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King of Spain, which had subsisted from the longest date of time between the British and Spanish crowns, to the mutual benefit of both nations: wherefore we were pleased to appoint the same ministers, who had so long, and with so good success, applied themselves in our name to promote and finish the most wholesome work of peace between the Christian princes and states at Utrecht, to conclude and sign terms and conditions, as well of peace and friendship, as of commerce and navigation, between us and the said Catholic King. Know ye therefore, that we reposing very great confidence in the sidelity, industry, and perspicacity and experience, in treating of affairs of the greatest importance, of the Right Reverend Father in God our right trusty and well-beloved counsellor John Lord Bishop of Bristol, keeper of our privy seal, dean of Windsor, and register of our most noble Order of the Garters and of our right trusty and right well-beloved cousin and counsellor Thomas Earl of Straffbrd, Viscount "Wentworth of Wentworth Woodhouse, and of Staineborough, Baron of Raby, lieutenant general of our armies, first commissioner of our admiralty, knight of our most noble Order of the Garter, and our ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary to the High and Mighty Lords the States General of the United Provinces, have nominated, made, and constituted, as we do by these presents nominate, make, and constitute them our true, certain, and undoubted ambassadors extraordinary, commissaries, procurators, and plenipotentiaries, giving and granting to them, either jointly or separately, all and all manner of power, leave, and authority, and our general as well as special command (provided that our general command shall not derogate from or be contrary to our special command) to meet at Utrecht, or at any other place whatsoever, and have conferences with the ambassadors extraordinary and plenipotentiaries, whom the said Catholic King shall depute on his side, and provide with sufficient authorities, and of treating of, agreeing upon, and concluding
sase, firm, and honourable conditions of peace and friendship between us and the said Catholic King, and ps signing whatsoever shall be so agreed for us, and in our name, and of making, delivering, and receiving reciprocally, all the necessary instruments of the things concluded, how many or whatsoever they are, and in general, of doing and performing all things which they shall judge to be any ways necessary or convenient towards making and establishing conditions of peace and friendship as aforesaid, in as ample manner and form, and with the same force and effect, as we could do and perform the same, if we ourselves were present; promising and engaging our Royal word, that we will approve and ratify all and every one of the articles, which hy virtue of these presents shall he transacted, concluded, and signed by our said ambassadors extraordinary, commissaries, procurators, and plenipotentiaries, jointly or separately, in the form and manner wherein they are agreed. For the greater testimony and validity whereof, having signed these presents with our Royal hand, we have commanded our great seal to be affixed thereunto. Given at our palace at St. James's the third day of May, 1713, in the twelfth year of our reign.
DON PrflLIP, by the grace of God, King of Castille, Leon, Aragon, and both Sicilies, Jerusalem, Navarre, Granada, Toledo, Valencia, Galicia, Majorca, Seville, Sardinia, Cordoua, Corsica, Murcia, Jaen, the Algarves, Algezira, Gibraltar, the Canaries, the East and West Indies, the islands and continent of the ocean, Archduke of Austria, Duke of Burgundy, Brabant, and Milan, Count of Apsburg, Flanders, Tirol, and Barcelona, Lord of Biscay and Molina, ,&c. Whereas Europe has, through the unsearchable judgments of God, suffered a more bloody and obstinate war than ever yet was seen, to the ruin of the people and provinces, the rage of which no human means have been able to extinguish, till this present time, when, by ." the
the grace of the Divine goodness, manifest signs have been given of a certain disposition to restore peace and quiet so much desired by the whole Christian world, but more especially by us, for the sake of what our dominions have respectively suffered. And whereas plenipotentiaries have been named by some of the principal powers engaged in the war, with sufficient authority to treat of peace, which is to be entered into with mutual friendship; we therefore being willing en our part to concur in so laudable and glorious a desire,,have determined to nominate, as we do, by virtue of these presents, nominate you Don Francisco Maria de Paula, Tellez Giron, Venavides, Carrillo and Toledo, Ponce cf Leon, Duke of Ossuna, our cousin, Count of Uzena, Marquis of Pennafiel, one of the first nobles of my bed-chamber, and great chamberlain, notary major of my kingdoms of Castille, Clavero mayor and commander of the same order, and of the usagre of the Order of St. James, captain of my royal life-guards; Don John de Browkoven, Count of Bergueych, our counsellor and minister of war, and superintendant general of our finances in Flanders; and Don Isidore Cazade de Rosales, Marquis of Monteleon, our kinsman, and sena» tor in our royal council of the Indies, our ambassadors and plenipotentiaries: Because we know that your persons are adorned with prudence, experience, zeal, and love for our interest, and the high qualities which arc chiefiy necessary to the direction and dispofal of an afsair of so great and important a consequence; we therefore charge and command you, that you immediately repair to the congress at Utrecht, which is the place appointed for treating of peace; that you may there, together with the plenipotentiaries appointed by the Kings and Potentates concerned, and provided with sufficient authority and instructions, enter into, and be impowered to enter into conferences or agreements of a particular or general peace; and we do grant sull and intire power and authority to you the Duke of Ossuna, the Count of Bergueych, and Marquis de Monte
leon, to you all three together, or to two of you, in cafe of the absence or infirmity of the other, or to one alone, in cafe of the absence or infirmity of the other two, to enter into, conclude, and sign in our name, a treaty of peace between us and the other Kings and Potentates in war, joindy with them all, or separately with any one of them, and to agree upon, conclude, subscribe, and deliver all instruments necessary on this occasion, and in general to do, promise, and stipulate such acts and declarations as shall be necessary to the exchange of what shall be agreed upon, and all other things whatsoever, which any way conduce or relate to the conclusion or negotiation of peace, although they are not expressed here, and with the same power, authority, and fulness, as we ourselves could do, if we were present; and even in thofe affairs and acts which may require a more special and express command than is contained in these full powers: and whatsoever you three, or two of you, in cafe of the absence or sickness of one of you, or one alone, in the like cafe of the absence or sickness of the other two, as is abovesaid, shall do, treat, promise, conclude, and corroborate with your subscription, we engaging our saith and Royal word, do promise to confirm and ratify, without any diminution, with the oaths and other solemnities requisite and necessary in such a cafe, within the time which shall be signed reciprocally by the plenipotentiaries at the said congress. In witness whereof, and for the greater force and validity of the same, we have ordered to be dispatched, and have dispatched these presents, signed with our hand, sealed with our privy seal, and countersigned by our underwritten secretary.of state. Given at Madrid, the a8th day of December 1711.
//fe KIN G. Don Manuel of Vadillo and Velajco.
[The following is printed from the copy published by authority in 1714-]
Treaty of Navigation and Commerce between the most Serene and most Potent Princess Anne, by the Grace cf God, Queen of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, &c. and the most Serene and most Potent Prince Philip the Vth, the Catholic King of Spain, concluded at Utrecht, the
- i r-. r November
ANNE, by the grace of God, Queen of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, Defender of the saith, &c. To all and singular to whom these presents shall come, greeting. Whereas the Right Reverend Father in God, our right trusty and well-beloved counsellor, John Bishop of Bristol, our ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary, dean of Windsor, and register of our most noble Order of the Garter, did on our part, together with the plenipotentiaries of his Catholic Majesty, conclude and sign at Utrecht, on die ~ day of Nov<:"''""r 171 -;, a treaty of commerce between the sub
Dcceniher to* J
jects of Great Britain and Spain, as follows:
A good and firm peace, and a true and sincere friendship, having, by the mercisul assistance of God, been happily established between the most Serene and Potent Prince and Lady, Anne, by the grace of God, Queen of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, &c. and the most Serene and Potent Prince and Lord, Philip the Fifth, by the grace of God, Catholic King of Spain, &c. and their heirs and successors, kingdoms and subjects, by a treaty of pacification concluded at Utrecht, the -Secnm'-h day of the month of
J uly last past, their Majesties before all things made it their care, that the mutual advantage of their subjects in matters of trade might be provided for after the best manner; and therefore they most graciously gave instructions to their ambassadors extraordinary and plenipotentiaries