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Penalties on slave, shall forge or counterfeit any pass, in order to

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The manner
of obtaining said, T

a pass.

How a Ca

procure a transportation out of this colony, he or
she, so forging or counterfeiting, shall forfeit and
pay ten pounds current money, one moiety to his ma-
jesty, his heirs and successors, towards the better
support of this government, and the contingent char-
ges thereof, the other moiety to the informer, recov-
erable by action of debt, or information, in any
county court, with costs of suit; and moreover, every
such offender shall stand in the pillory for the space
of two hours, on a court day, at the court house of
the county where he or she shall be convicted; and if
any servant shall forge or counterfeit such pass, or
make use of the same, knowing it to be such, in or.
der to obtain a transportation, or to escape out of
this colony, by land or water, he or she so offending,
and being thereof convicted, shall stand in the pillory
two hours, as aforesaid, and receive thirty lashes on
his or her bare back, well laid on, at the whipping
post.
W. And be it further enacted, by the authority afore-
'hat it shall not be lawful for the secretary, or
any deputy by him appointed, to grant a licence, or
pass, for transporting or carrying any person what-
soever out of this colony, unless bond, with two suffi-
cient sureties, be given to the secretary of this do.
minion, in the sum of two thousand pounds sterling,
with condition, to answer and pay every debt and
duty the said person, at going out of this colony,
shall owe or stand obliged for, by any ways or means
whatsoever; or, unless such person shall produce a
certificate from a county court clerk, in the form fol-
lowing, “I A. B. clerk of county court,
“ do hereby certify, That C.D. is, and for some time
past hath been, an inhabitant of this county, and
hath published his intention of going out of this co-
“ lony, according to law, dated,” &c. But it shall not
be lawful for any county court clerk to issue such
certificate till ten days after publication hath been
made in his county, of the party's intention to go out
of this colony, by a note thereof set up at the county
court house, on a court day: And notwithstanding
such certificate obtained, if a Caveat be entered in the

weat may be secretary’s office, to hinder a licence or pass being isentered and sued, and bond given, with one sufficient surety, for

allowed

five hundred pounds current money, payable to the

secretary of this dominion, by the party entering such Caveat, with condition, to answer and pay all damages which the party stopped shall recover, it shall not then be lawful for the secretary, if such Caveat be entered with him, or any of his deputies with whom the same shall be entered, to grant a licence or pass, unless the party so stopped shall give counter bond, with one sufficient surety also, to the secretary of this dominion, for double the sum claimed by the person entering the Caveat, with condition, To answer and pay whatsoever the said person shall recover of his f pretended claim: Provided always, That the said ..., sureties, and all other sureties for persons going out years the of this colony, after the expiration of two years from sureties dis. the time of their becoming such sureties, shall be dis- charged. charged from all claims and demands whatsoever, for which no suit shall be commenced or prosecuted within that time. VI. And be it enacted, That the secretary, or his certificates deputy, to whom any certificate for obtaining a pass shall be filed shall be presented, shall in no case return the said to: i. certificate to the person bringing it, but shall file it in his office. VII. And for the more easy obtaining a licence, or The secreta. pass, It is hereby further enacted, That the secretary ry shall apof this dominion, for the time being, shall appoint Point depu. and keep within each district of this colony, at least ..." one deputy, for granting licences or passes according to this act, to any person or persons within such dis. trict, legally requiring the same: And if, for the space Penalty on of two months after publication of this act, he shall failure. fail to appoint such deputies, or, having appointed them, shall not certify their names, to the several county court clerks, or shall fail, within two months after any vacancy, to appoint another deputy and , certify the same as aforesaid, he shall forfeit and pay fifty pounds current money for every such failure, one moiety to our sovereign lord the king, his heirs and successors, for and towards the better support of this government, and the contingent charges thereof, the other moiety to him, her, or them that shall inform, or sue for the same, in any court of record within this dominion. VIII. And that if any person desirous to go out of And on rethis dominion, in order to obtain a licence or usal to

pass, t shall offer to give bond with sufficient sureties, or grant a pass. produce a county court clerk's certificate, according to this act, and the secretary, or his deputy shall refuse, upon request, to grant a licence or pass, no Caweat being entered according to this act, the secretary, or his deputy, so refusing, shall forfeit and pay five hundred pounds current money, one moiety to his majesty, his heirs and successors, for and towards the better support of this government, and the contingent charges thereof, the other moiety to the party prosecution grieved, prosecuting within twelve months next after in twelve such refusal, to be recovered, with costs, by action of months. debt, in any court of record of this dominion. IX. And to the end every master of a ship, or other vessel, lawfully transporting any person out of this colony, may be enabled to manifest the same, if questioned, after he has lost his licence or pass, Be it furcertificates ther enacted, by the authority aforesaid, That every and passes county court clerk shall register, in his office, all cershall be re: tificates by him issued from time to time pursuant to * this act. That the secretary's deputies shall, in Octeber general court annually, return to the secretary’s office, a list of all licences or passes by each of them respectively issued the preceding year: That the clerk of the said office shall register the same, as soon as they come to his hands, or within a reasonable time thereafter: That if the secretary himself shall grant any licence, or pass, he shall cause the same to be registered in his office within a year after granting it: renalty on And that if any of the persons aforesaid shall at any failure. time fail in any particular of him or them respectively as aforesaid required, every such person shall forfeit and pay five hundred pounds current money, for every such failure, one moiety to the king, his heirs and successors, for the use aforesaid, the other moiety to the informer, recoverable in manner aforesaid. X. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That all and every other act and acts, clause and clauses, heretofore made, for or concerning any matter or thing within the purview of this act, shall be, and are hereby repealed. Commence. XI. And be it further enacted, That this act shall metht. commence and be in force from and immediately after the tenth day of June, which shall be in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and fifty one.

Repealing clause.

CHAP. XXIII.

Jim Jict for prevention of abuses in tobacco shipped on freight.

I. BE it enacted, by the Lieutenant Governor, Counoil, and Burgesses, of this present General Assembly, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, , Masters of That every master of a ship or vessel in this colony, ships intend. intending to take tobacco on board, before his obtain- . * ing a permit for the same shall give bond, to the king, ji goe his heirs and successors, in the sum of two hundred bond, and pounds current money, with condition, That he will no oath, not crop, cut away the bulge, draw the staves, or ...” otherwise abuse or injure any tobacco cask, freight-cask. ed in his ship or vessel, nor cause or suffer the same to be done, with his knowledge, privity, or procurement, without the approbation and consent of the freighter or freighters; and shall also make oath airti swear, or being a quaker, solemnly affirm and declare, to the same effect; which bond, and oath or affirmation, the naval officer of the district wherein such ship or vessel rides, is hereby authorized and required to take and administer: And if any naval officer shall Penalty on grant any permit to load tobacco, before such bond officer grantgiven, or oath or affirmation made, he shall forfeit '...i and pay two hundred pounds current money, one and oath at. moiety to the king, his heirs and successors, for and ken. towards the better support of this government, and the contingent charges thereof, the other moiety to the informer, recoverable with costs, by action of debt or information, in any court of record of this dominion. II. And be it further enacted by the authority afore- on officers said, That if any officer, mariner, or other person, and men on belonging to or hired on board any ship or vessel . taking in tobacco, shall crop, cut away the bulge, . ... draw the staves, or otherwise abuse or injure, any to"bacco cask freighted on board, without the approbation and consent aforesaid, or shall be aiding or assisting therein, every such offender shall forfeit and pay five pounds current money to the informer, to be recovered with costs, by action of debt, or informatian, in any o, o whereupon the defendant - Yols 6.

Defendant may be held to special bail, and the fact may be laid i. * in any county where the defendant or defendants shall be arrested, without liberty of traverse: And if there be several offenders in the same fact, each person shall pay the whole penalty, and the master of such ship or vessel shall also be liable to the action of the party injured, for his or her damages. Parties in III. And that for the better discovery of the truth, * o: may every mariner, summoned and appearing as a wit. ness, shall be allowed to give evidence, and thereby and thereby discharged of prosecution for the same fact: And if indemnified, any mariner whatsoever, in such offence, shall be the informer, such information shall indemnify him from all accusation or penalty for the same. • Penalty on IV. And that it shall be lawful for any collector, Person**P- naval officer, searcher, or any person having tobacco posing a search. day time, during her loading, to search and discover

whether any breach has been made of this act: And if any master, officer, or mariner, shall hinder or oppose such search, he shall for every such offence, forfeit and pay ten pounds current money, one half to the king, his heirs and successors, for the better support of this government, and the contingent charges thereof, the other half to the informer, recoverable with costs, by action of debt or information, in any county court. #epealing V. And be it further enacted, by the authority afore&lause. said, That one act made in the ninth year of Queen Anne, For prevention of abuses in tobacco shipped on freight; and all and every other act and acts, heretofore made, for or concerning any matter or thin within the purview of this act, shall be, and are hereby repealed. commence. VI. And be it further enacted, That this act shall ment of this commence and be in force, from and immediately after Voct: the tenth day of June, which shall be in the year of our Lord, one thousand seven hundred and fifty-one.

on board, to go on board such ship or vessel, in the

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