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Queen Anne's Bounty, It Is Expressly Provided, That The Clergy
SHALL BE CALLED UPON TO PAY THEM, ACCORDING TO SUCH RATES AND PROPORTIONS ONLY AS THE SAME HAVE HERETOFORE BEEN USUALLY
Rated And Paid. Those rates were according to the valuation made in the reign of Henry VIII., and the depreciation which had subsequently taken place in the value of money, though it could not correct the unjust principle of the tax, had rendered it less oppressive in its operation. The inference, which I draw from this brief account of the origin of First Fruits and Tenths, is, that if the richer benefices are now to be taxed for the augmentation of the poorer, the measure cannot be justified on the ground that the Clergy are bound in equity to contribute a tenth part of their income according to the present value; if justified at all, it must be justified on its own fitness and expediency. "A Charge by Dr. Kay," Lord Bishop of Lincoln, A. D. 1834.—Pp. 24, 25, 2G.
S.P.C. K.—Report of the Brentford, IjC. then took to supply the exigencies of
District Committee, 1834. the neighbourhood in this respect. It
will be satisfactory, however, to ob
The Committee again have the plea- serve, that within the last two years
sure of laying before their friends their nearly 1,000 Prayer Books have been
Annual Report, which they trust, on circulated by the Committee; a fact
the whole, will be deemed equally sa- which proves the great estimation in
tisfnetory with their former ones. which our Liturgy is held by the poorer
The number of books issued from classes, and their sincere attachment
the Depository during the last year to the rites and ordinances of our
is us follows— Church.
Bibles ....... 162 With respect to the amount of sub-
Bound Books . . . 339 place; although the Committee ear-
District greater exertions will yet be
Total. . . .4,372 made by Churchmen to increase their which, added to the total accounts of funds, not only to enable them more former years since the establishment of effectually to extend their own operathe Committee, gives the large number tions, but to forward to the Parent of 36,096. Society that help which she has a right Although the total amount of books to expect at her hands. Last year, in issued this year is greater than that of consequence of the large supply of the former, it will be seen, on reference books to the poor in this neighbourto the last Report, that there has not hood, the Committee were not able to been during this period so great a sen(l any donation to the Society: this demand for copies of the Scripture; a year, after all disbursements, they have circumstance which may be accounted been enabled to forward only fifteen, for by the great pains the Committee pounds.
Now that our venerable Church is beset on all sides by those who would separate her from her alliance with the State, and uproot her sacred institutions, it behoves all her members to do that which consistency as Churchmen requires, and gratitude and duty as Christians demand; viz. most liberally and strenuously to support her and' her excellent Societies. Unspeakably happy and blessed indeed would be the result. At unity with herself, the repository of a pure faith, the seat of learning, of piety, and of charity, and above all, established on the Rock of Ages, strong in her internal resources, and staying upon her God, she would be more than able to repel all assaults from without;—she would
be the nursery of truth at home, the instructress of the nation, mid a pattern to the whole world.
Upon these grounds it is that the Committee would urge their friends, and every well wisher of the Establishment in the District, promptly to use the appointed means whereby these great blessings may be realized; not to look on with cold indifference, but to rise up as one man, provoking one another to love and- good works, ever remembering, that to be successful, prayer and labour must go hand in hand. Then may they hope that their "work in the Lord will not be in vain; then may they expect that the blessing of the Almighty will so rest upon his beloved Church and her institutions, as to make them most effectual instruments of maintaining his sacred truth at home, and of diffusing it to the very ends of the earth!
DURHAM SOCIETY FOR THE ENCOURAGEMENT OF PAROCHIAL SCHOOLS. REPORT, 1834.
The Committee, in reviewing their proceedings during the past year, are glad to perceive that, though the Society has been so long in operation, it still gradually advances, and extends its benefits. As the Parochial Clergy, in remote and poor districts, discover fitting opportunities for providing the means of religious instruction, the aid of the Society is ever ready to encourage and promote their arduous efforts. During the last twelve months more applications have been made for assistance towards building new Schools than in any former year. The regular practice of the Committee is, not to make any grant till they have received estimates and statements of the contributions of the land-owners, &c. in the parish; but in districts in which, by these means, Schools have been already erected, and which require others; or in places where there are no resident proprietors who are willing to promise, or advance aid, without the example of others, or a greater prospect of success; the Committee have, now and then, as a preliminary encouragement, especially in places where success has been represented as otherwise impossible, thought it consistent with their object to make what are called conditional grants. If the Schools should not be established in the course of one year, nor be in any reasonable stage of progress, the grant becomes unavailable, unless the application be renewed, and the case re-considered. The course of the Society seems to be best indicated by the increase of new School-rooms, in promoting which its income cannot be more legitimately expended. Ten votes have been made since the last Annual Meeting for new buildings—nine of which are to places with which the Society had no previous connexion. Since the Society commenced its operations, almost as many voles for School-rooms (85), as there are parishes in the county of Durham, have been made out of its own funds, and 30 have been made out of the County School Fund. One grant frequently includes two school-rooms (for boys and girls); and on the other hand, the same rooms may, in certain instances, receive more than one grant. Of late years, the Clergy of the county of Northumberland have directed their attention with great earnestness to this object, and (the chief places in Durham having been supplied with schools, more or less adequate) they have received considerable assistance from the Society. Four grants have been allotted to Northumberland for new schools this year, and other applications have been received. The Col
* A considerable number of the boys of Old Brentford are included in the Returns from New Brentford and Ealing. The Infant School in Old Brentford, established in 1831, now contains 84 children.
t In addition to these National Schools, another Sunday and Daily School consists of 30 Children, 25 of whom are clothed, and an Infant School contains 70 children.
t The children in these Schools are not educated altogether in accordance with the above statement.
VOL. XVII, NO. VII. 3 L
liery districts of .both counties are, however, in proportion to the population, still deficient in Church of England schools. The importance with which the Society has always regarded this object, is so great, that the Committee cannot but feel regret when difficulties or supineness interrupt and frustrate their benevolent wishes and efforts. They have always been disposed to confer the most liberal grants on those parishes or townships, where the population was dense and poor, and where the local means were inadequate. They now, as they have so frequently done before, request the attention of the friends of religious instruction to this statement, and urge them not to be deterred by the magnitude of the difficulties they may have to encounter. In several of the Colliery neighbourhoods, one school is by no means sufficient. The Committee have the pleasure of stating, that through the liberality of the Rector of Houghton-le-Spring, the late Hon R. Barrington, and other gentlemen, and with the assistance of the National Society, a large school, capable of containing 300 children, has been built and opened in the populous town of Hetton-le-Hole. There are now three large National Schools in the parish of Houghton: and yet, satisfactory as this may be, many hundred children must in the same neigh* bourhood continue uneducated in union with our Church, for want of school accommodation; and the extensive coal districts between Hough-, ton and Chester-le-street, and about Jarrow, &c. have no National Schools whatever. The new schools at Seaham and Shotley have been opened, and that at Comforth is just finished.
About thirteen new places are added to the List, but the schools in two or thiee are not yet established. On the other hand, several Sunday Schools have been regularly attached to former Day Schools, as in the parish of Winlatou, See. The Committee reler to their List of Schools in connexion, ns containing all the information they have been able to collect respecting each institution. They are prevented from giving specific details in many instances by the Managers of the schools neglecting to favour (hem with answers to the usual queries which are distributed every two years. This has been a source of complaint which continues to render indistinct the exact extent of the Society's influence and benefit, and also to prevent the public from forming a just estimation of the unostentatious labours of the Church and Clergy.
The Committee, however, are consoled in their labours by the gratifying assurances they from time to time receive, that, on the establishment of new schools, a most favourable change is effected in the cleanliness, manners, habits, and general behaviour of the children of the neighbourhood. This change may naturally be anticipated from the mode of conducting National Schools, from the knowledge communicated therein, and from the practices of order, obedience, truth, and honesty, which are enforced. The influence of a school in any district is, however, it may be observed, distinguished by more decided marks within a short period of its establishment, than afterwards. The alteration is then more manifest; and it is to be regretted that too many rest satisfied with this preliminary demonstration,and imagine that the school has already secured the object for which it was instituted. But this is by no means the case. The nature and character of children cannot be so soon remoulded, and if care be not taken these primary symptoms may cense, and no visible effects of a christian education be discerned. These observations are made, not to discourage, but to urge the importance and necessity of persevering superintendence on the part of the Clergy and other managers, not only at the commencement of a new school, but
in all subsequent periods. Neither must we deem it enough to impart the mere rudiments of a common courso of instruction, such as is communicated in our National Schools; but we are at the same time called upon to do our utmost, under God's blessing, to form a truly christian character; and to see that the knowledge and habits we inculcate are brought into practice by the pupils, when they leave school, and mix in the common affairs of life. If our school discipline extend its powers no further than the walls of the school; we may not, indeed, be without hope that in God's allwise disposal of events, the good seed will not entirely perish, but we have no reason to expect a plentiful or even moderate harvest. It must always be an interesting part of a Clegyman's duty to notice the influence of christian education upon the future conduct, and to favour and cherish it, as much as he can, in those children who have received their elements of learning and behaviour under hisjpersonal authority. To ascertain how far this object of National Schools had been attained, some inquiries have been made this year in the large schools. These inquiries have been attended with no small labour, and the Committee cannot but express their satisfaction of the way in which some of the statements nave been drawn up. Every year's experience confirms the Committee in their estimation of the importance of the duty to managers of schools of paying particular attention to the cuuscs of children leaving school, and to the future conduct of those who go to work or trade. It must be most pleasing to them, when they perceive their pupils in after life walking in the way in which they hud been taught to go. If we give children theoretical knowledge and initiatory habits, we are, in a certain degree, under an obligation to enforce the performance in mature life. To teach and instruct at school, without continuing to regard the conduct and morals out ol school, is but fashioning and preparing the weapon, and then laying it aside—refusing to profit by it ourselves, but leaving it in the power of our enemies to turn it against us. The Committee are, therefore, anxious that in the direction and superintendence of their schools, knowledge, and an attention to the practice of what is inculcated should be combined. Unless this be the case, they cannot expect that their exertions will be crowned with a blessing from above. In concluding the Report of 1833, the Committee intimated their intention of again bringing before the consideration of the National Society the subject of rewarding with prizes the meritorious masters and mistresses of their large schools. A report of the examination of not less than ten schools was, in compliance with their
regulation on this point, forwarded to the Secretary in London, who was also informed that the Diocesan Society had authorised their Secretaries to lay out bt. or 10/. in promoting that object, and requesting the National Society's assistance and cooperation. The National Society very readily and generously concurred with the wishes of the Committee, and granted five guineas to be laid out in Bibles as prizes to such masters and mistresses as the Committee had proposed, and on the plan the Committee had suggested, together with the same sum fiom this Society.
Domestic.—The political business transacted by the Whigs during the last month, may he summed up in a word—Nothing!!!! It is true the os magna soniturvm of the little lord has been heard. The Universities have been threatened—the Corporations assailed — the Church traduced — and Protestantism in Ireland almost annihilated—and the Radico-Whigs may exultingly exclaim, do you call this nothing'? We Do! For no one leading interest has been ameliorated, no one substantial benefit conferred, no one fraction of good attempted by the descendants and representatives of the first Whig, who introduced treason into Eden, and marred the fair beauty of creation. We confess that we are not disappointed; for when we contemplate the heterogeneous materials of which Lord .Melbourne's Administration is composed—or, more graphically, when we get behind the curtain of this fantoccini government, and see the hand of the miserable charlatan, O'Connell, putting his puppets into motion, common sense tells us, that the end of these things is " ruin, and despair, and death."
In the mean time, however, addresses are pouring in from all quarters, to our most gracious Majesty, beseeching him to uphold the Esta
blished Church; and the Clergy, almost to a man, are rallying round the altar; and the unanimous cry is, "Church and King, and no Popery!"
We must here renew our exhortation to all who have the interests of their religion and country at heart, to register their claims to vote. The Conservatives have been beaten by neglecting thit!
Sir Robert Peel's government was overthrown by neglecting this.'.'
The Protestant Church of Ireland is placed on the very brink of ruin by neglecting this.'.'.'
The House of Commonsis disgraced by numbers amongst its representatives by negltcting this.'//.'
We therefore again and again implore our readers to
Amongst the political occurrences, we must not omit to notice the death of William Cobbett, M.P. for Oldham; he was a man of distinguished though perverted talent, and will be a fit subject for the future historian: we live ton near his time, and are too prejudiced to give a fair opinion. Education might have made him a different character. Circumstances— but—demorluis nit nisi bonum.