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thorized Don Bernardo del Campo, knight of the Noble Order of Charles the Third, secretary of the same order, secretary of the supreme council of state, and his minister plenipotentiary to the King of Great Britain: who having communicated to each other their respective sull powers, prepared in due form, have agreed upon the following articles.
I. His Britannic Majesty's subjects, and the other colonists who have hitherto enjoyed the protection of England, shall evacuate the country of theMosquitos, as well as the continent in general, and the islands adjacent, without exception, situated beyond the line hereinafter described, as what ought to be the frontier of the extent of territory granted by his Catholic Majesty to the English, for the uses specified in the 3d article of the present convention, and in addition to the country already granted to them in virtue of the stipulations agreed upon by the commissaries of the two Crowns in 1783.
II. The Catholic King, to prove, on his fide, to the King of Great Britain, the sincerity of his sentiments of friendship towards his said Majesty, and the British nation, will grant to the English more extensive limits than thofe specified in the last treaty of peace: and the said limits of the lands added by the present convention shall for the suture be understood in the manner following.
The English line, beginning from the sea, shall take the center of the river Sibun or Jabon, and continue up to the source of the said river; from thence it shall crofs in a strait line the intermediate land, till it intersects the river Wallis; and by the center of the same river, the said line shall descend to the point where it will meet the line already settied and marked out by the commissaries of the two Crowns in 1783: which limits, following the continuation of the said line, shall be observed as formerly stipulated by the definitive treaty.
III. Although no other advantages have hitherto been in question, except that of cutting wood for dying, yet his Catholic Majesty, as a greater proof of his dispofition to oblige the King of Great Britain, will grant to the English the liberty of cutting all other wood, without even excepting mahogany, as well as gathering all the fruits, or produce of the earth, purely natural and uncultivated, which may besides, being carried away in their natural state, become an object of utility or of commerce, whether for food or for manusactures: but it is expressly agreed, that this stipulation is never to be used as a pretext for establishing in that country any plantation of sugar, coffee, cacao, or other like articles, or any sabric or manusacture, by means of mills or other machines whatsoever (this restriction however does not regard the use of saw-mills, for cutting or otherwise preparing the wood) since all the lands in question being indisputably acknowledged to belong of right to the Crown of Spain, no settlements of that kind, or the population which would follow, could be allowed.
The English shall be permitted to transport and convey all such wood, and other produce of the place, in its natural and uncultivated state, down the rivers to t the sea, but without ever going beyond the limits which are prescribed to them by the stipulations above granted, and without thereby taking an opportunity of ascending the said rivers beyond their bounds, into, the countries belonging to Spain.
IV. The English shall be permitted to occupy the small island known by the names of Casina, St. George's Key, or Cayo Casina, in consideration of the circumstance of that part of the coasts opposite to the said island being looked upon as subject to dangerous disorders; but this permission is only to be made use of for purpofes of real utility: and, as great abuses, no less contrary to the intentions of the British government, than to the essential interests of Spain, might arise from this permission, it is here stipulated, as an
indispensable condition, that no fortification, or work of defence whatever, shall at any time be erected there, nor any body of troops posted, nor any piece of artillery kept there; and in order to verify with good saith the accomplishment of this condition sine qua non (which might be infringed by individuals, without the knowledge of the British government) a Spanish officer or commissary, accompanied by an English commissary or officer, duly authorized, shall be admitted, twice a year, to examine into the real situation of fhings. ,
V. The English nation shall enjoy the liberty of refitting their merchant ships in the southern triangle, included between the point of Cayo Casina and the cluster of small islands which are situated opposite that part of the coast occupied by the cutters, at the distance of eight leagues from the river Wallis, seven from Cayo Casina, and three from the river Sibun; a place which has always been found well adapted to that purpofe, For which end, the edifices and storehouses absolutely necessary for that service shall be allowed to be built; but in this concession is also included the express condition of not erecting fortifications there at any time, or stationing troops, or constructing any military works; and in like manner it shall not be permitted to station any ships of war there, or to construct an arsenal, or other building, the object of which mig!lt be the formation of a naval establishment.
VI. It is also stipulated, that the English may freely and peaceably catch fish on the coast of the country assigned to them by the last treaty of peace, as also of that which is added to them by the present convention; but without going beyond their boundaries, and confining themselves within the distance specified in the preceding article.
VII. All the restrictions specified in the last treaty of 1783, for the entire preservation of the right of the Spanish sovereignty over the country, in which is
granted to the English only the privilege of making use of the wood of the different kinds, the fruits and other produce, in their natural state, are here confirmed; and the same restrictions shall also be observed with respect to the new grant. In consequence, the inhabitants of thofe countries shall employ themselves simply in the cutting and transporting of the said wood, and in the gathering and transporting of the fruits, without meditating any more extensive settlements, or the formation of any system of government, either military or civil, further than such regulations as their Britannic and Catholic Majesties may hereafter judge proper to establish, for maintaining peace and good order amongst their respective subjects.
VIII. As it is generally allowed that the woods and forests are preserved, and even multiply, by regular and methodical cuttings, the English shall observe this maxim, as sar as possible; but if, notwithstanding all their precautions, it should happen in course of time that they were in want of dying-wood, or mahogany, with which the Spanish possessions might be provided, the Spanish government shall make no difficulty to furnish a supply to the English, at a sair and reasonable price.
IX. Every possible precaution shall be observed to prevent smuggling; and the English shall take care to conform to the regulations which the Spanish government shall think proper to establish amongst their own subjects, in all communications which they may have with the latter; on condition nevertheless that the English shall be left in the peaceable enjoyment of the several advantages inserted in their savour in the last treaty, or stipulated by the present convention.
X. The Spanish governors shall be ordered to give to the said English dispersed, all possible sacilities for their removal to the settlements agreed upon by the present convention, according to the stipulations of the 6th article of the definitive treaty of 1783, with respect. spect to the country allotted for their use by the said article.
XI. Their Britannic and Catholic Majesties, in order to remove every kind of doubt with regard to the true construction of the present convention, think it necessary to declare that the conditions of the said convention ought to be observed according to their sincere intention to ensure and improve the harmony and good understanding which so happily subsist at present between their said Majesties.
In this view, his Britannic Majesty engages to give the most pofitive orders for the evacuation of the countries above-mentioned, by all his subjects of whatever denomination: but if, contrary to such declaration, there should still remain any persons so daring, as to presume, by retiring into the interior country, to endeavour to obstruct the entire evacuation already agreed upon, his Britannic Majesty, so sar from affording them the least succour, or even protection, will disavow them in the most solemn manner, as he will equally do thofe who may hereafter attempt to setde upon the territory belonging to the Spanish dominion.
XII. The evacuation agreed upon shall be completely effected within the space of six months after the exchange of the ratifications of this convention, or sooner, if it can be done. ,
XIII. It is agreed that the new grants described in the preceding articles, in savour of the English nation, are to take place as soon as the aforesaid evacuation shall be entirely accomplished.
XIV. His Catholic Majesty, prompted solely by motives of humanity, promises to the King of England, that he will not exercise any act of severity against the Mosquitos, inhabiting in part the countries which are to be evacuated, by virtue of the present convention, on account of the connections which may have