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Navigation, Act of, its policy, i. 378; ii.
30, 38

3 *
Navy, the great danger of economical ex-
periments upon it, i. 345.
Necessity, the plea of, remarks on it, v.

Negro Code, Sketch of a, vi. 262.
Negro slaves, denunciation of attempts to
excite insurrections among them in
the colonies by proclamations of the
English governors, vi. 171.
Neighborhood, the law of, what, v. 321.
Newfoundland, view of the trade with it,
i. 320.
Newspapers, powerful influence of them
in the diffusion of French princi-
ples, iv. 327.
Night, a cause of the sublime, i. 132, 158.
Norman conquest, extraordinary facility
of it, vii. 287.
attempt to account for it, vii. 288.
the great era of the English laws, vii.
Normandy, reunion of it to the crown of
France, vii. 445.
North, Lord, observations on his charac-
ter, v. 182; vi. 216, 223.
Novelty, the first and simplest source of
pleasure to the mind, i. 101.
the danger of indulging a desire for
it in practical cases, iv. 76.
Nundcomar, accuses Mr. Hastings of cor-
ruption, x. 24.
Nuzzer, or Nuzzerana, what, x. 171.

Oak, the, why venerated by the Druids,
vii. 183.
Oath, the Coronation, observations upon it
in reference to the Roman Catho-
lics, iv. 260.
Obscurity, generally necessary to the ter-
rible, i. 132. -
why more affecting than clearness,
i. 135.
Obstinacy, though a great and very mis-
chievous vice, closely allied to the
masculine virtues, ii. 66.
Office, men too much conversant in it
rarely have enlarged minds, ii. 38.
in feudal times, the lowest offices often
held by considerable persons,ii.303.
the reason of this, ii. 304.
Officers, military and naval, nature of the
fortitude required of them, v. 468.
Opinion, popular, the support of govern-
ment, ii. 224; vi. 165; vii. 91.
an equivocal test of merit, v. 183.
the generality of it not always to be
judged of by the noise of the ac-
clamation, v. 286.
Opinions, men impelled to propagate their
own by their social nature, v. 361.
their influence on the affections and
passions, v. 403 ; vii 44.
the most decided often stated in the
form of questions, vi. 28.
the interest and duty of government
to attend much to them, Wii. 44.

Oppression, the poorest and most illiter
ate are judges of it, iv. 281.
Orange, Prince of, (afterwards William
III.,) extracts from his Declara-
tion, iv. 147.
Ordeal, purgation by, vii. 314.
Oude, extent and government of, under
Sujah ul Dowlah, xi. 373.

Pain, pleasure, and indifference, their mu-
tual relation as states of the mind,
i. 103.
nature and cause of pain, i. 210.
how a cause of delight, i. 215.
Paine, Thomas, remarks on his character,
v. 111 ; vi. 60.
Painting and poetry, their power, when
due to imitation, and when to sym-
pathy, i. 123.
Pandulph, the Pope’s legate, his politic
dealing with King John, vii. 451.
parallel between his conduct to King
John and that of the Roman con-
suls to the Carthaginians in the
last Punic war, vii. 453.
Papal power, uniform steadiness of it in
the pursuit of its ambitious pro-
jects, vii. 449.
Papal pretensions, sources of their growth
and support, vii. 384.
Papal States, how likely to be affected by
the revolution in France, iv. 337.
Parliament, remarks on it, i. 491.
the power of dissolving it, the most
critical and delicate of all the trusts
vested in the crown, ii. 553.
disadvantages of triennial parlia-
ments, vii. 79.
Parliaments of France, character of them,
iii. 505.
Parliament of Paris, observations on its
subversion, xii. 396.
Parliamentary disorders, ideas for the
cure of them, i. 516.
Parsimony, a leaning towards it in war
may be the worst management, i.
Party divisions, inseparable from free gov-
ernment, i. 271.
definition of the term, party, i. 530.
evils of party domination, vi. 390.
Passions, all concern either self-preser-
vation or society, i. 110.
final cause of the difference between
those belonging to self-preservation
and those which regard the Society
of the sexes, i. 113.
those which belong to self-preserva-
tion turn upon pain and danger, i.

nature and objects of those belonging
to society, i. 125

a control over them necessary to the
existence of society, iv. 52.

strong ones awaken the faculties, v.

vehement passion not always indica-
tive of an infirm judgment, W. 407.
Passic ns — Continued.
mere general truths interfere very
little with them, vi. 326.
passions which interest men in the
characters of others, vii. 148.
Pasturage and hunting, weaken men's
ties to any particular habitation,
vii. 171.
Paulus, observation of his on law, vi. 324.
Peace, requisites of a good one, i. 295.
the steps taken to bring one about
always an augury of what it is
likely to be, v. 251
a ground of peace never laid until it
is as good as concluded, v. 260. ,
an arrangement of peace in its nature
a permanent settlement, v. 349.
Penal statute of William III. against the
Papists, repeal of it, ii. 391.
People, accurate idea of the term, iv.

evils of an abuse of it, iv. 411.
the temper of the people the first
study of a statesman, i. 436.
in seasons of popular discontent,
something generally amiss in the
government, i. 440. -
the people have no interest in disor-
der, i. 441.
generally fifty years behindhand in
their politics, i. 442.
a connection with their interests a
necessary qualification of a minis-
ter, i. 474
sense of the people, how to be ascer-
tained by the king, i. 475.
should show themselves able to pro-
tect every representative in the
performance of his duty, i. 503.
liberty cannot long exist where they
are generally corrupt, ii. 242.
the people of England love a mitigat-
ed monarchy more than even the
best republic, iv. 149.
danger of teaching them to think
lightly of their engagements to
their governors, iv. 162.
the natural control on authority, iv.

dangerous nature of a power capa-
ble of resisting even their erroneous
choice of an object, vi. 296.

points on which they are incompetent
to give advice to their representa-
tives, vii. 74, 75.

Perfection not the cause of beauty, i.


Persecution, religious, an observation of

Mr. Bayle concerning it, vi. 333.
general observations on it, vi. 394.

Persecutor, a violent one, frequently an
unbeliever in his own creed, vi.

Peshcush, what, x. 171.

Peters, Hugh, remarks on a passage in a
sermon of his, iii. 318.

Petition of Right, rests the franchises of
the subject not on abstract right,
but on inheritance, iii. 273.

Philosophical inquiries, how to be con-
ducted, i. 70.
use of them, i. 72.
Philosophy, Lord Bolingbroke's, animad-
versions on it, i. 4.
Physic, the profession of it, in ancient
times, annexed to the priesthood,
vii. 183. -
Physiognomy, has a considerable share
in the beauty of the human species,
i. 198. s
Pilgrimages of the Middle Ages, benefits
of them, vii. 247.
Pitt, Mr., * on his conduct in 1784,
v. 57.
his Declaration on the war with the
French Republic, v. 278 ; vi. 21.
eulogy of it, v. 279, 390; vi. 22.
and of his speech on that war, v. 390.
Place Bill, proposed remedy for parlia.
mentary disorders, i. 518.
Plagues, in Athens and in London, wick.
edness remarkably prevalent dur
ing their continuance, vii. 84.
Pleasure and pain, observations on them,
i. 102.
pleasure, pain, and indifference, their
mutual relation, as states of the
mind, i. 103.
Poetry, more powerful than painting in
moving the passions, i. 134.
does not depend for its effect on
raising ideas or sensible images of
things, i. 246, 255.
this exemplified, i. 252.
affects rather by sympathy than im
itation, i. 257. -
dramatic poetry strictly imitation, i.

descriptive poetry operates chiefly by
substitution, i. 257.
Poland, character of the revolution there,
iv. 195.
contrasted with the revolution in
France, iv. 198.
Policy, a refined one, the parent of con-
fusion, ii. 106.
inseparable from justice, iii. 438.
Political connection, how regarded by the
ancient Romans, i. 528.
England governed by one in the
reign of Queen Anne, i. 529.
general observations on, i. 530.
Political economy, had its origin in Eng-
land, v. 192.
Political system, an unwise or mischiev-
Ous one not necessarily of short du-
ration, iv. 353.
Politician, duties of one, iii. 557, 559.
Politics, ought to be adjusted to human
nature, i. 398.
different in different ages, i. 442.
unsuitable to the pulpit, iii. 246.
Polybius, anecdote concerning him, iv.

Poor, the laboring, their poverty owing
to their numbers, v. 134.
proper compassion for them, v. 135,

Poorunder, treaty of, broken by Mr.
Hastings, xii. 382.

Pope, the, his dispute with Henry I.,
vii. 384.

his pretext for giving Henry II. a
commission to conquer Ireland,
Vii. 413.
his excommunication of King John,
vii. 449.
treatment of him by the French Rev-
olutionists, W. 418.
Popery Laws, Tract on the, vi. 299.
Popular election, a mighty evil, vii. 72.
Popular opinion, an equivocal test of
merit, v. 183.
Population, rapid increase of it in Amer-
ica, ii. 110. -
state of it, a standard by which to
estimate the effects of a govern-
ment on any country, iii. 400.
view of that of France, at different
periods, iii. 400.
comparative effects of peace and war
on it, as regards the higher classes,
V. 472

Power, all sublimity some modification of

it, i. 138.

incompatible with credit, i. 368.

the civil power, when it calls in the
aid of the military, perishes by
the assistance it receives, i. 484.

arbitrary power Steals upon a peo-
ple by being rarely exercised, ii.

persons possessed of power ought to
have a strong Sense of religion, iii.

the ability to use it for the great
and lasting benefit of a country ea
test of statesmanship, iii. 441.
not willingly abandoned by its pos-
sessors, iv. 11.
dissensions in the commonwealth
mostly concerning the hands in
which it is to be placed, iv. 163.
necessity of teaching men to restrain
the immoderate exercise and inor-
dinate desire of it, iv. 163.
active power never willingly placed
by legislators in the hands of the
multitude, iv. 164.
danger of a resumption of delegated
power by the people, iv. 168.
does not always accompany proper-
ty, iv. 349.
the possession of it discovers a man’s
true character, V. 362.
men will incur the greatest risks for
the sake of it, vii. 82.
originates from God alone, ix. 456.
the supreme power in every consti-
tution must be absolute, ix. 460.
ends to which a superintending, con-
trolling power ought to be directed,
xi. 417.
Prejudice, cannot be created, vi. 368.
Prerogative, remarks on the exercise of
it, ii. 225.
Presbyterianism, remarks on it, iv. 452.

Prescription, part of the law of Nature
iii. 433.
the most solid of all titles, and the
most recognized in jurisprudence,
vi. 412; vii. 94.
Present State of Affairs, Heads for Consid-
eration on the, iv. 379.
Price, Dr. Richard, observations on his
Sermon on the Love of our Coun-
try, iii. 244, 301, 304,316.
Price of commodities, how raised, v. 142.
danger of attempting to raise it by
authority, v. 143.
Primogeniture, right of, operation of the
Popery Laws in taking it away, vi.

Principal of a debt, cannot distress a na-
tion, i. 329.

Principalities, the, proposal to unite them
to the crown, ii. 298.

Privations, all general ones great, i. 146.

Profit, an honorable and fair one, the best
Security against avarice and rapa-
city, ii. 335.

Projects, new, requirements of men of

sense with respect to them, i. 367.
Property, ..ought greatly to predominate
over ability in the representation,
iii. 298.
importance of the power of perpetu-
ating it in families, iii. 298.
not always accompanied with power,
iv. 349.
Proportion, what, i. 166.
not the cause of beauty in vegetables,
i. 166.
nor in animals, i. 170.
nor in the human species, i. 172.
whence the idea of proportion, as
the principal component of beauty,
arose, i. 178. -
Prosperity, discovers the real character of
a man, iv. 22.
a prejudice in favor of it, however
obtained, iv. 425.
Protestant, the state so declared at the
Revolution, with a qualification, iv.
Protestant ascendency, observations on,
Vi. 391.
Protestant Association, the, animadver-
sions on it, ii. 389, 415
Protestantism, at no period established,
undefined, in England, iv. 258.
Protestants, errors of the early, ii. 390.
misconduct of those in the South of
France at the Revolution, iv. 452.
Provisions, trade of, danger of tampering
with it, v. 133.
Prudence, the first in rank of the politi-
cal and moral virtues, iv. 81.
its decisions differ from those of ju-
dicature, iv. 251.
its rules and definitions rarely ex-
act, never universal, v. 241.
Psalms, and Prophets, crowded with in-
stances of the introduction of the
terrible in Nature to heighten the
awe of the Divine presence, i. 144,
Religious opinions, not the only cause of
enthusiasm, V. 361.
Repetition of the same story, effect of it,
iv. 328.
Report on the Affairs of India, Ninth,
viii. 1.
Eleventh, viii. 217.
on the Lords’ Journals, xi. 1.
Windication of this Report from the
Animadversions of Lord Thurlow,
xi. 149.
Representation, ought to include both the
ability and the property of a state,
iii. 297.
virtual, what, iv. 293.
natural, what, v. 284.
of America in the British Parliament,
project of, i. 372.
consideration of its difficulties, i.
of England, and that of France in the
National Assembly, compared, iii.

Public affairs, state of them previous to
the formation of the Rockingham
administration, i. 381.

Public men, not all equally corrupt, ii.

Public service, means of rewarding it
necessary in every state, ii. 330.

Punishment, considerations necessary to
be observed in inflicting it, iv.
466; vi. 245.

under the Saxon laws, extremely

moderate, vii. 321.

Purveyance and receipt in kind, what, ii.

taken away by the 12th Charles II.,
ii. 306.

revived the next year, ii. 306.
Pythagoras, his discipline contrasted with
that of Socrates, vii. 179.
why silence enjoined by him, vii. 179.

Raimond, Count of Toulouse, engages in
the Crusade, vii. 372.
Raleigh, Sir Walter, abusive epithet ap-
plied to him by Lord Coke, xi. 175.
Reason, sound, no real virtue without it,
iv. 24.
never inconvenient but when it comes
to be applied, vi. 326.
Reasoners, men generally the worse rea-
soners for having been ministers,
i. 338
Reformation, in government, should be
early and temperate, ii. 280.
and slow, iii. 456.
different from change, v. 186.
general observations on it, iii. 455;
iv. 111 ; vi. 294 ; vii. 71.
in England, has always proceeded
upon the principle of reference to
antiquity, iii. 272.
Reformation, the, observations on it, ii.

effects of it, iv. 319.
Reformers, English, character of them,
iii. 430.
Regicide by establishment, what, v. 309.
Regicide Peace, Letters on, v. 233, 342,
384; vi. 9.
Religion, writers against it never set up
any of their own, i. 7.
effects of it on the colonists of Amer-
ica, ii. 122.
the basis of civil Society, and the
source of all good and of all com-
fort, iii. 350.
the respect entertained for it in Eng-
land, iii. 352.
a strong sense of it necessary to those
in power, iii. 354.
mischievous consequences of chang-
ing it, except under strong convic-
tion, iv. 453.
the magistrate has a right to direct
the exterior ceremonies of it, vii.
the Christian, in its rise overcame all
opposition, vii. 25.

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Resemblance, pleasing to the imagina-
tion, i. 87.
Responsibility of ministers of state, na-
ture of it, iii. 501; v. 507.
Revenge, observations on, xi. 179.
Revenue, great importance of it to a
state, iii. 534.
e its administration the sphere of every
active virtue, iii. 535.
Revolution of 1688, diminished influence
of the crown at that time how com-
pensated, i. 445.
principles of it contained in the Dec-
laration of Right, iii. 252.
the subversion of the old, and the
settlement of the new govern-
ment, inseparably combined in it,
iv. 80.
grounds of it, iv. 121.
contrasted with the French Revolu-
tion, iii. 225.
Revolution in France, Reflections on the,
iii. 231.
general observations on it, iii. 220.
characterized as a revolution of doc-
trine and theoretic dogma, iv. 319.
contrasted with the English Revolu-
tion of 1688, iii. 225.
Revolution Society, correspond with the
National Assembly of France, iii.
remarks on its principles and pro-
ceedings, iii. 238.
Reynolds, Sir Joshua, on idiosyncrasy in
taste and judgment, iv. 212.
Rich, need the consolations of religion,
iii. 366.
trustees for those who labor, V. 134.

Richard I., brief account of his reign,
vii. 425.
parallel between him and Charles
XII. of Sweden, vii. 436.
Richelieu, Cardinal, hated by Louis
XIII., iii. 499.
Rights, assumed, their consequences of
great moment in deciding on their
validity, iv., 183.
Rights of Men, Jacobinical theory of, an-
imadversions on it, iii. 307.
sophistically confounded with their
power, iii. 313.
Robespierre, his character, vi. 62.
Rochford, Lord, his remonstrance with
regard to Corsica, i. 480.
Rockingham, Marquis of, Short Account
of his Administration, i. 263.
formation of his administration, i.
state of public affairs at the time,
i. 381.
character and conduct of it, i. 388.
ideas of it with regard to America,
i. 403.
his Lordship’s conduct in American
affairs, ii. 46.
Rohilla nation, sale of it by the East India
Company, ii. 449.
Roland, character of him, v. 70.
Roman Catholics, Mr. Burke's defence of
his Parliamentary conduct with re-
gard to them, ii. 388.
Letter on the Penal Laws against, iv.
mode of education necessary for their
clergy, iv. 229, 231.
condition of their clergy before the
restraint on marriage, iv. 230. 3.
mischievous consequences of placing
the appointment of the Irish Ro-
man Catholic clergy in the hands of
the Lord Lieutenant, iv. 234.
Roman politics, under the Empire, dif-
ferent from those which actuated
the Republic, vii. 203.
dominion over the Britons and oth-
er conquered nations, methods by
which it was preserved, vii. 205.
procurators under the Emperors, why
invested with greater powers than
the legates, vii. 208.
military ways, character and purpose
of them, vii. 211.
number and extent of the principal
ones in Britain, vii. 211.
revenues, nature of them, vii. 211.
three great changes in the govern-
ment after the dissolution of the
Commonwealth, vii. 220.
Rome, ancient, destroyed by the disor-
ders of continual elections, vii. 80.
and by its heavy taxes, vii. 213.
bounds of the empire first contracted
by Adrian, vii. 214.
Rome, modern, its example a caution not
to attempt to feed the people by
the hands of the magistrates, V.

Rota, in the French National Assembly,
effect of it, iv. 350.
Rotund, noble effect of it, i. 150.
accounted for, i. 150. -
Rousseau, the secret of his principles of
composition, iii. 459.
a resemblance to him an object of
rivalry to the leaders of the Na-
tional Assembly, iv. 25.
vanity his ruling passion, iv. 26.
brief character of him, iv. 27.
totally destitute of taste, iv. 30.
morality of the passions in his Nou-
velle Eloise, iv. 31.
character of his style, iv. 32.
Russell, Baron, the first, his character,
v. 201.
Russia, the Emperor of, the true policy
of his government, v. 422.
Russian treaty of commerce, i. 410.

Sacheverell, Dr., his impeachment carried
on for the purpose of stating the
grounds and principles of the Rev-
olution, iv. 119.
extracts from speeches of Managers
at his trial, iv. 122–146.
proceedings in his trial, xi. 15.
Saladin, Sultan of Egypt, reduces Pales-
time, vii. 427.
defeated by Richard I., vii. 429.
Salaries, objections to a tax upon them,
ii. 283.
Sallust, remarks on his finely contrasted
characters of Caesar and Cato, i.

Salt, monopoly of, by the French govern-
ment, i. 332.
Santerre, his brutal conduct to Louis
XVI., vi. 101.
Saracens, their fierce irruptions and con-
quests, vii. 328.
Savile, Sir George, his bill for the repeal
of the statute of William III.
against Papists, ii. 396.
his character, ii. 397.
Saxons, a brief account of their laws and
institutions, vii. 291.
under their rule, the succession to the
crown in England partly hereditary
and partly elective, vii. 297.
their laws wholly abolished in Eng-
land since the Conquest, vii. 478.
sources of them, vii. 487.
Scarcity, Thoughts and Details on, v. 131.
proper policy in respect to the poor,
in times of, v. 156.
Scotland, beneficial effects on trade of its
union with England, ii. 254.
its Church establishment under the
Union, iv. 258.
Scripture, indefinite nature of subscrip
tion to it, vii. 18. .
Scythians, all Northern Europe originally
inhabited by them, vii. 160.
Selden, his statement of the Parliamenta-
ry practice in the examination of
witnesses, xi. 108.

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