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Such is the result of the exertions lars (1,548,000,) and the joint amoun made directly for the extending of of Sunday Scholars and daily scholars Schools by means of the Society's (2,825,000,) diminished by the daily grants. The real effect of the mea scholars who are known to be comsures will be best understood froin the prised and reported in the Sunday matter which was next proposed for school returns. But the nearest apobservation, namely, the degree to proximation to this latter number will which the instruction of the children be obtained by taking the daily schoof the labouring classes has been lars who are Sunday scholars also, effected—the work of education which from the National Society's Report; has been accomplished.
(for the children receiving Sunday and A very few observations, founded daily instruction in National Schools, upon a document of authority, may are 324,305, whereas in the returns be sufficient to determine this point. from which the abstract is formed It is known that in 1833 circulars they are only stated at 115,305: but were issued from the office of the with the aid of this document it can Secretary of State for the Home De only be determined that the children partment, to the overseers throughout receiving instruction are certainly more the kingdom, in order to ascertain the than 1,548,000 Sunday scholars, and actual ainount of children under edu- less than 2,500,000 Sunday and daily cation. Two volumes of an abstract, scholars together. formed out of the replies from 33 There do not appear to be any counties of England, containing a means of deciding how far the higher population of 10,117,800 souls, have amount (2,500,000) may be occasioned just appeared. This is a very little by duplicate entries ; though, on the, less than three-fourths of the king- other hand, it appears in the abstracte dom; and if an average be formed that daily Schools, particularly thos from this large proportion, it will of a private description, are omitted appear that the total number of chil. to a considerable extent in many large dren (including the returns of endowed and populous places. The circumSchools, infant Schools, village and stance, however, which must be chiefly preparatory Schools, and every kind gratifying to the friends of the Naof week-day School) who are receiving tional Society is this, viz. that whilst daily instruction, is about 1,277,000, the abstract states the gross increase and the total number receiving Sun of Schools between the years 1818, day instruction is about 1,548,000. when tbe last parliamentary inquiry But unfortunately the abstract does was made, and 1835, to have been, in not enter sufficiently into particulars the 33 counties, 1,276,706 out of to make it appear to what extent 2,014,144, or somewhat above 100 duplicate entries have occurred in re per cent., an examination of the gard to the daily and the Sunday accounts of the Society, at the same School returns; and all which can be interval, shews that National Schools stated on this matter amounts to this, have been advancing at the rate of viz. that in the returns of the 33 above 300 per cent; in fact, that the counties, there are comprised 115,305 work of education in the Society's daily scholars, who are also Sunday hands has been carried forward with scholars, and are known to create an acceleration three times greater duplicate entries; and 34,050 Sun than that wbich has been created by day scholars, in places which have the exertions of the public at large. no other School, and cannot produce At the period of the Society's incorduplicate entries. The Committee, poration in 1817, the amountof children therefore, have not any sufficient data in National Schools was 117,000; and for ascertaining the exact amount of allowing for the increase which was children now under a course of in- made in the subsequent year, and struction in England and Wales. The comparing these with the amount to gross total of these scholars, according which the Society's scholars have now to the abstract, must be somewhere arrived, at the present time, viz. between the amount of Sunday scho- 516,181, the Committee feel no diffi
culty in establishing this fact, so highly that of providing salaries for teachers, creditable to the District Societies and not that of finding well educated the local superintendents of Schools, persons who were willing to enter into and so truly a subject of thanksgiving training, and devote their time to the to Almighty God.
education of the young. Such persons But great as the progress of Scbools are never wanting where adequate has been, and much as the public have salaries are provided. reason to be gratified with the result, It is, therefore, to the increased a great deal more remains to be done. pecuniary remuneration, or the other There are yet multitudes of populous advantages afforded to teachers of and other places to be provided with Schools, in connexion with the inSchools, being utterly destitute of any struction which they may obtain at means of instruction for the children the Central School, that the Comof the poor; there are also many in mittee must look for the means of which the means of education greatly bringing them up to that standard of needs to be enlarged : and others, again, attainment and station in society in which the character and description which it is so plainly desirable that of the education given requires to be they should hold. materially improved.
Something towards the maintenance Then the parliamentary abstract of of Schools, and the better remuneraeducation, just referred to, shews that tion of the masters, may often be in regard to places which are of less effected by requiring (where the plan consequence in respect of population, has not been already adopted) small but which excite a high degree of weekly payments for the education sympathy in every christian mind, which is bestowed. ignorance prevails to a very grievous Something may also occasionally be extent. From this document it appears effected by applying towards the supthat there are upwards of 2000 places port and encouragement of Schools (consisting of the smaller parishes, any small bequests and charitable separate townships, or hamlets, and endowments, which may be left at the extra-parochial places, with popula- discretion of the Clergy or others, tions varying from 50 and 100 souls without a specific appropriation to any and upwards to a considerable amount) particular use. How much may be in which there does not exist a single accomplished this way by friendly School of any kind. To these, it will representations will be best conceived be an especial object of the Committee when it is known that out of the 300 to devote its attention in the course of applications for aid in building Schools, the ensuing year, and to circulate such which have been last received by the information as may show in what Committee, there are 58 cases in manner the local wants may be reme which an arrangement, such as is here died.
contemplated, has been brought about; With the pressure upon its own re- and endowments, though generally of sources for aid in building School-rooms, a small amount, have been applied for nothing material, as a national measure, the purposes of education, can be done by the Society towards But the measure most capable of the maintaining of Schools, or the being generally adopted, and which improvement of the salaries of those carries with it advantages far exceedwho are employed to train and teaching the mere increase of salary or the young; and yet it is plainly un
pecuniary advantage to be gained for reasonable to expect that a class of the schoolmaster, is the building of a persons (of superior abilities, and ca dwelling-house in the immediate neighpable of filling situations which are bourhood of the School, and connectremunerated with better salaries, ing with it a garden sufficient for the should renounce such opportunities of master's use, and, where possible, for temporal advantage, and devote them that of the children also. selves to the arduous duties of a paro Such a measure, in addition to the chial School. The difficulty always advantages which are open to all experienced by the Society has been teachers by attendance at the Central
School, would materially assist in producing the full effect and benefit which is boped for, and has been already, in great measure, obtained from the existence of National Schools. By these and other methods that have been recommended by them from time to time, the Committe trust, under Divine Providence, to create among the working classes throughout the country such a degree of intelligence and strong moral feeling, derived from a direct acquaintance with the Holy Scriptures and the doctrines of the Church, as may prove their best protection against the dangers and temptations to which they are exposed, and their best security for continuing in the ways of godliness, and obtaining the rewards which it promises in this world and the next.
same object for the next two years : 1001. to the New Church at Port Elizabeth, Cape of Good Hope; prayer books to the amount of 250l. for the emancipated negroes; 300l. for books for the coast guard; and 10,0001, for the purpose of building churches, schools, '&c. for the emancipated negroes; beside many minor grants. The Bath and Bedminster account is as follows
Bibles ....... 1,025
S.P.C. K.- Bath and Bedminster Dis
trict Committee. The annual meeting of this Society took place at Wrington the 18tb ult. The proceedings commenced, as usual, by service at the parish church, where an excellent sermon was preached by the Rev. David Malcolm Clerk, B.C.L. Vicar of Yatton, before the Lord Bishop of the diocese, and a numerous assemblage of the friends of the Society, who afterwards atljourned to the Boys' National School, where the Lord Bishop opened the business of the meeting by offering the usual prayers. His Lordship then called on The Rev. Henry Thompson, Curate of Wrington, (who acted for the Secretary, the Rev. William Downes Willis) to read i be report, which he prefaced with a few words of regret at the absence of that laborious officer.
The report, after adverting to the early labours of the Parent Society, proceeded to state that in the course of the last year that Society had placed at the the command of Archdeacon Broughton the sum of 30001. together with books to the amount of 1001. for the benefit of the convicts, who are deplorably destitute of the means of religious instruction. They had voted 5001. to the Bishop of Calcutta for the promotion of the Society's designs in India ; and the like sum for the
Total. . . . . 35,901 The literary committee's publications are 70,754. Grand total, 106,655. The report concluded by adverting to the exertions of the Society for the instruction of the young, and the importance of increasing our efforts in proportion to the great demand which the circumstances of the times had created.
Lord Mountsandford moved the adoption of the report, which was seconded by Wm. Pinder, Esq.
The Von rahla the Arnhde on
The Venerable the Archdeacon of Bath (Dr. Moysey), in proposing the Second Resolution — " That this meeting acknowledges with grateful satisfaction the steady zeal and active diligence which have characterised from the first the proceedings of the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, and still continues to direct all its operations," enlarged at considerable length on the alarming increase of Popery, which the Society was doing its utmost to withstand. It was melancholy to reflect that from quarters whence this corruption might expect discouragement, it met rather with countenance and support. Accordingly, the papal superstition was exhibiting itself in every corner of the land, and aiming at nothing less than establishment. He could not exactly say that the Romish places of worship were called churches, but they were built with ostentatious pretence. This crisis the Society from the first had endeavoured to avert. Popery not only departed from the word of God, but actually opposed it. The Society, as a faithful representation of the Church of England, presented to the world a genuine exhibition of that word, and
an explanation professedly founded on the word itself. The great doctrine of the one Mediator, in opposition to the many and false mediators of the papal system, the Society had been diligently inculcating from the first, and the knowledge of him she was faithfully disseminating at the present time. One favourite scheme with irreligious men at the present day, was to write books full of worldly wisdom, but studiously excluding religion. Such books the Society had met by others equally use ful in scientific and practical knowledge, but, at the same time, directed to the inculcation of higher things. Thus was the Society adapting its exertions to every variation of the times, and holding forth under all changes the immutable word of God.
The Rev. Henry Thompson seconded the resolution. He observed that there was an agency at work even behind Popery, which was infidelity, endeavouring, by means of popish and other error, to overthrow Christianity itself. The Church of England, as the bulwark of Christianity, was attacked; the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, as the most active and efficient instrument of that Church, was not spared by the infidel faction. This would be of small consequence, were it not that these calumnies had influenced persons sincerely religious, and been the means of withdrawing or withholding contributions from the Society. The principal argument was, that the Society had been supine in days gone by. The very allegation proved that the charge could not apply at present. This might seem enough; but futile as the accusation would have been, if true, the report proved it to be groundless. It had been now shown that the alleged past supineness of the Society was a mere chimera. The Society had always wrought in pro. portion to its means, and it did more now than it did formerly, because it was better known and supported. Let the meeting support it now liberally, if they wished to see those exertions continued. He trusted that afier what had been said that day, we should hear no more in that neighbourhood of the past inactivity of the Society.
William Jeffs, Esq. proposed the third resolution : “That this meeting contemplates with grateful pleasure the munificent grants made for the spiritual instruction of the negroes and the inhabitants of Australia," and called the attention of the meeting to a highly
interesting correspondence with Archdeacon Broughton, respecting the present destitute state of the Australian convicts.
The Rev. Canon Barnard seconded the resolution. He observed that the Society must have derived great benefit from the disclosures made by the Archdeacon's letter.
The Rev. W. Carus Wilson moved the fourth resolution :-“That this meeting hails with feelings of the highest gratification the blessing which has attended the Committee of General Literature and Education, in substituting christian and wholesome instruction in the place of false sentiment and pernicious matter, and also in the steady progress of the National School system in the united district of Bath and Bedminster."
William Henry Harford, Esq. of Bar. ley Wood, seconded the resolution.
Colonel Daubeny moved," That this meeting, impressed with a deep sense of the benefits which have resulted from the improved system of management adopted in this district, earnestly recommend the same for adoption in all district societies.” The gallant speaker remarked, that the best conceived designs without suitable means to carry them into effect, would be as useless as the most ill judged schemes. Organization was of the very first importance, and, as far as organization went, the system of the district might be said to be perfect. He would read from the CHRISTIAN R.. MEMBRANCEr a general sketch of the plan now pursued. The whole district was parcelled out into a number of divisions, consisting of four or five pa. rishes each ; in each of these one of the Clergy undertook gratuitously the office of corresponding secretary: his duty was to keep a little depository of the Society's books at his house ; to make known the nature and objects of the Society ; to collect subscriptions by circular within his division ; to preach an annual sermon in behalf of the Society at each church in the same; to maintain correspondence with the secretary at Bath, and to pay the subscriptions to a travelling agent, who came round yearly, and brought with him specimens of the Society's books. The effects of the system had been successful beyond the hopes of its warmest friends, though it had only been tried five years. It had liquidated large debts, greatly increased the permanent income of the Society, and, above all, materially extended its operations. The gallant Colonel trusted that the Society all over the country would be alive to the importance of the subject, and that the Bath and Bed. minster system would soon be universally adopted by all district committees. He would press the importance of all con tributions, small as well as large,-all would do the Society good; nor would they do less good to the givers.
The Rev. David Malcolm Clerk seconded the resolution. As one of the corresponding secretaries, he could bear distinct testimony to the excellence of the Bath and Bedminster system. He had himself sold in the last year, books to no less a value than 141. on the Society's terms, in his division alone.
To what an extent might the eager desires of the lower classes for the Scriptures and Liturgy be gratified, if the adoption of this system were any thing like universal! He would even suggest that the corresponding secretaries should be multiplied, and that every parish should become a distinct division, with its minister for secretary.
The thanks of the Meeting were then voted to the Rev. Chairman, to the Treasurer and Secretary, and to the Lord Bishop, for the interest he had always manifested in behalf of the Society. After the disnsissal blessing, the meeting separated, a liberal collection being made at the door,
DOMESTIC.—The Lords, as we predicted, have nobly done their dutythe sting has been extracted from the radical hornet, and the Municipal Corporation Bill is powerless of evil. To this, England is indebted to the Peers. We subjoin his Majesty's Speech-as it is called by courtesy ; we shall make no comments, out of respect to our King. But to us, it very much resembles Lord Burleigh's shake of the head, or Gratiano's “infinite deal of nothing.”
THE KING'S SPEECH. " My Lords and Gentlemen, “I find with great satisfaction, that the state of public business enables me to relieve you from further attendance, and from the pressure of those duties which you have performed with so much zeal and assiduity.
"I receive from all Foreign Powers satisfactory assurances of their desire to maintain with me the most friendly understanding ; and I look forward with confidence to the preservation of the general peace, which has been, and will be, the object of my constant solicitude.
" I lament that the civil contest in the northern provinces of Spain has not yet been brought to a termination ; but, taking a deep interest in the wellare of the Spanish Monarchy, I shall continue to direct to that quarter my most anxious attention, in concert with the three Powers with whom I concluded the treaty of quadruple alliance, and I have, in further ance of the objects of that treaty, exercised
the power vested in me by the Legislature, and have granted permission to my subjects to engage in the service of the Queen of Spain.
“I have concluded with Denmark, Sardinia, and Sweden, fresh Conventions, calculated to prevent the traffic in African slaves; I hope soon to receive the ratification of a similar treaty which has been signed with Spain.
“ I am engaged in negotiations with other powers in Europe and in South America for the same purposes, and I trust that, ere long, the united efforts of all civilized nations will suppress and extinguish this traffic.
“I perceive, with entire approbation, that you have directed your attention to the regulation of Municipal Corporations in England and Wales, and I have cheerfully given my assent to the Bill which you have passed for that purpose. I cordially concur in this important measure, which is calculated to allay discontent, to promote peace and union, and to procure for those cominunities the advantages of responsible government.
“I greatly rejoice that the internal condition of Ireland has been such as to have permitted you to substitute for the necessary severity of a law, which has been suffered to expire, enactments of a milder character. No part of my duty is more grateful to my feelings, than the mitigation of a penal statute in any case in which it can be effected consistently with the maintenance of order and tranquillity.
“Gentlemen of the House of Commons, “I thank you for the readiness with which you have voted the supplies.