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308. First, here's young master Rash; &c.] This enumeration of the inhabitants of the prison affords a very striking view of the practices predominant in Shakspere's age. Besides those whose follies are common to all times, we have four fighting men and a traveller. It is not unlikely that the originals of the pictures were then known. JOHNSON.

First, here's young master Rash--) All the names
here mentioned are characteristical. Rash was a stuff
formerly used. So, in A Reply as true as Steele, to a
rusty, rayling, ridiculous, lying Libell, which was lately
written by an impudent unsoder'd Ironmonger, and
called by the name of An Answer to a foolish Pamphlet,
entitled, A Swarme of Setaries and Schismatiques. By
John Taylour, 1641 :

" And with mockado suit, and judgment rash,
“ And tongue of saye, thou’lt say all is but

309. commodity of brown paper and old gin-
ger. -] Thus the old copy. The modern editors
read, brown pepper.

The following passage in
Michaelmas Term, a comedy, 1607, will justify the ori-
ginal reading:

" I know some gentlemen in town have been glad,
and are glad at this time, to take up commodities in
hawk's-hoods and brown paper."
Again, in A New Trick to cheat the Devil, 1636:

to have been so bit already
“ With taking up commodities of brown paper,
“ Buttons past fashion, silks, and sattins,

“* Babies





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“ Babies and children's fiddles, with lik

« Took up at a dear rate, and sold for Again, in Greene's Quip for an Upstart Courti

For the merchant, he delivered the iron, hops, sugars, spices, oyls, brown paper, or else, from six months to six months. Whi the poor gentleman came to sell again, heç make threescore and ten in the hundred b usury," Again, in Greene's Defence of Cone 1592 : -o that if he borrow an hundre he shall have forty in silver, and threescore as lutestrings, hobby horses, or brown cloath,” &c.

Again, in the Spanish Curate of Beaur Fletcher : « Commodities of pins, brown paper

thread." Again, in Gascoigne's Steele Glasse : “ To teach young men the trade to

SE A commodity of brown paper. Mr. Stee ports this rightly. Fennor asks, in his Commonwealth, co suppose the commodities are after Signior Unthrift, and Master Broaker ! sealed the bonds, how must those hobl reams of brown paper, Jewes trumpes and bab and rattles be solde ?"

324. -in for the Lord's sake.] i, e. the rest of their lives.


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The word in has been supplied by some of the modern editors.

It appears from a poem entitled, Paper's Complaint,
printed among Davies's epigrams, [about the year
1611] that this was the language in which prisoners,
who were confined for debt, addressed passengers :
“ Good gentle writers, for the Lord's sake, for the

Lord's sake,
" Like Ludgate prisoner, lo, I, begging make

“My mone.
Again, in Nashe's Apologie of Pierce Pennilesse, 1593:
er At that time that thy joys were in the Fleeting,
and thou crying for the Lord's sake, out at an iron
window, in a lane not far from Ludgate-Hill."-

MALONE. 373 to transport himm] To remove him from one world to another. The French trépas affords a kindred sense.

JOHNSON 396. To the under generation -] So Sir Thomas Hanmer, with true judgment. It was in all the for. mer editions :

To yonder
- ye under and yonder were confounded.

The old reading is not yonder but yond. STEEVENS.

419. When it is least expected.] A better reason might have been given. It was necessary to keep Isabella in ignorance, that she might with more keenness accuse the deputy.


-your bosom~-~~] Your wish; your heart's desire.


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455. I am combined by a sacred vow,] S uses combine for to bind by a pact or agreem calls Angelo the combinate husband of Maria


-] To wend is obsolete word. So, in the Comedy of Errors

Hopeless and helpless doth Ægeon u Again, in Orlando Furioso, 1599 : "] Daughter wend with us to France.S:

469. if the old, &c.] Sir Thomas Hani thee odd fantastical duke, but old is a commo aggravation in ludicrous language, as, the revelling:

472. -he lives not in them.] i. e. his cha pends not on them.

S 474. -~-woodman, --] A Woodman see been an attendant or servant to the offic Forrester. Mr. Reed, who makes this or cites in confirmation of it, Manhood on the F 4t0, 1615. p. 46. but adds-It is here, how in a wanton sense, and was, probably in ou time, generally so received. In like man Chances, act i. sc. 9. the landlady says,

« Well, well, son John, I see you are a woodman, and can che

“ Your deer tho it be i' th' dark." So, in The Merry Wives of Windsor, Falst mistresses :

Am I a woodman? ha!”

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Fler the

-sort and suit,] Figure and rank.

Johnson. 512, -makes me unpregnant,] In the first scene the Duke says that Escalus is pregnant, i. e. ready in the fornis of law. Unpregnant, therefore, in this instance before us, is unready, unprepared. Steevens. 515.

- But that her tender shame
Will not proclaim against her maiden loss,
How might she tongue me? Yet reason dares her?


For my authority, &c.] Warburton explains this; dares her to reply No to me, whatever I say.' Theobald corrects the passage and reads : dares her note.' Hanmer alters the pointing : dares her: No.' So does Upton : dares her--No.? Which he explains thus: Were it not for her modesty, how might she proclaim my guilt ? yet (you'll say) she has reason on her side, and that will dare her to do it. I think not; for my authority, &c. Johnson says, he has nothing to offer worth insertion. Mr. Steevens would read : “yet reason dares her not ;' which he expounds, reason does not challenge or incite her to appear against me.' Mr. Henley says, the expression is a provincial' one, and means, ' reason dares her [by which we suppose he understands defies her] to do it, as by this means she would not only publish her “ maiden loss,' but also as she would suffer from the imposing credit of his station and power.' We think Mr. Henley rightly understands the passage, but has not sufficiently explained himself. Reason, or reflection, is, we conceive, personified by


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