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WITH THE AUTHOR'S LAST CORRECTIONS AND

IMPROVEMENTS.

VOL. III.

PHILADELPHIA:

PUBLISHED BY LEVIS & WEAVER, NO. 193, MARKET STREET.

THOMAS L. PLOW MAN, PRINTER.

1810.

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V I. The rebels are totally defeated at Culloden. S II. The

Duke of Cumberland takes possession of Inverness, and
afterwards encamps at Fort Augustus. § III. The
Prince Pretender escapes to France. S IV. Convulsion
in the ministry. V. Liberality of the Commons. Å VI.
Trial of the Rebels. Kilmarnock, Balmerino, Lovat, and
Mr. Ratcliff, are baheaded on Tower hill. VII. The
States General alarmed at the progress of the French in
the Netherlands. S VIII. Count Saxe subdues all Flan-
ders, Brabant, and Hainault. \ IX. Reduces the strong
fortress of Namur, and defeats the allied army at Rau-
coux. ♡ X. The French and Spaniards are compelled to
abandon Piedmont and the Milanese. S XI. Don Philip
is worsted at Codogno, and afterwards at Porto Freddo.
XII. The Austrians take possession of Genoa. Count
Brown penetrates into Provence. ♡ XIII. The Genoese
expel the Austrians from their city. XIV. Madras in

the East Indies taken by the French. ♡ XV. Expedition
; to the coast of Bretagne, and attempt upon Port L'Orient.

♡ XVI. Naval transactions in the West Indies. Confer-

ences at Breda. XVII. Vast supplies granted by the
- Commons of England. XVIII. Parliament dissolved.
· OXIX. The French and allies take the field in Flanders.

♡ XX. Prince of Orange elected Stadtholder, Captain

General, and Admiral of the United Provinces. $ XXI.
1. The Confederates defeated at Laffeldt. ♡ XXII. Siege

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of Bergen-op-Zoom. XXIII. The Austrians under-
take the siege of Genoa, which, however, they abandon.

XXIV. The Chevalier de Belleisle slain in the attack
of Exilles. XXV. 4 French squadron defeated and
taken by the Admirals Apson and Warfen. XXVI.
Admiral Hawke obtạits criother victory over the French
at sea. ) XXVII. Qihar naval transactions. ) XXVIII.
Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle. :.XXIX. Compliant temper

of the new.Parliamenit::Preliminaries signed. ♡ XXX.
· Preparationis : fori: tlie cartpaign in the Netherlands.

XXXI: Seige. :of. Maestricht. Cessation of arms.
♡ XXXII. Transactions in the East and West Indies.

XXXIII. Conchision of the Definitive treaty at
Aix-la-Chapelle.

0 I. IN the beginning of April, the duke of Cuma
berland began his march from Aberdeen, and on the twelfth
passed the deep and rapid river Spey, without opposition
from the rebels, though a detachment of them appeared on
the opposite side. Why they did not dispute the passage is
not easy to be conceived: but, indeed, from this instance
of neglect, and their subsequent conduct, we may conclude
they were under a total infatuation. His royal highness
proceeded to Nairn, where he received intelligence, that the
enemy had advanced from Inverness to Culloden, about the
distance of nine miles from the royal army, with intention
to give him battle. The design of Charles was to march in
the night from Culloden, and surprise the duke's army at
daybreak : for this purpose the English camp had been
reconnoitred; and on the night of the fifteenth the High-
land army began to march in two columns. Their design
was to surround the enemy, and attack them at once on all
quarters : but the length of the columns embarrassed the
march, so that the army was obliged to make many halts :
the men had been under arms during the whole preceding
night, were faint with hunger and fatigue, and many of
them overpowered with sleep. Some were unable to pro-
ceed; others dropped off unperceived in the dark; and the
march was retarded in such a manner, that it would have
been impossible to reach the duke's camp before sunrise.
The design being thus frustrated, the prince pretender

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