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TEXT. but, when they were come, he withdrew and separated himself, fear

ing them which were of the circumcision. 13 And the other Jews dissembled likewise with him; insomuch that

Barnabas also was carried away with their dissimulation. 14 But when I saw that they walked not uprightly, according to the

truth of the Gospel, I said unto Peter before them all : If thou, being a Jew, livest after the manner of Gentiles, and not as do the Jews,

why compellest thou the Gentiles to live as do the Jews ? 15 We, who are Jews by nature, and not sinners of the Gentiles, 16 Knowing that a man is pot justified by the works of the law, but by

the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works

of the law : for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified. 17 But if, while we seek to be justified by Christ, we ourselves also are

found sinners, is therefore Christ the minister of sin ? God forbid.

PARAPHRASE. then he withdrew, and separated from the Gentiles, for fear 18 of those who were of the circumcision: And the rest of the

Jews joined also with him in this hypocrisy, insomuch that

Barnabas himself was carried away with the stream, and 14 dissembled as they did. But when I saw they conformed not

their conduct to the truth a of the Gospel, I said unto Peter before them all: If thou, being a Jew, takest the liberty sometimes to live after the manner of the Gentiles, not keeping to those rules which the Jews observe, why dost thou constrain

the Gentiles to conform themselves to the rites and manner 15 of living of the Jews ? We, who are by nature Jews, born

under the instruction and guidance of the law, God's peculiar

people, and not of the unclean and profligate race of the 16 Gentiles, abandoned to sin and death, Knowing that a man

cannot be justified by the deeds of the law, but solely by faith in Jesus Christ, even we have put ourselves upon believing on him, and embraced the profession of the Gospel, for the attain

ment of justification by faith in Christ, and not by the works 17 of the law: But if we seek to be justified in Christ, even we

NOTES. 14 * ANÁServe goũ củayyorlov, “the truth of the Gospel,” is put here for that freedom

from the law of Moses, which was a part of the true doctrine of the Gospel. For it was in nothing else, but their undue and timorous observing some of the Mosaical rites, that St. Paul here blames St. Peter, and the other Judaizing con. verts at Antioch. In this sense he uses the word “ truth,” all along through this epistle, as ch. ii. 5, 14, and iii. 1, and v. 7, insisting on it, that this doctrine

of freedom from the law, was the true Gospel. 15 b ovou 'losôsīoi, “ Jews by nature." What the Jews thought of themselves in

contradistinction to the Gentiles, see Rom. ii. 17, 23.

TEXT. 18 For if I build again the things which I destroyed, I make myself a

transgressor. 19 For I, through the law, am dead to the law, that I might live unto


PARAPHRASE. ourselves also are found unjustified sinners (for such are all those who are under the law, which admits of no remission nor justification :) is Christ, therefore, the minister of sin ? Is the dispensation by him, a dispensation of sin, and not of righteousness? Did he come into the world, that those who believe in him should still remain sinners, i. e. under the guilt

of their sins, without the benefit of justification? By no means. 18 And yet certain it is, if I, bwho quitted the law, to put my

self under the Gospel, put myself again under the law, I make myself a transgressor ; I re-assume again the guilt of all my

transgressions ; which, by the terms of that covenant of works, 19 I cannot be justified from. For by the tenour of the law

itself, I, by faith in Christ, am dischargedd from the law, that I might be appropriated e to God, and live acceptably to him in his kingdom, which he has now set up under his Son.

NOTES. 17 : “ Sippers. Those who are under the law, having once transgressed, remain

always sinners, upalterably so, in the eye of the law, which excludes all from justification. The apostle, in this place, argues thus : “ We Jews, who are by birth God's holy people, and not as the profligate Gentiles, abandoned to all niapner of pollutiou and uncleanness, not being nevertheless able to attain righteousness by the deeds of the law, have believed in Christ, that we might be justified by faith in him. But if even we, who have betaken ourselves to Christ, for justification, are ourselves found to be unjustified sioners, liable still to wrath, as also under the law, to which we subject ourselves ; what deliverance have we from sip by Christ ? None at all : we are as much concluded 'under sin and guilt, as if we did not believe in him. So that by joining him and the law

together for justification, we shut ourselves out from justification, which cannot , be had under the law, and make Christ the minister of sin, and not of justifica

tion, which God forbid.” 18 » Whether this be a part of what St. Paul said to St. Peter, or whether it be

addressed to the Galatians, St. Paul, by speaking in his own naine, plainly declares, that if he sets up the law again, he must necessarily be au offender : whereby he strongly insinuates to the Galatians, that he was no promoter of

circumcision, especially when what he says, chap. v. 2-4, is added to it. - 19 €“ By the tenour of the law itself.” See Rom. iii. 21. Gal. iii. 24, 25, and iv,

21, &c. d Being discharged from the law, St. Paul expresses by " dead to the law;" compare Rom. vi. 14, with vii. 4. é“ Live to God.” What St. Paul says here, seems to imply, that living under the law, was to live not acceptably to God; a strange doctrine certainly to the Jews, and yet it was true now, under the Gospel ; for God having put his kingdom in this world wholly under his Soo, when he raised him from the dead, all who,

TEXT. 20 I am crucified with Christ; nevertheless I live ; yet not I, but Christ

liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh, I live by the

faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me. 21 I do not frustrate the grace of God; for if righteousness come by the

law, then Christ is dead in vain.

PARAPHRASE. 20 I, a member of Christ's body, am crucifieda with him ; but

though I am thereby dead to the law, I nevertheless live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me, i. e. the life which I now live in the flesh, is upon no other principle, nor under any other

law, but that of faith in the Son of Godb, who loved me, and 21 gave himself for me. And in so doing, I avoid frustrating

the grace of God, I accept of the grace and forgiveness of God, as it is offered through faith in Christ, in the Gospel: but if I subject myself to the law as still in force under the Gospel, I do in effect frustrate grace. For if righteousness be to be had by the law, then Christ died to no purpose: there was no need of itd.

NOTES. after that, would be his people in his kingdom, were to live by no other law, but the Gospel, which was now the law of his kingdom. And hence we see God cast off the Jews; because, sticking to their old constitution, they would not have this man reign over them : so that what St. Paul says here, is in effect this : “ By believing in Christ, I am discharged from the Mosaical law, that I may wholly conform myself to the rule of the Gospel, which is now the law, which must be owned and observed by all those, who, as God's people, will live acceptably to him." This, I think, is visibly his meaning, though the accustoning himself to antitheses, may possibly be the reason why, after having said, “ I am dead to the law," he expresses bis putting himself under the Gospel, by living to

God. -20 = “ Crucified with Christ;" see this explained, Rom. vii. 4, and vi. 2—14.

bi. e. The whole management of myself is conformable to the doctrine of the Go. spel, of justification in Christ alone, and not by the deeds of the law. This, and the former verse, seem to be spoken in opposition to St. Peter's owning a subjection

to the law of Moses, by his walking, mentioned, ver. 14. 21.C“Grace of God;" see chap. i. 6, 7, to which this seems here opposed.

d“ In vain ;" read this explained in St. Paul's own words, chap. v. 3—6.



CONTENTS. By the account St. Paul has given of himself, in the foregoing section, the Galatians being furnished with evidence, sufficient to clear him, in their minds, from the report of his preaching circumcision, he comes now, the way being thus opened, directly to oppose their being circumcised, and subjecting themselves to the law. The first argument he uses, is, that they received the Holy Ghost, and the gifts of miracles, by the Gospel, and not by the law.

TEXT. 1 O foolish Galatians, who hath bewitched you, that


should not obey the truth, before whose eyes Jesus Christ hath been evidently

set forth, crucified among you ? 2 This only would I learn of you : Received ye the Spirit by the works

of the law, or by the hearing of faith? 3 Are ye so foolish? Having begun in the Spirit, are ye now made

perfect by the flesh ?


1 0 ye foolish Galatians, who hath cast a mist before your eyes,

that you should not keep to the truth of the Gospel, you to whom the sufferings and death of Christb upon the cross

hath been by me so lively represented, as if it had been actually 2 done in your sight? This is one thing I desire to know of

you : Did you receive the miraculous gifts of the Spirit, by 3 the works of the law, or by the Gospel preached to you? Have

NOTES. 1 *« Obey the truth," i. e. stand fast in the liberty of the Gospel ; truth being

used in this epistle, as we have already noted, chap. ii. 14, for the doctrine of being free from the law, which St. Paul had delivered to them. The reason whereof he gives, chap. v. 3—5.

St. Paul mentions nothing to them here but Christ crucified, as kuowing that, when formerly he had preached Christ crucified to them, he had shown them, that, by Christ's death on the cross, believers were set free from the law, and the covenant of works was removed, to make way for that of grace. This we may find him inculcating to his other Gentile converts. See Eph. ii. 15, 16. Col. ii. 14, 20. And accordingly he tells the Galatians, chap. v. 2, 4, that if, by circumcision, they put themselves under the law, they were fallen from grace, and Christ should profit them nothing at all: things, which they are supposed to understand, at his writing to them.

TEXT. 4 Have ye suffered so many things in vain? if it be yet in vain. 5 He, therefore, that ministereth to you the Spirit, and worketh

miracles among you, doth he it by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith


you so little understanding, that, having begun in the reception of the spiritual doctrine of the Gospel, you hope to be advanced

to higher degrees of perfection, and to be completed by the 4 law? Have you suffered so many things in vain, if at least

you will render it in vain, by falling off from the profession of

the pure and uncorrupted doctrine of the Gospel, and aposta5 tizing to Judaism ? The gifts of the Holy Ghost, that have

been conferred upon you, have they not been conferred on you as Christians, professing faith in Jesus Christ, and not as observers of the law? And hath not he", who hath conveyed these gifts to you, and done miracles amongst you, done it as a preacher and professor of the Gospel, the Jews, who stick in the law of Moses, being not able, by virtue of that, to do any such thing?

NOTES. 3 ° It is a way of writing very familiar to St. Paul, in opposing the law and the

gospel, to call the law Flesh, and the Gospel Spirit. The reason whereof is very

plain to any one conversant in his epistles. 5 d“ He.” The person meant here by ó étoxoprywv, “ he that ministereth," and

chap. i. 6, by é xadioas, “ he that called,” is plaiuly St. Paul himself, though, out of modesty, he declines namning himself.




His next argument against circumcision, and subjection to the law, is, that the children of Abraham, entitled to the inheritance and blessing promised to Abraham and his seed, are so by faith, and not by being under the law, which brings a curse upon those who are under it.

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