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army of her Majesty the Queen of Hungary, and her Majesty the Queen of Hungary shall send one of her's likewise to reside with his Majesty the King of Sardinia: to which general officers shall be reciprocally communicated all the advices that shall be received about the enemy; and all the resolutions which shall be taken on either side, shall be concerted with them.
IV. Nothing being so necessary towards obtaining the end desired on each side, as the reciprocal security of the respective poffessions and rights, and a confiđence in the good faith of the parties, who are to cooperate towards the fame end, his Majesty the King of Sardinia promises, upon the faith and word of a Prince, to her Majesty the Queen of Hungary; first, that, for as long time as the present provisional agreement shall last, he will not avail himself of his pretended rights to the state of Milan, which are not entered into in this provisional convention, forasmuch as the Queen of Hungary cannot admit them, and the King of Sardinia, on the contrary, thinks them founded; and secondly, that if it should be necessary that his said Majesty should enter, with his forces, into any one of the states above-mentioned, he will not exercise in the fame any act of sovereignty, and will not in anywise hinder the Queen of Hungary from continuing to exercise them, in the manner that that Princess has done it hitherto; neither will his Majesty exact any contribution, and will content himself in the said case with being furnished with such things as are indispensably requisite to an army; as for instance, forage, wood, quarters, carts, beds, caserns, and straw, the rations whereof shall be regulated upon the foot on which they are usually allowed to his troops ; as also hories, mules, and oxen, for the use of the artillery, and victuals,
V. On the other hand, her Majesty the Queen of Hungary declares in the like folemn manner, that is is not her meaning that the above-said promises of his
Majesty the King of Sardinia, nor the execution of them, should prejudice the rights by him pretended to the state of Milan, nor ever to avail herself of them, Io as to infer from thence that the said rights were no longer subsisting; the intention of the two high contracting parties being to preserve to each of them their respective rights in their full force, in such manner as they may appertain to them, independently of the prefent convention,
VI. And it is likewise in this view, that his Majesty. the King of Sardinia reserves to himself expressly the entire liberty of availing himself of his faid rights, at whatever time, and by whatever means, either by himself singly, or by such alliance as he shall judge to be most for his convenience.
VII. But as his Majesty does not mean to acquire any advantage by the said reservation, and designs to proceed with all the good faith which is natural to him, he promises and engages, in the case above-mentioned, not to act himself, nor to permit any Prince, with whom he might be allied, to act (which his Majesty will take care to stipulate as a principal condition, in any treaty whatsoever which he might conclude) sooner than after the space of one month, from the time that he shall have caused notice to be given, by the means of the general officer which he shall have at the Queen of Hungary's army; to the end that the commanding officer of the Austrian troops, being thus put upon his guard, may take such measures and refolutions as he Thall judge most for his advantage.
VIII. Moreover the King of Sardinia promises, in that case, to make his troops evacuate all the dominions of the Queen of Hungary, and all the places and posts which he should have taken poffeffion of during the present provisional agreement, without carrying any thing off; to the end that the troops of the abovefaid Queen may, during the said month, retake, freely,
and without any hinderance, the posts which they shall think
proper. IX. The present convention shall be ratified by the 'King of Sardinia and by the Queen of Hungary, and the acts of ratification shall be exchanged within the term of twenty days.
X. During the said term, the King of Sardinia shall not understand himself to be obliged to cause his troops to enter into the states poffeffed by the Queen of Hungary; and if after the expiration of the said term, the Queen should not have sent her ratification, so that for want of it the present convention should remain without effect, nevertheless the King shall not, in that case, cause his troops to enter into the above-mentioned ftates, during the term of other ten days, neither during that term shall he give any hinderance to the free return of the Austrian troops into the same ftates, and into such posts as the Queen of Hungary's generals shall judge to be most convenient.
In witness whereof, we the under-written plenipotentiaries have signed the present convention, &c. at Turin, the ist of February, 1742.
IN consequence of this convention, his Majesty the King of Sardinia did immediately join a considerable body of his troops to those of the said Queen, his Majesty the King of Great Britain having lent a strong squadron to co-operate for the maintenance of the liberties of Italy.
In order not to leave fruitless so great expences, and to secure ftill farther, and to accelerate, for the present, the entire execution of fo necessary and just a resolution, and in order likewise to perpetuate the effect of it for the times to come, their faid Majesties have authorized and do authorize their ministers plenipotentiary to make an immediate regulation of the particulars and of the conditions, viz. his Majesty the King of Great Britain, his privy counsellor John Lord Carteret, Baron of
Hawnes, one of his principal secretaries of state, &c.; his Majesty the King of Sardinia, the Chevalier Ofio. rio, chevalier grande croix, and grand conservator of the religious and military orders of the Saints Maurice and Lazarus, envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary of his faid Majesty to his Majesty the King of Great Britain ; and her Majesty the Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, the Sieur Ígnatius John de Wafner, her minister plenipotentiary to his said Britannic Majetty; who, after having communicated to each other their respective full powers, and having maturely conferred together, have agreed upon the following articles.
I. There shall be, from the present time, and for all times to come, between his Majesty the King of Great Britain, her Majesty the Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, and his Majesty the King of Sardinia, a close friendship, and sincere, perpetual, and inviolable alliance, by virtue of which they shall be obliged to support, defend, and succour each other reciprocally and constantly, to be attentive to the security each of the other, as to their own, to procure all advantages, and to keep off all damage and prejudice from one another to the utmost of their power,
II, To this end, the allies engage themselves afresh to a most express guaranty of all the kingdoms, states, countries, and dominions, which they are now in porfeffion of, or ought to possess by virtue of the treaty of alliance made at Turin in 1703: of the treaties of peace of Utrecht and Baden: of the treaty of peace and alliance, commonly called the quadruple alliance : of the treaty of pacification and alliance, concluded at Vienna the 16th of March, 1731: of the act of guaranty given in consequence thereof, and passed into a law of the empire the 11th of January 1732: of the act of accession, signed likewise in consequence of the faid treaty, at the ague the 20th of February 1732:
of the treaty of peace signed at Vienna the 18th of November 1738; and of the accession thereto, done and signed at Versailles the 3d of February 1739: all which treaties are fully recalled and confirmed here, forasmuch as they may concern the allies, and as far as they have not derogated from them by the present treaty,
III. In conformity to the guaranty contained in the foregoing article, and to the end that no subject of difpute may remain between the two most Serene Houses of Austria and Savoy, his Majesty the King of Sardininia, for himself, his heirs and successors, renounces by name, and for ever, but solely in favour of her Majesty the Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, and of her heirs and successors, his pretended rights upon the state of Milan ; which rights, though never admitted on the part of the Queen, he had reserved to himself, by the provisional convention, the liberty of availing himself of. And besides, his Majesty the King of Sardinia engages himself formally and specially to the guaranty of the order of succession established in the faid most Serene House, by the pragmatic sanction, in the same manner as it is set forth in the treaty of pacification and alliance made at Vienna the 16th of March 1731, excepting, however, that his said Majesty shall never be obliged to send succours out of Italy.
IV. For this purpose, his Majesty the King of Sardinia, who has already joined his troops to those of the Queen of Hungary, and who has already considerably augmented them, shall continue to concert and execute, jointly with her and her generals, all the measures and operations which shall be judged the most effectual for keeping off and repelling the invasion now made, or to be hereafter made, against the dominions of the said Queen, and for securing them from all danger, present and future, as much as possible.
V. In order to attain this end, and as long as the present war shall laft, her Majesty the Queen of Hun