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And whereas great inconveniencies have arisen from pilots entering into combination or partnerships, which has occasioned great neglect of their duty; for prevention whereof: IV. Be it further enacted. by the authority aforesaid, No more That from and after the first day of December next, than two pino more than two pilots shall be in partnership, un- lots to be in der the penalty of one hundred pounds to the inform. Po"P. er, to be recovered with costs by action of debt in any court of record of this dominion. And for the encouragment of pilots to do their duty: V. Be it further enacted, by the authority aforesaid, Duty of pi"That all pilots shall keep a good look out, and that lots. every master of a merchant's vessel coming from sea. shall be obliged to receive the pilot who first offers to conduct his vessel, or shall pay him half pilotage to the first port, and then may continue the same, or choose another pilot, or proceed without any pilot, if he thinks fit. And if any pilot not being hindred by sickness, or other lawful cause, shall refuse to go on board any vessel, when required by the master to execute his office, he shall upon complaint and conviction of such refusal before the examiners, or any three or more of them, and by them certified to the governor, be liable . be suspended by him, for such term or time, as he shall think sit. VI. And be it further enacted, by the authority of re- Remedy said, That if any pilot shall negligently or carelessly when pilots loose the vessel under his care, and be thereof con- loosing ves. victed by due course of law, he shall be for ever after ...?" such conviction, incapacitated for acting as a pilot, and shall also be liable to pay all such damages as any person or persons shall sustain by such negligence or carelessness, to be recovered as is before directed. And for preventing any exorbitant demands for pilotage. VII. Be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, The prices. and it is hereby enacted, That the following, and no greater or other prices shall be taken or demanded: to wit:

On James River, for all Ships, Snows, or Brigantines. - l. s. d. From Cape Henry, or Lynhaven Bay, to Hampton

Road, or Sewell's Point, 1 0 0 , To Norfolk, per foot, 0 1 8 || To sleepy Hole, or SackPoint Nansemond, per . 0 2 0. ! To Pagan Creek, per foot, 0 1 5 R...","...! To J . Town, per foot, 0 4 6 point. To Merchants Brandon, per foot, 0 5 0 • To Flower de Hundred, per foot, 0 5 § To Westover, per foot, 0 6 0 To City Point, or BerU muda hundred, per foot, 0 7 0 On Pork River. | From the Cape, or Lynhaven River, to York Town, 2 0 0 Back River, or Egg Island, to York Town, 1 0 0 York to West Point per foot, 0 3 0 West Point, to Holt's, or Dansie's, per foot, 0 1 0 West Point to Littlepage's, or to the highest landing ships can go to on . Pamunkey River, per foot, 0 1 0 , West Point to Shepherd's, per foot, 0 0 6

To Meredith’s, Moore’s, or the highest landing on Mattapony River, per foot, 0 1 0 The Cape, to any river, in Mobjack bay, the same pilotage as to York Town,

On Rappahannock River.

From the Cape to Urbanna, 3 0 0
Urbanna to Hobb’s Hole, per foot, 0 2 6
Hobb’s Hole, to Mulberry Island, or
Naylor's Hole, per foot, 0 1 5
Mulberry Island to Leeds, per foot, 0 1 3
Leeds, or Micou's, to Port Royal, per foot, 0 2 0

. The cape into Piankitank, to Kemp's warehouse, or any other place, the same pilotage as to Urbanna.

On Patomack River. From Cape Henry to Smith's Point on South

Patomack,
Smith's Point to Coan, per foot,
To Yeocomico, per foot,
- To Machodack, per foot,
To Nomini, per foot,
To Maddox, per foot,
To Upper Machodack, per foot,
To Nangomy, per foot,
To Boyd's Hole, per foot,
To Quantico, per foot,
To Alexandria, per foot,

And the same fees back again from the several places at ... esaid, to the capes, and no more. And for all sloops and schooners, two thirds of the rates of pilotage: An: if any pilot shall demand or take any ot.er or greater fee, he shall forfeit double the pilotage -o demanded, recoverable before a justice of peace, with costs, by the informer, to his own use.

VH1. Provided always, That no masters of ships When masor vessels shall he obliged to take a pilot who shall ...” not offer himself below Willoughby's Point, to James to: River; Egg Island, to York; Gwyn's Island, to Rap-pilots when pahannock, or Smith's Point to Potomack rivers; but they offer.

every ship or vessel having no pilot on board, and following another that has a pilot, shall pay him half fees. And to the end that strangers may not be im

posed on in the rates of pilotage, as settled by this act. -

IX. Be it enacted, by the authority aforesaid, That Every pilot every pilot appointed in pursuance of this act, shall 9 o: a be obliged, when he is in the execution of his office, o to carry with him a copy thereof, and when he re-tled by this ceives his fees for services performed on board any act, to the ship or vessel, he shall produce the said copy to the "...of

- whom he remaster of such ship or vessel, to shew that he demands j is

no greater fee or reward than what is allowed by this fees.

act, and if any such pilot shall neglect or refuse to produce such copy, as aforesaid, he shall forfeit and pay twenty pounds to any person who shall sue for the same, to be recovered with costs, in any court of record within this dominion.

X. And be it further enacted, by the authority afore- continu.

said, That this act shall continue and be in force, ance.

Edit 1769, p. 327.

Preamble.

The ferries established by this act.

from the passing thereof, for and during the term of

two years, and from thence to the end of the next ses. sion of Assembly.

CHAP. XII.

Jin let for appointing several new ferries.

I. WHEREAS it is represented to this present General Assembly, that public ferries, at the places hereafter mentioned, will be of great service to tra. vellers and others,

II. BE it therefore enacted, by the Lieutenant-Gover. mor, Council, and Burgesses, of this present General di. sembly, and it is hereby enacted, by the authority of the same, That public ferries be constantly kept at the following places, and that the rates for passing the same, shall be as follows, to wit, from the land of Thomas Swearingen, in the county of Frederick, over Patomack river, to the land opposite thereto in the province of Maryland, the price for a man, three pence three farthings, and for an horse, the same. From the land of Lawrence Washington, in the coun. ty of Stafford, over the said river, to the land opposite thereto, in the province of Maryland, the price for a man, two shillings and six pence, and for an horse the same. From Fort point, on Hog lsland. over James river, to Higginson's landing, in the county of James City, the price for a man, one shil. ling and three pence, and for an horse the same. From the land of George Stovall, in the county of Albemarle, over the Fluvanna, to the land of George Stovall, in the county of Bedford, and from the land of the said George Stovall, in the county of Bedford, to the land of George Stovall, in the county of Albemarle, the price for a man, three pence, and for an horse the same. From the land of Anne Flect, in the county of King and Queen, across Mattapony river, to the land of Thomas Fox, in the county of King William, and from the land of the said Thomas Fox, to the land of the said Anne Fleet, the price for a man,

l seven pence half penny, and for an horse the same. From the land of Anderson Doniphan, in King George county, to the land of Lawrence Battaile, in the county of Caroline, the price for a man, three pence, and for an horse the same. From the land of Field Jefferson, on the north side of Roanoke, in Lunenburg county, to the land opposite thereto, the price for a man, four pence, and for an horse the same. From the land of James Hunt, in the county of Lunenburg, over Stanton river, to the land of Abraham Abney, in the county of Halifax, the price for a man, four pence, and for an horse the same. From the land of Joseph Mayes, in the county of Halifax, over Stanton river, to the land opposite thereto, the price for a man, two pence, and for an horse the same. And for the transportation of wheel carriages, tobacco, cattle, and other beasts, at any of the places aforesaid, the ferry keepers may demand and take the following rates, to wit, For every coach, chariot, or waggon, and the driver thereof, the same as for six horses: For every cart, or four wheeled chaise, and the driver thereof, as for four horses: For every two wheeled chaise or chair, as for two horses: For every hogshead of tobacco, as for one horse: For every head of nett cattle, as for one horse: For every sheep, goat, or lamb, one fifth part of the ferriage of one horse: And for every hog, one fourth part of the ferriage of one horse; according to the prices herein before settled at such ferries, respectively, and no more.

III. And be it further enacted, by the authority of re- the justices said, That for the greater convenience of passing to of Surry to

and from the ferry, to be kept from Fort Point aforesaid, the justices of the county of Surry, shall, and

cause a bridge to be built over

they are hereby required, within six months after frog island

passing this act, at the charge of the said county, to creek.

&ause to be erected a bridge over Hog Island creek,
where the road leading to Fort Point aforesaid, cross-
es the same; and such bridge when erected, the said
justices and their successors, shall, from time to time,
keep well and sufficiently repaired.
IV. And be it further enacted, by the authority afore-
said, That if the said justices shall neglect, or refuse
to erect such bridge as aforesaid, or the same, (when
erected) to keep in good and sufficient repair, every
justice so neglecting, or refusing, shall forfeit and pay
one thousand pounds of nett tobacco, to be recovered

Penalty on failure.

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