Emperor of Fez and Morocco, or to his subjects, meeting with any ships or other vessels of the King of Great Britain, or his subjects (not being in the seas belonging to his Majesty's dominions) may send a single boat on board, with two trusty rowers, and no more, who may enter such ships or vessels; that on shewing them a
passport, signed by the King of Great Britain, or by the high admiral of England, Scotland, and Ireland, in the form hereafter mentioned, the said boat shall depart immediately, leaving such ships to pursue their voyage freely : and when it may happen, that any ship of war or privateer of the King of Great Britain, fhaît meet any ship or vessel of the Emperor of Fez and Morocco, or of his subjects, on the captain of such ship shewing a passport from the governor of the city to which he belongs, with a certificate from the English consul, or, in case of his death, or absence, from the major part of the English merchants residing there; in fuch case, he shall be permitted to pursue his voyage without impediment or injury.
V. It is also agreed, that in case any ships of war of the King of Great Britain, or of his subjects, shall come to any port, under the dominion of the Emperor of Fez and Morocco, with prize-goods, they shall be permitted to tell them without hinderance or impofition; and, in case any squadron, or single ship of war, or merchant ship, of his Majesty, fhall want provisions, victuals, or refreshments, it is hereby agreed, that they may buy them, in the quantity and quality they shall have occasion for, at the current market-price, free of duties, or of any other gratuity.
VI. It is moreover agreed, that if any ship or other vessel belonging to his Britannic Majesty, or to his subjects, shall, by misfortune, storm, or any other dif-. after whatsoever, be forced ashore, or wrecked, on any part of the dominions of the Emperor of Fez and Morocco, such ship or ships, persons, and goods, shall be faithfully, and without the least damage or diminution, restored and delivered to the consul, or any other person whom their owner shall appoint to receive the fame; the people shall be set at liberty, and permitted to depart whensoever they please, without the least detention,
VII. It is moreover agreed, that his Majesty of Great Britain shall have liberty to establish a consul, or as many consuls as he pleases, in the dominions of the Emperor of Fez and Morocco, and that the faid conful or consuls may reside in any port, or porte, or places they please, as well maritime as others, belonging to, or under che jurisdiction of the Emperor of Fez and Morocco;, and that the said consul or consuls shall be treated with the respect due to their titles or characters; and they, as well as the other subjects of his Majesty residing there, shall be permitted to enjoy the entire freedom and exercise of their religion, without the least impediment, reproach, or affront, either in word or action; and that they shall have a decent place for their burying-ground, against which no violence shall be committed ; and that the aforefaid consuls and factors may dispatch, at their pleasure, their brokers, and servants, with liberty to go from place to place, by sea and land; it is likewise granted to them to embark and go on board any ship or ships whatsoever, to treat and contract, as well in the port as in the road, without impediment, constraint, or limitation, concerning their effects, secure from any risk of confiscation, or embargo, under any pretence; and the faid consul or consuls, with the other subjects of his Britannic Majesty trading there, shall have full liberty to leave the country whenfoever they please, without impediment or molestation being offered to them or their effects. And it is moreover agreed, that if any subject of his Britannic Majesty, residing or trafficking in the dominions of the Emperor of Fez and Morocco, shall happen to die, the governor of the place where it happens shall be obliged to see all his goods and effects delivered into the hands of his Majesty's consul, and, in default of such consul, to some English merchant, who is to secure and keep them for the difposition of his heirs; but this is to be understood, in case the deceased shall not have left a partner or friend, or, before his decease, shall not have recommended his