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Serene and most Potent Peter, King of Portugal, requires that the commerce of both the British and the Portugal nations should be promoted as much as possible; and her Sacred Royal Majesty of Great Britain hath signified to his Sacred Royal Majesty of Portugal, by the most excellent John Methuen, Esq; member of the English parliament, and ambassador extraordinary in Portugal, that it would be very acceptable to her, if the woollen cloths, and the rest of the woollen manusactures of Britain, might be admited into Portugal, the prohibition of them being taken off; that this matter may be treated and transacted, they have given their full powers and commands; that is to say, her Sacred Majesty of Great Britain, to the abovesaid most excellent John Methuen, and his Sacred Majesty of Portugal, to the most excellent Don Emanuel Telles Silvius, Marquis of Alegrete, Conde de Villa Major, in the society of the knights of Christ, comendador of St. John d'Alegrete, and of de Soure, and

also in the college of comendador of St.

John d'Moura, and of St. Mary de Albuveira, one of the three directors of the treasury, and of the first gentlenien of the bedchamber, and counsellor of state to his Sacred Royal Portuguese Majesty: who, by virtue of the full powers to them respectively granted, having maturely and diligently considered the matter, have agreed upon the following articles.

I. His Sacred Royal Majesty of Portugal promises, both in his own name and that of his successors, to admit, for ever hereafter, into Portugal the woollen cloths, and the rest of the woollen manusactures of the Britons, as was accustomed till they were prohibited by the laws: nevertheless, upon this condition,

II. That is to say, that her Sacred Royal Majesty of Great Britain shall in her own name, and that of her successors, be obliged for ever hereafter to admit the wines of the growth of Portugal into Britain; fo


that at no time, whether there shall be peace or war between the kingdoms of Britain and France, any thing more shall be demanded for these wines, by the name of custom or duty, or by whatsoever other title, directly or indirectly, whether they shall be imported into Great Britain in pipes or hogsheads, or other casks, than what shall be demanded from the like quantity or measure of French wine, deducting or abating a third part of the custom or duty: but if at any time this deduction or abatement of customs, which is to be made as asoresaid, shall in any manner be attempted and prejudiced, it shall be just and lawful for his Sacred Royal Majesty of Portugal again to prohibit the woollen cloths, and the rest of the British woollen manusactures.

III. The most excellent lords the plenipotentiaries promise, and take upon themselves, that their abovenamed masters shall ratify this treaty, and that within the space of two months the ratifications shall be exchanged.

For the saith and testimony of all which things, I, the plenipotentiary of her Sacred Royal Majesty of Great Britain, have confirmed this treaty, by the subscription of my hand and by the seal of my coat of arms. And the most excellent lord the plenipotentiary of his Sacred Royal Majesty of Portugal, for avoiding the controversy about precedence between the two crowns of Britain and Portugal, hath subscribed another instrument of the same tenor, changing only what ought to be changed for that reason. Given at Lisbon, the 27th of the month of December, 1703.

(L. S.) John Metbuen.

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[The following is printed from the copy which was published by authority in 1717.]

His Majesty's Guaranty of the Treaty of Peace made at Utrecht, February 6, 1744* between the Crowns of Spain and Portugal.

GEORGE, by the grace of God, &c. to all and singular to whom these present letters shall come, greeting. Whereas the most Serene King of Portugal has notified to us, that peace is established between him and the most Serene King of Spain, by a treaty concluded at Utrecht on the sixth day of the month of February last past; and has also invited us, that, pursuant to what the late Queen Anne, of pious memory, our most dear sister and cousin, undertook, we would engage our promise and guaranty for the performance of the said treaty, and all and every the articles thereof. And whereas Jofeph da Cunha Brochado, ambassador extraordinary, and counsellor of the said most Serene King of Portugal, has, on the part of his Master, delivered to us a copy in due form of the said treaty, the guaranty or engagement for the performance of which is desired of us, written in the Portuguese language, and being word for word as hereunder follows.

In the name of the most Holy Trinity. Know all present and to come, that the greatest part of Christendom having been afflicted with a long and bloody war, &c.

We, following the steps of our royal ancestors, and being unwilling to decline any offices, by which the peace between the said Kings may be promoted, do therefore most readily engage for the preservation of the treaty now established; gladly taking this occasion to satisfy his Royal Majesty of Portugal of our friendship and sincere regard to his person and interests, agreeable to the most strict concord which has always been between the British and Portuguese crowns. We therefore have made ourselves guarantees and sureties

of of the said treaty of peace, as by these presents, in the most due and ample form, we do make ourselves guarantees and sureties thereof; engaging and promising, on our Royal word, to take care (as sar as in us lies) that the said treaty, with all and every the articles and clauses in it, shall be sacredly and inviolably observed according to their genuine sense, and that nothing shall be done in anywise contrary thereunto; and that we will be always ready to enter into all such reasonable measures as shall appear most necessary and effectual for preserving the same from all violation.

In witness whereof, we have caused our great seal of Great Britain to be affixed to these presents, signed with our Royal hand. Given at our palace at St. James's, on the third day of May, in the year of our Lord 1715, and of our reign the first.




J669. rpHE treaty of friendship and com19 Sept* J[ merce between Great Britain and Savoy, concluded at Florence. Pap. Off. K. 1. ...

1690. The accession of Savoy to the grand alli

aoOct. ance, of the 12th May 1689.

Treat. 1732, vol. iii. p. 334.

1697. By the treaty of Ryfwick, betwen Great

•J4 Sept. Britain and France, the treaty of peace between Savoy and France, dated the 29th of August 1696, was confirmed.

See the Treaty before, vol. i.—Table of Contents, art. France.
Treat. 1732, vol. i. p. 302.
Treat. 1785, vol. i. p. 299.

1704. The treaty between Great Britain and 4th Aug. Savoy, made at Turin, with the separate article.

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1713. By the treaty at Utrecht, between Great 31 Mar. Britain and France, the treaty of peace, be11 Apr. tween Savoy and France, which was concluded on the same day, was confirmed and guarantied.

See the Treaty before, vol. i. in
the Table of Contents, art.
Treat. 1732, vol. iii. p. 398.
Treat. 1785, vol. ii. p. 5.

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