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any further delay, on any motive or pretext whatever.

IX. The introducing of garrisons into the places of Leghorn, Porto-serraio, Parma, and Placentia, to the number of six thousand men of his Catholic Majesty's troops, and in his pay, shall be effectuated without loss of time; which troops shall serve for the better securing and preserving of the immediate succession of the said states in savour of the most Serene Insante Don Carlos, and to be ready to withstand any enterprize and opposition which might be formed to the prejudice of what has been regulated touching the said succession.

X. The contracting Powers shall forthwith use all the applications which they shall judge to be consistent with the dignity and quiet of the most Serene Great Duke of Tuscany, and the Duke of Parma, to the end the garrisons may be received with the greatest tranquillity, and without opposition, as soon as they shall present themselves before the places into which they are to be introduced.

The said garrisons shall take an oath to the present possessors to defend their persons, sovereignty, possessions and states, and subjects, in every thing that shall not be contrary to the right of succession reserved to the most Serene Insante Don Carlos; and the present possessors shall not demand or exact any thing that is contrary thereto.

The said garrisons shall not meddle, directly or indirectly, under any pretext whatsoever, in affairs of the political, ceconomical, or civil government; and shall have most express orders to render to the most Serene Great Duke of Tuscany and the Duke of Parma, all the respects and military honours that are due to sovereigns in their own dominions.

XI. The intent of introducing the said six thousand men of his Catholic Majesty's troops, and in his pay, being to secure to the most Serene Insante Don

Carlos

Carlos the immediate succession of the States of Tuscany, Parma, and Placentia, his Catholic Majesty promises, as well for himself as his successors, that as soon as the most Serene Insante Don Carlos his son, or such other who shall succeed to his rights, shall be the quiet possessor of thofe states, and in sasety from all invasion and other just grounds of fear, he will cause to be withdrawn from the places in those states the troops which shall be his own, and not belonging to the Insante Don Carlos, or to him who shall succeed to his rights, in such manner that thereby the said succession or possession may rest secure and exempt from all events.

XII. The contracting Powers engage to establish, according to the rights of succession which have been stipulated, and to maintain the most Serene Insante Don Carlos, or him to whom his rights shall devolve, in the possession and enjoyment of the States of Tuscany, Parma, and Placentia, when he shall once be settled there; to defend him from all insult, against any Power whatsoever, that might intend to disturb him; declaring themselves by this treaty, guarantees for ever of the right, possession, tranquillity, and quiet of the most Serene Insante, and of his successors, to the said states.

XIII. As to other particulars or regulations concerning the keeping up of the said garrisons once established in the states of Tuscany, Parma, and Placentia, as it is to be presumed that his Catholic Majesty and the most Serene Great Duke, and Duke of Parma, will settle the same by an agreement between themselves, their Britannic and most Christian Majesties promise, that as soon as that agreement shall be made, they will ratify and guaranty it, as well to his Catholic Majesty, as to the most Serene Great Duke and Duke of Parma, as if it were inserted word for word in the present treaty.

XIV. The States General of the United ProvinVol. II. Ct ces ces shall be invited to come into the present treaty and articles. Such other Powers as shall be agreed on, shall likewise be invited and admitted by concert into the same treaty and articles.

The ratifications of the present treaty shall be dispatched within the space or six weeks, or sooner, if it can be done, to be reckoned from the day of signing it.

In witness whereof, we the under-written ministers plenipotentiaries of his Britannic Majesty, of his most Christian Majesty, and of his Catholic Majesty, by virtue of our full powers, which have been communicated to each other, transcripts of which shall be hereto annexed, have signed the present treaty, and caused the seals of our arms to be affixed thereto. Done at Seville, the ninth day of November, one thousand seven hundred twenty-nine.

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I. ALTHOUGH, conformably to the preliminary articles, it is said in the fourth article of the treaty signed this day, that the commerce of the English nation in America should be re-established on the foot of the treaties and conventions antecedent to the year one thousand seven hundred twenty-five; however, for the greater exactness, it is further declared by the present article, between their Britannic and Catholic Majesties, which shall have the same force, and be under the same guaranty as the treaty signed this day, that under that general denomination are comprehended the treaties of peace and of commerce, concluded at Utrecht the thirteenth of July and ninth of December, in the year one thousand seven hundred thirteen, in which are comprized the treaty of one thousand six hundred sixty-seven, made at Madrid, and the cedulas therein mentioned; the latter treaty made at Madrid the fourteenth of December, one thousand seven hundred fifteen; as also the particular contract, commonly called the Affiento, for bringing negro slaves into the Spanish Indies, which was made the twenty-sixth day of March, in the said year one thousand seven hundred thirteen, in consequence of the twelfth article of the treaty of Utrecht; and likewise the treaty ofdeclaration, touching that of the Assiento, made the twenty-sixth of May, one thousand seven hundred sixteen: all which treaties mentioned in this article, with their declarations, shall from this day (even during the examination by the commissaries) be and remain in their force, virtue, and full vigour; for the observation of which his Catholic Majesty shall cause to be dispatched forthwith, if they have not been dispatched, the necessary orders and cedulas to his Viceroys, governors, and other ministers, to whom it shall appertain, as well in Europe as in the Indies, to the end that without any delay or interruption they may cause them to be observed and fulfilled.

In like manner his Britannic Majesty promises and engages to publish the necessary orders, if any be wanting, for re-establishing the commerce of the subjects of Spain in all the countries under his dominion, on the foot specified by the said treaties, and for causing them to be exactly observed and fulfilled.

II. Consequendy, all ships, merchandize, and effects, which shall not have been taken or seized on account of unlawful commerce, and which shall now be proved, by authentic proofs and documents, to have been detained, seized, or confiscated in the ports of Spain, either in Europe or in the Indies, and namely the ship Prince Frederick and her cargo, if they have not been restored already, shall be immediately restored, in the same kind, as thole dungs were in, if the same shall be found still remaining in their former condition; or in desault thereof, the just

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228 TREATIES [1604and true value of them, according to their valuation, which, if it was not made at the time, shall be regulated by the authentic informations which the proprietors shall exhibit to the magistrates of the places and towns where the seizures were made: his Britannic Majesty promising the like on his part, as to all seizures, confiscations, or detentions, which may have been made contrary to the tenor of the said treaties : their said Britannic and Catholic Majesties agreeing, that with respect to the like seizures, confiscations, or detentions on either side, the validity of which may not yet have been sufficiently made out, the discussion and decision of them shall be referred to the examination of the commissaries, to do therein according to right, upon the foot of the treaties here above-mentioned.

The present separate articles shall have the same force as if they were inserted word for word in the treaty, concluded and signed this day. They shall be ratified in the same manner, and the ratifications of them shall be exchanged at the same time as those of the said treaty.

In witness whereof we the underwritten ministers plenipotentiaries of his Britannic Majesty, of his most Christian Majesty, and of his Catholic Majesty, by virtue of our sull powers, have signed the present separate articles, and caused the seals of our arms to be put thereto. Done at Seville, the ninth day of November, one thousand seven hundred twenty-nine.

IV. Stanhope. Brancas. EL Marq. de la Paz. (L. S) (L. S.) (L. S.) B. Keene. D. Joseph Patino. (L. S.) (L. S.)

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