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consist of the counties of Stafford and Derby.

16. That the diocese of Peterborough shall consist of the counties of Northampton, Rutland, and Leicester ; the last county being added to it from the present diocese of Lincoln.

17. That the diocese of Ely shall be increased by the counties of Huntingdon and Bedford, now in the diocese of Lincoln,--by the deaneries of Lynn and Fincham, in the county of Norfolk, and diocese of Norwich,--and by the archdeaconry of Sudbury, in the county of Suffolk and diocese of Norwich, with the exception of the deaneries of Sudbury, Stow, and Hartismere, which will remain in the latter diocese.

18. That the diocese of Norwich shall consist of the counties of Norfolk and Suffolk, with the above-mentioned exceptions.

19. That the diocese of London shall consist of the metropolis and parts adjoining-namely, the city of London and county of Middlesex, the parishes of Barking, East Ham, West Ham, Little Ilford, Low Layton, Walthamstow, Wanstead St. Mary, Woodford, and Chingford, in the county of Essex, all in the present diocese of London ; the parishes of Charlton,, Lewisham, Greenwich, Woolwich, Eltham, Plumstead, and St. Nicholas Deptford, and St. Paul Deptford, all in the county of Kent, and diocese of Rochester ; the borough of Southwark, and the parishes of Battersea, Bermondsey, Camberwell, Christ. church, Clapham, Lambeth, Rotherhithe, Streatham, Tooting, Graveney, Wandsworth, Merton, Kew, and Richmond, in the county of Surrey, and diocese of Winchester ; and the parishes of St. Mary Newington, Barnes, Putney, Mortlake, and Wimbledon, in the county of Surrey, and in the peculiar jurisdiction of the Archbishop of Canterbury; to gether with all extra parochial places locally situate within the limits of the parishes above enumerated, except the district of Lambeth-palace, which shall remain in the diocese of Canterbury.

In arranging the diocese of London, our great object has been to bring under the jurisdiction of the same Bishop the metropolis and the suburban parishes; and, in assigning the boundaries of the diocese, we have adopted those fixed by an Act passed in the fourth and fifth years of your Majesty's reign, as comprising the metropolitan district.

In consideration of the great addi. tional population which will then be

placed under the superintendence of the Bishop of London, we have thought it right to relieve that diocese from the whole county of Hertford, and from those parts of the county of Essex which are not included within the new limits.

20. That the diocese of Rochester shall consist of the city and deanery of Rochester, of the county of Essex (excepting those parishes which will remain in the diocese of London), and of the whole county of Hertford; and that an arrangement shall be effected at the earliest convenient opportunity by which a residence for the Bishop of Rochester may be provided in the county of Essex or Hertford, instead of his present house of residence at Bromley, in Kent.

21. That the diocese of Oxford shall be increased by the addition of the county of Buckingham, from the diocese of Lincoln, and of Berkshire from that of Salisbury.

22. That to the diocese of Salisbury, reduced according to the foregoing propositions, shall be added the whole county of Dorset, now part of the diocese of Bristol.

23. That the diocese of Canterbury shall consist of the county of Kent (except those parts which are to be included in the dioceses of London and Rochester), and of the district of Lambeth Palace, and the parishes of Addington and Croydon, in the county of Surrey.

24. That the diocese of Winchester shall remain unaltered, except as to those parts which are to be transferred to the dioceses of Canterbury and London,

25. Some doubts having been raised as to the jurisdiction of the Bishop of Exeter over the Scilly Islands, we think that those doubts should be removed. No other suggestion is offered respecting that diocese: nor is it proposed that any alteration should be made in the diocese of Bath and Wells, or in that of Chichester.

We further propose

26. That all parishes not specified in this report, which are locally situate in one diocese, but under the jurisdiction of the Bishop of another diocese, shall become subject to the jurisdiction of the Bishop of the diocese within which they are locally situate.

We have used our best endeavours to learn the opinions of the several Bishops respecting these proposed arrangements, as far as they affect their respective dioceses, and have availed ourselves of many suggestions which their local knowledge enabled them to supply.

If your Majesty shall approve of the chiepiscopal and episcopal sees in Engabove propositions, it will be necessary land and Wales." that we should consider of some plan These returns generally present the for providing a residence for each of the average of three years ending the 31st Bishops of Manchester and Ripon ; and of December, 1831 ; but in some inalso for the Bishop of Lincoln, whose stances they contain corrections to a residence at Buckden will not then be later date. within his diocese.

As the greater part of the episcopal The adoption of the alterations now revenues arises from fines on the renewal suggested will involve the necessity of of leases, of which some are granted for varying the limits of some archdeacon- three lives, renewable when a life drops, ries and rural deaneries; and we further and others for 21 years, renewable every think that it will be highly expedient to seven, and in towns for 40 years renewe place every parish within a deanery, able every 14, it is manifest that a period and every deanery within an arch of three years is too short to exhibit a deaconry; and that no archdeaconry correct average of the annual value of should extend into more than one the several sees; and that an average diocese.

so taken will show an excess, where large REVENUE.

fines have recently accrued, and a deficit

where no fine, or an unusually small In considering the subject of episco amount of fines, has been received. But pal revenues, we have been materially as this point has been adverted to by assisted by the returns made to the the Bishops in estimating the probable Commissioners appointed under a com- increase or diminution of the incomes of mission issued by your Majesty in the their respective sees, we may venture to year 1832, and extended in the years refer your Majesty to the following table, 1833 and 1834, for inquiring (amongst framed from those returns, as containing other things) into the “ revenues and information sufficiently accurate for the patronage belonging to the several ar purposes of this report.

Net Income on 3 yrs. ave

Estimated Probable Causes of Increase or Diminution.

future net rage, ending Dec. 31,

Income. 1831.


CANTERBURY. 19,182 Expected increase of 1,544l. shown by the following statement: 17,060

From fines, 1,3661., and from the diminution of the expenses of gradu

repairs of farm buildings, 4001. ....... £1,766 ally inDeduct therefrom in respect of yearly allowance to be

creashenceforth made to lessees of estates of the see, for

ing to reversionary augmentations, to the amount of 1,0401., 20,7001. granted by the Archbishop to poor livings in the in 1873. patronage of the see · · · · ·


One-fortieth part of a sum of 60,0001. borrowed on mortgage

under an Act of Parliament for rebuilding Lambeth Palace,
and making additions to the mansion at Addington, is payable
yearly, with interest on the principal remaining unpaid.
The present yearly payment amounts to 3,7801., including interest,

which will decrease at the rate of 601. every year.
The last payment will be in 1873.

YORK. 12,629 The average annual amount of fines on renewals for the three 10,600

years ending Dec. 31, 1831, exceeded, from particular circum-
stances, the usual average by at least 2,0001., and there will be
a further decrease of about 20 per cent. in the amount of the
proceeds of the estates generally, from the diminution of the
value of agricultural produce : the income of the see will also
be further reduced by augmentations of the small livings in the
patronage of the Archbishop, about to be made, in addition to
chose already granted.

Net Income on

Estimated 3 yrs, ave

future net rage, end

Probable Canse of Increase or Diminution. ing Dec.31,

Income. 1831,

LONDON. 13,929 It is expected that there will be a decrease in the future average 12,204

income arising from fines upon the renewals of leases for lives after
and from woods and manorial profits, to the amount together of 1839.
1,7251., and a further decrease from intended augmentations of
the livings in the patronage of the see, in addition to those

already made.
Besides which, 1-20th part of the sum of 10,0001. borrowed on
mortgage for rebuilding London-house, is payable yearly, with
interest on the principal remaining unpaid. The last payment
will be in 1839.

DURHAM. 19,066 No accurate judgment can be formed as to the future average 17,890

amount of fines on the renewal of leases of mines and quarries,
as the profits attending them must depend principally upon the

several districts in which the collieries will be worked,
Since the above return, the Bishop has granted permanent aug-
mentations to small livings in his patronage to the amount of

1,1701. per annum out of the revenues of the sce.
No other ground for expecting increase or decrease.

WINCHESTER 11,151 The augmentations already made of small livings in the patronage 10,750

of the see will reduce the annual income by about 4001. It is
intended further to augment all the small livings in the gift of
the see to 2001. per annum. Except in respect of augmenta-
tions, there are no grounds for expecting that the future
income will vary materially from the sum stated.

ST. ASAPH. 6,301 The greater part of the income of the see arises from tithes, which 5,280

have gradually declined since 1827, when they amounted to

By a supplemental statement it appears that the produce of the

tithes was in 1834, 5,214., which is below their average for
the three years ending in 1831 by the sum of 6072., and that
the produce of the mines was in the same year 2631., which is
less than the same average by the sum of 415l., showing the
income of the year 1834 to be below the average stated by the
sum of 1,0221.; and there seems to be no prospect of im-

BANGOR. 4,464 By a supplemental statement it appears that the tithes in the 3,814

years 1833 and 1834 have fallen below the average of the three
years ending Dec. 31, 1831, by 6501., or about that sum, and

there is no prospect of increase.
The average of fines is not expected to be more than 2501, for
many years to come.

BATH AND WELLS, . 5,946 The net income is expected to be reduced to about 5,5001. per 5,500 annum by the probable diminution of fines upon renewals.

BRISTOL. 2,351 The average upon the three years ending Dec. 31, 1831, much 2,350

exceeds the usual average.
The living of Almondsbury, permanently annexed to the see, is
pot expected to vary in amount.

CARLISLE. 2,213 From an unusual receipt of fines on renewal of leases for lives the 3,000

gross annual income of the see on the last Bishop's incumbency after was about 3,5001. ; upon some late surveys, the estimated an: 1853.

Net Income on 3 yrs. average, ending Dec. 31,


Probable Causes of Increase or Diminution.

Estimated future net Income.

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nual value of the property has been less than on former valua-
tions. Upon the whole, the gross yearly value of the see, which
in 1832 was returned at 2,5851., may be estimated, upon an

average of seven years, at 30001.
It should also be stated that 1-20th part of a sum of 10,0001.,

borrowed on mortgage for repairing and partly rebuilding Rose
Castle, is payable yearly, with interest upon the remaining
principal. The payments will cease in the year 1853.

Decrease expected, as the property of the see chiefly consists of 3,260
tithes, which are falling in value.

The average amount of fines on renewals for the three years 3,800

ending December 31, 1831, was greater than the general ave-
rage receipts under that head. It is considered that the com.
puted average income will be reduced by 4001. or 5001, per

The average yearly receipts from fines on renewals of leases for 2,800

three years, ending December 31, 1831, were 214, whereas
the average of the last ten years is 1,1501. per annum; but this
last-mentioned average cannot be depended upon in future.

The estimate of the last three years is rather more than the 11,000
average amount of the net annual produce of the see; as the
two last years, particularly 1830, afforded fines for renewals
of leases which seldom occur.

There will in future be 211. per annum from the dividends on 2,734

stock produced by the sale of houses under a local Act. In
other respects no increase or decrease is anticipated.

A decrease in the revenues of this see will take place in conse. 2,200

quence of the augmentation of small livings in the patronage of

the see, made by the present Bishop. The amount of fines for
· renewals, included in this estimate, exceeds the average of the
seven years preceding.

No expected increase or decrease.

If the average of fines, as far as it can be ascertained from acces 4,350

sible documents, were to be taken upon a period of 21 years, it
would exhibit a net income considerably larger than that which
has been stated, but a material reduction of the future amount
of fines is to be expected from the progressive diminution of
the value of land. A decrease of the profits from woods is
expected. The income will also be decreased by the augmen-
tation of poor livings in the gift of the see intended to be made.
Upon the whole it is considered, that at a distant period the
net income may average 4,3501. per annum.

The estimate taken upon the three years ending December 31, · 4,200

1831, exceeds the average of the three subsequent years by the
sum of 6801. The property consists almost entirely of impro-
priate rectories, with dependent vicarages, the intended aug-
mentations of which, in virtue of the late Acts, will cause a
further considerable diminution of the net annual proceeds.

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Net Income on 3 yrs. ave. rage, ending Dec. 31,


Probable Causes of Increase or Diminution.

Estimated future net Income.

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It is considered that upon a sufficiently extended average, the 1,250

income from fines, which is stated at 731. might be taken at
4001. per annum; a corresponding increase of income is there-
fore expected.

The average amount of income, taken upon the three years ending 4,700

December 31, 1831, exceeds the average annual value of the
revenues of the see, if computed upon the receipts for the last
seven years, by the sum of 7001. per annum; and there will be
a reduction of income by the augmentation of small livings in
the gift of the see.

A decrease in the revenues of the see must be expected. The 1,658
average of fines on renewal of leases for the three years ending subject
Dec. 31, 1831, is found on calculation to exceed the average to the
receipts from the same source which may reasonably be ex. contin-
pected in future by about the sum of 1,0601. and a deduction of gency
901. must be allowed for the depreciated value of tithes in stated in
hand. If the Crown shall be pleased to renew a lease granted the pre-
on account of the small revenues of the see, which will expire in ceding
the year 1837, it is expected that, communibus annis, the net column.
value of the see will amount to 1,6581. or about that.

The total receipts may be expected to be less in future than the 3,000

average of the three years ending in 1831, as the fines upon
renewals of leases, as well as the tithes of Castor, a rectory
permanently annexed to the see, are continually decreasing in
the amount.

No expected increase or decrease.

If the calculation were taken upon an average embracing a period 5,000

of years in which it is probable that most of the leases for lives
as well as for years would be renewed, the result would exhibit
a net income, communibus annis, of not less than 5,000L or
between that sum and 6,0001. per annum.

There is reason to expect a decrease of income, from the diminu- 6,500

tion of the amount of fines upon renewal of leases.

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According to the foregoing table, the net income of all the bishoprics of Enge land and Wales in the year 1831 amounted, on an average of three years, to the sum of 157,7371. and may now be calculated at about 148,8751.; but it appears that this amount is very unequally distributed, the incomes of one half of the bishoprics falling below the sum necessary to cover the expenses to which a Bishop is unavoidably subject. A different distribution of the episcopal revenues is the natural remedy of this inconvenience. Incomes must also be provided for the two new sees which are to be erected.

If the total amount of the net income of the bishoprics, as stated in the second column of the preceding table, had been liable to no further diminution, we apprehend that these objects might have been nearly accomplished by such a distribution, without any addition to these incomes by means of commendams, either with or without cure of souls; the former of which additions, we think, ought to be altogether discontinued. This might be done, by enabling the future incumbents of the richer sees, either to transfer part of the estates to the poorer bishoprics, or to pay over

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