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have an organ of communication, called “The Journal of psycho-asthenics.”

As the methods of teaching the feeble-minded and the other defective classes have become understood, they have modified the old methods of teaching children of normal intelligence. Child study is now interesting teachers, and already has led to the sending of many feeble-minded children to special schools for their training. The city of Providence, R. I., has recently led the way in a new movement, that of teaching in special classes the dull or backward pupils of the public schools. The movement is slowly spreading elsewhere, and, in justice both to the dull and the bright children, is of inestimable value, and, as such, is a hopeful sign of the times."

The deaf

American annals of the deaf. Washington, D. C.

Arnold, Thos. The education of the deaf and dumb. London, 1872.

— The .anguages of the senses. Margate, 1894.

Bell, A. G. Condition of articulation teaching in American schools for the deaf. Boston, 1893.

Deaf-mute instruction in relation to the public schools. Volta

bureau, 1884.

Education of the deaf. The little deal child, vol. 2, no. 2,


Growth of the oral method of instructing the deaf. Boston, 1896.

Bell, A. M. English visible speech. Volta bureau, 1899.

Clarke institution. Addresses at the 25th anniversary of. Northampton, 1893.

Encyclopaedia Brittanica. Art. deaf and dumb.

*Note: A very radical experiment is being tried, particularly at the Kansas institution. The operation of castration has been performed on several boys, after which they have been found to be so improved that some were transferred from the custodial to the school department, some sent home.

* The bibliographies here printed constitute but a small part of what might be given.

A distinctive result of wor' been the gathering of statis known that a very large so -estimated from 50 per cent genital origin; that of all minded most surely tend t that the feeble-minded must been shown that there is between the forms of de inebriate, the prostitute, years the energies of chao “Have turned towards co thereby protecting post. for 1890 gives in round this number is undou Still but one-twelfth the census are cared a terrible problem a Those who have mos: are convinced that, the gathering of a especially colonies to be at least part plication can be co and the best poo It should not be restore at least some writers s receiving wid number of our and the num stantly increa The worl


Cary, T. G. Memoir of Thomas Handasyd Perkins. Boston, 1856. Diderot. An essay on blindness. London reprints, 1895. Education of the blind, from “The North American Review,” vol. 37. Encyclopaedia Brittanica. Art. The blind. Hauy, V. An essay on the education of the blind. London reprints, 1894. Howe, Julia Ward. Memoir of Dr. S. G. Howe, Boston, 1877. Howe, S. G. 43 annual reports of the Perkins institution. 1833– 1875. Jubilee celebration, Yorkshire school for the blind. London, 1884. Kitto, John. The lost senses. New York, 1852. Mell, A. Encyclopädisches handbuch des blinden-wesens. Wien und Leipzig, 1899. Prescott, W. H. The blind, in “biographical and critical essays.” Boston, 1846. Report of the conference of the blind and their friends. Royal normal college, July, 1890. Reports of the biennial conventions of American instructors of the blind. Reports of American institutions for the instruction of the blind. Robinson, E. B. F. The true sphere of the blind. Toronto, 1896. Rutherford, John. William Moon and his work for the blind. London, 1898. Sizeranne, M. de la. Les Aveugles par un Aveugle. Paris, 1891. Sturgis, Dinah. The kindergarten for the blind. New England magazine, December, 1895, p. 433. The Mentor. Boston, 1891–94. Wickersham, J. P. History of education in Pennsylvania. Lancaster, Pa., 1886.

The deaf-blind

Anagnos, M. Helen Keller; a second Laura Bridgman. Boston, I888.

—. Reports of the Perkins institution. 1887–98.

Chamberlain, J. E. Helen Keller, as she really is. Annals of the deaf, June, 1899, pp. 286–301. Chappell, Jennie. Always happy, or the story of Helen Keller. London. Fuller, Sarah. How Helen Keller learned to speak. Annals of the deaf, Jan. 1892, p. 23. Dickens, C. An account of the Institution for the blind at Boston. “American Notes,” vol. 1. London, 1842. Gilman, A. Miss Helen Adams Keller's first year of college preparatory work. Volta bureau, 1897. Hall, G. S. Laura Bridgman, from “Aspects of German culture.” Boston, 1891. Howe, S. G. Education of Laura Bridgman; extracts from reports of. Boston, 1890.

Lamson, Mary S. Life and education of Laura Dewey Bridgman. Boston, 1878.

Sullivan, Annie M. How Helen Keller acquired language. Annals of the deaf, April, 1892, p. 127.

The language of the deaf-blind. Annals of the deaf, April, 1899, p. 218.

The feeble-minded

Association of medical officers of American institutions for idiotic
and feeble-minded persons. Proceedings, 1876–98.
Barr, M. W. Children of a day. Phila., 1896.
Mental defectives and the social welfare. Popular science
monthly, April, 1899.
Doren, G. A. Our defective classes. Columbus, O., 1897.
Fernald, W. E. Feeble-minded children. Boston, 1897.
The history of the treatment of the feeble-minded. Bos-
ton, 1893.
Henderson, C. R. Dependent, defective and delinquent children.
Boston, 1893.
Howe, S. G. Report on idiocy. Boston, 1850.
Indiana bulletin of charities and correction. Indianapolis, 1898.
Johnson, Alexander. Concerning a form of degeneracy. Amer-
ican journal of sociology, November, 1898.
The mother-state and her weaker children. Boston, 1897.

Johnson, G. E. Contribution to the psychology and pedagogy of feeble-minded children. Pedagogical seminary, 3: 246.

Kerlin, Isaac N. Feeble-minded children. West Chester, Pa., 1879. —. The mind unveiled. Philadelphia, 1858. Powell, F. M. Care of the feeble-minded. Boston, 1898. Psycho-Asthenics, journal of Faribault, Minn. Report of Ioth anniversary and annual meeting of the association of the New Jersey training school for feeble-minded children. Vineland, 1898. Reports of commissioner of education. Washington, D. C. Reports of institutions for the feeble-minded throughout the country. Seguin, E. Education of idiots and feeble-minded children from report on education. Milwaukee, 1880.

Idiocy and its treatment by the physiological method. New York, 1870.

shuttleworth, G. E. Mentally deficient children. London, 1895. Sollier, Paul. Psychologie de l'idiot et de l'imbecile. Paris, 1891.

Tuke, D. Hack. Modes of providing for the insane and idiots in the United States and Great Britain. Medical rec., 1887.

Warner, A. G. American charities. A study in philanthropy and economics. Crowell & Co., pub.

Wilbur, W. B. Suggestions on principles and methods of elementary instruction. Albany, 1862.

Statistics of schools for defective classes

Compiled from report commissioner of education 1896–77, 2:2335-60

Deaf Feeble-Minded Blind State - - - Public day Private day Public inion. schools schools institutions Private

Institutions................. 6 22 r 18 ro Volumes in library.......... Q5 § Qo .# ---------- - --------- o ------- --- I ---------Value of scientific apparatus $13,300 $21,394 | .......... I .......... . .......... I .......... Instructors ................. 387 §: 60 83 190 58 Pupils ::... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 630 9 391 506 532 8 roy 357 Expenditures...............” $920, 224 || $2.461 4oz $42 827 | .......... $1.362 791 | .......... Vasue of grounds and build

1ngs.------- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - $6 183 538 $11 373 873 | .......... . .......... $4,631 917 | ..........

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