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curiosity, as it might be expected that powers which baffle the laws of nature, would display an inexhaustible variety. Yet we find the earliest miracles repeated, and many occur regularly in the life of every saint. Of the latter kind are the luminous appearance of their faces; the multiplication or creation of food; living without sustenance ; conversing with angels; emitting sweet effluvia from their dead bodies. More peculiar displays of supernatural interference appear, sometimes, at distant periods. St. Gregory, the wonderworker of the fourth century, fixed his staff in the ground, and it instantly grew up into a tree which stopt the floods of the river Lycus. The lately mentioned Peter of Alcántara made also his staff grow into a fig tree, which the friars of his order have propagated by cuts, in every part of Spain. This happened only in the sixteenth century. A raven provided Paul the hermit with bread: a wild doe presented herself daily to be milked by St. Ægidius. St. Eustachius, a martyr, said to have been a general under Trajan, was converted by seeing, in the chase, a stag bearing founded the order of the Trinity, in consequence of seeing a similar animal with a tri-colour cross in the same position. There are also certain miraculous feats, for which saints have shown a peculiar fondness. Three navigations on a mantle are recorded in the Breviary. Saint Francis de Paula crossed the strait of Sicily on his own cloak, taking another monk as a passenger. St. Raymond de Pennafort sailed in the same manner, from Majorca to Barcelona. St. Hyacinth, a Pole, though only a fresh water sailor, deserves no less credit for the management of his cloth vessel across the flooded Vistula, notwithstanding a heavy cargo of monks". The mention of a Polish saint reminds me, * St. Francis de Paula. “Multis miraculis servi sui sanctitatem Deus testari voluit, quorum illud in primis celebre, quod a nautis rejectus, Siciliae fretum, strato super fluctibus pallio, cum socio transmisit.” Die 2 Aprili. St. Raymond de Pennafort. “Multa patravit miracula; inter quae illud clarissimum, quëd ex insula Baleari Majori Barcinonem reversurus, strato super aquas pallio, centum sexaginta milliaria sex horis confecerit; et suum coenobium januis clausis fuerit ingressus.” Die 23 Januarii. St. Hyacinth. “Vandalum fluvium prope Visogradum
a crucifix between his antlers. St. John of Matha
aquis redundantem, nullo navigio usus trajecit, sociis quoque expanso super undas pallio, traductis.” Die 16 Augusti.
however, of a miracle performed by St. Stanislaus, bishop of Cracow, which is not likely to have been often repeated. Stanislaus was on the point of being deprived of some lands, which he had purchased for his church. He could not show the title deeds; and the person to whom they formerly belonged, had been dead three years. The king being a decided enemy of the bishop, no witness would come forward in his favour. The diet of Poland was on the point of punishing Stanislaus for his supposed fraud, when, to the no small amusement of the noblemen present, he engaged, within three days, to present the late possessor of the estate. On the third the saint called the dead man out of the grave. Peter (that was his name) rose without delay, and followed the bishop to the diet; where having duly given his deposition in support of the bishop's right, he begged to be
allowed to die again *. The king was, however,
* “Spondet episcopus se Petrum, pagi venditorem, qui triennio ante obierat, intra dies tres in judicium adducturum. Conditione cum risu acceptà, vir Dei ... ipso sponsionis die, post oblatum Missae sacrificium, Petrum e sepulchro surgere jubet, qui statim redivivus, episcopum ad regium tribunal euntem sequitur, ibique rege, et caeteris stupore attonitis, de
too hardened to profit by this great miracle; and being enraged at the sentence of excommunication which the bishop soon after fulminated against him; killed him with his own hand, and ordered his body to be quartered and scattered about the fields. The wild beasts would have made a repast on the holy relics, but for the watchfulness of some eagles, which never allowed any one to touch them, till the canons of Cracow, led by the light thrown out by the scattered limbs, collected them the ensuing night. The different parts of the body, when properly adjusted together, united as closely as kindred drops, and not a mark was left of the effects of the knife”. Novel and singular as the history of Stanislaus appears, I have a suspicion that another dead witness has somewhere else, appeared before a court of justice; but I defy hagiography to match agro a se vendito, et pretio rite sibi ab episcopo persoluto testimonium dicit, atque iterum in Domino obdormivit.” * “Corpus membratim concisum, et per agros projectum, aquilae a feris mirabiliter defendunt. Mox Canonici Cracoviences sparsa membra, nocturni de coelo splendoris indicio
colligunt, et suis locis aptè disponunt, quae subito ita inter se
copulata sunt, ut nulla vulnerum vestigia extarent.” Die 7 Maii.
the miracles I am going to relate from the life of a Spanish saint recorded in the Breviary. St. Peter Armengaud, of the family of the counts of Urgel, had entered the Order of Mercy, and made some visits to Barbary for the liberation of Christian captives. The money collected for that purpose being exhausted before he could ransom some boys, whose faith appeared to be wavering; he sent them away with his companion, and remained as a hostage for the full amount of the debt. Charity like this, exerted by a free choice, and without the dangerous and oppressive system of religious vows, would be worth all the miracles of the Breviary. But the marvellous is a necessary element in every saint's life; and the good friars of the Mercy, have mixed it here in a rather undue proportion. Peter waited for his companion with a very natural anxiety; but the expected money did not come on the appointed day, and the barbarians settled the account by hanging their hostage. Great indeed was the distress of Father William, on learning the sad
consequences of his delay: yet the body of a