The Success of Open Source

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Harvard University Press, 2004 - Business & Economics - 312 pages
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Much of the innovative programming that powers the Internet, creates operating systems, and produces software is the result of “open source” code, that is, code that is freely distributed—as opposed to being kept secret—by those who write it. Leaving source code open has generated some of the most sophisticated developments in computer technology, including, most notably, Linux and Apache, which pose a significant challenge to Microsoft in the marketplace. As Steven Weber discusses, open source’s success in a highly competitive industry has subverted many assumptions about how businesses are run, and how intellectual products are created and protected. Traditionally, intellectual property law has allowed companies to control knowledge and has guarded the rights of the innovator, at the expense of industry-wide cooperation. In turn, engineers of new software code are richly rewarded; but, as Weber shows, in spite of the conventional wisdom that innovation is driven by the promise of individual and corporate wealth, ensuring the free distribution of code among computer programmers can empower a more effective process for building intellectual products. In the case of Open Source, independent programmers—sometimes hundreds or thousands of them—make unpaid contributions to software that develops organically, through trial and error. Weber argues that the success of open source is not a freakish exception to economic principles. The open source community is guided by standards, rules, decisionmaking procedures, and sanctioning mechanisms. Weber explains the political and economic dynamics of this mysterious but important market development.
 

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LibraryThing Review

User Review  - dvf1976 - LibraryThing

I wanted to read this book since I work at Red Hat. The book isn't really a 'rah-rah-rah!' open source companies, but it does give me some comfort that Red Hat will stick around. Read full review

The success of open source

User Review  - Not Available - Book Verdict

"Open source" refers to software-actually, the source code for software-that is widely distributed (generally at very low cost), maintained, and improved by a community of programmers who donate their ... Read full review

Contents

Property and the Problem of Software
1
The Early History of Open Source
20
What Is Open Source and How Does It Work?
54
A Maturing Model of Production
94
Explaining Open Source Microfoundations
128
Explaining Open Source MacroOrganization
157
Business Models and the Law
190
The Code That Changed the World?
224
Notes
275
Index
303
Copyright

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