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"You have provided not only for the expenses of the year, and for the interest upon the large sum awarded to the owners of slaves in my colonial possessions, but also for several unexpected and peculiar claims upon the justice and liberality of the nation.
"It is most gratifying to observe that not only have these demands been met without additional taxation, but that you have made some further progress in reducing the burdens of my people.
"I am enabled to congratulate you, that the terms upon which the loan for the compensation to the proprietors of slaves has been obtained, afford conclusive evidence of the flourishing state of public credit, and of that general confidence, which is the result of a determination to fulfil the national engagements, and to maintain inviolable the public faith. "My Lords and Gentlemen,
"I know that I may securely rely upon your loyalty and patriotism, and I feel confident that in returning to your respective counties, and in resuming those functions which you discharge with so much advantage to the community, you will recommend to all classes of your countrymen, obedience to the law, attachment to the constitution, and a spirit of temperate amendment, which, under Divine Providence, are the surest means of preserving the tranquillity, and increasing the prosperity, which this country enjoys."
Report speaks of a dissolution in November; it is quite certain that ministers cannot fight through another session, even with their bully and his tail, Quern Deui vult perdere prius demenlat. This will suit O'Connell, O'Melbourne, or O'Rice, and we expect if Dan lives, he will die on a gallows, but we dare scarcely anticipate, that the ruffian— malignant rebel, will die so natural a death. He is at present starring it in the provinces,— pandering to the worst passions of the worst portion of mankind, and sailing as near the wind of rebellion as his cowardice will permit. But Dan, as essentially a knave and a coward—his knavery hangs his dupes—his cowardice only keeps his own neck out of a halter. The other dramatis persona of the political drama, are to all appearance, ensconced in the Green Room. We hope they have made their last appearance in any character. To make amends for Radical rioting,
and Whig wantonness, we can congratulate our readers on an abundant harvest, which has been got up in unexampled order, and both in quality and quantity far surpasses the average of the last quarter of a century.
As a matter of the strongest political, as well as religious importance, we cannot close our Domestic retrospect, without extracting from an admirable contemporary, The Liverpool Standard, an article of the deepest iterest, on the
The Fourth Of October will now very soon be here. The national importance of this day demands of us that we again remind our readers of the solemn obligation under which every Protestant ought to feel himself, to observe this day as a centenary commemoration of his deliverance from the enslaving thraldom of papal bondage. It has been well remarked that the only way in which we can shew our sense of the gracious interpositions of God in our behalf is by unfeigned gratitude, and a constant remembrance of the Divine favours. But, alas! how often, notwithstanding the lightness of the imposed yoke, do the conditions of our acceptance of these mercies remain unfulfilled.
The generality of mankind seem to act as though they were too proud to acknowledge a benefit, even from the Giver of all good! Indeed, so difficult has it ever appeared for men to acknowledge and commemorate a favour at the hands of Omnipotence, that God foresaw that it would be necessary to command that Aaron's rod, and the pot of manna, should be laid up in the sanctuary, and that stones should be erected at the passing of Jordan, to prevent successive generations forgetting His power and goodness to their forefathers. An instance of this care on the part of Omniscience for his fallen creatures, is found in the injunction of the Saviour himself, that there should be frequent commemorations of his death and passion, lest even that awful proof of Almighty goodness should escape the treacherous memories of the sinful race of Adam.
We live in an age by no means overanxious to admire and take notice of any remarkable instances of Divine Providence, either in our preservation from dangers, or in our deliverance out of them. It is no very long time since a member of the legislature was found with sufficient hardihood to deny the necessity of recognizing a superior and over-ruling power in the administration of mundane affairs. How thankful, then, ought we to be that it has occurred to the minds of those zealous for God's glory, and who sigh over the mention of our national grievances, to recommend a religious celebration of the approaching Fourth of October.
The reformation was not the work of one man, nor the occupation of but a single day. There were several circumstances in its progress which are every way worthy of a grateful remembrance; but we think there could not have been a period of time fixed upon during which a mightier achievement for the cause of truth was completed, than that day and hour which presented Protestant England with the Hist complete English translation of the Word of Eternal Life. The individual to whom, under God, England owes the blessing of the first entire copy of the Sacred Oracles in the mother tongue, is Myles Coverdale, subsequently made bishop of Exeter in the reign of our young Josias, king Edward VI. This Myles Coverdale brought his printing of this Bible to a close on the fourth clay of October, 1535. Three hundred years have now passed since that glorious event, and its ever having taken place is unmarked by a periodical thanksgiving. Let this blot no longer continue as a stain upon the gratitude of the English people; let it no longer remain a slur upon the piety of a professedly christian nation.
The appearance which Popery now wears is of a very desperate character. The continent of Europe, once the main stronghold of this debasing superstition, has, in more places than one, refused to acknowledge the unlimited authority of a papal bull. The edicts of the spiritual despot have been trodden under foot by those very persons who once yielded to them an implicit obedience. To these repeated defections from the allegiance once acknowledged to the man of Koine may be traced the unblushing effrontery of these sons of error and of violence in the recent attempts of the priests of Rome to dethrone the lawful monarch of Ireland. No calm observer of events can fail to see that these attempts to establish Popery in the sister island are but the struggles of an intolerant church to subjugate that country to the sec of Home, as was the case in the Irish rebellion, when the Papists submitted their distracted kingdom to the tender mercies VOL, XVII. NO. X.
of Pope Urban the Eighth. We must never forget the following testimony of the great Romish Doctor Bellarmine, who, in his work "De Rom. Pontific." in the sixth section of his fifth book, thus writes :—"Papa potest regna mutate, et uni auferre, et alleri con/erre, tanquam tummus princept spirltualis;" i. e. " The Pope can overthrow kingdoms—take away from one and give to another —in his character of chief spiritual prince." Nor is this the arbitrary opinion of Bellarmine. Suarez and Cardinal Perron, with many other of their mitred doctors, agree herein; but, as if this were not sufficient, we have four general councils to attest its accuracy as a doctrine of the Romish church. This doctrine is an interpretation and an attempted justification in the third and fourth Lateran councils, in the council of Lyons, and that of Constance.
We are fully aware that we shall be told that this proves nothing acrainst the present race of Papists, and fails to establish the identity of any doctrine held by them now. We, however, contend that this is a faithful representation of one feature of the popish portrait. Had the emissaries of Rome but the power, depend upon it they would not fail to exert the " lawful privileges" which they maintain the head of their church has a right to exercise. The events of each recurring day~ prove to us that it is no want of inclination on the part of the assailants which now for a time averts the deadly blow aimed at our liberties and our religion by the agents of the Papacy. When did an opportunity occur which found them unprepared to strike f The arm of oppression is ever and anon upraised, and nothing but the absence of power has ever prevented its falling with an unrelenting severity.
We are not prepared to say whether or no, in these dominions, Papists have, of late years, increased in numbers. Of this one thing, however, we are assured, viz., that the Papacy has gained additiouul countenance among us; and the holy indignation which was excited in the minds of our forefathers at the recollection of a spiritual tyranny, has given place to a vile apathy, while our best and noblest interests are at stake. Shame, deep shame to the descendants of Luther and Calvin, if they allow the monuments reared by ancestral piety to be levelled again with the dust. Awful, indeed, is our responsibility, if we allow the bright gem of truth to be torn from the princely diadem, and a mass of tawdry and flimsy
error to be substituted in its place. The base union which has recently been entered into between Papists and infidels—the unnatural connexion of spiritual despotism with democratic contempt of discipline—the unhallowed league of that nondescript band of lukewarm religionists and avowed infidels yoked with the fiery zealotism of Papists, cannot be an enduring system. They may, however, remain united long enough to work much mischief; and it behoves every friend of truth to buckle on his armour, and to be prepared to give deadly battle to the emissaries of soul - destroying error.
To the Clergy of the land we feel that it would savour of presumption, did we remind them of their solemn duty on an occasion like the present. We have full confidence in their piety, and place a firm reliance on their unfiinching zeal. We glory in the joyous anticipation of the forthcoming festival. That will, indeed, be a memorable day, on which the walls of every church in the united kingdom shall echo with the determined protest of honest men against the debasing errors of the Papish creed: such a blowing of the trumpet of alarm cannot be without its good effect. Those who now slumber at their posts will awake to a sense of the dangers which threaten the very citadel of their faith and hopes. Popery already quails ere yet the threatened blow has been dealt. Protestant England is aroused. The faithful attendants on the sanctuary of her Church are already girt and ready for the encounter—ay, were the Papacy tenfold as strong in the affections of the people as it is, its delusions must give place to the powerful exertions of the champions of the reformed faith.
Once more, we conjure our Protestant brethren that they make this day a day of national rejoicing—a jubilee worthy of the object it commemorates. If we fail to do this, the very heathens of old will rise up in judgment against
us. They failed not to adorn their temples with the spoils taken in their victorious battles; and their sailors recorded the favour of their fabled Neptune, in suffering them to escape from shipwreck, by hanging up their vestet votivas. Let it not then be said of us that, while we note down injuries and insults with a precision corresponding to that described by the poet—
"Manet alta mente repostum Judicium Paridis"—
that while we thus record what we ought to banish from our memories, we are remiss in the sense we entertain of benefits received: let not our gratitude be like the sudden flame of joy, which, though bright for a time, soon changing its complexion, grows pale, ends in ashes, and is blown away. Let not such supineness be chargeable on us. On the contrary, let us remember that, in celebrating the three hundredth anniversary of the day on which the first entire copy of the English Bible was completed, we are celebrating the possession of a grand instrument in the effecting our deliverance from a degrading superstition. Let us recollect further, that our cause is the Cause Of Truth.
Foreign.—Spain.—The St. Giles' Banditti have received a severe check in Spain, and every thing in that illfated land looks gloomy. The Queen's cause is desperate, the revolutionary Whig cause irretrievable, and Don Carlos alone maintains his grouud. The British mercenaries have not even supported their character for brute courage.
France.—A little Sam-culotte has been whipped for throwing a potatoeberry at the son of Egalite!!!
The rest of the continent continues as per last, to speak in mercantile phrase.
But another twelve moons will not elapse without War.
UNIVERSITY, ECCLESIASTICAL, AND PAROCHIAL INTELLIGENCE.
TRIBUTES OF RESPECT.
Ret. S. Yatss.—A piece of plate has been presented to the Rev. Samuel Yates, B.A. of Balliol College, and late Curate of Barlborough, Derbyshire, by the inhabitants of that parish, on his leaving that part of the country for the Vicarage of St. Mary, Reading.
Rev. T. Chevallier.—Tlie inhabitants of the parish of St. Andrew the Great, in Cambridge, at a dinner given to the Rev. Temple Chevallier, presented him with a handsome piece of plate, as a small token of their gratitude and esteem for his faithful services during bis vicarial ministry of thirteen years. On the following Sunday the reverend gentleman preached a farewell sermon, which was of a very impressive nature, and appeared to have great effect upon his crowded congregation.
Ecclesiastical Commission. — The Commissioners of Ecclesiastical Inquiry have adjourned the further prosecution of their inquiries until the 13th of November next.
Ordinations.—The Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry will hold an ordination in the first week in October.—The Bishop of Salisbury in December next.
Monument To Wickliffe.—The inhabitants of Lutterworth, where this great man lived and died, and where he carried on the important work of his translation of the Holy Scriptures, have long been alive to tbe duty and propriety of raising some memorial to their former illustrious rector; and a few gentlemen of that place having formed themselves into a committee to carry the design into effect, 3007. have been already subscribed. It is proposed to erect a monument in the chancel of the church, the estimated expense of which is at least 500/. or 600/. Several bankers have consented to receive subscriptions; and, among others, Messrs. Clarke and Phillips, of Leicester.
The See Of Cashei..—The Archbishop of Cashel having transferred his domestic establishment to Waterford the see house, offices, and demesne lands at Cashel, comprising 263 Irish acres, are to be let out under the Ecclesiastical Board.
Liberal Bequest.—The late Richard Ogborn, Etq. of Kensington-place, Walcot, Somerset, by his will, dated October 31, 1833, proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, on the 14th of August, 1835, by John Griffith Mansford, Esq. of Walcot, the sole executor, has bequeathed to the Deaf and Dumb Asylum. 3,000/.; Indigent Blind School, 3,000/.; British and Foreign Bible Society, 1,000/.; London Missionary Society, 1,000/.; London Female Penitentiary, 1,000/; Cheshunt College, 1,000/.; Mercer's Company, 1,000/.; Bath Hospital, 100/.; Ditto Female Penitentiary, 50/.: Ditto Provident Fund for Distress, 50/. To a domestic, Ami Price, for life, the interest of 6,666/. 13$. 4rf. stock, and, at her decease, to be divided as follows :—Royal Humane Society, 1,000/.; Lying-in Hospital, 1,000/.; Philanthropic Society, 1,000; London Dispensary, 1,000/.'; Refuge for the Destitute, 1,000/.; Friendly Female Society, 1,000/.; London Hospital, 666/. 13s. id.
Durham University.—The Dean and Chapter of Durham have disposed of Church property to the amount of 43,513/. 18s., to be appropriated to the establishment of the University at Durham.—They also have contributed 100 guineas in aid of the subscription for the families of those who perished by the recent accident at Wallsend Colliery.
Jubilee Of The Reformation.—The jubilee of the Reformation has just been celebrated at Geneva with appropriate solemnity and genuine popular joy, which was not a little promoted by the presence and participation of so many distinguished Clergymen from Switzerland, Germany, France, England, Scotland, and even North America.
Sunday, the 23d August, was properly the day of the Jubilee. It was ushered in by the ringing of the bells, after which there was divine service in all the churches, which were handsomely decorated for the occasion. In the evening there was a concert of sacred music in St. Peter's Church, which was finely illuminated. As soon as it grew dark, the general illumination of the city began, which was remarkably fine, especially on the quays, and in what are called the rues basses, which were so remarkable at the commencement of the Reformation in Geneva. A mass of at least 30,000 citizens, country people, and strangers, thronged the streets, quays, and squares of the city, which is not very large, without the slightest disorder or confusion, or even any improper expressions. Every body felt the importance of this religious festival, in which no political feeling mingled. Thus did the Genevese celebrate worthily, and in a manner to be imitated by other cities, the great festival, the festival of their religious and national restoration.
The Methodists.—During the last year there has been an increase in the number of methodists in Ireland, 423; abroad, 4,618; and a decrease of 951 in Great Britain; leaving a net increase of 4090.
The Irish Church Imppovino.—About a hundred years ago, the number of churches in Ireland was about 400; at the time of the Union, 689; in 1830, above 1,300. Of glebe houses, the number a century ago was 150; at the Union, under 300: the present number is 900.
Great Protestant Meeting At Worcester.—On Monday, September 7th, a very large and influential meeting was held at the Town Hall, Worcester, Richard Spooner, Esq. in the chair, for the purpose of forming an association to disseminate a more accurate knowledge of the principles of Popery and Protestantism. It was distinctly recognized through the whole proceedings that no political tenets would be allowed to be discussed in connexion with the society. After the chairman had opened the business of the meeting, he called on the ltev. Mortimer O'Sullivan, from Ireland, to state the grounds which required the immediate formation of the society. The reverend gentleman then rose, and in a speech of more than two hours, detailed the horrible doctrines lately inculcated in Ireland, first amongst the priesthood, and then by them amongst the people. He then stated ihe particulars which related to the discovery of Den's Theology, in which a renewal of the most abominable proceedings were plainly directed against the Protestants. In describing these, and the bare-faced denial of Dr. Murray, the popish Archbishop of Dublin, of any sanction of Den's infamous book, (which was not only clearly proved to have been published under his authority, and dedicated to him, but the title page surreptitiously destroyed, the better to conceal the truth,) a thrilling sensation passed through the audience which no pen can describe. There were a great number of the members of the Church of Rome present, by some of whom interruptions were occasionally offered. At the close of this address the Rev. Christopher Benson, Master of the Temple, and a Prebend of Worcester, in an eloquent speech, moved the first resolution; he was followed by several gentlemen, and about five o'clock the meeting was concluded.
Great Protestant Meeting At Hereford.—A meeting of the Protestant gentry of Hereford was held in the county hall of that city on Wednesday, the 9th ult. which was most numerously and respectably attended. The chair was taken by Sir E. F. S. Stanhope, Bart., who was supported by Sir. J. G. Cotterell, Baronet, and by Mr. Archdeacon Wetherell. Long before the time fixed for opening the meeting, the room was completely filled; every seat in the hall and orchestra was occupied, a considerable portion of the audience being elegantly dressed females; and certainly, both as to respectability and numbers, it exceeded any former assemblage ever witnessed in Hereford; at least 1100 persons were in the room. The meeting was addressed with great force and eloquence by the Rev. Mr. M'Ghee and the Rev. Mr. O'Sullivan, and the following resolution was unanimously adopted :—" That it had been established to the satisfaction of the meeting that 'Den's Theology' had been adopted generally by the Irish Roman Catholic bishops as the standard of their church—that the book contained tyrannical and anti-christian doctrines of intolerance, cruelty, and persecution— that every opportunity had been given to the Roman Catholic Clergy to defend themselves against the charges made—that the attempts to abjure these principles only aggravated the facts—and that it was the important duty of Protestants of all denominations, who valued the salvation of their fellow-creatures, to use all means to make these facts known to their Roman Catholic brethren, and to endeavour to counteract the encroachments of Popery."
Value Of Advowsons.—The value of the advowsons in the patronage of the Corporation of Bristol is estimated at from 30 to 40,000/. By the Act they must be sold, and the purchase-money invested in government securities, the interest to be paid into the " Borough Fund."
Parish Clerks.—When they attend the Revising Barrister, let them produce their appointment; and if their office produces iOs. a year, clear of all outgoings, they are sure to have their claim allowed, because, ex officio, they are freeholders, and in law and equity have as much right to exercise their privilege as any other freeholder.
Bishop Of Hereford.—The Bishop of Hereford (Earl Grey's brother,) recently revoked the license of a clergyman In his Lordship's diocese, on the ground of having performed a supposed clandestine marriage. The Archbishop of Canterbury has, within the last few days, caused the revocation to be annulled.