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saws and 2,000 Seminoles. In addition there are in the territory 18,500 freed men and 200,ooo whites. Missionary zeal availed itself promptly of this new field for its efforts. Substantial boarding schools were erected, more particularly by the Presbyterians, Methodists and Baptists. Much good radiated from these centers of civilization. In due time, however, the Indian authorities began to make appropriations for these schools. Ultimately, they took entire charge of them. Unfortunately, administrative affairs were largely in the hands of whites who, by intermarriage or bribery, had been adopted into the tribes, and there came over the schools, as well as over all other public interests, the blight of extreme partisanship and nepotism which rapidly degraded them in character and efficiency. In 1898, therefore, the government at Washington found itself compelled to come to the rescue and to assume supervisory control over the affairs of all these tribes except the Seminoles. Under the act by which this was done, the conduct of the schools and orphan asylums in the four tribes involved was placed under the direction of a “superintendent of schools in Indian territory,” appointed by the secretary of the interior. Under him there is for each of the tribes or nations a “supervisor of schools,” whose duty it is to inspect the educational institutions in his district and to assist in their organization and conduct. The superintendent reports to the commissioner of Indian affairs at Washington through the United States inspector for the Indian territory, who is his immediate superior. The initial report of the superintendent shows that there are in the four tribes 24 boarding schools, with an enrollment of 1,758 pupils, and an average attendance of 1,480, taught and cared for by 234 employees at an annual expense of $236,824. This does not include 363 neighborhood schools, in which more than 10,000 children are taught at an annual expense of $113,380. In character and equipment, however, these schools are very poor.

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STATISTICAL TABLES

TABLE 1 – Number of Indian schools and average attendance from 1877 to 1898"

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1 Some of the figures in this table as printed prior to 1896 were taken from reports of the superintendent of Indian schools. As revised, they are all taken from the reports of the commissioner of Indian affairs. Prior to 1882 the figures include the New York schools.

2 Indian children attending public schools are included in the average attendance, but the schools are not included in the number of schools.

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TABLE 2 Enrollment and average attendance at Indian school's. 1897 and 1898, showing increase in 1898; also number of school’s in 1898

--o----- ------------ | Number kind of school of 1897 18, Increase 1897 zoo Increase : schools Government schools: o Non-reservation boarding. 723 6-175 452 4787 5347 =fo == Reservation boarding..... --- 8887 765 6855 7.532 : 67 -> Day----------------------- 4768 4847 79 3.234 3285 5- -Total........... --------- Toso, 1296 14876 1616; 1 = 282 EContract schools: – -- –– Boarding.... 2.5 * 5x, i. 1 70 | 2 313 z -45 - - 68 - 2 -Day - : 96 || 1 112 -- to r -- > Boarding. propriated for..... ------ 371 3,4 23 23 326 = - Total....... ------- ------ 3 158 2.999 - 1 -59 a 78s z 639 - 1 * 3------ Fublic.---------------. ------ 303 315 -- io- 183 1 -- Go Mission boarding 4.......... so 737 || 1 76 74- * To 79 17 Mission day................. - 87 54 - - 33 8o -- - - 58 TAggregate............... zz 964 24 oo.4 -o-o 18676 19671 92.5 295 i TABLE 3—Annual appropriations made by the government since the fiscal year 1877 for the support of the Indian schools Appropri- Per cent Appropri- | Percent YEAR ation increase YEAR ation | increase | 1877. . . . . . . . . . . . --- - $20 ool.......... $1 348cis i1878. . . . . . . . . . . . . - 3oooo 5o 1364,568 I 1879. . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 ooo roo I 77o 35 1880...... -- - 75 oxo 25 2 291 650 -4-3 1881.. ----- --- 75 odo ------- 2315 612 -9 1882. . . . . . . . . . --- ------- 135 odo 22:43:497 - 1 3-5 1883. . . . . . . . . . ------- ------- 487 200 26o 2 of o I šš, 1884. ---------------- 675 200 2 off 515 1 -1885. . . . . . 9928oo 47 2517255 22.45 1886..... ---- 1 roo of 5 ro 2 631 771 4-54 1887. . . . . . . . . ------- 1211. 415 Io 2 638,390 -oozs 1888. . . . . . . . . . . . . .......] 1 179916 || 1 2.6 1 Decrease. 2 Three schools transferred to the government and contracts made for two schools which were paid by vouchers in previous year. 3 Thirty-one public schools in which pupils are taught not enumerated here. 4 These schools are conducted by religious societies, some of which receive from the government for the Indian children therein such rations and clothing as the children are entitled to as reservation Indians.

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TABLE 4— Location and capacity of government day schools, June 30, 1898

LOCATION Capacity LOCATION Capacity Arizona: New Mexico—Continued. Hualapai– Pueblo — Continued. Kingman..................... so San Ildefonso ................ 4o Hackberry 60 San Juan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . so Suppai ............. ---------- 6o Santo Domingo .............. 3o Navajo- Taos..... --------------------- 4o Little Water.................. 3o Zia.......... ----------------- 35 Oreiba.................... ---- 4o Zuni... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - 6o Polacco - - - - - - - - - - 4o || North Dakota: Second Mesa................. 40 Devil's Lake, Turtle Mountain, 3 California: schools.......... --------------- 14o Big Pine.......................... 3o Standing Rock, 4 schools......... 13o Bishop .... - ------- 4o Fort Berthold, 4 schools.......... 15o Hat Creek...... ---- 3o || Oklahoma: Independence........ ------------ 3o Kiowa.............. -------------- 3o Manchester ............... - - - - - - - 4o Whirlwind........ ---------------- 2O. Mission, 11 schools............... 319 || South Dakota: Potter Valley..................... 5o Cheyenne River, 3 schools....... 67 iah............................ 3o Pine Ridge, 31 schools....... ----- 1. obs Upper Lake. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3o Rosebud, 20 schools.............. 631 Michigan : Utah : Baraga. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4o Shebit............................ 3o Bay $iii. ------------------------ 5o || Washington: Minnesota: Colville, 2 schools................ 8o Birch Cooley..................... 36 Tulalip— White Earth— Lummi........................ 4o Gull Lake........... --------- 3o Swinomish .............. ----- 4o Montana : Neah Bay— Tongue River..... --------------- 4o Neah Bay.................... 56 Nebraska: uillehute... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6o Santee— Puyallup— Ponca ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 |...". ------------------- 3o Nevada : ort Gamble.................. 25 Walker River ............ ------- 34 Chehalis..................... 40 New Mexico: §:::::::: ------ 4o Pueblo– Skokomish.................... 4o Acoma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5o || Wisconsin : Cochita ... . . . . . . . . . . . -------- 3o Green Bay, Stockbridge....... --- so Isleta...... ------- ------------ so Oneida, 5 schools..... ------ 14o H. ------------ ------------ 4o La Pointe, 1o schools 1........... 502 aguna. . . . . . . . . . . ------------ 4o Pahuate............... ------- 3o Total capacity 1............ 5 164 Santa Clara................... 3o San Felipe.................... 3o Total number of schools 1.. 142

TABLE 5 Location, capacity and date of opening of government reservation boarding schools

LOCATION o: Date of opening Remarks
Arizona:
Colorado river..................! 8o Mar, —, 1879
Keams canyon.................. 9o — –, 1887
Navajo. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 Dec. —, 1881
Pima. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .] I5o Sept. -, 1881
San Carlos, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .] Ioo Oct. —, 1880
White Mountain Apache........] 65 | Feb. —, 1894

1 Including Lac Court d'Oreilles No. 3 day, which was a contract school for seven months during

this fiscal year.

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TABLE 5–Continued.

Location o: | Date of opening Remarks — California: Fort Yuma---------------------- 25o Apr. —, 1884 Hoopa Valley........... ....... 200 Jan. 21, 1893 S ded after Jul Aug. 15, 1881 uspended after July. Round Valley................... 70% so 12, 1893 1883, by burning of Idaho: building Fort Hall... -------------------- 15o —, 1874 Fort Lapwai............... 25o Sept. —, 1886 Lemhi-------------------------- 40 Sept. —, 1885 Indian Territory: Quapaw ------------------------ 90 Sept. —, 1872 Seneca, Shawnee and Wyandotte. 130 June –, 1872 || Begun by Friends as orphan asylum in 1867 under contract with Kansas: tribe Kickapoo.... .. ------------ ... - 30 || Oct. —, 1871 Pottawatomie 8o — —, 1873 I — —, 1871 owSac and Fox and Iowa.... ...... *} Sept. —, 1875 | Sac and Fox Minnesota: Leech Lake..................... 5o Nov. —, 1867 Pine Point........... ----------- | Ioo Mar. —, 1892 || Prior to this date a contract school opened in November, 1888 Red Lake...... ----------------- 5o Nov. —, 1877 White Earth.................... 40 —, 1871 Building burned in February, 1895 Wild Rice River................ 65 Mar. —, 1892 | Prior to this date a contract school openedin Montana: November, 1888 Blackfeet. ..................... 125 || Jan. —, 1883 -- ... 16o || Oct. —, 1884 IIo Aug. —, 1891 Fort Peck. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2OO Aug. —, 1881 Nebraska: Omaha... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 —, 1881 Santee... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8o | Apr. —, 1874 Winnebago. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ioo || Oct. —, 1874 Nevada: Pyramid Lake. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12o | Nov. —, 1882 Western Shoshone......... .... 5o Feb. 11, 1893 | Previously a semi New Mexico: boarding school Mescalero.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1oo Apr. —, 1884 North Carolina: Eastern Cherokee.......... .... 16o Jan. 1, 1893 || Prior to this date a contract school opened in North Dakota: 1885 Fort Berthold'........... . . . . . 90 Nov. 21, 1894 — —, 1874 At agenc Fort Totten. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . aso; Jan. —, 1891 || At #. fotten Standing Rock, agency.......... 12o May —, 1877 Standing Rock, agricultural..... Ioo — —, 1878 Standing Rock, Grand River.... 8o Nov. 20, 1893 Oklahoma; Absentee Shawnee... . . . . . . . . . . . 75 May —, 1872 Arapaho..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 Dec. —, 1872 Cheyenne.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200 — —, 1879 Fort Sill...... . . . . . . . . . . . .....! I25 Aug. -, 1891

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