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consist of the counties of Stafford and Derby.
16. That the diocese of Peterborough shall consist of the counties of Northampton, Rutland, and Leicester ; the last county being added to it from the present diocese of Lincoln.
17. That the diocese of Ely shall be increased by the counties of Huntingdon and Bedford, now in the diocese of Lincoln,--by the deaneries of Lynn and Fincham, in the county of Norfolk, and diocese of Norwich,--and by the archdeaconry of Sudbury, in the county of Suffolk and diocese of Norwich, with the exception of the deaneries of Sudbury, Stow, and Hartismere, which will remain in the latter diocese.
18. That the diocese of Norwich shall consist of the counties of Norfolk and Suffolk, with the above-mentioned exceptions.
19. That the diocese of London shall consist of the metropolis and parts adjoining-namely, the city of London and county of Middlesex, the parishes of Barking, East Ham, West Ham, Little Ilford, Low Layton, Walthamstow, Wanstead St. Mary, Woodford, and Chingford, in the county of Essex, all in the present diocese of London ; the parishes of Charlton, L.ee, Lewisham, Greenwich, Woolwich, Eltham, Plumstead, and St. Nicholas Deptford, and St. Paul Deptford, all in the county of Kent, and diocese of Rochester ; the borough of Southwark, and the parishes of Battersea, Bermondsey, Camberwell, Christ. church, Clapham, Lambeth, Rotherhithe, Streatham, Tooting, Graveney, Wandsworth, Merton, Kew, and Richmond, in the county of Surrey, and diocese of Winchester ; and the parishes of St. Mary Newington, Barnes, Putney, Mortlake, and Wimbledon, in the county of Surrey, and in the peculiar jurisdiction of the Archbishop of Canterbury; to gether with all extra parochial places locally situate within the limits of the parishes above enumerated, except the district of Lambeth-palace, which shall remain in the diocese of Canterbury.
In arranging the diocese of London, our great object has been to bring under the jurisdiction of the same Bishop the metropolis and the suburban parishes; and, in assigning the boundaries of the diocese, we have adopted those fixed by an Act passed in the fourth and fifth years of your Majesty's reign, as comprising the metropolitan district.
In consideration of the great addi. tional population which will then be
placed under the superintendence of the Bishop of London, we have thought it right to relieve that diocese from the whole county of Hertford, and from those parts of the county of Essex which are not included within the new limits.
20. That the diocese of Rochester shall consist of the city and deanery of Rochester, of the county of Essex (excepting those parishes which will remain in the diocese of London), and of the whole county of Hertford; and that an arrangement shall be effected at the earliest convenient opportunity by which a residence for the Bishop of Rochester may be provided in the county of Essex or Hertford, instead of his present house of residence at Bromley, in Kent.
21. That the diocese of Oxford shall be increased by the addition of the county of Buckingham, from the diocese of Lincoln, and of Berkshire from that of Salisbury.
22. That to the diocese of Salisbury, reduced according to the foregoing propositions, shall be added the whole county of Dorset, now part of the diocese of Bristol.
23. That the diocese of Canterbury shall consist of the county of Kent (except those parts which are to be included in the dioceses of London and Rochester), and of the district of Lambeth Palace, and the parishes of Addington and Croydon, in the county of Surrey.
24. That the diocese of Winchester shall remain unaltered, except as to those parts which are to be transferred to the dioceses of Canterbury and London,
25. Some doubts having been raised as to the jurisdiction of the Bishop of Exeter over the Scilly Islands, we think that those doubts should be removed. No other suggestion is offered respecting that diocese: nor is it proposed that any alteration should be made in the diocese of Bath and Wells, or in that of Chichester.
We further propose
26. That all parishes not specified in this report, which are locally situate in one diocese, but under the jurisdiction of the Bishop of another diocese, shall become subject to the jurisdiction of the Bishop of the diocese within which they are locally situate.
We have used our best endeavours to learn the opinions of the several Bishops respecting these proposed arrangements, as far as they affect their respective dioceses, and have availed ourselves of many suggestions which their local knowledge enabled them to supply.
If your Majesty shall approve of the chiepiscopal and episcopal sees in Engabove propositions, it will be necessary land and Wales." that we should consider of some plan These returns generally present the for providing a residence for each of the average of three years ending the 31st Bishops of Manchester and Ripon ; and of December, 1831 ; but in some inalso for the Bishop of Lincoln, whose stances they contain corrections to a residence at Buckden will not then be later date. within his diocese.
As the greater part of the episcopal The adoption of the alterations now revenues arises from fines on the renewal suggested will involve the necessity of of leases, of which some are granted for varying the limits of some archdeacon- three lives, renewable when a life drops, ries and rural deaneries; and we further and others for 21 years, renewable every think that it will be highly expedient to seven, and in towns for 40 years renewe place every parish within a deanery, able every 14, it is manifest that a period and every deanery within an arch of three years is too short to exhibit a deaconry; and that no archdeaconry correct average of the annual value of should extend into more than one the several sees; and that an average diocese.
so taken will show an excess, where large REVENUE.
fines have recently accrued, and a deficit
where no fine, or an unusually small In considering the subject of episco amount of fines, has been received. But pal revenues, we have been materially as this point has been adverted to by assisted by the returns made to the the Bishops in estimating the probable Commissioners appointed under a com- increase or diminution of the incomes of mission issued by your Majesty in the their respective sees, we may venture to year 1832, and extended in the years refer your Majesty to the following table, 1833 and 1834, for inquiring (amongst framed from those returns, as containing other things) into the “ revenues and information sufficiently accurate for the patronage belonging to the several ar purposes of this report.
Net Income on 3 yrs. ave
Estimated Probable Causes of Increase or Diminution.
future net rage, ending Dec. 31,
CANTERBURY. 19,182 Expected increase of 1,544l. shown by the following statement: 17,060
From fines, 1,3661., and from the diminution of the expenses of gradu
repairs of farm buildings, 4001. ....... £1,766 ally inDeduct therefrom in respect of yearly allowance to be
creashenceforth made to lessees of estates of the see, for
ing to reversionary augmentations, to the amount of 1,0401., 20,7001. granted by the Archbishop to poor livings in the in 1873. patronage of the see · · · · ·
under an Act of Parliament for rebuilding Lambeth Palace,
which will decrease at the rate of 601. every year.
YORK. 12,629 The average annual amount of fines on renewals for the three 10,600
years ending Dec. 31, 1831, exceeded, from particular circum-
Net Income on
Estimated 3 yrs, ave
future net rage, end
Probable Canse of Increase or Diminution. ing Dec.31,
LONDON. 13,929 It is expected that there will be a decrease in the future average 12,204
income arising from fines upon the renewals of leases for lives after
DURHAM. 19,066 No accurate judgment can be formed as to the future average 17,890
amount of fines on the renewal of leases of mines and quarries,
several districts in which the collieries will be worked,
1,1701. per annum out of the revenues of the sce.
WINCHESTER 11,151 The augmentations already made of small livings in the patronage 10,750
of the see will reduce the annual income by about 4001. It is
ST. ASAPH. 6,301 The greater part of the income of the see arises from tithes, which 5,280
have gradually declined since 1827, when they amounted to
tithes was in 1834, 5,214., which is below their average for
BANGOR. 4,464 By a supplemental statement it appears that the tithes in the 3,814
years 1833 and 1834 have fallen below the average of the three
there is no prospect of increase.
BATH AND WELLS, . 5,946 The net income is expected to be reduced to about 5,5001. per 5,500 annum by the probable diminution of fines upon renewals.
BRISTOL. 2,351 The average upon the three years ending Dec. 31, 1831, much 2,350
exceeds the usual average.
CARLISLE. 2,213 From an unusual receipt of fines on renewal of leases for lives the 3,000
gross annual income of the see on the last Bishop's incumbency after was about 3,5001. ; upon some late surveys, the estimated an: 1853.
Net Income on 3 yrs. average, ending Dec. 31,
Probable Causes of Increase or Diminution.
Estimated future net Income.
nual value of the property has been less than on former valua-
average of seven years, at 30001.
borrowed on mortgage for repairing and partly rebuilding Rose
ending December 31, 1831, was greater than the general ave-
three years, ending December 31, 1831, were 214, whereas
stock produced by the sale of houses under a local Act. In
quence of the augmentation of small livings in the patronage of
the see, made by the present Bishop. The amount of fines for
sible documents, were to be taken upon a period of 21 years, it
1831, exceeds the average of the three subsequent years by the
Net Income on 3 yrs. ave. rage, ending Dec. 31,
Probable Causes of Increase or Diminution.
Estimated future net Income.
income from fines, which is stated at 731. might be taken at
December 31, 1831, exceeds the average annual value of the
average of the three years ending in 1831, as the fines upon
of years in which it is probable that most of the leases for lives
tion of the amount of fines upon renewal of leases.
According to the foregoing table, the net income of all the bishoprics of Enge land and Wales in the year 1831 amounted, on an average of three years, to the sum of 157,7371. and may now be calculated at about 148,8751.; but it appears that this amount is very unequally distributed, the incomes of one half of the bishoprics falling below the sum necessary to cover the expenses to which a Bishop is unavoidably subject. A different distribution of the episcopal revenues is the natural remedy of this inconvenience. Incomes must also be provided for the two new sees which are to be erected.
If the total amount of the net income of the bishoprics, as stated in the second column of the preceding table, had been liable to no further diminution, we apprehend that these objects might have been nearly accomplished by such a distribution, without any addition to these incomes by means of commendams, either with or without cure of souls; the former of which additions, we think, ought to be altogether discontinued. This might be done, by enabling the future incumbents of the richer sees, either to transfer part of the estates to the poorer bishoprics, or to pay over