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thought differently from him, have long since, in another world, experienced that if men only act up to what they believe to be right, that the Maker of the Deist, the Christian, and the Parsee, will receive them into his presence; and that it is the professor of religion, who is nothing but a professor, let his creed be what it may, that will meet with the greatest punishment from Him who ruleth all things.
We have said much about Madame Tussaud's Wax-work, because we were very much pleased; and we know of no exhibition (where a person has read about people) that will afford him so much pleasure, always recollecting that it is only one shilling, and for this you may stop just as long as you feel an inclination. We saw a wax-work figure of Madame Tussaud herself in the exhibition, and when we saw her alive upon leaving the room, we could scarce discover the real from the imitation.
RAILROADS. EGHAM. WINDSOR.
We were apprehensive upon our voyage that we should have had some difficulties in retaining our customs, which our religion as Parsees call upon us to do.
We are accustomed to have our food cooked by one of our own caste, and we require private apartments to perform our devotional duties, and we thought we should have met with some trouble to carry on these things, but in the Portland Hotel, and every other inn and lodging house, where we subsequently lodged, we found every convenience, every comfort, and we and our servants were allowed unmolested to do every thing we required.
Neither did we in the course of our residence in England among our numerous acquaintances, find one who condemned our religion or ridiculed its ceremonies ; on the contrary, many of them who knew that we could not partake of their hospitality for reasons above alluded to, took great pleasure in entertaining us in every way conformably to our manners and feelings.
We came to England by the “ Buckinghamshire” Captain Hopkins, we were now desirous to procure a thorough knowledge of the English and mathematics, and were anxious to place ourselves under a tutor who would instruct us, and a brother of Captain Hopkins, a clergyman, who preached at a small village called Wraysbury, in the county of Buckinghamshire, and who lived at Egham, undertaking to instruct us, we went by the railroad to see him, and to look at a house which it was thought would suit us. And if we had been astonished at the several description of carriages that we had seen, how shall we describe our very great astonishment at what we saw on the railroad ? It was called the Great Western, and it leaves London at Paddington, opening a way to the western coast of Edgland, and is intended to run to Bath, Bristol, Gloucester and Cheltenham.
We travelled to a place called Slough, twentyfive miles, in fifty minutes. Only think, within an hour, seated quietly in a beautiful carriage, we were twenty-five miles from London! We did not feel that we were passing so rapidly through the country when we looked at distant objects, but when we looked upon anything near to us, we but saw it and it vanished, and when the other train of carriages passed us, it was almost as if a flash
of lightning had gone by, we could not distinguish any one of the carriages. But what is the train? And how is it moved? We will endeavour to explain all this ;-we have read,
“ When railroads were in their infancy, it was “ a puzzle how to contrive means, not to make the “ wheels of the carriage turn round but to make “ them move onwards ; for it was imagined that the “ smoothness of the rails, would permit the wheels “ to slip, and that thus though they would revolve, “ they would not go on. Many ingenious con“ trivances were made to overcome this imaginary “ difficulty, amongst others a most ingenious pair “ of metal legs were to push the carriage onwards. “ But at last it was found out that rails and “ wheels were not so smooth faced to one “ another, and there was friction enough between “ them to let the carriages run. Then came the “ question of how are the carriages to be moved? “Shall we pull them by horses? Or build “ stationary engine houses and haul away with “ ropes ? Or drag by locomotives? The decision “ on the Manchester and Liverpool Railway, the “ earliest of the great railroads, was in favor of “ locomotives, and so locomotives have become “ the prime moving power on railroads."
Locomotive engines are so named, because they possess the power of moving from place to place. They consist of a strong iron frame supported on four wheels, and a cylindrical boiler made of wrought iron plates, which is fixed to this carriage; the chimney is in the front and the furnace at the hinder end; the smoke and hot air pass through a number of brass tubes which traverse the lower half of the boiler, on their way to the chimney, and which at the same time communicate additional heat to the boiler, to generate steam; the cylinder in these engines is placed almost in every variety of position, as vertical, horizontal, and inclined. The engineer stands on the hinder part of the carriage and by a long rod moves the throttle valve for admitting the steam into the cylinder, which regulates the motion and consequently the speed of the carriage, to prevent ignited fuel escaping into the air and doing mischief, a wire netting is placed on the top of the chimney. A carriage called the tender with coke or welsh coal, and water, is following the engine or the steam carriage; this supplies the furnace and boiler with their necessary food; this engine will take twenty carriages, loaded with passengers with their luggage, at the rate of thirty miles an hour, if required, and with only common caution there is little fear of accident. The carriages for passengers are of two kinds, those for the first class are fitted up beautifully with cushions and glass windows, they hold three persons on each side, and the seats are detached from each other, and on some railroads they have a lamp inside for night travelling. The second class carriages are