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The Office and Duty of the Christian and splendid services in the Church in Minister : a Sermon preached in the India demanded this appointment. Parish Church of Cheltenham, Sept. Mr. Pratt, being an old friend, was 8, 1835, at the Trienniul Visitution also properly chosen to preach on the of the Loril Bishop of Gloucester. occasion; and when we add that he Cheltenham: Lovesy. Gloucester: preached, as he always can, convinc
Jew. London : Hamilton. Pp. 18. ingly and feelingly, we say enough to A FAITHFUL and excellent discourse
invite attention to what the Archbishop from 2 Tim. iv. 5,4“ Make full proof
has already sanctioned by his “ impriof thy ministry;" wherein the duties
matur.” Mr. Pratt has alluded to of the Clergy are clearly and forcibly
the subject of the physical science of stated.
the Hindoo being a bar to his reception of Christianity; because, as his
own religion depends on the same auSermon preached in the Chupel of
thority as his science, when the latter Lumbelh Palare, on Sunday, June
falls, as it is sure to do before the 14, 1835, at the Consecration of the
power of European science, religion Right Rev. Daniel Corrie, LL.D.
goes with it, and the poor Hindoo Lord Bishop of Madras. By the sinks into infidelity unless Christianity Reo. Josiah Pratt, B.D. F.S.A. can be implanted in its place. This Vicar of St. Stephen's, Coleman
can only be successfully accomplished Street, London. Published at the
by the union of science and Chriscommand of His Gruce the Arch
tianity in the instruction offered, and bishop of "Canterbury. London :
by the supply of native teachers and Rivingtons, Hatchards, Seeleys.
minis'ers enabled to combat the pre1835. Pp. 39.
judice and idolatry of the infatuated
and darkened minds of the heathen. The Church of Scotland's India Mis
Mr. Duff goes farther than this: he sion; or a Brief Exposition of the
says that it is absolutely necessary to Principles on which that Mission
begin with human science. He shews has been conducted in Calcutta,
that you are, by the systems of the being the Substance of an Address
eastern philosophy, and the wickeddelivered before the General Assem
ness of their morality, driven from bly of the Church, on Monday, 25th
evidences both external and internal, May, 1835. By the Rev. ALEX
and that systems of learning without ANDER DUFF, A.M. The Assembly's First Missionary to India. Edin
proof go for nothing with them who
have such extensive systems of their burgh: Waugh and Innes. London:
own. The Hindoo regards all educaNisbett and Whittaker. 1835. Pp.
tion as religious or theological; thereiv. 27.
fore, argues Mr. Duff, if you shew MR. Prart's sermon and Mr. Duff's them, by the means of true science, address take each so similar a view of the errors of false science, religion the same suoject, that we have placed gains a step, and Christianity may be them together. The former is an able expected to succeed. He therefore exposition of the duty of preaching suggests, that native teachers should the gospel in India, and of the means be instructed abundantly in the Euroby which it may be rendered success pean science, and sent out to teach ful. It contains also an able and their countrymen ; and he argues radeserved encomium on the late Bishoptionally and philosophically when he Middleton. We recommend it to all says, that no foreigner will ever teach who take an interest in the exertions religion with the same eloquence or now making to evangelize the natives power as the native; and he not at of Hindostan. We consider the ap all with success, till he can upset the pointment of a bishop to each of the arguments, and overthrow the strongminor presidencies a great and good holds of heathen knowledge. He work; and Dr. Corrie's consecration urges, in a strain of impassioned orawas a wise and prudent application tory, and yet great logical precision, of the principle. His long experience the important work eulogised by Mr.
Pratt, when he speaks of Bishop's College, of endeavouring to fight the cause of the gospel by the hands of native warriors, caparisoned and armed for the contest over delusion, false learning, and the gross systems of ignorance and idolatry, in the field of physical and practical science combined with Christianity. His speech is, throughout, most able and convincing; and being, as it were, the organ of the Church of Scotland's opinions, as Mr. Pratt's sermon is of the Church of England, it ought to be read together with it, as well as to stand together in these pages.
medley of new letters as in the old form. Take Leeaizh : would any one know this for Liege? or Dawngdee, for Vendée ? (It would be better Vaänday.) Roanné, is put for Roanne, by false accent. Hâvre de Grace is called Havre de Graoss! Auxerre, Ozuré ! Artois, Artwaa ! and Blois, Blouw ! Soissons, Swasong! Here there are three sounds for the French ois,-viz. waa, oaw, and wa. Mons is made Mawng, and Orleans, Orleang. As the author has not reformed any language so much as the French, we have chosen our exceptions from French words. But as we dişlike all radical refurms, so we dislike this. Why should children be taught bad French, under the idea of acquiring it? Letters never will teach it. Mr. Fox, who was the best French scholar of his day, used to talk of Bordur, for Bordeaux : Mr. Stewart talks like ducks, when he sounds waa, oam, wa. Mr. Fox knew well that English pronunciation of French words was better than conveying an unintelligible sound. We should not like our own children to get the bad habit of speaking unintelligibly to French bearers.
A Reply to the Dissenters in their
Attacks on the Established Church.
1835. Pp. 42. The printer is a snare to unensnare those who have been caught in infidel and schismatic traps! The author is a gentleman of experience, as well as of reading. We wish his pamphlet were read and felt by the whole body of the people. It is a most admirable exposé on one hand, and defence on the other : and our praise is but the due reward of his deserts.
The Churchman's Manual, or Questions
and Answers on the Church ; on Protestant and Romish Dissenters; and Socinians. London: Rivingtons.
1894. Pp. 23. A USEFUL manual, worthy to be read, learned, and preached, as well as distributed. It might be profitably enlarged.
A Compendium of Modern Geography; with Remarks on the Physical Decreliarities, Productions, Commerce, and Government of the Various Countries ; Questions for Eramination at the end of each division, and Descriptive Tables, in which are given the Pronunciation and a Concise Account of every Place of Importance in the World. Illustrated by Ten New Maps, and an Engraving, showing the Heights of the Principal Mountains on the Globe. By the Rev. Alex. STEWART, Author of « The History of Scotland," 8c. Fifth Edition. Carefully revised and enlarged. Edinburgh : Oliver
and Boyd. 1835. Pp. 324. An excellent little work, but defective in the redundancy of the “ Pronunciation,” which is not correct in all cases, and mostly is difficult in the strange
Lady's Gift, or Woman as she ought
1835. Pp. viii. 232. An unpretending little volume; containing, in an amusing form, a great deal of sound sense, and fine moral feeling. We can conscientiously recommend it as a real - Lady's Gift," which we have no doubt will be most gratefully received by those young persons for whom it was principally intended, and, when known, become a standard favourite. .
ON MATT. VUI. 18–22.
Now when Jesus saw great multitudes about him, he gave commandment
to depart unto the other side. And a certain Scribe came, and said unto him, Master, I will follow thee whithersoever thou goest. And Jesus saith unto him, The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air have nests ; but the Son of man hath not where to lay his head. And another of his disciples said unto him, Lord, suffer me first to go and bury my father. But Jesus said unto him, Follow me; and let the dead bury their dead.
It is evident, from various parts of the Gospels, that our blessed Lord was, during his whole ministry on earth, continually attended by vast multitudes; and, indeed, this was only natural, for we know that on the one hand there existed at the time a general expectation amongst the Jewish people of the coming of their promised Messiah, whilst on the other hand the striking character of our blessed Lord's preaching, and the high tone of authority with which he spoke, but above all, the amazing miracles which he wrought, could hardly fail to attract public attention, and to lead the people to believe that he was indeed the Christ. It appears, moreover, that, in general, our Lord encouraged the attendance of the multitudes, taking advantage of their presence to proclaim to them the doctrines and precepts of his holy religion.
There were, however, as we find, some seasons when he saw good to withdraw himself from the people: the history given in my text records one of these occasions. There we read, that “when Jesus saw great multitudes about him, he gave commandment to depart unto the other side ;" that is to say, being on one side of the little inland sea, known in the Gospels by the titles of “ the Sea of Galilee," and "the Lake of Gennesaret,” he resolved to pass over to the opposite shore ; and, consequently, he commanded those who had the management of the little ship which seems to have usually attended on him, that they should prepare the vessel for that purpose.
Now, whatever was the cause which, at this time, led Jesus to leave the multitude, his doing so certainly enabled him to try the strength of some of his disciples' attachment to him, to prove whether they would be desirous of still attending on him. Hence, then, as soon as our divine Master had given his command, and was probably beginning to direct his steps towards the vessel, two persons came forward from the rest, and proposed to follow him whithersoever he might go. And it is very remarkable that the two persons, though thus far alike in their proposal, met with a very different reception; nor shall we, I think, fail to find a probable reason for this difference, if we consider the history. The first of the two is represented as a scribe ; that is, one learned in the law, and appointed, under authority, to read and explain the Jewish Scriptures and traditions to the people. "A certain scribe VOL. XVII. NO, XI.
came and said unto Jesus, Master, I will follow thee whithersoever thou goest.” And how did our Lord receive him? We might naturally expect that he would have immediately accepted his offer : it is, at least, quite certain, that, under such circumstances, any false teacher, eager to secure followers to himself by any means, would at once have done so. But this did not Jesus. On the contrary, he gave him this repulsive reply: “The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air have nests ; but the Son of man hath not where to lay his head ;" as if he had said, “ If you are really inclined to follow me as your Master and Lord, you must first consider well the nature of the service you are undertaking. Though I am the Son of man,—the Messiah foretold by your prophets, yet I have no worldly honours or advantages to promise to my followers; nay, the very brute creation are better provided for than I am, for I have no habitation of mine own, no comforts or conveniences of home; nay, not even a place wherein to lay my head. Hence, therefore, you must be prepared to be like me, a stranger and pilgrim in the earth, if you become, as you propose, my devoted disciple, and follow my steps." The fact was, as it seems, that this scribe had seen reason to believe that Jesus was the Saviour which was to come; but he had formed false and improper notions respecting his service. With the generality of his countrymen, he had no doubt imagined that the Messiah's kingdom was to be established in worldly power, like that, perhaps, of David or Solomon; and, consequently, that he and others who should become Christ's devoted subjects and servants would be placed in high and exalted situations under his royal authority; therefore our Lord, if such were the case, might naturally hasten to open his eyes to the truth, that he might have no reason, after having embraced the cause of the gospel, to complain of having been deceived.
The other person who came to Christ is described only as “ another of his disciples;" that is, another of those who had been listening for a time to his divine instructions. He likewise expressed his readiness to follow our Lord whithersoever he might go; but he made one reservation : "Lord,” said he, “suffer me first to go and bury my father;"— a natural request in itself, and such as, under any common circumstances, our blessed Saviour would no doubt have fully approved, and would not merely have allowed the observance of it, but even have most strictly enforced it by a command. But in the present instance he deemed it right to disregard the request. He could not listen to an exception. He required the immediate attendance of the disciple, replying to him in those very remarkable words—“Follow me, and let the dead bury their dead;" that is to say, let those who are spiritually dead-dead to all heavenly and spiritual things—let them concern themselves in such affairs as are suited to their situation ; but do thou, who art alive to higher matters, follow me, who am able fully to instruct thee in those spiritual and eternal concerns of which you begin to see the value. It is probable that our Lord perceived some degree of reluctance still lurking in the heart of this disciple, some little secret shrinking back, which inclined him to make the attendance on his father's funeral an excuse for not going with our Lord immediately, and at once. And if this were so, the strong command of Jesus to follow him was absolutely necessary to confirm his growing resolution.
What was the result of our Lord's reply in either case we are not informed, and therefore, of course, we cannot speak for certain. In all cases which concern the spiritual fate of others we should ever be very careful in judging, and ever be inclined to believe and to hope the best. But it must often happen, --and perhaps these before us are instances of that kind where we shall be compelled to fear the worst ; at all events, it is very evident that they both stood at that moment in very critical and hazardous situations, and their history is preserved for our warning. And really I do think, that with the explanations we have now given of it, their history may, under Divine grace, be made to afford us much valuable and important warning. Let us endeavour, then, to apply it as nearly as possible to the circumstances of the present day, and may it please God deeply to impress on all our minds such divine truths as it may be suited to convey !
My brethren, let us then consider how vast is the number of those who are now following Christ ;-not indeed attending upon his person, as did the multitudes mentioned in my text, because he is no longer upon earth ; yet, like them, by their outward conduct, all professing themselves his followers-bis disciples. All the vast multitudes in all lands, who call themselves Christians, are, in fact, of this number. Every soul who allows himself to come under the name of Christian professes himself a disciple of Christ, and as far as he conforms, for his sake, to his divine will, so far he is a follower of Christ; nay, whoever enters a christian church to worship, whoever reads or hears the gospel of Christ, or listens to it explained to him, thus far at least proclaims himself to be attending on Christ's preaching, and to be learning of him.
But alas, amidst the innumerable multitudes who come under this description, how many go not beyond the outward appearance,-are content with a mere poor, barren, profession ! Nay, is not such the case with the great majority of the disciples of Christ even now? Some there are,—but compared with the rest they are a very few,—who do endeavour with sincerity to act up to their profession, as disciples and followers of Christ. From time to time, additions are made to this small but faithful band. At various seasons, one or two at a time are added to the number. They come out of the faithless multitude, some openly, like the persons mentioned in my text, some secretly, and quite unknown to the world-known perhaps only to God above : they come at all ages, in childhood, manhood, and even in old age; they come from all ranks and classes of society, from the rich as well as the poor; they come from all sects and divisions in the christian Church ; and they, as it were, say to Christ, “ Master, I will follow thee whithersoever thou goest." Yes, and they say the truth. Blessed be God! the same Lord that called them to follow him, . gives them grace to listen to the call; and because they are sincere, the same Lord grants them power to obey it. In spite of the obstacles they meet with in the way, in spite of the difficulties with which the course is beset, and in spite of the pretences and excuses for delay whispered in their ears by Satan, the world, or their own hearts, they are enabled from above