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IDIRTH of Mr. Washington. His mission to the French on the Ohio.
Appointed lieutenant colonel of a regiment of regular troops. Sur-
prises M. Jumonville. Capitulation of Fort Necessity. Is appointed
aid de camp to General Braddock. Defeat and death of that general.
Is appointed to the command of a regiment. Extreme distress of the
frontiers, and exertions of Colonel Washington to augment the regular
force of the colony. General Forbes undertakes the expedition
against Fort du Quesne. Defeat of Major Grant. Fort du Quesne
'evacuated by the French, and taken possession of by the English.
Resignation and marriage of Colonel Washington. 1
A 2 CHAPTER
Opinions on the supremacy of Parliament, and itt right to tax the colo-
nies. Stamp act. Congress assemble at New York. Violence in the
great towns. Change of administration. Stamp act repealed. Op-
position to the mutiny act. Act imposing duties on tea, &c. resisted in
America. The Assembly of Massachussetts address letters to several
members of the administration in England. Petition to the King.
Circular letter to the colonial Assemblies. Letter from the Earl of
Hillsborough. Assembly of Massachussetts dissolved. Seizure of the
sloop Liberty. A Convention assembles at Faneuil Hall, Boston. Mo-
deration of its proceedings. Proceedings of Parliament. Resolutions
of the House of Burgesses of Virginia. The governor dissolves the
Assembly. The members form and sign a non-importation agreement.
Measures generally taken against the importation of British manufac-
tures. General Court again convened in Massachussetts. Its proceed-
ings. Is prorogued. Administration resolve on a repeal of all the
duties, except that on tea. Circular letter of the Earl of Hillsbo-
rough. New York recedes, in part, from the non-importation agree-
ment. Riot in Boston. Trial and acquittal of Captain Preston. In-
surrection in North Carolina. Dissatisfaction of Massachussetts. Cor-
responding committees appointed. Governor Hutchinson's correspond-
ence, with administration, sent over by Dr. Franklin. The Assembly
petition for the removal of the governor and lieutenant governor.
Hutchinson is succeeded by General Gage. - 80
Measures to enforce the act concerning duties. Ferment excited in
America. The tea is thrown into the sea, at Boston. Measures of
Parliament. General enthusiasm in America. A general Congress is
proposed. General Gage arrives in Boston. Troops stationed on Bos-
ton Neck. New counsellors and judges. Obliged to resign. Boston
Neck fortified. Military stores seized by General Gage. Preparations
for defence in Massachussetts. King's speech in Parliament. Pro-
ceedings of that body. Battle of Lexington. Vote of Massachussetts
for raising men. Meeting of Congress. Proceedings of that body.
Battle of Breed's Hill. - l6l
Colonel Washington appointed commander in chief of the American
forces. Arrives at Cambridge. Strength and disposition of the two
armies. Deficiency of the Americans in arms and ammunition. Fal-
mouth burned. Success of the American cruizers. Distress of the
British, from the want of fresh provisions. Difficulty of re-enlisting
the army. Plans for attacking Boston. Possession taken of the
Heights of Dorchester. Boston evacuated. ..... 245
Invasion of Canada meditated. The Americans enter that province.
Siege of St. John's. Capture of Fort Chamblie. Carleton defeated at
Longueisle. St. John's capitulates. Montreal surrenders. Arnold's
expedition by the way of the Kennebec. He arrives before Quebec.
And retires to Point aux Trembles. Montgomery lays siege to Que-
bec. Unsuccessful attack on that place. Death of Montgomery.
Blockade of Quebec continued. General Thomas takes command of
the army. The blockade of Quebec is raised. General Sullivan takes
the command. Battle of the Three Rivers. Canada evacuated. - 304
Transactions in Virginia. Action at the Great Bridge. Norfolk evacu-
ated and burned. Transactions of North Carolina. Action at Moore's
Creek Bridge. Invasion of South Carolina. British fleet repulsed at
Port Moultrie. Transactions in New York. Measures leading to inde-
pendence. Independence declared. ...... 369