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subsisted between the said Indians and the English t and his Britannic Majesty, on his part, will strictly prohibit all his subjects from furnishing arms, or warlike stores, to the Indians in general, situated upon the frontiers of the Spanish possessions.

XV. The two courts shall mutually transmit to each other duplicates of the orders, which they are to dispatch to their respective governors and commanders in America, for the accomplishment of the present convention; and a frigate, or proper ship of war, shall be appointed, on each side, to observe in conjunction that all things are performed in the best order possible, and with that cordiality and good saith of which the two Sovereigns have been pleased to set the example.

XVI. The present convention shall be ratified by their Britannic and Catholic Majesties, and the ratifications exchanged, within the space of six weeks, or sooner, if it can be done.

In witness whereof, we the under-signed ministers plenipotentiary of their Britannic and Catholic Majesties, in virtue of our respective full powers, have signed the present convention, and have affixed thereto the seals of our arms.

Done at London, this fourteenth day of July, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-six.

Carmarthen. (L. S.)

Le Chew del Cam so. (L. S.)

At the time of exchanging our Sovereigns ratifications of the convention signed the 14th of July last, we the undersigned ministers plenipotentiary have agreed, that the visit of the English and Spanish commissaries, mentioned in the 4th article of the said convention, with respect to the island of Cayo Casina, is to extend in like manner to all the other places, whether

in in the islands, or on the continent, where the English cutters shall be situated. In witness whereof, we have signed this declaration, and affixed thereto the seals of our arms. London, this 1st of September, 1786. their Subjects; concluded at London, the lytb of January 1642.

Carmarthen. (L. S.)

Le Marquis del Camp. (L. S.)

PORTUGAL.

1641. fTTAHE treaty of peace and commerce 29 Jan. X between Great Britain and Portugal, made at London.

Pap. Off. E. 2.
"Treat. 1732,. vol. ii. p. 322.
Corps Diplom. torn. vi. part. i. p.
238.

1654. The treaty of peace and alliance between io July. Great Britain and Portugal, made at Westminster, with the secret article. Pap. Off. E. 2.

Pojtlethnvayt's Dift. word Treaty.
Corps Diplom. torn. vi. part. ii. p. 8 2,

is very erroneous.
Treat. 1732, vol. iii. p. 97.
Treat. 1785, vol. i. p. 71.

This treaty was ratified, on the part of Portugal, at Alcantara, the 9th of June 1656.

Pap. Off. E. 2. b.
ThurL State Papers, vol. v. p.
68—113..

la

In the British Museum, there are copies of all the papers, which passed between Great Britain and Portugal, with regard to the last-mentioned treaty, from 1654 to 1656, inclusive. There are copies of several letters from John, King of Portugal, to the most Serene Protector of the commonwealth of England, which are written in language the most conciliatory, and which evince the cause of postponing the ratification to have been the articles about religion; being above our kingly authority, says his Majesty.

Shane MS. 1^4192.

1661. The marriage treaty of King Charles II. 23 June, with the Insanta Catherina of Portugal, confirming former treaties since 1641, with the secret article for yielding Bombay to Great Britain.

Pap. Off. P. 6.
Board of Trade, K. 49.
Pojllethwayt's Dili, word 'Treaties*

1703. The treaty of offensive and defensive al- 16 May liance between Great Britain, the Emperor, and the States General, on the one part, and Portugal on the other, made at Lisbon, with the separate and secret articles.

Pap. Off. E. 5.

Corps Diplom. torn. viii. part. i. p.

.12.7.
Treat. 1732, vol. iii. p. 354.
Treat. 1785, vol. i. p. 337.

1703. The defensive alliance between Great Bri16 May. tain, Portugal, and the States General, made at Lisbon.

Pap. Off. E. 6.

Treat. 1785, vol. i. p. 347.

1703. The treaty of commerce between Great 27 Dec. Britain and Portugal, made at Lisbon. Pap. Off. E. 7. Board of Trade, F. 29. Postlelbvjayt's Dicl. word Treaty. Treat. 1732, vol. iv. p. 334. Treat. 1785, vol. i. p. 353. Entered on the Com. Journ. vol. xiv. p. 290. •

1713. The guaranty of Great Britain to Por-^ 8 Aug. tugal, in regard to losses before the conclusion of a peace, and to the colony of St. Sacrament, made at Hampton Court. Pap. Off.E.%.

1715. The guaranty of Great Britain to Portu- 3 May. gal, of the treaty concluded between Portugal and Spain, at Utrecht, on the 6th of February 17-J4*

Buckley's Treat. 1717, p. 3.

1763. The definitive treaty of peace and friend10 Feb. ship between Great Britain, France, and Spain, made at Paris, to which Portugal acceded the same day.

See it before, under the head of France.
Treat. 1785, vol. iii. p. 177.

N. B. The privileges, which a British subject has a right to enjoy in Portugal, and in the dominions to the same belonging, may be seen in Postlethwayt's Dictionary, under the word Treaty.

Articles of Peace and Commerce between the High and
Potent Charles I. by the Grace of God, King of
Great Britain, France, and Ireland, Defender of
the Faith, and John IV. King of Portugal, &c. and

Vol. II. S their

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WHEREAS the High and Mighty Prince John the Fourth, King of Portugal, &c. hath some time ago sent his ambassadors to the King's most Excellent Majesty, who declared, it was his desire to renew the ancient alliance and amity that were between the Kings their predecessors, their crowns and subjects; his Majesty, being moved by the concern he has for the preservation of the peace and tranquillity of his kingdoms, and the liberty of trade and commerce of his wellbeloved subjects, by the advice of his privy council, has consented thereto, and makes known to all his well-beloved people, that the laid peace and alliance has been concluded and established between the said Kings, their kingdoms, territories, and subjects: and the King's most excellent Majesty has commanded the articles of the present treaty to be published, to serve for a direction to his merchants in their commerce; and has expressly enjoined and commanded all his subjects, of what quality or condition soever, to observe them. Given in our court at York, the iz& day of May, in the year of grace 1642, and of our reign the eighteenth. God save the King.

The Articles of Treaty.

I. It has been concluded and agreed, that there be, and shall be for ever, a good, true, and firm peace and amity between the most renowned Kings, Charles King of Great Britain, and John IV. King of Portugal, their heirs and successors, and their kingdoms, countries, states, lands, people, ships, and subjects whatsoever, present and to come, of what quality or condition soever they be, as well by sea as by land and fresh-waters 5 so that the said ships and subjects "shall treat one another savourably, and render one another all manner of good offices of true amity and affection; and that the said most renowned Kings, 2 their

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