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to gather salt in the island of Tortudos, they having enjoyed that permission in the time of King Charles the Second without interruption.

IV. The said subjects shall not any where pay higher or other duties, than thofe which his Catholic Majesty's subjects pay in the same place.

V. The said subjects shall enjoy all the rights, privileges, franchises, exemptions, and immunities whatsoever, which they enjoyed before the last war, by virtue of the royal cedules or ordinances, and by the articles of the treaty of peace and commerce made at Madrid in 1667, which is fully confirmed here; and the said subjects shall be used in Spain in the same manner as the most savoured nation, and consequently all nations shall pay the same duties on wool and other merchandize which shall be brought into, or carried out of these kingdoms by land, as the said subjects pay on the fame goods which they shall import or export by sea; and all the rights, privileges, franchises, exemptions, and immunities, which shall be granted or permitted to any nation whatever, shall likewise be granted and permitted to the said subjects; the same shall be granted, observed, and permitted to the subjects of Spain in the kingdoms of his Britannic Majesty.

VI. And as there may have been innovations in commerce, his Catholic Majesty promises to use all possible endeavours on his part for abolishing them, and for the future will by all sorts of means cause them to be forborn. In the like manner his Britannic Majesty promises to use all possible endeavours for abolishing all innovations on his part, and for the future will by all sorts of means cause them so be forborn.

VII. The treaty of commerce made at Utrecht on the 9th of December 1713, shall remain in force, thofe articles excepted which shall appear to be contrary to what is concluded and signed this day, which shall be

abolished abolished and of no force, and especially the three articles commonly called explanatory; and these presents shall be approved, ratified, and exchanged on both sides within the term of fix weeks, or sooner if it be possible.

In witness whereof, and by virtue of our full powers, we have signed these presents, at Madrid, on the fourteenth of December, one thousand seven hundred and fifteen.

El Marq. de Bedmar, (L. S.)
George Bulb, (L. S.)

[The following is printed from the treaty which was published by authority in 1718.]

Treaty of Alliance for settling the public Peace. Signed

at London j^~ 1718. Note. This Treaty is

commonly called The Quadruple Alliance.

IN the name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity.

Be it known to all whom it doth concern, or may any way concern.

Whereas the most Serene and most Potent Prince George, of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, King, Duke of Brunswick and Lunenburgh, Elector of the Holy Roman Empire, &c. and the most Serene and most Potent Prince Lewis XV. the most Christian King, &c. as likewise the High and Mighty States General of the United Provinces of the Netherlands; being continually intent on preserving the blessing of peace, have duly considered, that however, by the triple alliance concluded by them on the 4th day of January 1717, their own kingdoms and provinces were provided for, yet that the provision was neither so general nor so solid, as that the public tranquillity could long flourish and last, unless at the same time the jealousies loufies which were still increasing between some of the Princes of Europe as perpetual occasions of variance, could be removed: and being convinced by experience from the war kindled the last year in Italy, for the timely extinguishing whereof by a treaty made the 18th day of July, N.S. in the year 1718, they agreed among themselves upon certain articles of pacification, according to which a peace might be brought about and established between his Sacred Imperial Majesty and the King of Spain; as likewise between his said Imperial Majesty and the King of Sicily, and sarther gave a friendly invitation to his Imperial Majesty, that out of his love for the public peace and quiet, he would receive and approve the said articles of convention in his own name, and accordingly that he himself would accede to the treaty made by them, the tenor of which is as followeth.

Conditions of Peace between his Imperial Majesty and bis Royal Catholic Majesty.

I. For quieting the disturbances lately raised contrary to the peace of Baden, concluded the 7th day of September 1714, as likewise to the neutrality established for Italy by the treaty of the 14th day of March 1713, the most Serene and most Potent King of Spain obliges himself to restore to his Imperial Majesty, and accordingly shall immediately, or at the sarthest after two months, to be reckoned from the exchange of the ratifications of this present treaty, actually restore to his said Imperial Majesty the island and kingdom of Sardinia, in the condition wherein he seized it, and shall renounce in savour of his Imperial Majesty all rights, pretensions, interests, and claims upon the said kingdom; so that his Imperial Majesty sully and freely, and in the manner which he judges best, out of his love to the public good, may dispofe of it as of his own property.

II. Whereas the only method which could be found out for fixing a durable balance in Europe was judged

. to to be this, that it should be an established rule that the kingdoms of France and Spain should never go together, or be united in one and the same person, or in one and the £tme line, and that thofe two monarchies should henceforward for ever remain separate; and whereas for confirming this rule, so necessary for the public tranquillity, thofe Princes, to whom the prerogative of birth might have given a right of succeeding in both kingdoms, have solemnly renounced one of thofe two kingdoms for themselves and all their posterity; so that this separation of the two monarchies has passed into a fundamental law in the general assembly commonly called Las Kortes, which was received at Madrid the 9th day of November 1712, and consolidated by the treaties of Utrecht, the 11 th day of April 1713 j his Imperial Majesty being willing to give the utmost perfection to so necessary and wholesome a law, to take away all ground of suspicion, and to promote the public tranquillity, doth accept and agree to thofe things which were done, ratified, and established in the treaty of Utrecht, with regard to the right and order of succession to the kingdoms of France and Spain, and doth renounce, as well for himself, as for his heirs, descendants, and successors, male and female, all rights, and all and every pretension whatsoever, not one in the least excepted, on any kingdoms whatsoever, dominions, and provinces ofthe Spanish monarchy, whereof the Catholic King was acknowledged to be the rightsul possessor by the treaty of Utrecht, and will cause to be made out in due form accordingly solemn acts of renunciation, which he will cause to be published and registered in the proper courts, and promises that he will exhibit the usual instruments thereupon to his Catholic Majesty and to the contracting Powers.

III. By virtue of the said renunciation, which his Imperial Majesty has made out of regard to the security of all Europe; and in consideration likewise that the Duke of Orleans has for himself and for his descendants renounced all his rights and claims upon the [ Vol. II. N kingdom kingdom of Spain, on condition that neither the Emperor, nor any of his descendants, shall ever succeed to the said kingdom; his Imperial Majesty doth acknowledge Philip V. to be lawsul king of Spain and of the Indies, and doth promise to give him the titles and prerogatives belonging to his dignity and his kingdoms; and moreover, he will allow him, his descendants, heirs, and successors, male and female, peaceably to enjoy all thofe dominions of the Spanish monarchy in Europe, the Indies, and elsewhere, the possession whereof was allowed to him by the treaties of Utrecht, nor will he directly or indirectly disturb him in the said possession at any time, nor will he claim to himself any right to the said kingdoms and provinces.

IV. In return for the renunciation and acknowledgment made by his Imperial Majesty in the two foregoing articles, the Catholic King, as well in his own, as in the name of his heirs, descendants, and successors, male and female, doth renounce in savour of his Imperial Majesty, his successors, heirs, and descendants, male and female, all rights and claims whatsoever, none in the least being excepted, upon all and every the kingdoms, provinces, and dominions, which his Imperial Majesty doth possess in Italy or the Netherlands, or may accrue to him by virtue of this present treaty; and he doth wholly abdicate all rights, kingdoms, and provinces in Italy, which heretofore belonged to the Spanish monarchy, among which the marquisate of Final, yielded by his Imperial Majesty to the republic of Genoa in the year 1713, is understood to be expressly comprehended; and he will cause to be made out accordingly solemn acts of renunciation in due form, which he will cause to be published and registered in the proper courts, and promises that he will exhibit the usual instruments thereupon to his Imperial Majesty and the contracting Powers. His Catholic Majesty doth in like manner renounce the right of reversion of the kingdom of Sicily to the crown of Spain,

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