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. 1736. The Preliminary articles of the treaty of 3 Jan. Vienna, with the supplemental declarations, &c. Roujfet, Sup. Corp. Dip. torn. iv. part. ii. page 546-49. Mably, Dr. Pub. torn. iii. p. 87.

1743. The definitive treaty of peace, union,

TV Sept. friendship, and mutual defence, between Great Britain, Sardinia, and Hungary, concluded at Worms.

Treat. 1785, vol. ii. p. 2SS

1748. The treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, which 18 Oct. included Sardinia as a party.

See this Treaty in vol. i.—Table of
Contents, art. France.

1748. The accession and ratification of the

7\ Nov. treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle by Sardinia. Pap. Off. K. 24,

[The following is printed from the Treaty, which was published by authority, in 1686.]

A Treaty of Friendship and Commerce, between his Ma~ jefty of Great Britain, &c. and the most Serene Prince the Duke of Savoy, concluded at Florence, the \<)th Day of September, 1669,

The Instrument of Commerce with the Duke of Savoy.

THE convenient situation of the port of Villa Franca in the Mediterranean Sea, and the capacity of the same, together with the security of it in all respects, have been efficacious motives to his most Seren? Highness the Duke of Savoy, for the exhibiting and pronouncing the same free to the whole world; with a belief, that it might in time prove advantageous to the public, and to his Royal Highness in particular. But it so salling out, that the vigour of things which are X 3 establishes established by the best counsel, in process of time are rendered languid and subject to mutation: it has therefore pleased his Royal Higness, not only to re-confirm the free state and condition of his port, but over and above to offer the same to his Majesty of Great Britain, &c. increased with new privileges, and augmented with inviolable capitulations. To these motives a most valid and reciprocal inducement joins itself; to wit, the luxuriant fertility of soil, which is obvious in the kingdoms and other plantations which are under the dominion of his Majesty of Great Britain, &c. as also in the dominions of his said Royal Highness; which superstuity, since it is so properly and naturally transmitted and emptied into the mutual territories, with the reciprocal fruit and advantage of the subject, it was east/ for both Princes, between whomthere passed long since the ties of an ancient friendship, confirmed by repeated alliances, and by late conjunction in blood, to entertain thoughts of superadding the new tie of mutual commerce, by which they might, upon the score of advantaging their subjects, surther oblige, and reciprocally engage themselves to each other. To this end and purpofe it has pleased his most Excellent Majesty, by his letters patents under the great seal of England, to constitute Sir John Finch, knight, now resident for his Majesty of Great Britain with the Great Duke of Tuscany, his true and lawsul attorney, with a plenipotentiary power, as appears out of the letters patents themselves: and to the same intent and purpofe his Royal Highness has thought good to invest with the same power and authority Signor Joseph Maurice Philippone, his counsellor, auditor, and procurator general of his revenue, as is likewise apparent from the letters patents of his Royal Highness: both which plenipotentiaries, after several meetings, have finally concluded as follows.

Articles covenanted.

I. First, Since commerce was always the companion

of of peace, that peace which for many years was never interrupted by war, is now ratified, established, and confirmed, between the most Potent Monarch Charles the Second, King of Great Britain, &c. and his Royal Highness Charles Emanuel, the second of that name, Duke of Savoy, &c.; both whofe subjects are obliged, as well by sea as land, upon all occasions, to perform to each other all actions of mutual civility and kindness.

II. Secondly, It shall be permitted to, and lawful for all forts and kinds of ships and vessels, belonging to his Majesty the King of Great Britain, &c. or any of his subjects, to conduct and bring into the ports of Villa Franca, Nizza, or S. Hospitio, all things whatsoever, or all kinds of merchandize, whether produced by nature or made by art, in any part of the world: all which things or merchandize so brought, shall freely and lawsully, by the captains or masters, or any under them, or by the merchants or sactors, his Majesty's subjects, be landed and brought into the houses of the said merchants or sactors, or into any magazines or warehouses out of their houses in the said ports, and there conserved and kept by them as long as they please, without confiscation, imposition of custom, or exaction of any duty whatsoever. Furthermore, if all the said things, or any part of them, shall not be sold in the said ports, it is and shall be lawful for the said captains, masters, merchants, or sactors, his Majesty's subjects, freely to send all or any part of the said things by sea to whatsoever other place they please, without paying any custom, duty, or any sort of impofition whatsoever.

III. Thirdly, That all and every sort and kind of things and merchandize, which shall be sold in Nizza, Villa Franca, or S. Hospitio, and after the sale made shall be dispeeded or sent by sea into the territories of any other Prince, both in respect of the seller and buyer, shall always be free and clear from all custom,

X 4 ^y,


duty, or imposition whatsoever: but as to all those things and merchandizes which, after the sale made in the laid places, shall pafs by land into the territories of any other Prince, it is also covenanted and agreed, that during the space of ten years to ensue from the day of the publication of this present agreement, all such goods shall be free and clear from all custom, duty, or impost whatsoever, for their passage by land, and from any other penalty whatsoever, both in respect of the buyer and seller; which ten years being expired, if his Royal Highness will not further confirm this freedom of passage according to the aforesaid form and manner, in such case, for all and every the said things, which after sale made pass by land as aforesaid, shall be paid only one half of the impofition or duty which is exacted for passage in the rates or tariff printed in the end of the order published the 30th October,


IV. Fourthly, All and every fort and kind of things or merchandize, which are produced by nature, or made by art, in any of his Majesty's kingdoms, or in any plantations of the West or East Indies, or any other territories which at present are, or hereafter shall be, under the dominion of his Majesty, may and shall be freely fold by the subjects of his Majesty, throughout all the dominions of his Royal Highness, and any part of his territories or places of jurisdiction, without any prohibition or penalty, notwithstanding whatsoever law or edict to the contrary; excepted always, and only, salt, tobacco, gunpowder, match, birding-shot, bullets, whalebone, cards of all forts; because it is the custom to sarm out the liberty of selling these mentioned things, as monopolies to particular persons: notwithstanding, free leave is granted to his Majesty's subjects, according to what is expressed in the second article, to receive and keep within their houses, or warehouses, all the aforesaid forbidden commodities, without any cus* torn, duty, or penalty: nay further, free leave is granted to his Majesty's subjects to fell the said forbidden

commodities commodities to the monopolists or sarmers themselves. But all forts of merchandize (except the asoresaid prohibited ones) which shall be introduced and brought into the ports of Villa Franca, Nizza, or S. Holpitio, when they shall be extracted out of the said ports, to the end that they may be vented and fold within the dominions of his Royal Highness, he alone that extracts them, whether he be the buyer or the seller, shall pay only one half of that custom or duty which is specified in that book of rates or tariff, a printed copy of which, under-written by the procurator of his Royal Highness, was by him delivered to Sir John Finch; which duty or custom once paid, nothing more shall be paid within the dominions of his Royal Highness, either by the buyer or the seller, for the said goods or merchandize: with express declaration, that for all woollen manusactures, or whatsoever commodities asoresaid, which as it appears are not specified in the asoresaid books of rates or tariff, shall be paid duty or custom one and a half per centum, that is, half only of the three per centum impofed upon all commodities which are not specified in the mentioned book of rates, by the last article or lines of it; which duty or custom being once paid, nothing more shall be paid, neither by the buyer nor seller, within the dominions of his Royal Highness.

V. Fifthly, It is covenanted and agreed, that all sorts of ships and vessels belonging to his Majesty of Great Britain, &c. or any of his subjects, which shall set sail from England, or any place under the dominions of his Majesty, or out of his Majesty's dominions, not being infected with the plague, and shall arrive at the ports of Nizza, Villa Franca, or S. Hofpitio, with certificates or patents of good health, having in their voyage had no commerce with any places or persons suspected to be infected with the plague, are, and ought to be, free and clear from making Quarante- na, or any days whatsoever of purgation: and there shall be immediately granted to the persons in the said


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