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ty pass over some, yet there were others we could not pass; wherefore we re. turned back to the town.
Mr. Oglethorpe, and Mr. Jenys, Speaker of the Assembly of Carolina, arrived at Savannah from Charlestown; the first having, out of love to our Salzburgers, put off his Journey to England, being resolved to see them settled before he went. Having informed him that the Floods had made it impossible for me to pass the woods by land, he said he would go himself, to show me the country and see what place I would choose. The Speaker desired to accompany him; and I did myself the honour to make one of the company. He sent to the Indian King to desire two Indians to hunt for him in the Journey; who not only granted them, but his chief War Captain, Tuskeneoi, out of civility to Mr. Oglethorpe, came along with them to accompany us. We went on board a ten-oared boat to the place where a house was building by Mr. Musgrove, six miles up the Savannah River. - March 16.-Having slept well in a tent, which we pitched under the shade of a tree by the river side, last night, I accompanied Mr. Oglethorpe on horseback, and the Speaker and others went by water. If you ask how a country that is covered with wood, and cut with rivers and morasses, is passable, I must acquaint you that since the Colony was settled, the ways were marked by barking off the trees, to show where the roads should go, and where the rivers were passable. After passing through a morass covered with canes, we came to an unfordable river, through which the Indians swam our horses, and we crossed over upon a great tree, cut down for that purpose. The tree was cut down so as to lie across the river and serve for-a bridge. And after riding some leagues in the woods, we passed another river. Night overtaking us, we were obliged to take up our quarters upon a little hill, round a fire with the Indians, who brought us a wild turkey for our supper.
March 17.-We continued our Journey, and set out by break of day; and at nine arrived at the place where the Salzburgers were afterwards settled. From hence I returned to the town of Savannah, through Abercorn, a village newly settled by order of the Trustees, upon the Savannah River, near where Ebenezer falls into it.
March 27.-Mr. Jones, who is a surveyor, and I went away this night in a small boat for Abercorn, in order to go from thence to seek and clear the River Ebenezer.
March 30.—Towards night we came out of the river, which fell into the Savannah eight miles above Purysburg; so our design was frustrated, by missing the River Ebenezer, and we returned the same night to Abercorn, where we stayed.
March 31.-We arrived this afternoon at Savannah.
April 1.-We put on board a sloop provision for three months, with necessary tools, and the baggage of the Salzburgers.
April 2.-We all went on board the little sloop, but found it was too much loaden; wherefore I went with only a few of the men, and was obliged to leave the rest in the town.
April 3.We came to the village of Abercorn at four in the afternoon ; from hence we were forced to carry our provisions and baggage to Ebenezer by land.
April 4.-I stayed at Ebenezer; and could not but commend the diligence and industry of the nine Salzburgers who were come before, and whose labour
God had given a blessing to. They had erected two good tents made of the barks of trees, one of which was forty feet long; and had cut down abundance of trees, in order to breathe a free air; and besides all that, they were obliged in the greatest heats, almost every day, to walk to Abercorn, which is twelve miles, and to carry their utensils and daily provision upon their backs.
April 5.--I returned to wait the arrival of the other Salzburgers, who were to follow us immediately.
April 7.—The rest of the Salzburgers arrived.
April 12.---Good Friday. God was pleased to take to himself the soul of one of our people, called Lackner.
April 16.-Our Salzburgers continued to work upon the road.
We found before my tent a strong white horse; and as we wanted horses, and knew not from whence he came nor to whom he belonged, we received him with thankfulness to God.
April 22.- We found another horse in the woods to-day, which proved very fit for our service. Parrots and Partridges make us here a very good dish.
April 24.-The inhabitants of Edistow having given thirty Cows for the use of the Colony of Georgia, Mr. Oglethorpe ordered them to be sent up to the Salzburgers.
April 29.-- I went this day from Abercorn, in order to take my leave of Ebenezer, and to build a Chapel.
May 12.-The Chapel was quite finished, and we could worship our God in it. May 13.--I took my leave, and left some rules for their direction.
EXTRACT OF THE REV. MR. BOLZIVS' JOURNAL, FROM THEIR ARRIVAL IN CAROLINA.
March 7, Thursday. Though the wind is fair, the ship will not go into Charlestown harbour, but lie at anchor till we get a Pilot to carry us to Georgia.
Sunday, March 10.--Blessed be the Lord that he has brought us within the bounds of Georgia upon the Sunday Reminiscere; the Gospel of which day tells us that our blessed Saviour came to the borders of the heathen, after he had been persecuted in his own country.
SAVANNAH, Tuesday, March 12.-At the place of our Landing almost all the inhabitants of the town of Savannah were gathered together; they fired off some Cannons and cried Huzzah! which was answered by our sailors and other English people in our ship, in the same manner. A good dinner was prepared for us. We, the Commissary, and Mr. Zwefler, the physician, were lodged in the house of the Rev. Mr. Quincy, the English Minister here.
March 14.—Last night we prayed on shore for the first time in the English Chapel, made of boards, and used for divine worship till a church can be built ; the use of which is allowed us during our stay here. The inhabitants join with us, and show much devotion. The Jews, likewise, of which there are twelve families here, come to church, and seemed to be very devout.
March 15.-This day, Mr. Oglethorpe arrived here, and received our Salzburgers and us in a friendly manner, and we dined with him. He being very solicitous that these poor Indians should be brought to the knowledge of God, has desired us to learn their language, and we, with the blessing of God, will joyfully undertake the task.
Tuesday, March 26.--It is a great pleasure to us that Mr. Oglethorpe approved of our calling the river, and the place where our houses are to be built, Ebenezer.
April 13.--Lackner having been very long sick, died last night. He was to have had a coffin made for him, but the Salzburgers thought it unnecessary, be ing accustomed to bury no body in a coffin, but women that die in childbed. So they dressed the corpse, after it was washed, in his own clothes, laid him upon a board, and after he was brought to his grave, in an orderly procession, they wrapped him up in a cloth, and let him down into the ground.
April 16.-The deceased, Lackner, hath left a little money, with which we have made a beginning of a box for the poor.
EBENEZER, Tuesday, May 7.--To-day I had the happiness of seeing Ebenezer. The good people are already much advanced in tilling the ground. May 9.-A tabernacle is to be made of boards till a church can be built.
REVOLUTIONARY DOCUMENTS. Copy of a Letter from Governor Wright to the Earl of DARTMOUTH, inclosing
certain papers, 8c.
SAVANNAH, IN GEORGIA, 13th of October, 1774. MY LORD,- In my letter of the 24th of August, I mentioned that some protests and dissents were preparing in different parts of the Province, which were not then completed. These were not sent to town until lately, and only published in yesterday's paper, and which I now inclose. They have been wrote by the people themselves, just in their own way, as your Lordship will see by the style. However, they certainly show that the sense of the people in this Province is against any resolutions, and that those attempted by a few in Savannah, are held in contempt, and just nothing at all, whilst the resolutions and conduct of our neighbours in the other Northern colonies really make me shudder.
(Signed) JAMES WRIGIT. To the EARL OF DARTMOUTH.
Wednesday, Sept. 21st, 1774. We who have just put our names to this paper, inhabitants of the Parish of St. Matthew, and Town of Ebenezer, think it necessary, in this public manner, to declare, that about the 4th day of this instant, August, we were told by certain persons, that we must send a petition home to our King, in regard to the Bostonians, to beg for relief, as a child begs a father, when he expects correction, and that all those who would not join must sign their name, that they might know how many would be in this parish, and that should we decline what was recommended, we must expect the Stamp Act imposed upon us. By these and
for, that the people who met at Savannah, on the 10th inst., did not petition our King, but made up a paper, which we think is very wrong, and may incur the displeasure of his Majesty, so as to prevent us from having soldiers to help us in case of an Indian war. We, therefore, disagree entirely to the said paper, and do hereby protest against any resolutions that are, or hereafter may be, entered into on this occasion. · Signed by the following persons :-Urban Buntz, George Gnann, Jaher Hangletter, John Paulus, George Gruber, Matthew Beidenback, George Ballinger, John Oexlin Rentz, George Buntz, John Pillager, Henry Ludwig Buntz, Jacob Metzger, John Metzger, John Adam Fryermouth, John Feberl, George Zettauer, John Heckel, Solomon Zondt, Jacob Guann, Jacob Keiffer, Christian Steiner, John Remshart, Israel Luineberger, Leonhart Kraus, George Bechley, Batlas Keiffer, Michael Mack, Jr., Peter Fryermouth, Solomon Prothero, John Grasentine, Christopher Rattenberger, Andrew Guann.
We, the subscribers, do hereby certify that we are against resolutions, this ad of Sept., 1774.--Philip Dell, Paul Pinck, Mathew Meyer, Jacob Meyer, John Maurer, George Maurer, Daniel Weitman, Martin Reylander.
The inhabitants generally in this section, in the very beginning of the Revolution, took an active part in favour of the colonies. This was to be expected. They said, “We have experienced the evils of tyranny in our native country; for the sake of Liberty, we have left home, lands, houses, estates, and have taken refuge in the wilds of Georgia; shall we now again submit te bondage ? No! we will
The Rev. JOHN E. BERGMAN died at an advanced age. He was born in Germany, and served the congregation, at Ebenezer, for thirtysix years.
Colonel GEO. G. NoWLAN was one of the most estimable men in Georgia. He died at Milledgeville whilst discharging the duty of a representative from this county.
Laid out from Wilkes in 1790. Length, 32 m, ; breadth, 16 m.; area square miles, 512.
The Savannah and Broad Rivers are the chief streams, both of which have several tributaries.
The lands, although impoverished by bad cultivation, still continue productive.
ELBERTON is the county town, situated on the waters of Falling Creek, 90 miles N. N. E. of Milledgeville.
Ruckersville is on Van's Creek.
Petersburg is at the junction of the Savannah and Broad rivers, formerly a prosperous place, but now in a state of dilapidation.
The instances of longevity in this county have been very numerous. A few years ago there were living, WM. TRAMMELL, 83 ; LEONARD RAE, 81; JOHN DANIEL, 80; JOHN Davis, 87; DAVID CARTER, 82; THOMAS MAXWELI, a minister, and Revolutionary soldier, 97; Mrs. JEMIMA HUNT and Mrs. WYCHE are still living, both over 90 years of age.
Among the first settlers were-Dr. BIBB, WM. BOWEN, A. BROWN, who, we understand, has a son now living, who has had twenty children, eighteen of whom were girls ; WM. BARNETT, BILLY ALLEN, JAMES BELL, P. M. WYCHE, JOSEPH DEDWYLER, Rev. Mr. WHITE, Rev. D. THORNTON, Thos. MAXWELL, RICHARD TYNER, WILLIAM KEY, WM. GAINES, JOHN WATKINS, J. HIGGINBOTHAM, Col. JACK, PETER OLIVER, WM. RUCKER, Mr. HIGHSMITH, P. DUNCAN, WM. HALEY, WM. WARD, E. SHACKELFORD, WM. Woods, Mr. LINDSEY, S. HEARD, D. OLIVER, J. Cason, WM. BROWN, L. RICE, WM. Moss, E. RAGLAND, WM. TATE, J. HOWARD, S. Nelson, Thos. BURTON, ISHAM THOMPSON, WM. HODGE, S. Wilson, T. A. CARTER.
Extract from the last Census.--1,177 dwellings ; 1,177 families, 3,374 white males; 3,302 white females ; 6 free coloured males; 10
Deaths, 143. Farms, 804 ; manufacturing establishments, 20.
The first Superior Court was held at the house of T. A. Carter, 20th of January, 1791, Judge Walton presiding.
JUL is rellanro .
THERE is a remarkable mound in this county, on the Savannah River, three miles above Petersburg. Bartram, the celebrated botanist, visited this mound, and thus describes it :-
“These wonderful labours of the ancients stand in a level plain, very near the bank of the river, some twenty or thirty yards from it. They consist of conical mounts of earth and four square terraces. The great mount is in the form of a cone, forty or fifty feet high, and the circumference of its base two or three hundred yards, entirely composed of the loamy rich earth of the low grounds: the top, or apex, is fiat; a spiral path, or track, leading from the ground up to the top, is still visible, where now grows a large, beautiful spreading red cedar. There appear four niches excavated out of the sides of this hill, at different heights from the base, fronting the four cardinal points. These niches, or sentry-boxes, are entered into from the winding path, and seem to have been meant for resting places or look-outs. The circumjacent level grounds are cleared, and planted with Indian corn at present; and I think the proprietor of these lands, who accompanied us to this place, said that the mount itself yielded above one hundred bushels in one season."